Assignment 7 latin america


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Assignment 7 latin america

  1. 1. Assignment 7: Modern Latin America<br />By: Michael Wittman<br />
  2. 2. Latin America’s Wars<br />Reasons for war:<br />Race: The Haitian Independence War was fought because of racial disputes between White plantation owners and Blacks.<br />Unfair Government: Economic systems favored the Peninsularesand crushed hopes of expanding colonies.<br />Civil War: (1816-1861) Argentina couldn’t decide whether to separate from Spanish rule and this sparked a centralists vs. federalists war.<br />
  3. 3. Latin America’s Wars<br />Reasons for war<br />Caudilloism: Caudillos were people who had a desire to rule because of their personal goals.<br />Resources: Chile fought against Peru and Bolivia over nitrates in the War of the Pacific. (1879-1883)<br />Politics: Disagreement between conservatives and liberals led to wars like the Brazilian Civil War. (1893-1894)<br />
  4. 4. Filibustering Against Central America<br />Reason for filibustering: Nicaraguan President Francisco Castellon paid 300 “colonists” to come to Nicaragua.<br />Who Filibustered: American William Walker and 300 other men, some from California.<br />Who Fought: Walker’s army against the battling conservatives and liberals.<br />End Result: On October 23, 1855 Walker and Corral agreed to make Patricio Rivas the President. Walker later executed Corral for plotting to take out Americans.<br />
  5. 5. Mexico’s La Reforma (1857-1860)<br />Primary Cause: The LeyLerdo put a restriction on the amount of land owned by the Catholic Church.<br />Ripe for revolution: Mexico was in disarray since it had to give up 1/3 of its land to the U.S. and many rebellions were taking place.<br />America gets involved: The U.S. recognized the government of Juarez to increase its ability to borrow money from Mexico.<br />End Result: total failure, over 200,000 men died and ultimately nothing was accomplished.<br />
  6. 6. The Second World<br />Mexico:<br />The U.S. controls Mexico’s direction due to the North American Free Trade Agreement.<br />Mexico’s current problems are wide income gaps, drug trafficking, people trafficking, and poor adjustment to international competition.<br />80% of Mexico’s exports are manufactured goods.<br />Groups like the “polleros” sneak immigrants into the U.S.<br />
  7. 7. The Second World<br />Venezuela:<br />Oil keeps Venezuela from becoming a third world country.<br />Hugo Chavez is the leader of Venezuela and has a very corrupt regime.<br />The annual oil revenue for Venezuela is $20 billion.<br />Venezuela is developing an oil pipeline that would go from Venezuela to Argentina which would make it the World’s largest oil pipeline.<br />
  8. 8. The Second World<br />Colombia:<br />60% of the population lives in poverty.<br />Colombia is known as the drug capital of the world.<br />America has naval assistance near Colombia to help fight drug trade.<br />Colombia’s main exports are oil, coffee, banana’s, and flowers.<br />The President of Colombia is Alvaro Uribe.<br />
  9. 9. The Second World<br />Brazil:<br />Brazil borders every South American country except for Chile and Ecuador.<br />The world’s largest exporter of beef, sugar, coffee, pork, and soy.<br />Agriculture only makes up 10% of Brazil’s economy.<br />Brazil has strong trade ties with China and Arab countries.<br />Currently turning sugar cane into ethanol.<br />
  10. 10. Latin American Sports Stars<br />Fernando Valenzuela:<br />Youngest of 12 children, grew up in Navojoa, Mexico.<br />1981 NL rookie of the year, cy young award winner, and world series champion.<br />Played the majority of his career with the Los Angeles Dodgers.<br />Became a media icon drawing large amounts of Latinos whenever he pitched, called Fernandomania.<br />Currently a Spanish radio broadcaster for the Dodgers.<br />
  11. 11. Latin American Sports Stars<br />Roberto Clemente: (1934-1972)<br />Born in Puerto Rico, played for the Pittsburgh Pirates.<br />15 time All Star and 2 time world champion.<br />Inducted into the baseball hall of fame in 1973 in his first year of eligibility.<br />Died in an airplane crash while attempting to help earthquake victims in Nicaragua.<br />Today there is a Roberto Clemente Award given to the baseball player who helps out the community the most.<br />