Six Degrees

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Six Degrees

  1. 1. What makes ordinary people do irrational and evil things?
  2. 2. The Power of Context <ul><li>Gladwell looks out how context is necessary for a epidemic to tip </li></ul><ul><li>Context also plays a large role in the way people act </li></ul><ul><li>Context doesn’t solely rely on people but from a feature of their environment </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Lucifer Effect <ul><li>Coined by a book written by Phillip Zambardo </li></ul><ul><li>Described as a transformation in a person’s character from being a good person to doing evil things </li></ul><ul><li>Says that a number of variables can overwhelm a person’s desire to resist </li></ul><ul><li>Name derived from the story of Lucifer, God’s favorite angel </li></ul><ul><li>Although most give in to the variables that turn them evil, Zambardo argues that a few rebel </li></ul>
  4. 4. Stanford Prison Experiment <ul><li>Psychologist Phillip Zambardo took a group of normal people and simulated a prison by assigning some as guards and others as prisoners </li></ul><ul><li>After only a few days, guards abused power and violent results ensued from the prisoners </li></ul><ul><li>This helped to prove how in a certain atmosphere, people will act in ways that they never would have otherwise acted </li></ul>
  5. 5. Abu Gharib <ul><li>Several US military guards working at an military prison in Iraqi were tried for assault, conspiracy, dereliction of duty, and committing other indecent acts </li></ul><ul><li>There were charges of guards sexually assaulting inmates, forcing them to form naked pyramids, and hooding and draping wires over inmates </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the guards charged claimed that they were simply taking orders from superiors </li></ul>
  6. 6. Charles Graner Jr. <ul><li>Army Specialist at Abu Gharib charged as mastermind behind the sadism </li></ul><ul><li>Worked as a supermax prison guard at SCI Greene </li></ul><ul><li>Retired Marine </li></ul><ul><li>SCI Greene had a charge of violence towards prisoners which he was not charged for </li></ul><ul><li>SCI Greene has a high level of prejudiced towards Muslims </li></ul><ul><li>Never called “abnormally violent” </li></ul><ul><li>Abusive towards ex-wife </li></ul>
  7. 7. Milgram’s Experiment <ul><li>Milgram conducted an experiment designed to be a teaching experiment that was actually used to see how people would act under supervision of a superior </li></ul><ul><li>The participant was told to administer shocks for every wrong answer that the “student” gave from 15 volts to 450 </li></ul><ul><li>The results of the test showed that nearly all of the participants administered the 450 volt shock when prompted to by the supervisor </li></ul><ul><li>Anonymity and lack of responsibility played a large role in the results of the test </li></ul>
  8. 8. Questions to be Answered <ul><li>Are atrocities such as Abu Gharib cases of bad apples in a good barrel or good apples in a bad barrel? </li></ul><ul><li>Does environment influence the way in which one acts? </li></ul><ul><li>Are people as influenced by higher authorities as most people believe? </li></ul><ul><li>Does one’s environment or predisposition influence chains of violence such as Abu Gharib more? </li></ul>

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