SUSTAINABLE URBAN DESIGN Supervisor Prof. Riza Atiq Abdullah bin O.K. Rahmat PREPARE BY MUSTAFA TALIB YOUSIF P60915
BAGHDAD Transportation inancient and modern Baghdad
1. OLD BAGHDADBaghdad was one of the most important cities ofthe ancient Islamic because it was the capital of theAbbasid state. Founded in 762 AD during the reignof the second Caliph Abu Jafar al-MansurMeaning of the word Baghdad is ((Orchard))
BAGHDAD RETAINED Baghdad was set on a circular shape, making it the single form and prestige of other cities andcountries .. Thus, the constructionof the city of Baghdad gave her anew style in the science of ancient Arab city planning a pie chart pattern of cities Where Baghdad was called ((city retained))
TYPES OFTRANSPORTATION IN ANCIENT BAGHDAD1.Transport by animals(travois)It is a Asatin tied to theback of an animal,leaving the free end ofthe drag on the ground.
The first to use thismethod are theSumerians before4000to 5000 BC
2.Ferry on river inBaghdad
3. Transportation byvehicles that you drag animals: called tramway began in1870 AD in Baghdad
4.Private transportbegan in Baghdad in1908 AD ... as the firstprivate car entered Iraqin 1908 AD.
5.Transport by boat: the first steamconveyance enteredBaghdad in 1836 its name (Forat) British origin.
6.Public transport by Tauns: It is the first passenger transportoperating the engine ... entered Baghdad in 1922 AD.
7.Transport by train:first steam train wasoperated in Iraq in1920 AD.
TYPES OF MODERN TRANSPORT IN BAGHDAD1.Private transport: theproportion of the use ofprivate cars in Baghdadfrom 60 to 70% ...making a crowdedBaghdad.
2.PUBLIC TRANSPORT: INCLUDES• taxis
• small buses
• large buses
S O L U T I O N S T O B E TA K E N I NBA G H DA D TO R E D U C E C O N G E S T I O N Remove all checkpoints inside Baghdad.
2.Lift all theconcrete barriersfrom the sidewalks of Baghdad.
3. Increase thefleet of buses.
4.Expansion of roadsand bridges increase atintersections to avoid downtime.
5. Increase thenumber of tunnels.
6.Highway work hanging over Baghdad linkingthe south with the north to avoid cross entryinto the Baghdad.7. Reduce the cost of buses and Increaseparking fees for reducing the use of privatecars.8. Establishment of an iron rail line passescenters Baghdad.