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Muc 109 Lec 5a. Intro To Copyright Microteach
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Muc 109 Lec 5a. Intro To Copyright Microteach

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  • 1. Music Business Essentials INTRODUCTION TO MUSIC COPYRIGHT © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
  • 2. Music Business Essentials Test Your Knowledge © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
  • 3. Do I Need Legal Permission To… Share popular music downloads with my friends on the Internet? Use sampled beats from other musicians in my own songs? Play cover songs at parties? Make “mixtapes” of current hits to promote my small DJ Business? © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
  • 4. What is Copyright ? Copyright is a form of protection provided by U.S. Federal Law to the authors of quot;original works of authorship” for a limited duration Copyright has two main functions: – To protect the author's right to obtain commercial benefit from their valuable work – To protect the author's general right to control how their work is used. © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
  • 5. What Does U.S. Copyright Protect? Musical Works Literary Works Sound Recordings Architectural Works Pictorial Works Dramatic Works Motion Pictures & Audiovisual Works Choreography & Pantomimes © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
  • 6. Music and Copyright In terms of music, US copyright addresses several key categories: Musical Work (“the Song”) = the underlying musical composition, comprised of the written notes and lyrics. Think of the lyrics and notes on a piece of Sheet Music… © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
  • 7. Music and Copyright Sound Recording = the sounds, including the recording artist's interpretation of the musical composition, and the creative efforts of the producer, sound engineers and background musicians. Think of the actual recording itself… © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
  • 8. How U.S. Copyright Works The two MOST important concepts in determining copyright are: -- Original Authorship -- Fixed Expression © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
  • 9. How U.S. Copyright Works Copyright protection is AUTOMATIC Copyright protection exists from the time the work is created in a fixed, tangible form of expression Protection is available to both published and unpublished works © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
  • 10. What Rights are Protected? The right to reproduce the work in copies The right to prepare derivative works The right to distribute to the public -via sale, rental, lease or lending Rights of public performance, display and transmission These rights are referred to as the “bundle of rights” © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
  • 11. What is NOT protected under U.S. Copyright? Ideas!!!! Generic information, such as facts and numbers- i.e. standard calendars, height and weight charts, tape measures and rulers Familiar symbols © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
  • 12. What is NOT protected under U.S. Copyright? Titles, names, short phrases, and slogans (covered by “Trademarks”) Procedures, methods, systems, processes, discoveries, or devices (covered by “Patents”) © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
  • 13. Do I Need Legal Permission To… Share popular music downloads with my friends on the Internet? Use sampled beats from other musicians in my own songs? Play cover songs at parties? Make “mixtapes” of current hits to promote my small DJ Business? © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
  • 14. Key Take-Aways In the U.S., Original works of artistic expression are considered the private property of the creator or author Copyright protects various forms of written and artistic expression Copyright protection does not include ideas themselves, only expressions of those ideas © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
  • 15. Key Take-Aways The two MOST important concepts in determining copyright are: -- Original Authorship -- Fixed Expression Copyright protection is automatic, but it is always best to register your work with the U.S. Copyright Office Both Musical Works (Songs) and Sound Recordings enjoy Copyright protection © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
  • 16. FOR NEXT CLASS © 2006 musicbizclasses.com
  • 17. Exceptions to U.S. Copyright Public Domain- hymns, patriotic songs, folk songs, classical music “Fair Use” – education, research, reviews, parody, news reporting Mandatory Licensing Some Public Performance Rights © 2006 musicbizclasses.com