Jackson sectionalis
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Jackson sectionalis

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    Jackson sectionalis Jackson sectionalis Presentation Transcript

    • Jackson---1828-1836
    • Political aspects of the Jacksonian Era
      • Democracy in the states.
      • Removal of property and religious restrictions.
      • More elected vice appointed positions.
      • Shortened terms of office.
      • Democracy in Presidential Elections.
      • Nominating conventions vice caucus
      • By 1832, electors chosen directly by electorate.
      • Democratic view of the Presidency.
      • Jackson’s veto
      • Force on SC
      • Marshall’s Cherokee decision
      • Spoils System
      • Prevents a permanent ”aristocracy”
      • “ the duties of public office”
    •  
    • Economic aspects of the Jacksonian Era
      • Cheap land.
      • Growth of the trade unions.
    • Social aspects of the Jacksonian Era
      • Social reform:
      • Women’s rights.
      • Abolitionist movement
      • No “booze”.
      • Care of the insane.
      • Free public education.
    • The Rise of Sectionalism
      • Loyalty of state rather than the entire nation.
      • Considered issues from a sectional, vice national point if view.
    • “ Our Federal Union: it must be preserved.”
    • “ The Union, next to our liberty, most dear.”
    • Webster-Hayne Debate
      • Nullification
      • "Liberty and Union, now and for ever, one and inseparable!"
    • Nullification Crisis
      • Tariff of 1828 (abominations)
      • South Carolina Exposition.
      • State’s rights
      • Insurrection? (Force Bill)
      • Tariff of 1833
    • Economic basis of Sectionalism
      • Industrial Northeast
      • Early inventions: Slater, Whitney, Lowell.
      • Aided by the War of 1812, waterpower, new immigration, capital, growing US market.
      • Made textiles, iron implements, utensils, and machinery.
      • Plantation South
      • “ King Cotton”…1790-1826 Cotton production increased from 2 million – 330 million/year.
      • Northern and English markets.
      • Year round… the slave factor.
    •  
      • Small-Farm West
      • Raised wheat, rye, corn and meat.
      • Land was plentiful and cheap ($1.20/acre)
      • Increased demand for foodstuffs.
    • Sectional issues
      • Protective Tariff
      • Second Bank of the United States
      • Internal improvements at Federal Expense.
      • Liberal land policy
      • Territorial expansion to the Southwest
      • Expansion of slavery.
    •