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Open access publishing overview


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This was a presentation for an IET workshop on publications policy. I was pitching for open access

This was a presentation for an IET workshop on publications policy. I was pitching for open access

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  • 1. Open Access publishing overview Martin Weller
  • 2.
    • Publishing is at the heart of what it means to be a scholar
    • The Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society  published in 1665
  • 3. Publishing Research Authoring Submission/Review Rejection/Modification /Acceptance Publication Distribution
  • 4. Parties Funder Author Publisher Libraries Reader £ £ £
  • 5. Business
    • $23 billion STM publishing
    • Reed-elsevier $1.5B profit 2009
    • UK 2007, writing = £1.6B, peer-review = £200M editing = £70M
    • Library costs for journals increased 302% from 1986-2005
  • 6. Wiley’s trucking parable
    • “ the inventor began contacting shipping companies. But she could not believe what she heard. The truckers would deliver her goods, but only subject to the most unbelievable conditions:
    • The inventor had to sign all the intellectual-property rights to her product over to the truckers.
    • The truckers would keep all the profits from sales of the inventor’s product.
    • The shipping deal had to be both exclusive and perpetual, never subject to review or cancellation.
    • Every shipping company she contacted gave the same response. Dejected, but unwilling to see the fruits of all her labor go to waste, she eventually relented and signed a contract with one of the companies.”
  • 7. The squeeze
    • Funders mandate (NIH 2008)
    • Libraries withdrawing from Big Deal
    • Open Access
  • 8. What is open access?
    • “digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions”
  • 9. Two models
    • Gold route – author pays OA journal
    • Green route – author self-archives
  • 10. Green OA
    • What is an appropriate embargo?
    • Does it dilute citation?
    • Surer and faster (Harnad 2004)
    • What version is archived?
  • 11. Gold
    • Fees range between $1000 to $3000 per article
    • Commercial publishers = $3400 per article. Non-profit organisations, = $730 (Clarke 2007)
    • Deutsche Bank: ““We believe the publisher adds relatively little value to the publishing process.  … if the process really were as complex, costly and value-added as the publishers protest that it is, 40% margins wouldn’t be available.”
  • 12. Advantages of OA
    • Early advantage – you can publish earlier in the research cycle
    • Arxiv advantage – a central repository (or common data standard) provide one main place for all publications.
    • Quality Bias - a self-selecting bias in that higher-quality articles are more likely to be self-archived in the early days but this effect would disappear as self-archiving approaches 100%.
    • Quality advantage - articles are judged on quality and not access differences.
    • Competitive advantage - self-archived papers have a competitive advantage over non-self-archived ones, in early days, although this effect would also reduce as the practice increases.
    • Usage advantage – OA articles are read more widely than non-OA ones.
    • (Harnad 2005)
  • 13. The PLoS example
    • Public Library of Science ) 2003 they set themselves up as a non-profit, open access publisher.
    • Creative Commons attribution licence
    • Gold OA policy,
    • sought to re-engineer the publication model.
  • 14. Experimenting with peer review
    • PLoS Biology/PLoS Medicine
    • PLoS One – lightweight peer review
    • PLoS Currents. Google Knol web based authoring tool, authors write directly into the system.
    • PLoS Hubs
  • 15. New models
    • Zero cost journals
    • Added value
    • Journal comparison
  • 16. Big question <What is your aim when publishing?>
  • 17. Why wouldn’t you publish open access?