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Education in pakistan

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  • 1. Education in Pakistan By Group #6
  • 2. Group Members  Syed Muhammad Mutaal Hassan  Syed Basit Ali  Shahrukh Khan  Muhammad Tayyab  Muhammad Tahir 3
  • 3. Contents PART - I • Definition of Education • Constitution of Pakistan PART – II • • 4 Education Scenario Education Policy
  • 4. Definition of Education The definition of education in common usage, that education is merely the delivery of knowledge, skills and information from teachers to students, is inadequate to capture what is really important about being and becoming educated. 5
  • 5. The proper definition of education is the process of becoming an educated person. Being an educated person means you have access to optimal states of mind regardless of the situation you are in. 6
  • 6. Constitution of Pakistan 7
  • 7. Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973 – Article 37-b “The State shall remove illiteracy and provide free and compulsory secondary education within minimum possible period” 8
  • 8. Concurrent Legislative List: Curriculum, syllabus, planning, policy, centers of excellence, standard of education & Islamic education 9
  • 9. PART – II EDUCATION SCENARIO 10
  • 10. Human Development Index Country Ranking (out of 187 countries) 2010 2011 2012-13 Iran 88 76 Sri Lanka 91 97 92 India 119 134 136 Pakistan 125 145 146 Bangladesh 139 11 70 146 147
  • 11. Literacy Rates Literacy Definition (As in 2012 Census) “The ability of a person who can read a newspaper and write a simple letter in any language” 12
  • 12. Literacy Rates • PAKISTAN = 57 % (Male = 69 %,Female = 45%) Province Literacy Rate • Punjab= • Sindh = 69% • KPK= 60% • Balochistan = 13 71% 50%
  • 13. Region Literacy Rate Region Islamabad Abbottabad Jhelum Karachi Lahore Gujrat Gujranwala Rawalpindi Quetta Faisalabad Sialkot 14 Rate2012 96% 87% 79% 77% 74% 71% 69% 67% 62% 62% 59%
  • 14. EDUCATION POLICY OF PAKISTAN 15
  • 15. Challenges • Weakened Governance − Fragmentation − Lack of Clarity in Inter-Tier Relationships • Poor Quality of Teachers & Managers • Quality of curriculum, textbooks & exams • Low level of literacy • Out of school children • Dropouts 16
  • 16. Challenges • • • • • Public Private Partnership In-adequate financing Gender Equity Poor monitoring & evaluation Imbalance in primary, middle & secondary schools • Inconvenient school location 17
  • 17. SALIENT FEATURES OF NATIONAL EDUCATION PLAN • Universal and Free Primary and Secondary Education • Promotion of Equity • Minimum National Standards • Relevance to Labour Market • Sector Planning • Financial allocation of 8% of GDP by 2014 • Encourage Private sector • Link Allocations to Definition of Free Education • Improve Planning, Management and Implementation Capacity • Donor Harmonisation • Overcoming Fragmented Governance 18
  • 18. SALIENT FEATURES OF NATIONAL EDUCATION PLAN • Bridging the Public Private Divide • Improved Examination System • Introduction of Early Childhood Education (3-5 years) & inclusive education. • Achieve the MDG goals. • All Primary schools shall be upgraded to Middle level • Well developed plan for expanding school facilities. • High priority to reducing drop out rates • Improved school environment • Career Counselling at higher secondary level • Develop national literacy curriculum 19 • Enhance qualifications for employment as teachers
  • 19. SALIENT FEATURES OF NATIONAL EDUCATION PLAN • Pre-service & in-service teacher training • Accreditation and certification of teachers • Merit based teacher recruitment, professional development, promotions & postings • Curriculum development • Competitive publishing of textbooks and learning materials • District Education Boards to be established for managing schools • Separate management & academic cadres 20
  • 20. SALIENT FEATURES OF NATIONAL EDUCATION PLAN • Laptop Distributing scheme as been lunched by PM of Pakistan in every HEC recognised university. • Education loan policy as been introduce by PM of Pakistan in which intrust free(qarz e hasna) is provided to students of (1,00,000 to 20,00,000). 21
  • 21. Allocation of Funds to Education: Year 2013-14 Non-Development Higher Education Commission 22 39 (Rs. in Billion) Development Total 18.4  57.4 Continue…
  • 22. Future Plans for Education in Pakistan 1. Tripartite Partnership:  The role of family, the community and the State. All need to be mobilized. 2. Free Education Up to Matriculation: 3. Provision of Free Textbooks: 4. Grant of Scholarships and Incentives to Girl Students: 5. Availability and Accessibility of Schools Particularly in Rural Areas. 23 Continue…
  • 23. 6. Teacher’s Status and Recruitment of Female Teachers:  Better status and pay for teachers.  Experience has demonstrated that schools with female teachers function well particularly at Primary level. 7. Improvement in Learning Environment:  Better infrastructure through School Management Councils. 8. Technical / Vocational Education:  It is important to provide demand related skills. 9. Instructional Methods: 24  Emphasis must be given on development of analytical faculties of the students. Continue…
  • 24. 10. Teachers’ Training and Knowledge:  To improve teachers’ knowledge of the subject and equip them with a wide repertoire of teaching skills. 11. English Language:  Introduction of English from Class – I.  Future policy reforms will emphasize the teaching of science subjects in English at public secondary schools. 25
  • 25. Thank You All 26