An Overview ofSyllabuses in English Language Teaching By Mohammad Mohseni Far, M.A. Shahid Chamran University, Iran. Presented by: Christina DeFrancesco Meghan Wasilewski ESL 501
Introduction• The purpose of this article is to introduce the influential types of syllabuses utilized in the domain of ELT.• A language teaching syllabus involves the combination of subject matter and linguistic matter.• It performs as a guide for both teacher and learner by providing some goals to be accomplished.• Syllabus, in fact, deals with linguistic theory and theories of language learning and how they are utilized in the classroom.
Syllabuses in ELT• There are 13 different types.• All actual language teaching syllabuses are integrated product of two or more of the types of syllabi.• There is minimal distinction between the skill-based and task-based syllabuses.
Syllabuses in ELT• 1. Procedural Syllabus- structure can be best learned when attention is concentrated on meaning.• 2. Cultural Syllabus- Emphasis on the understanding socio- cultural implications of language and language use.• 3. Situational Syllabus- the essential component of organization is a non-linguistic category, i.e. the situation.
Syllabuses in ELT• 4. Skill-based Syllabus- the content of the language teaching involves a collection of particular skills that may play a role in using language.• 5. Structural or Formal Syllabus- organized along grammatical lines giving primacy to language form.• 6. Multi-dimension Syllabus- flexibility to change the central point of the teaching material as the course unfolds• 7. Task-based Syllabus- using tasks and activities to encourage learners to utilize the language communicatively so as to achieve a purpose.
Syllabuses in ELT• 8. Process Syllabus- designed as the teaching and learning proceeds. It supports a frame for decisions and alternative procedures, activities and tasks for the classroom group.• 9. Learner-led Syllabus- an approach based on how learner’s learn and the direction of the syllabus will be the responsibility of the students.• 10. Proportional Syllabus- focus is upon flexibility and the spiral technique of language sequencing leading to the recycling of language.
Syllabuses in ELT• 11. Content-Based Syllabus- goal is to teach specific information and content using the language that the learners are also learning• 12. Notional/Functional Syllabus- emphasizes the communicative purpose of a language and the conceptual meaning of a language (notions and functions).• 13. Lexical Syllabus- based on real language. It draws on the COBUILD research which provides an analysis of a corpus of natural language.
Conclusion• The various syllabi present valuable insights into creating a language program and course.• It is uncommon for one type of syllabus to be utilized fully in actual teaching settings. It’s not about which type to choose but which types and how to connect them with each other.• In making practical decisions about syllabus design, one must take into account all the potential factors that may affect the teachability of a specific syllabus.