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Transcript

  • 1. Public Speaking Understanding basic public speaking skills.
  • 2. Purpose of Public Speaking?
    • Transmit information
    • Motivate people
    • Persuade people
    • Simply telling a story
  • 3. Choosing and Refining a Topic
    • Select a topic that:
      • Matters to you
      • Is appropriate to your situation
      • Is appropriate to your audience
    • Narrow your topic.
  • 4. Analyzing the Audience
    • Gathering audience demographic data;
      • Age
      • Education
      • Gender
      • Occupation & income
      • Culture
    • Audiences have interests, understanding, and ambitions, all of which affect their receptiveness
  • 5. Considering the Setting
    • The setting influence to meet the audiences’ expectations and determining the tone of the speech.
      • Amount of people
      • Time of the speech
      • Time limit
      • Location where the speech will be given
      • Necessary equipments
  • 6. Preparing the Introduction
    • Introduction is a critical in establishing relationship with the audience.
      • Ask Rhetorical questions
      • Relate the topic to your audience
      • Arouse curiosity
      • Begin with a quotation
      • Tell a related story
      • Be careful with jokes
  • 7. Body of Speech
    • Personal Experiences/Anecdotes
    • Statistics
    • Quotes from Experts
    • Use Vivid Language
  • 8. Outlining the Conclusion
    • “All’s well that ends well”
    • -Shakespeare
    • Summary conclusions
    • Story conclusions
    • Appeal to action conclusions
    • Emotional impact conclusions
  • 9. Verbal Components
    • Includes variables such as pitch, rate, volume, pronunciation, articulation, pauses, and general variation of voice.
    • Speak to be understood – loud enough, doesn’t mumble, doesn’t speak too fast, pronounces words correctly
    • Speak with variety – not monotone, uses inflection correctly, uses pauses appropriately
  • 10. Nonverbal Components
    • Good eye contact.
    • Gestures are natural, match the message, and aren’t used to much.
    • Movement is purposeful, natural, and not distracting (e.g., swaying, tapping foot, etc.)
    • Posture is appropriate – not slouching, hands in pockets, etc.
    • Facial expressions – animated, but not over theatrical, and has to match the message.
    • Personal appearance is appropriate for the audience and the occasion.
    • Usage of visual aids as a helping hand.
  • 11. Coping with Nervousness
    • It is important to learn to cope with the fear or anxiety about public speaking. Here are some of the ways;
      • Pick a topic you are comfortable with.
      • Take time to prepare.
      • Control food and beverages.
      • Visualize successful speaking experiences.
      • Pause a few seconds before you begin.
  • 12. Thank You Have a nice day!