THE APOSTLES CREED Three main purposes: 1. The creeds provide a brief summary of the Christian faith2. The creeds allow us to recognise and avoid inadequate or incomplete versions of Christianity
THE APOSTLES CREED Three main purposes: 3. The creeds emphasize that to believe is to belong, to become a Christian is to enter a community of faith whichstretches right back to the upper room; it gives you a sense of history and perspective; you share that faith, and you share the same words that over centuries Christians have used to express that faith. (Alister McGrath)NB. Our attitude to doctrine: Dull? Irrelevant? Can’t be bothered? Does not deserve my study and focus? No need to pay attention to doctrines?
THE APOSTLES CREEDI believe in God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven andearth: And in Jesus Christ his only Son, our Lord; who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried; he descended into hell; the third day he rose again from the dead; he ascended into heaven, and sitteth on the right hand of God the Father Almighty; from thence he shall come to judge the quick and the dead. I believe in the Holy Ghost; the holy catholic church; the communion of saints; the forgiveness of sins; the resurrection of the body; and the life everlasting. Amen
CRUCIFIXION AND RESURRECTIONThis part of The Apostles’ Creed- “was crucified, dead,and buried; he descended into hell; the third day he rose again from the dead” helps us to understand GODs salvation (recovery/rectification/restoration) plan.
CRUCIFIXION AND RESURRECTIONThe primary problem, that is sin, and its fallout and effects, must be addressed and resolved.This morning, we will try to see GOD’s salvation plan in its overall context as revealed in Holy Scripture.
THE BEGINNING: CREATION IN PURITYGenesis 1. 1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. 2 The earth was without form and void, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the Spirit ofGod was moving over the face of the waters. 26 Then God said, "Let us make man in our image, after our likeness...31 And God saw everything that he had made, and behold, it was very good.
THE FALL: CREATION IN DESPAIR Genesis 3 9 But the LORD God called to the man, and said to him, "Where are you?" 14 The LORD God said to the serpent, "Because you have done this,cursed are you above all cattle, and above all wild animals; upon your belly you shall go, and dust you shall eat all the days of your life.15 I will put enmity between you and the woman … 16 To the woman he said, "I will greatly multiply your pain inchildbearing; in pain you shall bring forth children, yet your desire shall be for your husband, and he shall rule over you.” 17 And to Adam he said, "Because you have listened to the voice ofyour wife, and have eaten of the tree of which I commanded you, Youshall not eat of it, cursed is the ground because of you; in toil you shall eat of it all the days of your life; 18 thorns and thistles it shall bring forth to you; and you shall eat the plants of the field.19 In the sweat of your face you shall eat bread tillyou return to the ground, for out of it you were taken; you are dust, and to dust you shall return."
THE FALL: CREATION IN DESPAIR The entry of sin into GOD’s perfect creation: drives a wedge and builds an impregnable wall between the Creator and His human creatures; subjects us sinners to eternal condemnation; creates enmity between human beings; fractures the harmony between human beings and other creatures and the land itself; enslaves human beings to their darkest, crudest, insatiable and insensible cravings; c. injects pain and suffering into human experience d. plunges the entire creation into anguish, groaning for delivery…
THE FALL: CREATION IN DESPAIR 2 Peter 2 4 For if God did not spare the angels when they sinned, but cast them into hell and committed them to pits ofnether gloom to be kept until the judgment; 5 if he did not spare the ancient world, but preserved Noah, a herald of righteousness, with seven other persons, when he brought a flood upon the world of the ungodly; 6 if by turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah to ashes he condemned them to extinction and made them an example to those who were to beungodly; 7 and if he rescued righteous Lot, greatly distressed by the licentiousness of the wicked 8 (for by what that righteous man saw and heard as he lived among them, he was vexed inhis righteous soul day after day with their lawless deeds), 9 then the Lord knows how to rescue the godly from trial, and to keep the unrighteous under punishment until the day of judgment …
THE FALL: CREATION IN DESPAIRRomans 1 18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against allungodliness and wickedness of men who by their wickedness suppress the truth.Romans 8 22 We know that the whole creation has been groaning in travail together until now; 23 and not only the creation, but weourselves, who have the first fruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly as we wait for adoption as sons, the redemption of our bodies.
THE ANSWER: CREATION REDEEMED Theologically, GOD’s own character of righteousness, justice and love must somehow be upheld in perfect balance so as to preserve GOD’s integrity. GOD’s salvation plan for human beings which is consistent with His love must also be consistent with His justice and righteousness. Thus, a perfectly JUST solution was required which satisfies the most holy GOD.
THE ANSWER: CREATION REDEEMEDThe FATHERs salvation (recovery/rectification/restoration) plan is founded on CHRIST the SON: Christ was incarnated as a human being; Christ brought the Father’s teaching, delivery and healing; Christ was crucified, died and was buried, taking upon HIMSELF our sin and its consequences; Christ rose from the dead Christ ascended to heaven, sitting at the right hand of the Father, interceding for us; Christ will come again and make salvation final.
THE ANSWER: CHRIST’S SUFFERINGS CHRIST left the purity of His heavenly home; came into a foul and sinful, wicked, broken earth; subjected to scorn, disbelief and persecution; took upon Himself our shameful sin; surrendered Himself to a most crude, barbaric, painful, lengthy process of death; descended into hell, separated from and condemned by His Father…
THE ANSWER: CHRIST’S SUFFERINGS Colossians 2 12 and you were buried with him in baptism, in which you were also raised with him through faith in theworking of God, who raised him from the dead. 13 And you, who were dead in trespasses and the uncircumcision of your flesh, God made alive together with him, having forgiven us all our trespasses, 14 having cancelled thebond which stood against us with its legal demands; this he set aside, nailing it to the cross.
THE ANSWER: CHRIST’S RESURRECTION There were eye witnesses: Mary Magdalene (Mark 16.9) The other women (Matthew 28:8-10) Simon Peter (Luke 24. 34) The two men on the road to Emmaus (Mark 16.12) Eleven of the Apostles (John 20:19-24) More than 500 (1 Corinthians 15:6) Saul (Acts 9.1-6)
THE ANSWER: CHRIST’S RESURRECTION John 11 25 Jesus said to her, "I am the resurrection and the life; he who believes in me, though he die, yet shall he live, 26 and whoever lives and believes in me shall never die. Do you believe this?“ Romans 10 8 But what does it say? The word is near you, on your lips and in your heart (that is, the word of faith which we preach); 9 because, if you confess with your lipsthat Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved.
THE ANSWER: CHRIST’S RESURRECTION Philippians 1 21 For to me to live is Christ, and to die isgain. 22 If it is to be life in the flesh, that means fruitful labor for me. Yet which I shall choose I cannot tell. 23 I am hard pressed between the two. My desire is to depart and bewith Christ, for that is far better. 24 But to remain in the flesh is more necessary on your account.
THE ANSWER: GOD’S LOVEJohn 3. 16 For God so loved the world that HE gave his onlySon, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life. “And can it be that I should gain an interest in the Saviours blood! Died he for me? who caused his pain! For me? who him to death pursued? Amazing love! How can it be that thou, my God, shouldst die for me? Amazing love! How can it be that thou, my God, shouldst die for me?”