Assignment 3 american urbanization and ny city


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Assignment 3 american urbanization and ny city

  1. 1. By: Michael Wittman<br />Assignment 3: American Urbanization & New York City <br />
  2. 2. The Country and the City<br />Stamp Act of 1765: England wanted the debt owed from transactions.<br />This tax was imposed on printed material such as newspaper and legal documents.<br />Debt owed was 130 million.<br />Merchants and sailors were the ones who felt this tax the most.<br />England wanted their debt or else New York would be forced to separate from the British.<br />This led to the American Revolution.<br />
  3. 3. The Country and the City<br />American Revolution: Started by a British invasion this war went on for seven years.<br />The French agreed to help the Americans in 1778 and loaned money.<br />George Washington led the Americans into battle and was appointed as the first president after the war ended.<br />The British eventually ended up surrendering in Manhattan which had turned from a trading port into a military base for the war.<br />
  4. 4. The Country and the City <br />Alexander Hamilton (1755-1804):<br />Wanted to start the American Revolution and rallied people to rebel against the British.<br />Was appointed as an aide of George Washington.<br />He wanted Manhattan to be the Capital of America.<br />After the American Revolution he was named the 1st Secretary of Treasurer by Washington.<br />Hamilton was killed in a duel with Aaron Burr.<br />
  5. 5. Sunshine & Shadow<br />Brooklyn Bridge: Construction began in 1869.<br />John Augustus Roebling was in charge of the construction but was hurt in an accident and died so his son Washington Roebling took over.<br />Construction stopped then started up again in 1871.<br />This bridge represented hope as it united all the islands and allowed people to go from city to city.<br />
  6. 6. Sunshine & Shadow<br />Boss Tweed: Real name was William M. Tweed.<br />Controlled government and provided jobs for the unemployed, helped the poor, and orphanages. <br />Gave out thousands of dollars in “kickbacks”.<br />The NY Times said he gave out almost $200 million.<br />Tweed was ordered to spend 12 yrs in jail and tried escaping to Spain but was captured.<br />Died of pneumonia in 1878.<br />Ironically, he died in a jail he built.<br />
  7. 7. Sunshine & Shadow<br />Economic Boom: The steel industry helped the economic boom in New York.<br />Railroads were built throughout New York during this period of economic growth.<br />Brooklyn went from being a suburb in New York to a city.<br />A bridge was need to unite the islands because they were all filling up. (Brooklyn Bridge)<br />Staten Island and Manhattan also grew rapidly during this time.<br />
  8. 8. A Merger That Puts New York on Top<br />Erie Canal: This canal allowed the U.S. to control all exports to Europe.<br />The U.S. also controlled the triangle trade which was the trading of cotton between the south and England.<br />AOL- Timewarner merger: This merging may prevent the west from taking leadership of the new global economy away from New York.<br />One big advantage New York has is location and growing capital markets.<br />
  9. 9. America Compared: “Immigrants and Cities”<br />Migration: Between 1870-1914 over 23 million immigrants came to the United States.<br />Immigrants were primarily male and came for economic opportunities. <br />The total number of European immigrants was over 55 million.<br />Some immigrants went to Canada, Brazil, and Argentina but the majority came to the U.S.<br />Some of the immigrants returned home with their new wealth.<br />
  10. 10. America Compared: “Immigrants and Cities”<br />New Developments: A shift from sail boats to steam ships allowed bi-weekly trips from Europe to the U.S.<br />New York established new sanitary regulations, quarantine facilities, and reception centers.<br />Improvements in ship propellers.<br />Decrease in mortality rate.<br />
  11. 11. America Compared: “Immigrants and Cities<br />Factors slowing Immigration: <br />World War 1<br />1920’s restriction laws<br />The Great Depression<br />Johnson Act of 1921<br />Johnson-Reed Act of 1924<br />Type of work for immigrants:<br />Railroad<br />Agriculture<br />Factory<br />Mining<br />construction <br />