Unit 5

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Unit 5

  1. 1. AR0120 Theory of Architecture <br />Handled by - g.yogapriya<br />
  2. 2. Design process and Analysis of building <br /><ul><li>Design process – integration of aesthetics and function
  3. 3. Understanding of formative ideas
  4. 4. Organization concepts
  5. 5. Spatial characteristics
  6. 6. Massing and circulation in design analysis of the following buildings : </li></ul> Falling water house <br /> Guggenheim museum by F.l.wright <br /> Villa savaoye <br /> Chapel of Notre damn du haut by Lecorbusier<br />
  7. 7. Integration of aesthetics and function<br />contrast <br />climate <br />Form / proportion <br />Patterns <br />material <br />Structure <br />climate <br />Activities <br />Spaces <br />Masses <br />massing <br />Site <br />form/proportion <br />Orientation <br />Symmetry<br />Balance<br />contrast <br />
  8. 8.
  9. 9.
  10. 10. ANALYSIS OF A BUILDING <br />We can analyze the architecture of a building in many different ways. Let us name three main categories:<br /><ul><li>Formal analysis -formal analysis is the most important because it can show us a thin line that divides architecture from construction (or, the construction industry), and it can also show us architecture as an art. Analysis can be done by means of diagram relationship of plan elevation and section part and whole
  11. 11. Functional analysis
  12. 12. Structural analysis</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>ANALYSIS CAN BE DONE BY MEANS OF DIAGRAM
  13. 13. RELATIONSHIP OF PLAN ELEVATION AND SECTION
  14. 14. PART AND WHOLE</li></li></ul><li>Technical information<br /> - site plan<br /> - plans, sections, elevations<br /> - interior and exterior perspectives<br />Personal interpretation<br /> - schematic diagrams of plans / sections / elevations that explain:<br /><ul><li>relation with the site
  15. 15. geometries that govern the project
  16. 16. relations between volumes
  17. 17. main and secondary axis
  18. 18. main and secondary volumes
  19. 19. vertical and horizontal circulations
  20. 20. light
  21. 21. composition of facades
  22. 22. materials and relation between materials
  23. 23. relation between various components of the program
  24. 24. proportions
  25. 25. relation between mass and void (volume and surface)
  26. 26. grids
  27. 27. structure
  28. 28. layers
  29. 29. access
  30. 30. Relation between spaces in section
  31. 31. Scale
  32. 32. Symmetry
  33. 33. Balance
  34. 34. axis</li></li></ul><li>Notre damn due haut chapel<br /><ul><li>Notre damn due haut chapel is one of lecorbusier’s most original , least controversial and widely admired building.
  35. 35. The building is the relief from the severity and logic and the international style , though if confirms with the system of proportional dimensions ( modulor )
  36. 36. The building demonstrated that the most rational of architects could design , a building that is essentially personal and poetic , a work of sculpture in concrete which springs from faith nor reason.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>In the words of the architect ‘ I sought to create a place of silence , of prayer , peace and inner joy. An experimental form probably Inspired by the landscape.
  37. 37. One can read in the forms the dual function he wanted to give the building
  38. 38. a small chapel for prayer / meditation.
  39. 39. place of worship – vast crowd of pilgrims
  40. 40. The idea of deep grotto for the small chapel – by effects of soft , round masses that surround the observer and give reassurance.
  41. 41. Though the firm in no way correspond to that of a traditional roman church , it had the same sacred atmosphere , bulky volumes , thick walls , deep splays and semi darkness. Thus it exhibits implicit bond with the past.</li></li></ul><li>
  42. 42.
  43. 43.
  44. 44. LECORBUSIER <br />FIVE PRINCIPLES OF ARCHITECTURE <br />PILOTIS<br />FREE PLAN<br />FREE FAÇADE<br />ROOF GARDEN<br />BRISE SOLELIL<br />
  45. 45. Villa savoye , Paris<br /><ul><li>Villa savoye is in three levels . The stair and ramp penetrate and link the three levels and heighten the viewers' perception of forms in space and light.
  46. 46. The curved form of the entrance foyer reflects the movement of the automobile.
  47. 47. Ground floor has lobby and service area.
  48. 48. From the interior of the vestibule , a ramp leads to first floor – reception , bedroom etc.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>All the rooms receives the light from the perimeter of the box. Suspended garden adjoins the rooms
  49. 49. From the garden the ramp leads to the roof and solarium.
  50. 50. There is spiral stair case from the pilotis to the solarium.</li></li></ul><li>

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