Unit 4

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Basics theory of architecture . from D.K.CHING FORM , SPACE AND ORDER WITH FEW EXAMPLES

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Unit 4

  1. 1. AR0120 Theory of Architecture <br />Handled by - g.yogapriya<br />
  2. 2. Principles of composition<br /><ul><li>Unity
  3. 3. Dominance
  4. 4. Harmony
  5. 5. Vitality
  6. 6. Emphasis
  7. 7. Fluidity</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Unity
  8. 8. Principle of unity is concerned with VISUAL COMPOSITION in design.
  9. 9. Visual composition produced by relationship between visual elements.
  10. 10. Unity creates a feeling of wholeness. Unity is usually achieved when the parts complement each other in a way where they have something in common. Unity can be achieved by use of the same color, or different tints of it, or using a similar graphic style for illustrations.
  11. 11. Unity creates a feeling of wholeness. Unity is usually achieved when the parts complement each other in a way where they have something in common. Unity can be achieved by use of the same color, or different tints of it, or using a similar graphic style for illustrations.</li></ul>AR0120 Theory of Architecture <br />
  12. 12. Aspects of unity are<br /><ul><li>Dominance or self unity
  13. 13. Harmony
  14. 14. Vitality
  15. 15. Balance</li></ul>Elements of composition to be considered:<br />Texture<br />Color hue and tone<br />Direction<br />Proportion<br />Solid and void<br />Form or shape<br />
  16. 16. Falling Water house-<br />Use of materials and form are dramatic but harmonious.<br />Opera house – rhythmic repetition of petals show unity <br />Solid – void – a dominance <br />Chapel at Notre Damn Du Haut , Paris<br />
  17. 17. Self Unity<br /><ul><li>Sphere or egg has self unity. Fish and birds have simplicity of forms. this gives an effect of self unity. Simple buildings produce such an effect.
  18. 18. The detailed requirements of function and stability in buildings results in a number of visual elements.
  19. 19. Roofs , walls, windows and doors provide colors, tones , texture , direction , solid and void.
  20. 20. As the number of visual elements increases the competition increases.
  21. 21. So the need is felt for visual dominant to avoid dualities or competition of equal interest.</li></ul>Residential Apartments , Canada <br />Sphere building <br />
  22. 22. Harmony<br /><ul><li>Fitting together all parts to form a connected whole.
  23. 23. In architecture , harmony can be described as the pleasing interaction or appropriate orderly combination of the elements in a composition.</li></ul>Harmony can be of<br /><ul><li>Color , tone
  24. 24. Direction
  25. 25. Proportion , form
  26. 26. Repetition of forms or shapes can be used to produce rhythm and harmony
  27. 27. Texture </li></li></ul><li>Examples<br />Harmony – Taj Mahal<br />Harmony by :<br /><ul><li>Composition
  28. 28. geometry
  29. 29. Direction
  30. 30. texture
  31. 31. Proportion</li></ul>Harmony by repetition<br />Ducal Palace<br />
  32. 32. <ul><li>Harmony</li></ul>Harmony in Greek temple by:<br />Balance inherent in bilateral symmetrical plan<br />Unity achieved by tension between vertical column and horizontal entablature<br />
  33. 33. Dominance<br /> The element given the most visual weight, the element of primary emphasis. The dominant element will advance into the foreground in a composition.<br />One of the aspect of dominance is emphasis and vitality.<br />
  34. 34. Vitality<br />It is provided mainly by contrast.<br /><ul><li>Contrast can be of color , tone ,texture , direction , proportion , solid , void.
  35. 35. But too many contrasting elements or too much of contrast
  36. 36. Will impair harmony and tend to produce a multiplicity of equal interests.
  37. 37. This tends to reduce dominance and weakens unity.</li></li></ul><li>Vitality<br /><ul><li>CONTRAST of color, tone
  38. 38. texture, direction
  39. 39. proportion
  40. 40. solid and void
  41. 41. Vitality should not be sought at the expense of harmony</li></li></ul><li>VITALITY<br /> the facade of the building consists of two element that make it contrast to the city with organic approach.<br />Pedregal Shopping Centre  , in Mexico<br />Radial in nature, the building responds to the delicate surrounding environment.<br />Huski Apartments, U.S.A<br />
  42. 42. EMPHASIS<br /><ul><li>Stress, Accent or Prominence
  43. 43. A forcible or impressive expression
  44. 44. An insistent or vigorous way of attributing importance or enforcing attention
  45. 45. Horizontal or vertical dominance by the composition of forms.
  46. 46. By surface articulation ,Linear pattern of windows
  47. 47. Vertical projecting columns ,Fins on the surface, bands,
  48. 48. Roof projections
  49. 49. Textures etc</li></li></ul><li>Toyo ito<br />The facade of criss-crossed concrete braces reinterprets the silhouettes of the elm trees lining the street.<br />Serpentine Gallery Pavilion (2002) in London.<br />NEW ARTS BUILDING , England <br />
  50. 50. Fluidity <br /><ul><li>Fluidity in architecture can be achieved in the composition as well as spaces.
  51. 51. As an impression of flow , of movement that is smooth and graceful</li></li></ul><li>Pavilion called Leonardo Glass Cube in Germany<br />Different levels shows fluidity<br />Geometry Fluidity House<br />Concrete bracing goes with the pavement <br />
  52. 52. UN Studio for Dubai Museum<br />Ben van Berkel architect<br />

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