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Jackson sectionalis

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  • 1. Jackson---1828-1836
  • 2. Political aspects of the Jacksonian Era
    • Democracy in the states.
    • Removal of property and religious restrictions.
    • More elected vice appointed positions.
    • Shortened terms of office.
    • Democracy in Presidential Elections.
    • Nominating conventions vice caucus
    • By 1832, electors chosen directly by electorate.
  • 3.
    • Democratic view of the Presidency.
    • Jackson’s veto
    • Force on SC
    • Marshall’s Cherokee decision
    • Spoils System
    • Prevents a permanent ”aristocracy”
    • “ the duties of public office”
  • 4.  
  • 5. Economic aspects of the Jacksonian Era
    • Cheap land.
    • Growth of the trade unions.
  • 6. Social aspects of the Jacksonian Era
    • Social reform:
    • Women’s rights.
    • Abolitionist movement
    • No “booze”.
    • Care of the insane.
    • Free public education.
  • 7. The Rise of Sectionalism
    • Loyalty of state rather than the entire nation.
    • Considered issues from a sectional, vice national point if view.
  • 8. “ Our Federal Union: it must be preserved.”
  • 9. “ The Union, next to our liberty, most dear.”
  • 10. Webster-Hayne Debate
    • Nullification
    • "Liberty and Union, now and for ever, one and inseparable!"
  • 11. Nullification Crisis
    • Tariff of 1828 (abominations)
    • South Carolina Exposition.
    • State’s rights
    • Insurrection? (Force Bill)
    • Tariff of 1833
  • 12. Economic basis of Sectionalism
    • Industrial Northeast
    • Early inventions: Slater, Whitney, Lowell.
    • Aided by the War of 1812, waterpower, new immigration, capital, growing US market.
    • Made textiles, iron implements, utensils, and machinery.
    • Plantation South
    • “ King Cotton”…1790-1826 Cotton production increased from 2 million – 330 million/year.
    • Northern and English markets.
    • Year round… the slave factor.
  • 13.  
  • 14.
    • Small-Farm West
    • Raised wheat, rye, corn and meat.
    • Land was plentiful and cheap ($1.20/acre)
    • Increased demand for foodstuffs.
  • 15. Sectional issues
    • Protective Tariff
    • Second Bank of the United States
    • Internal improvements at Federal Expense.
    • Liberal land policy
    • Territorial expansion to the Southwest
    • Expansion of slavery.
  • 16.