Legal Knowledge Based Systems
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Legal Knowledge Based Systems

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Class on Legal Knowledge Based Systems at the Erasmus University Rotterdam the 19th of May 2010.

Class on Legal Knowledge Based Systems at the Erasmus University Rotterdam the 19th of May 2010.

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Legal Knowledge Based Systems Legal Knowledge Based Systems Presentation Transcript

  • Legal Knowledge Based Systems Erasmus University Rotterdam – 19 May 2010 Michaël van Leeuwen
  • Agenda 1. Labyrinth of information 2. Software as a solution 3. Difficulties with software 4. New generation of tools 5. How to design your application 6. Example case 7. Conclusions 2 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • Legislation 3 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • Explanatory Memorandum 4 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • Case Law 5 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • Local Legislation 6 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • Although the information is accessible and agents can notify you when changes occur… 7 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • …this information is great for the legal experts but not so great for everyone else. 8 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • Labyrinth of ›rules ›laws ›articles ›… Information. 9 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • Legal experts can translate basic information to: ›Made-to-measure advice ›Information readable by the target audience 10 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • Made-to-measure advice is expensive. Lots of people are looking for specific answers for their situation: more than just information. 11 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • Agenda 1. Labyrinth of information 2. Software as a solution 3. Difficulties with software 4. New generation of tools 5. How to design your application 6. Example case 7. Conclusions 12 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • Software-applications can offer made-to-measure answers and: ›Provide structure for all parties ›Uniformity in decision-making ›Transparancy ›Large reach 13 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • Software also makes sharing knowledge with colleagues easier and can potentially reduce costs and save time. 14 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • Agenda 1. Labyrinth of information 2. Software as a solution 3. Difficulties with software 4. New generation of tools 5. How to design your application 6. Example case 7. Conclusions 15 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • Main problems with software: › Maintenance › Miscommunication 16 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • Maintenance problem: Legal information changes all the time. software = outdated 17 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • Preventing software from being outdated: › No static copy of, but dynamic links to info › Very active legal experts for structural changes 18 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • Dynamic linking to information sounds nice, but what if the sources change their content? 19 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • Legal experts can keep information up-to-date. Legal experts can’t keep applications up-to-date. 20 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • 21 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • …which leads to the next problem: Legal experts and software engineers are not the best match in communication.. (to put it mildly). 22 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • Agenda 1. Labyrinth of information 2. Software as a solution 3. Difficulties with software 4. New generation of tools 5. How to design your application 6. Example case 7. Conclusions 23 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • Solution: Put the legal expert in control 24 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • ..and (!) give him the right tools. 25 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • Term often used is: business rule. Core message = put the business in control of it’s own logic. 26 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • The Berkeley Publisher aims to put experts in control of their applications. 27 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • Graphical drawing of decision trees. 28 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • Adding questions, conclusions, documents and calculations. 29 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • Setting conditions for the decision tree. 30 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • ›Preserving links to the source information ›Reusing elements ›Direct online publishing And much more… 31 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • Example: RechtOp-wijzer. 32 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • Behind the screen. 33 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • Example: Algemene Voorwaarden. 34 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • Example: Vergunningenloket. 35 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • Agenda 1. Labyrinth of information 2. Software as a solution 3. Difficulties with software 4. New generation of tools 5. How to design your application 6. Example case 7. Conclusions 36 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • Determine the scope of your application. What kind of target audience(s) do you have. Which conclusions are possible. What data do you need to reach those conclusions. 37 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • Agenda 1. Labyrinth of information 2. Software as a solution 3. Difficulties with software 4. New generation of tools 5. How to design your application 6. Example case 7. Conclusions 38 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • Is company X allowed to send mailing Y to person Z ? Scope: Dutch rules & regulations on electronic B2C-spam as mentioned in art. 11.71 of the Telecommunicatiewet. Target audience: Companies operating from Dutch territory. Possible conclusions: Allowed / Not allowed to send mailing. 39 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • Required data: - Is it an automated system, a fax or electronic message? Yes: next question No: these regulations are not applicable - Can you prove the receiving party has given authorisation for this digital mailing? Yes: you are allowed to send this mailing No: next question 40 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • Required data: - Is the mailing about your own products or services and has the receiver bought any of those in the past? Yes: next question No: you are not allowed to send this mailing - Did you offer the receiver the possibility to opt-out without any costs or obstacles when you first gathered his address? Yes: next question No: you are not allowed to send this mailing - Do you offer the receiver the possibility to opt-out without any costs or obstacles in every mailing? Yes: you are allowed to send this mailing No: you are not allowed to send this mailing 41 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • (Simple and non-exhaustive yet showing the basics.) 42 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • Agenda 1. Labyrinth of information 2. Software as a solution 3. Difficulties with software 4. New generation of tools 5. How to design your application 6. Example case 7. Conclusions 43 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • Key success factors: ›Translation of information to application ›Maintenance / agility ›Change management 44 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • Common objection to the automation of legal knowledge: “My knowledge is too complex to put in an application.” Innovative organisations disagree. 45 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • The need for innovative legal experts is growing, fast. 46 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management
  • questions 47 / 47 Legal Knowledge Management