RECORDS APPRAISAL
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RECORDS APPRAISAL

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RECORDS APPRAISAL RECORDS APPRAISAL Presentation Transcript

  • INTRODUCTION TO APPRAISAL OF RECORDS BY MWOMBEKI RUTTA 9/2/2013 1mwombekirutta@gmail.com
  • MWOMBEKI RUTTA • He is a Records Management Officer at National Museum of Tanzania. • Currently, he is finalizing his first bachelor degree in Public Administration in Records and Archives Management at Mzumbe University. • He is an active member of Tanzania Records and Archives Management Professionals. 9/2/2013 mwombekirutta@gmail.com 2
  • PROFESSIONAL AWARDS. • CERTIFICATE OF BEST STUDENT AWARD AFTER BEING THE OVERALL BEST STUDENT IN DIPLOMA IN RECORDS MANAGEMENT DURING THE ACADEMIC TENURE JULY 2007 TO DECEMBER 2008 9/2/2013 mwombekirutta@gmail.com 3
  • CONTACTS  P.O.BOX 511 DAR ES SALAAM Mob: 0718420086 0766100510 Email:mwombekirutta@gmail.com 9/2/2013 mwombekirutta@gmail.com 4
  • MWOMBEKI RUTTA 9/2/2013 mwombekirutta@gmail.com 5
  • APPRAISAL OF RECORDS • Records appraisal is the process of determining the value of records for further use, for whatever purpose, and the length of time that value will continue. It is sometimes called ‘evaluation’ or ‘selection’. 9/2/2013 6mwombekirutta@gmail.com
  • TYPES OF APPRAISAL • a)Micro Approach: This is a traditional way of evaluating records whereby each file is read folio by folio (page by page) to determine its value. • b)Macro Approach: A modern way of evaluating the value of records by series (determining the functions of the organization). 9/2/2013 7mwombekirutta@gmail.com
  • ADVANTAGES OF MICRO APPRAISAL • Ideal for small amount of records 9/2/2013 8mwombekirutta@gmail.com
  • DISADVANTAGE OF MICRO APPRAISAL • Difficult to predict all the potential users and uses of records • Takes time to identify information of potential value. • It tends to downplay the importance of the provenance of the records. • Possibility of personal biases of the archivist to determine what records should be preserved on a long-term basis. 9/2/2013 9mwombekirutta@gmail.com
  • ADVANTAGES OF MACRO APPRAISAL • Minimize personal bias of the archivist by focusing on the functions and structures of agencies rather than on the records themselves • Emphasizes on the significance of the provenance and purpose of the records • Saves time for appraising a big volume of records • Likely to produce records of high archival value 9/2/2013 10mwombekirutta@gmail.com
  • DISADVANTAGES OF MACRO APPRAISAL  The possibility of destroying a large amount of documents when an error occurs 9/2/2013 11mwombekirutta@gmail.com
  • RESONS FOR APRRAISING RECORDS • It will obviously save organization space by aiding the prompt destruction of records and facilitates the prompt relocation of some or inactive records from expensive storage to low cost storage area. • It will save time in the long term because if appraisal of records can be made quickly by simply referring to the schedule, meaning that time is not wasted moving records to inactive or archival storage. 9/2/2013 12mwombekirutta@gmail.com
  • REASONS CONT… • It will ensure that any records, which may be required by an organization for operation or legal purpose, are retained for the appropriate period. • It will legitimize the destruction of the records and prevent the illegal destruction of records. This can become particularly important if litigation arises. 9/2/2013 13mwombekirutta@gmail.com
  • REASONS CONT….. • It will support the maintenance of an organization vital records protection program. • It will enable an organization to respond efficiently to enquiries, allowing information to be provided quickly at the least possible cost. • It will aid auditors and assessors in the easy performance of their tasks. 9/2/2013 14mwombekirutta@gmail.com
  • TWO GUIDING PRINCIPLES IN APPRAISING RECORDS • The guiding principle for undertaking an appraisal exercise is based on the values of records. Values used for appraising records are categorized into two, namely: a) Primary value b) Secondary value 9/2/2013 15mwombekirutta@gmail.com
  • PRIMARY VALUE • Values of records during time of creation or active stages where records are meant to transact daily business of an organization. These values are sub-divided into: a) Administrative b) Legal c) Financial/fiscal 9/2/2013 16mwombekirutta@gmail.com
  • ADMINISTRATIVE VALUE • So administrative value is a value of records created to facilitate administrative functions in the organization for continuity of administration or operation of the creating organization. Some of those records may have relatively short-term administrative value such as administrative memorandum or internal daily reports. 9/2/2013 17mwombekirutta@gmail.com
  • LEGAL VALUE • Is a value of records for the continuity of legal affairs of the creating organization or records created which aimed at protecting legal right or those of its employees or third parties e.g. contracts, property titles, legal opinions etc. 9/2/2013 18mwombekirutta@gmail.com
  • FINANCIAL VALUE • Is a value of records created for the continuity of financial business of the creating organisation or a successor in function or as evidence of the financial transaction. These records may include ledgers, budgets, invoices, cancelled cheques, payroll records and vouchers 9/2/2013 19mwombekirutta@gmail.com
  • SECONDARY VALUE • In assessing secondary value the appraiser determine if the records have enduring value and lasting value for a society in general. Secondary value will include the value in such areas as politics, diplomatic, history, military study, language study etc. It is divided into: a) Evidential value b) Information value c) Intrinsic value 9/2/2013 20mwombekirutta@gmail.com
  • EVIDENTIAL VALUE • Is a value of records providing evidence of the origin structure, functions, procedures and transaction of the creating organisation. Example of the record, which contain the evidential value: a) Records relating to the origin of an agency b) Records relating to the organization of an agency such as organization chart. c) Records relating to an organisational structure, functions, policies, programs and activities such as its enabling act, minutes, agendas etc. d) Records that illustrate an organisational internal operation e.g. the delegation authority, relationship of power etc. 9/2/2013 21mwombekirutta@gmail.com
  • INFORMATIONAL VALUE • Informational value being kept basically to provide reference and assist researchers given the information contained in it. 9/2/2013 22mwombekirutta@gmail.com
  • INFORMATION VALUE CONT…. • There are a number of tests by which informational value might be judged; The uniqueness of the information i.e. it is not necessary to retain records if the information in them is wholly or substantially available in a variety of other source and forms 9/2/2013 23mwombekirutta@gmail.com
  • INTRINSIC VALUE • Intrinsic value of records deriving from their historical or cultural association format or monetary value. So it is the uniqueness of the association or the form, rather than the uniqueness of the information which is the determining factor. 9/2/2013 24mwombekirutta@gmail.com
  • THE END OF TOPIC ONE • THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION 9/2/2013 25mwombekirutta@gmail.com