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Construction basics
 

Construction basics

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    Construction basics Construction basics Presentation Transcript

    • CONSTRUCTION BASICSCONSTRUCTION BASICS STAYING SAFE ON SITESTAYING SAFE ON SITE By COLDROPBy COLDROP
    • ACCIDENTSACCIDENTS ON AVERAGE,ON AVERAGE, EVERY 4 DAYS ON A BUILDING SITEEVERY 4 DAYS ON A BUILDING SITE IN THE UK, SOMEONE DIES.IN THE UK, SOMEONE DIES. HUNDREDS MORE ARE INJURED.HUNDREDS MORE ARE INJURED. Over 20 years working in theOver 20 years working in the construction industry, you have a 1construction industry, you have a 1 in 2 chance of being injured at workin 2 chance of being injured at work
    • RESPONSIBILITYRESPONSIBILITY  WHO EVER YOU ARE OR WHO EVERWHO EVER YOU ARE OR WHO EVER YOU WORK FOR, WHILE ON AYOU WORK FOR, WHILE ON A CONSTRUCTION SITE, YOU HAVE ACONSTRUCTION SITE, YOU HAVE A RESPONSIBILITY TO ENSURE YOURESPONSIBILITY TO ENSURE YOU WORK SAFELY AND DON’TWORK SAFELY AND DON’T ENDANGER YOURSELF OR OTHERSENDANGER YOURSELF OR OTHERS BY YOUR ACTIONS OR OMISSIONS.BY YOUR ACTIONS OR OMISSIONS.
    • MANAGING HEALTH & SAFETYMANAGING HEALTH & SAFETY
    • THE LAWTHE LAW  THE HEALTH AND SAFETY AT WORKTHE HEALTH AND SAFETY AT WORK ACT 1974 PLACES DUTIES ON ALLACT 1974 PLACES DUTIES ON ALL PERSONEL WITHIN THE WORKPERSONEL WITHIN THE WORK PLACE.PLACE.  THIS INCLUDES YOU !THIS INCLUDES YOU !
    • YOUR DUTIESYOUR DUTIES  It shall be the duty of every employeeIt shall be the duty of every employee while at work…………….while at work…………….  To take reasonable care for the health and safetyTo take reasonable care for the health and safety of himself and of other persons who may beof himself and of other persons who may be affected by his acts or omissions at work; andaffected by his acts or omissions at work; and  As regards any duty or requirement imposed onAs regards any duty or requirement imposed on his employer or any other person by or under anyhis employer or any other person by or under any of the relevant statutory provisions, to co-operateof the relevant statutory provisions, to co-operate with him so far as is necessary to enable thatwith him so far as is necessary to enable that duty or requirement to be performed or compliedduty or requirement to be performed or complied with.with.  No person shall intentionally or recklesslyNo person shall intentionally or recklessly interfere with or misuse anything provided in theinterfere with or misuse anything provided in the interests of health, safety or welfareinterests of health, safety or welfare
    • EMPLOYERS DUTIESEMPLOYERS DUTIES  It shall be the duty of every employer to ensure, so far asIt shall be the duty of every employer to ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, the health, safety and welfare atis reasonably practicable, the health, safety and welfare at work of all his employees.work of all his employees.  The provision and maintenance of plant and systems ofThe provision and maintenance of plant and systems of work that are, so far as is reasonably practicable, safe andwork that are, so far as is reasonably practicable, safe and without risks to healthwithout risks to health  The provision of such information, instruction, training andThe provision of such information, instruction, training and supervision as is necessary to ensure, so far as issupervision as is necessary to ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, the health and safety at work of hisreasonably practicable, the health and safety at work of his employeesemployees  So far as is reasonably practicable as regards any place ofSo far as is reasonably practicable as regards any place of work under the employer's control, the maintenance of it inwork under the employer's control, the maintenance of it in a condition that is safe and without risks to health and thea condition that is safe and without risks to health and the provision and maintenance of means of access to andprovision and maintenance of means of access to and egress from it that are safe and without such risksegress from it that are safe and without such risks
    • NO WALKWAYSNO WALKWAYS
    • RISK ASSESSMENTSRISK ASSESSMENTS  The Management of Health andThe Management of Health and Safety at Work (MHSW) RegulationsSafety at Work (MHSW) Regulations 1999 require all employers and self-1999 require all employers and self- employed persons to assess the risksemployed persons to assess the risks to workers and any others who mayto workers and any others who may be affected by their undertaking.be affected by their undertaking.
    • 5 STEPS TO RISK ASSESSMENT5 STEPS TO RISK ASSESSMENT  IDENTIFY THE HAZARDS.IDENTIFY THE HAZARDS.  DECIDE WHO OR WHAT COULD BEDECIDE WHO OR WHAT COULD BE HARMED OR DAMAGED.HARMED OR DAMAGED.  EVALUATE THE RISKS AND CHECK IF THEEVALUATE THE RISKS AND CHECK IF THE CURRENT SAFETY MEASURES ARECURRENT SAFETY MEASURES ARE ADEQUATE.ADEQUATE.  RECORD YOUR FINDINGS.RECORD YOUR FINDINGS.  REVIEW YOUR FINDINGS ON A REGULARREVIEW YOUR FINDINGS ON A REGULAR BASIS AND UPDATE AS AND WHENBASIS AND UPDATE AS AND WHEN REQUIRED.REQUIRED.
    • SAFE WORKING PLATFORM ?SAFE WORKING PLATFORM ?
    • PEDESTRIAN ROUTEPEDESTRIAN ROUTE
    • ACCESS AND EGRESSACCESS AND EGRESS
    • ENCLOSED EXCAVATION?ENCLOSED EXCAVATION?
    • WORKING AT HEIGHTWORKING AT HEIGHT
    • WAYS TO STAY SAFEWAYS TO STAY SAFE  WEARING YOUR PPEWEARING YOUR PPE  ACCESS AND EGRESSACCESS AND EGRESS  TRAININGTRAINING  TOOL BOX TALKSTOOL BOX TALKS  SITE RULES AND SITE INDUCTIONSSITE RULES AND SITE INDUCTIONS
    • PPEPPE  ENSURE YOUR PPE IS IN GOODENSURE YOUR PPE IS IN GOOD CONDITION, typical PPE includes…CONDITION, typical PPE includes…  HARD HATHARD HAT  HI-VIZHI-VIZ  BOOTSBOOTS  EYE PROTECTIONEYE PROTECTION  EAR PROTECTIONEAR PROTECTION  GLOVESGLOVES  STAY VISIBLE AND STAY SAFE !STAY VISIBLE AND STAY SAFE !
    • SITE ACCESS & EGRESSSITE ACCESS & EGRESS  WHERE POSSIBLE, PEDESTRIANSWHERE POSSIBLE, PEDESTRIANS AND VEHICLES/PLANT SHOULD BEAND VEHICLES/PLANT SHOULD BE SEGREGATED.SEGREGATED.  PEDESTRIAN CROSSOVER POINTSPEDESTRIAN CROSSOVER POINTS AROUND SITE WILL HELPAROUND SITE WILL HELP PERSONNEL WHILE WALKINGPERSONNEL WHILE WALKING THROUGH TRAFFIC ROUTES.THROUGH TRAFFIC ROUTES. (IT’S A SITE VERSION OF A ZEBRA CROSSING)(IT’S A SITE VERSION OF A ZEBRA CROSSING)  LIMITLIMIT TRAFFIC SPEED TO 10 MPHTRAFFIC SPEED TO 10 MPH
    • TRAININGTRAINING  ENSURE YOU ARE TRAINED TO DOENSURE YOU ARE TRAINED TO DO YOUR JOB SAFELY.YOUR JOB SAFELY.  CERTIFICATES OF TRAININGCERTIFICATES OF TRAINING SHOULD BE TAKEN TO SITE TOSHOULD BE TAKEN TO SITE TO PROVE YOU HAVE BEEN TRAINED.PROVE YOU HAVE BEEN TRAINED.  DO NOT USE MACHINES OR PLANT,DO NOT USE MACHINES OR PLANT, ALTER SCAFFOLDS UNLESS YOU AREALTER SCAFFOLDS UNLESS YOU ARE TRAINED TO DO SO.TRAINED TO DO SO.
    • TOOL BOX TALKSTOOL BOX TALKS  REGULAR TOOL BOX TALKS ARE AREGULAR TOOL BOX TALKS ARE A REMINDER OF SAFE WORKING ON SITE.REMINDER OF SAFE WORKING ON SITE.  BEST GIVEN A FEW MINUTES AFTERBEST GIVEN A FEW MINUTES AFTER YOUR MORNING OR LUNCHTIME BREAK.YOUR MORNING OR LUNCHTIME BREAK.  SUBJECTS WILL VARY DEPENDING ONSUBJECTS WILL VARY DEPENDING ON THE SITE, STANDARD ONES INCLUDE………THE SITE, STANDARD ONES INCLUDE……… PPE, WORKING AT HEIGHT, TRAFFICPPE, WORKING AT HEIGHT, TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH,MANAGEMENT, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH, MANUAL HANDLING, PLANT SAFETY ANDMANUAL HANDLING, PLANT SAFETY AND WORKING IN EXCAVATIONS.WORKING IN EXCAVATIONS.
    • SITE RULESSITE RULES  ALL CONSTRUCTION SITES HAVEALL CONSTRUCTION SITES HAVE RULES, THESE DIFFER SLIGHTLYRULES, THESE DIFFER SLIGHTLY DEPENDING ON THE PRINCIPLEDEPENDING ON THE PRINCIPLE CONTRACTOR, SITE LOCATION ORCONTRACTOR, SITE LOCATION OR EVEN THE CLIENT.EVEN THE CLIENT.  ALL THE RULES SHOULD BEALL THE RULES SHOULD BE FOLLOWED FOR YOUR OWN SAFETY.FOLLOWED FOR YOUR OWN SAFETY.
    • SITE INDUCTIONSSITE INDUCTIONS  YOU’VE PROBABLY HAD HUNDREDS ANDYOU’VE PROBABLY HAD HUNDREDS AND YOU’LL PROBABLY HAVE HUNDREDSYOU’LL PROBABLY HAVE HUNDREDS MORE DURING YOUR WORKING CAREER,MORE DURING YOUR WORKING CAREER, THE REASON IS…THE REASON IS…  ALL SITES ARE DIFFERENTALL SITES ARE DIFFERENT  THEY ALL HAVE THEIR OWNTHEY ALL HAVE THEIR OWN HAZARDS,LAYOUTS AND DIFFERENTHAZARDS,LAYOUTS AND DIFFERENT ACTIVITIES.ACTIVITIES.  THE PURPOSE OF THE SITE INDUCTION ISTHE PURPOSE OF THE SITE INDUCTION IS TO INFORM YOU OF EXISTING HAZARDSTO INFORM YOU OF EXISTING HAZARDS AND ALSO TELL YOU ABOUT THE SITEAND ALSO TELL YOU ABOUT THE SITE RULES FOR THAT INDIVIDUAL SITE.RULES FOR THAT INDIVIDUAL SITE.
    • BE SAFEBE SAFE  OBEY THE SITE RULESOBEY THE SITE RULES  WEAR YOUR PPEWEAR YOUR PPE  READ YOUR METHOD STATEMENTSREAD YOUR METHOD STATEMENTS AND RISK ASSESSMENTSAND RISK ASSESSMENTS  IF SOMEONE ELSE IS WORKINGIF SOMEONE ELSE IS WORKING DANGEROUSLY, DON’T IGNORE IT,DANGEROUSLY, DON’T IGNORE IT, TELL THE SITE MANAGER BEFORETELL THE SITE MANAGER BEFORE SOMEONE GETS HURT OR KILLEDSOMEONE GETS HURT OR KILLED