CONSTRUCTION BASICSCONSTRUCTION BASICS
STAYING SAFE ON SITESTAYING SAFE ON SITE
By COLDROPBy COLDROP
ON AVERAGE,ON AVERAGE,
EVERY 4 DAYS ON A BUILDING SITEEVERY 4 DAYS ON A BUILDING SITE
IN THE UK, SOMEONE DIES.IN THE UK, SOMEONE DIES.
HUNDREDS MORE ARE INJURED.HUNDREDS MORE ARE INJURED.
Over 20 years working in theOver 20 years working in the
construction industry, you have a 1construction industry, you have a 1
in 2 chance of being injured at workin 2 chance of being injured at work
WHO EVER YOU ARE OR WHO EVERWHO EVER YOU ARE OR WHO EVER
YOU WORK FOR, WHILE ON AYOU WORK FOR, WHILE ON A
CONSTRUCTION SITE, YOU HAVE ACONSTRUCTION SITE, YOU HAVE A
RESPONSIBILITY TO ENSURE YOURESPONSIBILITY TO ENSURE YOU
WORK SAFELY AND DON’TWORK SAFELY AND DON’T
ENDANGER YOURSELF OR OTHERSENDANGER YOURSELF OR OTHERS
BY YOUR ACTIONS OR OMISSIONS.BY YOUR ACTIONS OR OMISSIONS.
MANAGING HEALTH & SAFETYMANAGING HEALTH & SAFETY
THE LAWTHE LAW
THE HEALTH AND SAFETY AT WORKTHE HEALTH AND SAFETY AT WORK
ACT 1974 PLACES DUTIES ON ALLACT 1974 PLACES DUTIES ON ALL
PERSONEL WITHIN THE WORKPERSONEL WITHIN THE WORK
THIS INCLUDES YOU !THIS INCLUDES YOU !
YOUR DUTIESYOUR DUTIES
It shall be the duty of every employeeIt shall be the duty of every employee
while at work…………….while at work…………….
To take reasonable care for the health and safetyTo take reasonable care for the health and safety
of himself and of other persons who may beof himself and of other persons who may be
affected by his acts or omissions at work; andaffected by his acts or omissions at work; and
As regards any duty or requirement imposed onAs regards any duty or requirement imposed on
his employer or any other person by or under anyhis employer or any other person by or under any
of the relevant statutory provisions, to co-operateof the relevant statutory provisions, to co-operate
with him so far as is necessary to enable thatwith him so far as is necessary to enable that
duty or requirement to be performed or compliedduty or requirement to be performed or complied
No person shall intentionally or recklesslyNo person shall intentionally or recklessly
interfere with or misuse anything provided in theinterfere with or misuse anything provided in the
interests of health, safety or welfareinterests of health, safety or welfare
EMPLOYERS DUTIESEMPLOYERS DUTIES
It shall be the duty of every employer to ensure, so far asIt shall be the duty of every employer to ensure, so far as
is reasonably practicable, the health, safety and welfare atis reasonably practicable, the health, safety and welfare at
work of all his employees.work of all his employees.
The provision and maintenance of plant and systems ofThe provision and maintenance of plant and systems of
work that are, so far as is reasonably practicable, safe andwork that are, so far as is reasonably practicable, safe and
without risks to healthwithout risks to health
The provision of such information, instruction, training andThe provision of such information, instruction, training and
supervision as is necessary to ensure, so far as issupervision as is necessary to ensure, so far as is
reasonably practicable, the health and safety at work of hisreasonably practicable, the health and safety at work of his
So far as is reasonably practicable as regards any place ofSo far as is reasonably practicable as regards any place of
work under the employer's control, the maintenance of it inwork under the employer's control, the maintenance of it in
a condition that is safe and without risks to health and thea condition that is safe and without risks to health and the
provision and maintenance of means of access to andprovision and maintenance of means of access to and
egress from it that are safe and without such risksegress from it that are safe and without such risks
NO WALKWAYSNO WALKWAYS
RISK ASSESSMENTSRISK ASSESSMENTS
The Management of Health andThe Management of Health and
Safety at Work (MHSW) RegulationsSafety at Work (MHSW) Regulations
1999 require all employers and self-1999 require all employers and self-
employed persons to assess the risksemployed persons to assess the risks
to workers and any others who mayto workers and any others who may
be affected by their undertaking.be affected by their undertaking.
5 STEPS TO RISK ASSESSMENT5 STEPS TO RISK ASSESSMENT
IDENTIFY THE HAZARDS.IDENTIFY THE HAZARDS.
DECIDE WHO OR WHAT COULD BEDECIDE WHO OR WHAT COULD BE
HARMED OR DAMAGED.HARMED OR DAMAGED.
EVALUATE THE RISKS AND CHECK IF THEEVALUATE THE RISKS AND CHECK IF THE
CURRENT SAFETY MEASURES ARECURRENT SAFETY MEASURES ARE
RECORD YOUR FINDINGS.RECORD YOUR FINDINGS.
REVIEW YOUR FINDINGS ON A REGULARREVIEW YOUR FINDINGS ON A REGULAR
BASIS AND UPDATE AS AND WHENBASIS AND UPDATE AS AND WHEN
SAFE WORKING PLATFORM ?SAFE WORKING PLATFORM ?
PEDESTRIAN ROUTEPEDESTRIAN ROUTE
ACCESS AND EGRESSACCESS AND EGRESS
ENCLOSED EXCAVATION?ENCLOSED EXCAVATION?
WORKING AT HEIGHTWORKING AT HEIGHT
WAYS TO STAY SAFEWAYS TO STAY SAFE
WEARING YOUR PPEWEARING YOUR PPE
ACCESS AND EGRESSACCESS AND EGRESS
TOOL BOX TALKSTOOL BOX TALKS
SITE RULES AND SITE INDUCTIONSSITE RULES AND SITE INDUCTIONS
ENSURE YOUR PPE IS IN GOODENSURE YOUR PPE IS IN GOOD
CONDITION, typical PPE includes…CONDITION, typical PPE includes…
HARD HATHARD HAT
EYE PROTECTIONEYE PROTECTION
EAR PROTECTIONEAR PROTECTION
STAY VISIBLE AND STAY SAFE !STAY VISIBLE AND STAY SAFE !
SITE ACCESS & EGRESSSITE ACCESS & EGRESS
WHERE POSSIBLE, PEDESTRIANSWHERE POSSIBLE, PEDESTRIANS
AND VEHICLES/PLANT SHOULD BEAND VEHICLES/PLANT SHOULD BE
PEDESTRIAN CROSSOVER POINTSPEDESTRIAN CROSSOVER POINTS
AROUND SITE WILL HELPAROUND SITE WILL HELP
PERSONNEL WHILE WALKINGPERSONNEL WHILE WALKING
THROUGH TRAFFIC ROUTES.THROUGH TRAFFIC ROUTES.
(IT’S A SITE VERSION OF A ZEBRA CROSSING)(IT’S A SITE VERSION OF A ZEBRA CROSSING)
LIMITLIMIT TRAFFIC SPEED TO 10 MPHTRAFFIC SPEED TO 10 MPH
ENSURE YOU ARE TRAINED TO DOENSURE YOU ARE TRAINED TO DO
YOUR JOB SAFELY.YOUR JOB SAFELY.
CERTIFICATES OF TRAININGCERTIFICATES OF TRAINING
SHOULD BE TAKEN TO SITE TOSHOULD BE TAKEN TO SITE TO
PROVE YOU HAVE BEEN TRAINED.PROVE YOU HAVE BEEN TRAINED.
DO NOT USE MACHINES OR PLANT,DO NOT USE MACHINES OR PLANT,
ALTER SCAFFOLDS UNLESS YOU AREALTER SCAFFOLDS UNLESS YOU ARE
TRAINED TO DO SO.TRAINED TO DO SO.
TOOL BOX TALKSTOOL BOX TALKS
REGULAR TOOL BOX TALKS ARE AREGULAR TOOL BOX TALKS ARE A
REMINDER OF SAFE WORKING ON SITE.REMINDER OF SAFE WORKING ON SITE.
BEST GIVEN A FEW MINUTES AFTERBEST GIVEN A FEW MINUTES AFTER
YOUR MORNING OR LUNCHTIME BREAK.YOUR MORNING OR LUNCHTIME BREAK.
SUBJECTS WILL VARY DEPENDING ONSUBJECTS WILL VARY DEPENDING ON
THE SITE, STANDARD ONES INCLUDE………THE SITE, STANDARD ONES INCLUDE………
PPE, WORKING AT HEIGHT, TRAFFICPPE, WORKING AT HEIGHT, TRAFFIC
MANAGEMENT, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH,MANAGEMENT, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH,
MANUAL HANDLING, PLANT SAFETY ANDMANUAL HANDLING, PLANT SAFETY AND
WORKING IN EXCAVATIONS.WORKING IN EXCAVATIONS.
SITE RULESSITE RULES
ALL CONSTRUCTION SITES HAVEALL CONSTRUCTION SITES HAVE
RULES, THESE DIFFER SLIGHTLYRULES, THESE DIFFER SLIGHTLY
DEPENDING ON THE PRINCIPLEDEPENDING ON THE PRINCIPLE
CONTRACTOR, SITE LOCATION ORCONTRACTOR, SITE LOCATION OR
EVEN THE CLIENT.EVEN THE CLIENT.
ALL THE RULES SHOULD BEALL THE RULES SHOULD BE
FOLLOWED FOR YOUR OWN SAFETY.FOLLOWED FOR YOUR OWN SAFETY.
SITE INDUCTIONSSITE INDUCTIONS
YOU’VE PROBABLY HAD HUNDREDS ANDYOU’VE PROBABLY HAD HUNDREDS AND
YOU’LL PROBABLY HAVE HUNDREDSYOU’LL PROBABLY HAVE HUNDREDS
MORE DURING YOUR WORKING CAREER,MORE DURING YOUR WORKING CAREER,
THE REASON IS…THE REASON IS…
ALL SITES ARE DIFFERENTALL SITES ARE DIFFERENT
THEY ALL HAVE THEIR OWNTHEY ALL HAVE THEIR OWN
HAZARDS,LAYOUTS AND DIFFERENTHAZARDS,LAYOUTS AND DIFFERENT
THE PURPOSE OF THE SITE INDUCTION ISTHE PURPOSE OF THE SITE INDUCTION IS
TO INFORM YOU OF EXISTING HAZARDSTO INFORM YOU OF EXISTING HAZARDS
AND ALSO TELL YOU ABOUT THE SITEAND ALSO TELL YOU ABOUT THE SITE
RULES FOR THAT INDIVIDUAL SITE.RULES FOR THAT INDIVIDUAL SITE.
BE SAFEBE SAFE
OBEY THE SITE RULESOBEY THE SITE RULES
WEAR YOUR PPEWEAR YOUR PPE
READ YOUR METHOD STATEMENTSREAD YOUR METHOD STATEMENTS
AND RISK ASSESSMENTSAND RISK ASSESSMENTS
IF SOMEONE ELSE IS WORKINGIF SOMEONE ELSE IS WORKING
DANGEROUSLY, DON’T IGNORE IT,DANGEROUSLY, DON’T IGNORE IT,
TELL THE SITE MANAGER BEFORETELL THE SITE MANAGER BEFORE
SOMEONE GETS HURT OR KILLEDSOMEONE GETS HURT OR KILLED