THE SCIENTIFICREVOLUTIONChapter 20
NEW SCIENTIFIC IDEAS New   technology, combined with innovative approaches to seeking knowledge led to a breakthrough in ...
NEW SCIENTIFIC IDEAS To  avoid persecution or imprisonment for his  views, Copernicus worked in privacy for 30  years wit...
NEW SCIENTIFIC IDEAS The  German astronomer Kepler provided mathematical proof that the planets revolve around the sun, b...
NEW SCIENTIFIC IDEAS In   1632, Galileo announced in publication that his observations confirmed Copernicus’s assertions ...
NEW SCIENTIFIC IDEAS An  outraged Pope Urban VIII put Galileo on  trial After recanting his views, Galileo helped the  e...
NEW SCIENTIFIC IDEAS Rene  Descartes, a French mathematician  saw mathematics as the prefect model for  clear and certain...
NEW SCIENTIFIC IDEAS In the work Principia, English mathematician  Isaac Newton offered a new understanding  of the unive...
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Chapter 20
Scientific Revolution

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  1. 1. THE SCIENTIFICREVOLUTIONChapter 20
  2. 2. NEW SCIENTIFIC IDEAS New technology, combined with innovative approaches to seeking knowledge led to a breakthrough in Western thought The Polish scientist Copernicus became convinced that the Earth was round and that it rotated on its axis as it revolved around the sun
  3. 3. NEW SCIENTIFIC IDEAS To avoid persecution or imprisonment for his views, Copernicus worked in privacy for 30 years without publishing his ideas Other scientists took Copernicus’ ideas even further into a scientific understanding of the universe
  4. 4. NEW SCIENTIFIC IDEAS The German astronomer Kepler provided mathematical proof that the planets revolve around the sun, but at changing speeds and in ellipses, not at a constant speed in circles as Copernicus had believed
  5. 5. NEW SCIENTIFIC IDEAS In 1632, Galileo announced in publication that his observations confirmed Copernicus’s assertions that not all heavenly bodies revolved around the earth.
  6. 6. NEW SCIENTIFIC IDEAS An outraged Pope Urban VIII put Galileo on trial After recanting his views, Galileo helped the establish the universal law of physics
  7. 7. NEW SCIENTIFIC IDEAS Rene Descartes, a French mathematician saw mathematics as the prefect model for clear and certain knowledge He believed truth must be reached through reason and said, “I think, therefore I am”
  8. 8. NEW SCIENTIFIC IDEAS In the work Principia, English mathematician Isaac Newton offered a new understanding of the universe The book stated Newton’s theory of universal gravitation; to prove his theory, Newton developed Calculus Newton’s work greatly influenced scientific thought

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