Key influences on taking part in physical activity
p.12 1 STUDENT TASK: Where does our interest in sport develop from? There are many reasons why people become interested in sport or physical activity from a young age. What sports or physical activities are you involved in? What influenced you to take part in them? Add your experiences to the table below:
All my friends play football (Peers)
My older brother plays football (Family)
They played football at my first school (Access to facilities)
I remember seeing David Beckham playing for England on the TV (Role models / media coverage)
Example: I play football for my local football team. Sport or activity involved in What influences impacted on participation
Fashion – Sports clothing is often worn as a fashion item regardless of whether a person plays sport. For example, replica football shirts. The equipment or clothes worn in a particular activity may have an influence over participation in the sport.
Media coverage – The media influences the popularity of activities. The media includes television, radio, the internet and the press . An example of its power is an increase in the participation of tennis during Wimbledon .
Ian Poulter owns his own clothing line in golf fashion p.13
Age – As people get older there may be restrictions to participation in physical activity due to work and family responsibilities or health problems .
Disability – A disability may limit participation in physical activity. However, with technology most sports can be adapted .
Gender – As sport evolves, more activities are becoming recognisable for both males and females to participate in. However, there is still gender bias associated with some sports such as football and netball .
Race – Participation in a particular sport may be influenced by ethnic background . Due to stereotyping some people believe that different races are better at certain activities and are therefore encouraged into particular sports .
Cost – The cost of physical activities varies. Having money to spend on activities opens up the choices available for participation. For example playing golf or skiing is far more expensive than playing football .
Perceived status of activity – A person’s position in society can have a bearing on the activities they take part in. For example show jumping is regarded as an upper class sport.
p.16 2 The sports participation pyramid is a model of sports development . It identifies the different groups of performers at each level giving them a clear pathway to the top. Excellence National and international competitions Foundation PE and recreational sports Participation Sports clubs and leisure centres Performance Local and regional coaching and competitions
When young people start to enjoy a specific activity and participate in it regularly .
E.g. Attending an extra curricular sports club .
An introduction to the activity.
Basic skills are learnt .
E.g. Primary PE lessons .
This is the peak of the pyramid where people are competing at national and international level.
Relatively few performers achieve this level.
Where specific skills are developed through coaching and competition .
Performers are competing at regional level for their clubs.
A good knowledge of the rules for that particular sport.
Good communication skills to ensure their decisions are understood.
To be able to remain calm in order to make fair but confident decisions.
A tennis umpire at Wimbledon uses his communication skills during a match Volunteers In elite sport, coaches and officials are rewarded well financially for their efforts. However, at grass roots level volunteers who officiate and coach ensure the activities are able to continue. Many sports clubs also depend upon volunteers to fulfil roles such as club chairman or treasurer .
Name the six main influences on participation in physical activity. (6 marks)
Explain how the media can help to encourage participation in physical activity and give an example. (2 marks)
Name the four levels of the Sports Participation Pyramid. (4 marks)
Besides performing, what other opportunities are there to be involved in sport or physical activity? (3 marks)
Sport England set up an initiative called Start, Stay, Succeed. What did it aim to achieve? (3 marks)
Total marks /20 STUDENT QUESTIONS PE and Social Strategy for Young Pupils PE and Sport Strategy of Youth Participants PE and Sport Strategy for Young People PE and Sport Science for Young People PE and School Sport Club Links PE, Social School Sport and Club Links PE, School Sport and Confidence Links PE, School Sport and Club Links 1 What do the initials PESSYP stand for? (1) 2 What do the initials PESSCL stand for? (1) X X
The media increase the popularity of some sports, therefore more people get involved.
Any valid example of a sporting event inspiring participation that is explained e.g. spectators watching the London Marathon are inspired to participate in sport.
Foundation, participation, performance, excellence A B C D B A C D People, image, cultural factors, resources, health and wellbeing and socio-economic factors p.22 Coach / leader, official or volunteer Sport England aimed to: Increase participation in sport in order to improve the health of the nation, with a focus on priority groups; Retain people in sport through an effective network of clubs, sports facilities, coaches, volunteers and competitive opportunities; Create opportunities for talented performers to achieve success.