Seas and straits separate the islands. Because of the high mountains and hills that rise between valleys, travel and communication is harder for the people
Due to the separation, S.EA was a home to a great variety of cultures and languages.
When Indian Merchant boats sailed the monsoon of S.E.A. Hinduism and Buddhism spread. Travelers from India and China came, many of their cultures and ideas spread.
South East Asia lies between the Indian and Pacific oceans, the mainland peninsula and islands are the two main parts of S.E.A
Sumatra, Borneo and Java are the biggest islands of S.E.A
The Khmer Empire
In South East Asia, The Khmer empire was the main power throughout the many islands. For many centuries they had a lot of power
Early Khmer kingdom dominated most of sea trade between India and China. The kingdom became very advanced in crops and trade
As well as their extensive city, the kingdom’s rice crops had increased from 1 to 3-4. They had many rich sources of rice for trading, eating and selling etc.
The Downfall of Sailendra and the Uprising of Srivijaya
A dynasty called Sailendra ruled an agricultural kingdom on the island of Java
Eventually, the Sailendra Dynasty fell under the domination of a powerful island called Srivijaya.
Srivijaya ruled the Straight of Malacca and other bodies of water around the islands of Sumatra, Borneo, and Java.
It grew wealthy by taxing the trade that passed through its water.
The Srivijayas established their capital, Palembang, on Sumatra. It became the place of Buddhist learning where Chinese monks could study instead of traveling to India.
Vietnam was the country least influenced by India
Located right under China, it fell under Chinese rule.
Around 100B.C. China took Northern Vietnam.
They remained under China’s rule for about 1000 years. In the early 900s, Vietnam finally broke away and became an independent nation in 939.
Vietnamese absorbed a lot of Chinese culture, including Buddhism, but they wanted to be independent.
Rulers of the Ly Dynasty (1009-1225) established their capital at Hanoi. They expanded slowly by conquering other nations to the south.
An Intro to Korea
According to legend the first Korean state was founded by a hero and a bear. Another one says that it was found by a royal descendant of the Shang Dynasty. One legend says that Korea was a land that developed their own distinct cultures while the other says that Korean culture was shaped by Chinese influences. Nonetheless, the Koreans borrowed culture and fit it into their own needs and distinct way of life.
Early Korean History
Chinese inspire a centralized government among the Koreans.
108 AD- the Han Dynasty takes over, federations grow.
Three rival kingdoms develop
mid 600’s- the Silla defeat the two other kingdoms, gain control.
Buddhist monasteries, stone/ bronze sculptures, and a new writing system is now achieved.
Silla rule weakens during it’s 10th Dynasty
The Koryu Dynasty
935 AD- rebel officer Wang Kon gains control, naming the country Koryu
Used universities to train male scholars, and a Confucian civil service system is developed.
Strongly divided between aristocracy, military, commoners and slaves.
Noble positions were aquired through birth.
Late 1100’s- rebellions against the dynasty grew
1231 AD- Mongols sweep Korea, demanding a tribute
1350’s- Mongol empire collapses
1392- scholars and officials overthrow the dynasty
The Choson (Yi) dynasty rules for 513 years
Culture of Koryu
Celadon pottery- milky green glaze
Writers produced poetry, and wrote about Korea’s first history
Blocks used to print Buddhist scriptures were created by artisans, yet were lost.
With the help of surrounding areas, the Kingdoms of Southeast Asia developed into the prosperous regions we know of today.
This is a Natalie, Angela and hinako production. We hoped you enjoyed this presentation.