Open Space Assessment Report 2007

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Open Space Assessment Report 2007

  1. 1. • Miami Valley Regional Planning Commission • One Dayton Centre, One South Main Street, Suite 260, Dayton, OH 45402 • Tel: 937.223.6323 • Fax: 937.223.9750 • Website: www.mvrpc.org INTRODUCTION The Miami Valley Regional Planning Commission (MVRPC) conducted the Miami Valley Open Space Assessment study in order to develop a 2005 Open Space GIS database and examine the status of open space in the Region. The study is an update to the 1993 Miami Valley Open Space Inventory database prepared for the Miami Valley Open Space Council and to the State of the Region 2005 report that examined broad social, political, economic, and environmental issues of the Region, and recounted the progress the Region has made over the years. The Miami Valley Region While the State of the Region 2005 report defined the Region to include eight (8) counties in the Dayton Metropolitan area as illustrated in the map, the 2005 Miami Valley Open Space Assessment study is based on the six (6) counties surveyed in the 1993 Open Space Inventory (Clark, Darke, Greene, Miami, Montgomery, Preble), as well as the addition of the northern part of Warren County. This report provides information on how the data was collected, the limitations that exist within the study, and summarizes the findings from the study, providing information on regional as well as county level statistics. Further, the 2005 statistics are compared to the 1993 statistics in order to assess how the Region has changed over the last 12 years. OPEN SPACE DEFINITION The definition of open space used in this study was adapted from the 1993 Open Space Inventory. The main categories of land uses in the 2005 Open Space database, as seen in the table below, include: General Outdoor Recreation Area, Outstanding Regional Amenity, Natural Environment Protection Area, Utilities, Open Space Link, Natural Environment Recreation Area, School, Landfill/Mineral Extraction, Cemeteries, Historical Site/Museum, and Airfields. It is important to note that the definition of open space in the study is very broad and ranges from areas that are active in nature, such as parks and ball fields, to areas that are passive in nature such as wetlands preserves and flood control properties. Also, it should be noted that the Open Space classification in this study does not include agricultural land use, which is prevalent in some part of the Region. Open Space Classification General Outdoor Recreation Areas Swimming Pool Picnic Grounds Active Recreation Stadium Plaza/Commons Horse Racing Fairground Auto Racing Ball Field Golf Course Outstanding Regional Amenity Scenic River Waterfall Natural Environment Protection Area Wildlife Preserve Natural Area Park Preserve Wetland Preserve Storm Basin Hunting Area Utility Well Field Wastewater Plant Open Space Link Hiking Trail Large Institution Bikeway Flood Control Pedestrian Walkway Natural Environment Recreation Area Campground Fishing Lake Fish &Game Club Scout Camp School Public School College Private School University Landfills / Mineral Extraction Landfill Quarry Sand & Gravel Extraction Site Cemeteries Cemetery Historical Sites / Museums Historic Site Museum Covered Bridge Airfield Airport Sky Diving Source: MVRPC 2005 Open Space Database For the purposes of this study, General Outdoor Recreation Area, Outstanding Regional Amenity, Natural Environment Protection Area, Natural Environment Recreation Area, and Historical Sites/Museums have been grouped together as “Open Space/Recreational Facilities.”
  2. 2. STUDY METHOD MVRPC staff has been updating the 1993 Open Space Inventory since its original development. However, the updates were made on an as-needed basis. In 2005, MVRPC initiated a comprehensive update of its Open Space database, at which time the database was expanded to include northern Warren County. Early in 2006, MVRPC hosted a one day workshop at its Center for Regional Cooperation with representatives from local governments, state agencies, and non-profit special interest groups in the Region. The purpose of the workshop was to present the results of the 2005 database update efforts and to seek further information to finalize it. At the workshop, paper maps and open space attribute information were made available at each work station. A total of 62 people, representing 36 organizations, participated in the workshop. Participants were asked not only to make corrections on the maps but also to provide missing attribute information. The data collected at the workshop were then incorporated into the MVRPC 2005 Open Space Inventory GIS database. Although the 2005 Open Space Inventory database is the most comprehensive in the Region, it is important to note that the database is not completely accurate. This is due to the fact that the data was collected mainly from secondary sources, supplemented by input from the participating organizations. FINDINGS The Miami Valley Region overall possesses 2,268 open space facilities with a total of 116,191.38 acres of open spaces, covering 6% of the total regional land area, averaging 92.7 acres of open space per 1,000 residents in the Region. The Region is also the home of four State Parks (Buck Creek, John Bryan, Sycamore, and Caesar Creek) which encompass 16,410 acres. Open Space/Recreational Facility areas account for 64% of all Regional open space acreage with 1,218 sites, followed by landfills and mineral extraction (10% of acreage with 46 sites). The remaining 26% is divided among the other six open space types, each comprising less than 10% of all Regional open space acreage. The Regional map attached provides a spatial distribution of open spaces in the Region by types of open space sites. One of the Region’s most valuable open space resources is the waterway network, as 28% of the Region’s total open space acreage is within one quarter mile of a major river and 20% of all natural open space and recreational facilities are within one quarter mile of a river. There are nearly 400 sites which create open space corridors along the rivers, and are an asset that the Region can build upon in future open space planning. Open Space as Percentage of Total Land Area in the Region Open Space 6% 116,191 acres Other 94% 1,717,399 acres Source: MVRPC 2005 Open Space Database Open Space by Type in the Region Open Space/Rec. 64% 74,798 acres Schools 8% 8,838 acres Cemeteries 3% 3,444 acres Utilities 6% 7,036 acres Open Space Links Airfields 5% 4% 6,373 acres 4,615 acres Landfills & Mineral Extraction 10% 11,087 acres Source: MVRPC 2005 Open Space Database 2
  3. 3. A comparison of the data collected in 1993 and 2005 revealed that there was an increase of over 15,000 acres of open space, an 18.7% increase in the Region over the 12-year span. As illustrated in the table below, there was nearly a 50% increase in Open Space links (49.2%) and over a 40% increase in areas dedicated to Utilities (41.3%). Open Space Comparison: 1993 - 2005 1993 2005* Change Open Space/Rec 53,726.4 61,825.5 15.1% Schools 7,412.1 7,876.0 6.3% Landfills & Mining 7,791.4 10,757.6 38.1% Utilities 4,540.1 6,415.2 41.3% Open Space Links 2,690.8 4,014.6 49.2% Airfields 5542.3 6,074.0 9.6% Regional Total 81,703.1 96,962.9 18.7% Note: *Cemeteries and Warren County data are excluded since they were not part of the 1993 Open Space Inventory database. Source: MVRPC 1993 and 2005 Open Space Database The next two tables present open space acreage and number of sites by facility type at the County level. Montgomery County leads the region in both total open space facilities (851) and acreage (37,924.08), followed by Greene and Miami counties. Also, the additional maps attached illustrate open space locations by facility types at the County level. Open Space by County: Acreage by Type of Facilities County Clark Darke Greene Miami Montgomery Preble Warren* REGION Open Space/Rec 8,651.1 2,801.9 11,518.4 7,357.0 22,895.4 8,601.7 12,972.8 74,798.2 Schools Utilities 1,264.3 291.8 2,116.6 823.5 3,136.6 243.2 961.6 8,837.5 1,211.7 455.2 1,465.1 423.1 2,496.9 363.3 621.0 7,036.2 Landfills & Mining 740.9 805.1 6,770.2 0 2,051.0 390.4 329.5 11,087.2 Open Space Links 505.2 482.5 338.2 535.2 1,997.1 156.5 600.5 4,615.1 Airfields 1,501.0 133.3 138.4 53.6 4,247.8 0 298.8 6,372.8 Cemeteries Total 468.6 302.8 281.7 665.1 1,099.3 330.7 296.4 3,444.5 14,342.7 5,272.5 22,628.6 9,857.4 37,924.1 10,085.8 16,080.4 116,191.4 Cemeteries Total 8 98 41 65 70 59 23 364 153 214 375 307 851 181 171 2,268 Source: MVRPC 2005 Open Space Database Open Space by County: Number of Sites by Type of Facilities County Clark Darke Greene Miami Montgomery Preble Warren* REGION Open Space/Rec 75 71 228 171 509 78 86 1,218 Schools Utilities 52 24 48 49 181 13 24 391 8 13 25 15 27 14 8 110 Landfills & Mining 3 4 21 0 13 1 4 46 Open Space Links 6 3 15 9 50 16 24 123 Airfields 3 1 2 1 6 0 3 16 Source: MVRPC 2005 Open Space Database Open Space per 1,000 Persons 250 230.4 192.3 200 151.1 Acreage The chart on the right illustrates the 2005 open space acreage per 1,000 persons by county. Despite the fact that Montgomery County has significant open space acreage in comparison to other counties, it was found to have the least amount of open space acreage per 1,000 persons (65.9). Preble County, on the other hand, was found to have the highest amount of open space acreage per 1,000 persons (230.4), followed by Warren County (192.3), which owes its high acreage per 1,000 persons to the fact that Caesar Creek State Park lies within the portion surveyed. 150 95.9 100 93.0 93.2 92.68 65.9 50 0 ark Cl e rk Da n ee Gr e i ery i am om M nt g o M le eb Pr en arr W n gio Re *Note: Data findings for Warren County are only from the northern part of the county Source: MVRPC 2005 Open Space Database 3
  4. 4. The table below shows the change in open space acreage and number of facilities over the 12 year period. Miami County had the largest percent change in acreage (42%), while Montgomery County had the highest percent change in number of sites (36.8%). Despite the fact that Clark County had a decrease in number of sites, it also had a 4.6% increase in acreage, due to growth of existing sites. Open Space Comparison: 1993 - 2005 by County County Clark Darke Greene Miami Montgomery Preble REGION 1993 13,260.9 4,036.0 20,862.4 6,474.3 29,411.9 7,657.6 81,703.1 Open Space Acreage 2005 13,874.2 4,969.7 22,346.8 9,192.3 36,824.8 9,755.1 96,962.9 % Change 4.6 23.1 7.1 42.0 25.2 27.4 18.7 Open Space Sites 2005 145 116 334 242 881 122 1,888 1993 169 113 280 207 644 96 1,509 % Change -14.2 2.7 19.3 16.9 36.8 27.1 25.1 Note: *Cemeteries and Warren County data are excluded since they were not part of the 1993 Open Space Inventory database. Source: MVRPC 1993 and 2005 Open Space Databases. Change in Agricultural Acreage: 1993-2005 The change in open space over the last 12 years need to be reviewed in comparison to the agricultural land change since recent development has been occurring outside the existing urban areas in rural areas. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION 357 1993 333 350 2005 300 Acres (in thousands) Between 1993 and 2005, as shown on the chart, each county lost significant amounts of agricultural land. The findings of net gain in open space seem to be closely related to the urbanization of agricultural land as certain portions of development become designated as new open spaces. Since agricultural land use was not included in the open space definition, the findings from this study require careful attention from the perspective of the larger land use context, considering prevalent land use types for each county. 400 215 250 200 190 200 171 166 218 186 197 140 117 150 124 103 100 50 0 Cla rk rk e Da Gr e een i am e ry Mi go m o nt M bl e Pre Wa n r re Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture The Miami Valley Open Space Assessment study revealed that there has been an overall growing network of open spaces throughout the Region for all open space categories over the last 12 years. Not only does total acreage appear to have increased, but acreage per capita also appears to have increased significantly as well. Continuous efforts should be made to preserve existing open spaces in the Region so that these valuable community assets are maintained as the Region progresses into the future. FOR MORE INFORMATION Please visit www.mvrpc.org for a copy of this report. Questions or comments should be directed to Matthew Martin at mmartin@mvrpc.org. Miami Valley Regional Planning Commission (MVRPC) is a voluntary association of governmental and non-governmental organizations serving as a forum and resource where regional partners identify priorities, develop public policy, and implement strategies to improve the quality of life and economic vitality throughout the Miami Valley Region. 4
  5. 5. Open Space Classification Open Space/Rec (1,218 sites) Landfills/Mineral Extraction (46 sites) Utilities (110 sites) Cemeteries (364 sites) Open Space Links (123 sites) Airfields (16 sites) Miami 8%, 9,857 acres Open Space as Percentage of Total Land Area in the Region Other Land Use 94% 116,191 acres MIAMI Clark 12%, 14,343 acres Preble 9%, 10,086 acres Warren 14%, 16,080 acres Open Space by Type in the Region Cemeteries 3%, 3,444 Landfills & acres Airfields 5%, Mineral Open Space 6,373 acres Extraction Links 4%, 10%, 11,087 4,615 acres acres Troy Schools 8%, 8,838 acres Utilities 6%, 7,036 acres CLARK Springfield Vandalia Englewood PREBLE Huber Heights Dayton Eaton MONTGOMERY Kettering Trotwood Xenia GREENE Riverside Map 1 - 2005 Miami Valley Open Spaces Regional Open Space 6% 1,717,399 acres DARKE Darke 5%, 5,273 acres Open Space/Rec. 64%, 74,798 acres Piqua Greenville Montgomery 33%, 37,924 acres Greene 19%, 22,629 acres Schools (391 sites) Source: MVRPC 2005 Open Space Inventory Date: November 2006 Distribution of Open Space by County Dayton WARREN Moraine 0 5 Miles 10 West Carrollton Kettering Miami Valley Regional Planning Commission One Dayton Centre One South Main Street Suite 260 Dayton, OH 45402 Phone - (937) 223 - 6323 Fax - (937) 223 - 9750 Web - www.mvrpc.org
  6. 6. Open Space by Type in the County Open Space as Percentage of Total Land Area in the County Open Space Acres per 1,000 Persons Open Space/Rec. 61%, 8,651 acres Other 94% 242,544 acres 250 230.4 192.3 200 Cemeteries 3%, 469 acres Open Space 6% 14,343 acres Open Space Links 4%, 505 acres Schools 9%, 1,264 acres Airfields 10%, 1,501 acres Landfills & Mineral Extraction 5%, 741 acres 95.9 93.0 93.2 100 65.9 50 Utilities 8%, 1,212 acres 0 C la rk rk e Da Gr ee n e Mi i am Mo e ry om nt g Pr e bl e Wa n rre Map 2 - 2005 Clark County Open Spaces New Carlisle Country Club Acreage 151.1 150 Buck Creek State Park Clark Lake Wildlife Area New Carlisle Springfield New Reid Memorial Park 70 § ¦ ¨ Dayton Wellfield Spring Run Trout Farm Enon Oh Agriculture Research and Dev Center American Aggregates Sand and Gravel Springfield-Beckley Municipal Airport Open Space Classification Open Space/Rec (75 sites) Utilities (8 sites) Open Space Links (6 sites) Schools (52 sites) Landfills/Mineral Extraction (3 sites) Cemeteries (8 sites) Airfields (3 sites) Source: MVRPC 2005 Open Space Inventory Date: November 2006 Locust Hills Golf Course County Locator Map Miles 0 1 2 Miami Valley Regional Planning Commission One Dayton Centre One South Main Street Suite 260 Dayton, OH 45402 Phone - (937) 223 - 6323 Fax - (937) 223 - 9750 Web - www.mvrpc.org
  7. 7. Other 99% 378,554 acres Open Space as Percentage of Total Land Area in the County Open Space Classification Open Space/Rec (71 sites) Open Space by Type in the County Utilities (13 sites) Open Space Links (3 sites) Open Space/Rec. 52%, 2,802 acres Needmore Woods Schools (24 sites) Landfills/Mineral Extraction (4 sites) Cemeteries (98 sites) Airfields (1 site) Schools 6%, 292 acres Cemeteries 6%, 303 acres Open Space Links 9%, 482 acres Landfills & Mineral Extraction 15%, 805 acres Airfields 3%, 133 acres Source: MVRPC 2005 Open Space Inventory Date: November 2006 Utilities 9%, 455 acres Greenville Darke County Wildlife Area County Locator Map Open Space Acres per 1,000 Persons 250 230.4 192.3 200 American Aggregates Wayne Lakes Map 3 - 2005 Darke County Open Spaces Open Space 1% 5,272 acres Acreage 151.1 150 95.9 100 93.0 93.2 65.9 50 0 r C la k rk e Da G n ree e am Mi i Mo e ry om nt g bl e Pr e W en a rr Beachwood Golf Course Miles 0 1 2 Miami Valley Regional Planning Commission One Dayton Centre One South Main Street Suite 260 Dayton, OH 45402 Phone - (937) 223 - 6323 Fax - (937) 223 - 9750 Web - www.mvrpc.org
  8. 8. Open Space Classification Open Space as Percentage of Total Land Area in the County Other 91% 243,560 acres County Locator Map Open Space/Rec (228 sites) Utilities (25 sites) Open Space Links (15 sites) Open Space 9% 22,629 acres Schools (48 sites) Landfills/Mineral Extraction (21 sites) Cemeteries (41 sites) Open Space by Type in the County Open Space/Rec. 53%, 11,518 acres John Bryan State Park Wright State University Glen Helen CEMEX Property Cemeteries 1%, 282 acres Schools 9%, 2,117 acres Open Space Links 1%, 338 acres Landfills & Mineral Extraction 30%, 6,770 acres Airfields 1%, 138 acres § ¦ ¨ 675 Cedarville Utilities 6%, 1,465 acres Beavercreek Open Space Acres Per 1,000 Persons 250 Source: MVRPC 2005 Open Space Inventory Date: November 2006 Yellow Springs Fairborn Valley Spring Wellfield Xenia 230.4 192.3 200 Jamestown Acreage 151.1 150 95.9 100 Bellbrook 93.0 93.2 65.9 50 Map 4 - 2005 Greene County Open Spaces Airfields (2 sites) Sugarcreek Metropark 0 C la rk rk e Da Gr ee n e Mi i am o nt g Mo ry me Pr e bl e Wa n r re Spring Valley Wildlife Area § ¦ ¨ 71 Miles 0 1 2 Miami Valley Regional Planning Commission One Dayton Centre One South Main Street Suite 260 Dayton, OH 45402 Phone - (937) 223 - 6323 Fax - (937) 223 - 9750 Web - www.mvrpc.org
  9. 9. Piqua Country Club Inc. Open Space Classification Open Space/Rec (171 sites) County Locator Map Stillwater Prairie Reserve Utilities (15 sites) Piqua Open Space Links (9 sites) Schools (49 sites) Landfills/Mineral Extraction (0 sites) Big Woods Reserve Cemeteries (65 sites) Map 5 - 2005 Miami County Open Spaces Airfields (1 site) Source: MVRPC 2005 Open Space Inventory Date: November 2006 75 § ¦ ¨ Open Space Acres per 1,000 Persons 250 230.4 192.3 200 Troy Acreage 151.1 150 Lost Creek-Knoop Farm 95.9 100 93.0 93.2 65.9 50 0 C la rk rk e Da Gr ee n e Mi i am o nt g Mo ry me bl e Pre Wa n rr e Tipp City West Milton Open Space by Type in the County Cliffside Golf Course Open Space/Rec. 75%, 7,357 acres Cemeteries 7%, 665 acres Open Space Links 5%, 535 acres Schools 8%, 824 acres Airfields 1%, 54 acres Utilities 4%, 423 acres Other 96% 252,424 acres Sullivan Road Farm Open Space Acreage as Percentage of Total Land Area in the County Miles Open Space 4% 9,857 acres 0 1 2 Miami Valley Regional Planning Commission One Dayton Centre One South Main Street Suite 260 Dayton, OH 45402 Phone - (937) 223 - 6323 Fax - (937) 223 - 9750 Web - www.mvrpc.org
  10. 10. Open Space as Percentage of Total Land Area in the County Other 87% 259,298 acres Union Dayton International Airport Englewood Metropark/ Aullwood Garden Clayton Taylorsville Metropark Englewood Carriage Hill Metropark 70 § ¦ ¨ Huber Heights Brookville 75 § ¨ ¦ Open Space by Type in the County Sycamore State Park Trotwood Rorhers Island/ Mad River Well Field Open Space/Rec. 61%, 22,895 acres Riverside County Locator Map Dayton Cemeteries 3%, 1,099 acres Schools 8%, 3,137 acres Open Space Links 5%, 1,997 acres Airfields 11%, 4,248 acres Landfills & Mineral Extraction 5%, 2,051 acres Utilities 7%, 2,497 acres Oakwood Possum Creek Metro Park Moraine Kettering West Carrollton Open Space Acres per 1,000 Persons 250 New Lebanon 230.4 Open Space Classification 192.3 200 § ¦ ¨ Germantown Metropark 675 Acreage 151.1 Germantown 150 95.9 100 Open Space/Rec (509 sites) Centerville Miamisburg 93.0 93.2 Utilities (27 sites) Map 6 - 2005 Montgomery County Open Spaces Open Space 13% 37,924 acres Vandalia Open Space Links (50 sites) 65.9 Schools (181 sites) 50 Dayton Wright Brothers Airport 0 C la rk rk e Da Gr ee n e Mi i am o nt g Mo ry me Pr e bl e Wa Landfills/Mineral Extraction (13 sites) Cemeteries (70 sites) n r re Airfields (6 sites) Miles 0 1 2 Source: MVRPC 2005 Open Space Inventory Date: November 2006 Miami Valley Regional Planning Commission One Dayton Centre One South Main Street Suite 260 Dayton, OH 45402 Phone - (937) 223 - 6323 Fax - (937) 223 - 9750 Web - www.mvrpc.org
  11. 11. Open Space as Percentage of Total Land Area in the County Other 96% 262,836 acres Open Space 4% 10,086 acres 70 § ¦ ¨ Open Space/Rec (78 sites) Eaton - Bantas Fork Well Field Open Space by Type in the County Utilities (14 sites) Open Space Links (16 sites) Schools (13 sites) Landfills/Mineral Extraction (1 site) Open Space/Rec. 85%, 8,602 acres Eaton Cemeteries (59 sites) Airfields (0 sites) Source: MVRPC 2005 Open Space Inventory Date: November 2006 Cemeteries 3%, 331 acres Open Space Links 2%, 157 acres Schools 2%, 243 acres Landfills & Mineral Extraction 4%, 390 acres Utilities 4%, 363 acres County Locator Map Preble County Landfill Woodland Trails Boy Scout Camp Open Space Acres per 1,000 Persons 250 Map 7 - Preble County Open Spaces Open Space Classification 230.4 192.3 200 Acreage 151.1 150 95.9 100 93.0 93.2 65.9 Rush Run Wildlife Area 50 Hueston Woods State Park 0 C la rk rk e Da Gr ee n e Mi i am M ry me t go on Pr e bl e Wa n r re Miles 0 1 2 Miami Valley Regional Planning Commission One Dayton Centre One South Main Street Suite 260 Dayton, OH 45402 Phone - (937) 223 - 6323 Fax - (937) 223 - 9750 Web - www.mvrpc.org
  12. 12. Open Space as Percentage of Total Land Area in the County Open Space Acres per 1,000 Persons Open Space/Rec. 80%, 12,973 acres Open Space 17% 16,080 acres 250 192.3 151.1 Cemeteries 2%, 296 acres Open Space Links 4%, 600 acres 230.4 200 Airfields 2%, 299 acres Landfills & Mineral Extraction 2%, 330 acres Schools 6%, 962 acres Utilities 4%, 621 acres Acreage Other 83% 78,180 acres Open Space by Type in the County 150 95.9 93.0 93.2 100 65.9 50 0 Cla rk rk e Da Gr ee n e Mi i am o nt g Mo ry me Pr e bl e Wa n* rre *Only the population of the jurisdictions within the region Carlisle Springboro Franklin Well Field Franklin MCD Property 75 § ¦ ¨ Camp Stoneybrook Waynesville Caesar Creek State Park Clearcreek Gorge Nature Preserve Map 8 - Warren County Open Spaces Twin Creek Metro Park Open Space Classification Open Space/Rec (86 sites) Utilities (8 sites) 71 § ¦ ¨ County Locator Map Open Space Links (24 sites) Schools (24 sites) Landfills/Mineral Extraction (4 sites) Cemeteries (23 sites) Airfields (3 sites) Source: MVRPC 2005 Open Space Inventory Date: November 2006 Miles 0 1 2 Miami Valley Regional Planning Commission One Dayton Centre One South Main Street Suite 260 Dayton, OH 45402 Phone - (937) 223 - 6323 Fax - (937) 223 - 9750 Web - www.mvrpc.org

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