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Unit 4

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Basics theory of architecture . from D.K.CHING FORM , SPACE AND ORDER WITH FEW EXAMPLES

Basics theory of architecture . from D.K.CHING FORM , SPACE AND ORDER WITH FEW EXAMPLES

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  • 1. AR0120 Theory of Architecture
    Handled by - g.yogapriya
  • 2. Principles of composition
    • Unity
    • 8. Principle of unity is concerned with VISUAL COMPOSITION in design.
    • 9. Visual composition produced by relationship between visual elements.
    • 10. Unity creates a feeling of wholeness. Unity is usually achieved when the parts complement each other in a way where they have something in common. Unity can be achieved by use of the same color, or different tints of it, or using a similar graphic style for illustrations.
    • 11. Unity creates a feeling of wholeness. Unity is usually achieved when the parts complement each other in a way where they have something in common. Unity can be achieved by use of the same color, or different tints of it, or using a similar graphic style for illustrations.
    AR0120 Theory of Architecture
  • 12. Aspects of unity are
    Elements of composition to be considered:
    Texture
    Color hue and tone
    Direction
    Proportion
    Solid and void
    Form or shape
  • 16. Falling Water house-
    Use of materials and form are dramatic but harmonious.
    Opera house – rhythmic repetition of petals show unity
    Solid – void – a dominance
    Chapel at Notre Damn Du Haut , Paris
  • 17. Self Unity
    • Sphere or egg has self unity. Fish and birds have simplicity of forms. this gives an effect of self unity. Simple buildings produce such an effect.
    • 18. The detailed requirements of function and stability in buildings results in a number of visual elements.
    • 19. Roofs , walls, windows and doors provide colors, tones , texture , direction , solid and void.
    • 20. As the number of visual elements increases the competition increases.
    • 21. So the need is felt for visual dominant to avoid dualities or competition of equal interest.
    Residential Apartments , Canada
    Sphere building
  • 22. Harmony
    • Fitting together all parts to form a connected whole.
    • 23. In architecture , harmony can be described as the pleasing interaction or appropriate orderly combination of the elements in a composition.
    Harmony can be of
    • Color , tone
    • 24. Direction
    • 25. Proportion , form
    • 26. Repetition of forms or shapes can be used to produce rhythm and harmony
    • 27. Texture
  • Examples
    Harmony – Taj Mahal
    Harmony by :
    Harmony by repetition
    Ducal Palace
  • 32.
    • Harmony
    Harmony in Greek temple by:
    Balance inherent in bilateral symmetrical plan
    Unity achieved by tension between vertical column and horizontal entablature
  • 33. Dominance
     The element given the most visual weight, the element of primary emphasis. The dominant element will advance into the foreground in a composition.
    One of the aspect of dominance is emphasis and vitality.
  • 34. Vitality
    It is provided mainly by contrast.
    • Contrast can be of color , tone ,texture , direction , proportion , solid , void.
    • 35. But too many contrasting elements or too much of contrast
    • 36. Will impair harmony and tend to produce a multiplicity of equal interests.
    • 37. This tends to reduce dominance and weakens unity.
  • Vitality
    • CONTRAST of color, tone
    • 38. texture, direction
    • 39. proportion
    • 40. solid and void
    • 41. Vitality should not be sought at the expense of harmony
  • VITALITY
     the facade of the building consists of two element that make it contrast to the city with organic approach.
    Pedregal Shopping Centre  , in Mexico
    Radial in nature, the building responds to the delicate surrounding environment.
    Huski Apartments, U.S.A
  • 42. EMPHASIS
    • Stress, Accent or Prominence
    • 43. A forcible or impressive expression
    • 44. An insistent or vigorous way of attributing importance or enforcing attention
    • 45. Horizontal or vertical dominance by the composition of forms.
    • 46. By surface articulation ,Linear pattern of windows
    • 47. Vertical projecting columns ,Fins on the surface, bands,
    • 48. Roof projections
    • 49. Textures etc
  • Toyo ito
    The facade of criss-crossed concrete braces reinterprets the silhouettes of the elm trees lining the street.
    Serpentine Gallery Pavilion (2002) in London.
    NEW ARTS BUILDING , England
  • 50. Fluidity
    • Fluidity in architecture can be achieved in the composition as well as spaces.
    • 51. As an impression of flow , of movement that is smooth and graceful
  • Pavilion called Leonardo Glass Cube in Germany
    Different levels shows fluidity
    Geometry Fluidity House
    Concrete bracing goes with the pavement
  • 52. UN Studio for Dubai Museum
    Ben van Berkel architect