Assignment 3 american urbanization and ny cityPresentation Transcript
By: Michael Wittman Assignment 3: American Urbanization & New York City
The Country and the City Stamp Act of 1765: England wanted the debt owed from transactions. This tax was imposed on printed material such as newspaper and legal documents. Debt owed was 130 million. Merchants and sailors were the ones who felt this tax the most. England wanted their debt or else New York would be forced to separate from the British. This led to the American Revolution.
The Country and the City American Revolution: Started by a British invasion this war went on for seven years. The French agreed to help the Americans in 1778 and loaned money. George Washington led the Americans into battle and was appointed as the first president after the war ended. The British eventually ended up surrendering in Manhattan which had turned from a trading port into a military base for the war. View slide
The Country and the City Alexander Hamilton (1755-1804): Wanted to start the American Revolution and rallied people to rebel against the British. Was appointed as an aide of George Washington. He wanted Manhattan to be the Capital of America. After the American Revolution he was named the 1st Secretary of Treasurer by Washington. Hamilton was killed in a duel with Aaron Burr. View slide
Sunshine & Shadow Brooklyn Bridge: Construction began in 1869. John Augustus Roebling was in charge of the construction but was hurt in an accident and died so his son Washington Roebling took over. Construction stopped then started up again in 1871. This bridge represented hope as it united all the islands and allowed people to go from city to city.
Sunshine & Shadow Boss Tweed: Real name was William M. Tweed. Controlled government and provided jobs for the unemployed, helped the poor, and orphanages. Gave out thousands of dollars in “kickbacks”. The NY Times said he gave out almost $200 million. Tweed was ordered to spend 12 yrs in jail and tried escaping to Spain but was captured. Died of pneumonia in 1878. Ironically, he died in a jail he built.
Sunshine & Shadow Economic Boom: The steel industry helped the economic boom in New York. Railroads were built throughout New York during this period of economic growth. Brooklyn went from being a suburb in New York to a city. A bridge was need to unite the islands because they were all filling up. (Brooklyn Bridge) Staten Island and Manhattan also grew rapidly during this time.
A Merger That Puts New York on Top Erie Canal: This canal allowed the U.S. to control all exports to Europe. The U.S. also controlled the triangle trade which was the trading of cotton between the south and England. AOL- Timewarner merger: This merging may prevent the west from taking leadership of the new global economy away from New York. One big advantage New York has is location and growing capital markets.
America Compared: “Immigrants and Cities” Migration: Between 1870-1914 over 23 million immigrants came to the United States. Immigrants were primarily male and came for economic opportunities. The total number of European immigrants was over 55 million. Some immigrants went to Canada, Brazil, and Argentina but the majority came to the U.S. Some of the immigrants returned home with their new wealth.
America Compared: “Immigrants and Cities” New Developments: A shift from sail boats to steam ships allowed bi-weekly trips from Europe to the U.S. New York established new sanitary regulations, quarantine facilities, and reception centers. Improvements in ship propellers. Decrease in mortality rate.
America Compared: “Immigrants and Cities Factors slowing Immigration: World War 1 1920’s restriction laws The Great Depression Johnson Act of 1921 Johnson-Reed Act of 1924 Type of work for immigrants: Railroad Agriculture Factory Mining construction