The        Emerging Trends

Past’s     in Online Cultural
           Heritage
                  On The Front Lines



Pres...
Everything old
is new again.


                 2	
  
From the World Wide Web to Web 2.0




   WWW	
  -­‐	
  	
  documents	
  with	
  simple	
  	
  rela6onships	
     3	
  
Web 2.0




          4	
  
Here Comes Everybody!




                        5	
  
6	
  
Librarians,
Archivists &
Curators
as authorities
and gatekeepers.




                   7	
  
Librarians,
Archivists &
Curators
as community
organizers




               Josh	
  Greenberg,	
  NYPL	
  
              ...
Is this really new?
 •  Public libraries, historical
    societies have long served
    as community centers for
    local...
Serious Leisure   10	
  
hFp://www.soci.ucalgary.ca/seriousleisure/	
  
                                        11	
  
Serious Leisure Careers




 •    Jenna Hartel: Three Temporal Arcs in the Hobby of Gourmet Cooking
      http://www.jenna...
Outside the Walls of the Museum




Casual/project-based leisure      13	
  
Citizen Science




                  Amateur Science
                  Activity Participation
                  Collectin...
Makers/Tinkers




                 Project-­‐based/serious	
  leisure	
  
                                               ...
Getting
in the Flow


              16	
  
The importance of flow underlines recurrent themes:
   –  the library needs to be in the user environment and not
      ex...
FRBR User Tasks


 Find
  Identify
   Select
    Obtain
                  18	
  
Find




       hFp://imlsdcc.grainger.illinois.edu/history	
     19	
  
Identify & Select




                    20	
  
Obtain?




          21	
  
The Social Life
   of Artifacts*




*	
  Dan	
  Cohen	
  
       	
  hFp://www.dancohen.org/media/
       bard_talk_5feb2...
Follow Me!




             23	
  
24	
  
“Spreadable”	
  Content*	
  




                               25	
  
26	
  
27	
  
Sowing Culture




            hFp://sowingculture.wordpress.com/	
  
Spread via Twitter




  • 	
  Connect	
  with	
  us	
  	
  hFp://www.twiFer.com/sowingculture	
  
  • 	
  hFp://sowingcul...
IMLS DCC Flickr Feasibility Study




            hFp://www.flickr.com/photos/imlsdcc	
  
Casual	
  
                  User	
  




Librarian/
Archivist/     Ar6fact	
        Hobbyist	
  
 Curator	
  




       ...
Local History
@Internet Scale


                  32	
  
IMLS DCC Collections
 by Hosting Institution State
Emerging Strengths - Local History




                                                                                   ...
Silos of the LAMS




                    35	
  
Moving the Grain




• Federated	
  (Z39.50)	
  
• Aggregated	
  
	
  (Open	
  Archives	
  Ini6a6ve	
  –	
  Protocol	
  fo...
Linked Open Data




    • Linked
      simple statements with meaningful relationships that
      connect across the web
...
Linked Open Data




                   38	
  
Linked Open Data




                                        Archive	
  




             Library	
  




                ...
The Web of Contexts




                                        Archive	
  




             Library	
  




             ...
Brooklyn Museum API




                      41	
  
42	
  
Museum Pipes




         hFp://museumpipes.wordpress.com	
  
Transparency




               47	
  
Indianapolis Museum of Art Dashboard




                      hFp://dashboard.imamuseum.org	
     48	
  
Opening History Dashboard




                   hFp://www.richardjurban.net/dashboard	
     49	
  
Get
 Started


           50	
  
Start Small & Grow




     Botany Photo of the Day
     http://www.ubcbotanicalgarden.org/potd/
                         ...
Participate!




       hFp://www.vam.ac.uk/collec6ons/tex6les/lawty/world_beach/	
     52	
  
Participate!




       hFp://www.vam.ac.uk/collec6ons/tex6les/lawty/world_beach/	
     53	
  
Organize!




            hFp://is.gd/aJbxf	
  
                                    54	
  
Start Your Own




                 55	
  
Explore Open Data




                    hFp://usnris.freebase.com/	
  
                                                 ...
Make the Connection




                      57	
  
Next Steps

 •  Push vendors to
    make content
    “spreadable”
 •  Explore ways to
    make metadata &
    vocabularies...
Challenges Ahead

 •  Changes happening outside…fast
 •  Changes that need to happen inside
   –  Rethinking what sharing ...
•  Richard J. Urban
  –  http://www.richardurban.net
  –  http://www.twitter.com/musebrarian
  –  rjurban [at] illinois.ed...
Photo Credits
 •    Archival Photographic Files, [apf2-05961], Special Collections Research Center,
      University of Ch...
The Past's Present Future:  Emerging Trends in Online Cultural Heritage
The Past's Present Future:  Emerging Trends in Online Cultural Heritage
The Past's Present Future:  Emerging Trends in Online Cultural Heritage
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The Past's Present Future: Emerging Trends in Online Cultural Heritage

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  • http://www.twitter.com/epistemographerhttp://www.slideshare.net/epistemographer/
  • http://www.soci.ucalgary.ca/seriousleisure/
  • Jenna Hartel: Three Temporal Arcs in the Hobby of Gourmet Cooking http://www.jennahartel.com/TemporalArcs/ThreeTemporalArcs.htm
  • http://ebird.org/
  • http://imlsdcc.grainger.illinois.edu
  • Artifacts that tweet, historic people who tweet, historic people who blog “peeps” Pepys pepysdiary.com
  • *Seb Chan. “Spreadable collection: gaining insights from educational cut & paste” http://www.archimuse.com/mw2010/abstracts/prg_335002199.html
  • "Beyond the Silos of the LAMs: Collaboration Among Libraries, Archives and Museums" Report www.oclc.org/research/publications/library/2008/2008-05.pdf
  • A simple example? Museum Pipes example.
  • * The Context Web http://orweblog.oclc.org/archives/002063.html
  • Linked Open Data as Serious Leisure “cooking your data”
  • Deaccessioning process. Good effects of making stuff public. Donations to allow the museum to keep art.
  • How to think about more than one way to spread content. Not ContentDM or Flickr but ContetnDM & Flickr and.. Etc. etc.
  • The Past's Present Future: Emerging Trends in Online Cultural Heritage

    1. 1. The Emerging Trends Past’s in Online Cultural Heritage On The Front Lines Present Illinois State Library March 16, 2010 Future Richard J. Urban 1  
    2. 2. Everything old is new again. 2  
    3. 3. From the World Wide Web to Web 2.0 WWW  -­‐    documents  with  simple    rela6onships   3  
    4. 4. Web 2.0 4  
    5. 5. Here Comes Everybody! 5  
    6. 6. 6  
    7. 7. Librarians, Archivists & Curators as authorities and gatekeepers. 7  
    8. 8. Librarians, Archivists & Curators as community organizers Josh  Greenberg,  NYPL   8   hFp://www.slideshare.net/epistemographer/  
    9. 9. Is this really new? •  Public libraries, historical societies have long served as community centers for local history, historic preservation & family history. •  Rootsweb created in 1987 as a listserv. •  Ancestry.com is now a multi-million dollar business because they were able to provide the online services this community needed. How can libraries, archives and museums translate their deep experience as community organizers into online spaces? 9  
    10. 10. Serious Leisure 10  
    11. 11. hFp://www.soci.ucalgary.ca/seriousleisure/   11  
    12. 12. Serious Leisure Careers •  Jenna Hartel: Three Temporal Arcs in the Hobby of Gourmet Cooking http://www.jennahartel.com/TemporalArcs/ThreeTemporalArcs.htm 12  
    13. 13. Outside the Walls of the Museum Casual/project-based leisure 13  
    14. 14. Citizen Science Amateur Science Activity Participation Collecting Volunteering Environmental http://ebird.org/ 14  
    15. 15. Makers/Tinkers Project-­‐based/serious  leisure   15  
    16. 16. Getting in the Flow 16  
    17. 17. The importance of flow underlines recurrent themes: –  the library needs to be in the user environment and not expect the user to find their way to the library environment –  integration of library resources should not be seen as an end in itself but as a means to better integration with the user environment, with workflow. The message for libraries is clear: be in the flow. -Lorcan Dempsey 17   hFp://orweblog.oclc.org/archives/000688.html  
    18. 18. FRBR User Tasks Find Identify Select Obtain 18  
    19. 19. Find hFp://imlsdcc.grainger.illinois.edu/history   19  
    20. 20. Identify & Select 20  
    21. 21. Obtain? 21  
    22. 22. The Social Life of Artifacts* *  Dan  Cohen    hFp://www.dancohen.org/media/ bard_talk_5feb2010.pdf   22  
    23. 23. Follow Me! 23  
    24. 24. 24  
    25. 25. “Spreadable”  Content*   25  
    26. 26. 26  
    27. 27. 27  
    28. 28. Sowing Culture hFp://sowingculture.wordpress.com/  
    29. 29. Spread via Twitter •   Connect  with  us    hFp://www.twiFer.com/sowingculture   •   hFp://sowingculture.wordpress.com  
    30. 30. IMLS DCC Flickr Feasibility Study hFp://www.flickr.com/photos/imlsdcc  
    31. 31. Casual   User   Librarian/ Archivist/ Ar6fact   Hobbyist   Curator   Academic   Researcher   31  
    32. 32. Local History @Internet Scale 32  
    33. 33. IMLS DCC Collections by Hosting Institution State
    34. 34. Emerging Strengths - Local History New  trolley  tracks,  Needham  Corner,   Main  Street,  Har^ord,  October  2,  1902.     Main  Street  south  from  Third   Street,  ca.1890     Los  Angeles   Downtown  Springfield,  1952   Springfield  Avia6on  Company   Main  Ave.,  Durango,  CO  Oct.  1965   Tombrello  Grocery  Market    106  Main  St.  Birmingham,   Alabama  
    35. 35. Silos of the LAMS 35  
    36. 36. Moving the Grain • Federated  (Z39.50)   • Aggregated    (Open  Archives  Ini6a6ve  –  Protocol  for  Metadata  Harves6ng   36  
    37. 37. Linked Open Data • Linked simple statements with meaningful relationships that connect across the web • Open freely available for use, reference or reuse 37  
    38. 38. Linked Open Data 38  
    39. 39. Linked Open Data Archive   Library   Museum   39  
    40. 40. The Web of Contexts Archive   Library   Museum   40  
    41. 41. Brooklyn Museum API 41  
    42. 42. 42  
    43. 43. Museum Pipes hFp://museumpipes.wordpress.com  
    44. 44. Transparency 47  
    45. 45. Indianapolis Museum of Art Dashboard hFp://dashboard.imamuseum.org   48  
    46. 46. Opening History Dashboard hFp://www.richardjurban.net/dashboard   49  
    47. 47. Get Started 50  
    48. 48. Start Small & Grow Botany Photo of the Day http://www.ubcbotanicalgarden.org/potd/ 51  
    49. 49. Participate! hFp://www.vam.ac.uk/collec6ons/tex6les/lawty/world_beach/   52  
    50. 50. Participate! hFp://www.vam.ac.uk/collec6ons/tex6les/lawty/world_beach/   53  
    51. 51. Organize! hFp://is.gd/aJbxf   54  
    52. 52. Start Your Own 55  
    53. 53. Explore Open Data hFp://usnris.freebase.com/   56  
    54. 54. Make the Connection 57  
    55. 55. Next Steps •  Push vendors to make content “spreadable” •  Explore ways to make metadata & vocabularies open and linked. •  It’s not about “one” system, it’s about getting in the flow. 58  
    56. 56. Challenges Ahead •  Changes happening outside…fast •  Changes that need to happen inside –  Rethinking what sharing means –  Mapping data across silos & services •  Dealing with abuse of information •  A culture of “permanent beta” –  Managing “brittle” services •  Who pays? –  How to measure public goods. 59  
    57. 57. •  Richard J. Urban –  http://www.richardurban.net –  http://www.twitter.com/musebrarian –  rjurban [at] illinois.edu Portions of this work supported by: 60  
    58. 58. Photo Credits •  Archival Photographic Files, [apf2-05961], Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library. •  Telephone Exchange, Anthony Hordern & Sons Department Store. Courtesy State Library of New South Wales http://www.flickr.com/photos/statelibraryofnsw/4275894278 •  Crowd listenting to Bryan – Union Sq. Library of Congress http://www.flickr.com/photos/library_of_congress/2163099447/ •  Taft Speaking in Springfield, Mass. Courtesy Library of Congress http://www.flickr.com/photos/library_of_congress/2516566660/ •  Antal Dorati conducts. Courtesy State Library of New South Wales. http://www.flickr.com/photos/statelibraryofnsw/3809422043/ •  Battle of the Alamo Re-enactors. Courtesy Txphotoblog http://www.flickr.com/photos/ txphotoblog/3766706634/ •  Aerial View of Downtown Springfield. Courtesy Lincoln Library http://www.flickr.com/photos/imlsdcc/4120299798/in/set-72157622842546196 •  Grain Elevators, Caldwell, Idaho. Courtesy Library of Congress http://www.flickr.com/photos/library_of_congress/2178285893/ •  C & NW RR, a general view of a classification yard at Proviso Yard, Chicago, Ill. Courtesy Library of Congress http://www.flickr.com/photos/library_of_congress/2178405119/ •  Wagner Flagging Dawson. Courtesy Library of Congress •  Potted Arabidopsis 3 Courtesy blueridgekitties http://www.flickr.com/photos/blueridgekitties/4123295969/in/pool-botanypotd/ 61  

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