Media Situation In Central AsiaPresentation Transcript
Media Situation in Central Asia
by Yelena Jetpyspayeva, M.A.
NewEurasia.net Managing Editor,
Giessen University, May, 2009
Media Situation in Central Asia: Overview
New Media Contest
NewEurasia.net – Blogging Central Asia project
List of useful resources
Media Situation in Central Asia: Overview
Declared democracies but authoritarian in practice regimes
Weak traditional media (official news + entertainment)
Country coverage mostly by state-owned media
Censorship and restrictive media laws
‘ Closed countries’ in terms of information (‘happy life’ inside the country, ‘no freedom of speech’ from outside perspective)
Freedom House survey www.freedomhouse.org
“ Meanwhile, the most popular Russian-language blog platform Livejournal is still blocked in Kazakhstan since October last year. Recently, the opposition websites started suffereing from massive DDoS attacks campaign. One of such victims is the website of independent weekly “Respublika”, which often criticizes the prime-minister.
T he government does not care much about OSCE - and the West does not care much about Kazakh democracy in the times of global crisis. Such coincidence allows Astana to do whatever it wants due to its “country specific”, so the Kazakhstan’s chairmanship will be later perceived as a bad dream by the member states - while Kazakhstan will remain the same Kazakhstan, as its people are used to know it. ”
Adil A. Nurmakov, Ph.D.
Country Editor for Kazakhstan
Regional Editor for Central Asia
“ By 2008 - 2009 3 opposition newspapers were closed in Kyrgyzstan. 2 of them were closed after the court hearing once articles about possible participation of president’s nephew in car accident with dead case were published .
Because of political pressure from the government side Azattyk radio (radio Liberty Free Europe office) stopped broadcasting in Kyrgyzstan . Internet regulation incentive comparable to Kazakhstan were each Internet site could be defined as mass media and banned was initiated by deputy of the Parliament but fortunately recently stopped . Nevertheless there are attempts to pass rights to regulate .kg domain zone to state structure .
During 5 month of 2009 6 journalists were beaten in Kyrgyzstan, 3 left the country because of political reasons” .
Country Editor for NewEurasia.net
Award-winning photojournalist and
blogger from Bishkek. Former editor for the Institute for
War and Peace Reporting’s Central Asia bureau,
regular contributor to AP, Lenta.ru, and
New Media Contest
Internet penetration growth (Kazakhstan from 6% (2005) to 1 4 % (2008))
Active youth with firm civil position + opinion leaders
Reporting from the country = Civil journalism
Lack of New Media knowledge
High costs for Internet
Introduction of restrictive Internet regulations
“ neweurasia is a network of weblogs coordinated and written by bright young individuals from Central Asia and the Caucasus together with their peers around the globe.
neweurasia has many faces, but one uniting aim: bringing together young, committed people from around the world in the hope of offering these young thinkers space to publish their ideas on Central Asia and the Caucasus ” .
Ben Paarman, 27 y.o., the founder.
a former student of Development Studies at Cambridge University
and Development Economics at SOAS .
C urrently resides in The Hague / Netherlands, where works
as a political analyst focusing on emerging markets.
Contact Ben at ben (at) neweurasia (dot) net
http :// www.paarmann.info /
Who are we?
Founded in 2005 by US and EU students to report from and on Central Asia;
Original principle: one country, one blog; main site as the «hub»;
T eamed up with Transitions Online (TOL, Media NGO from Prague) in 2006, employed «bridge bloggers» - paid bloggers who head the country sections;
Funded by Hivos and OSI.
Steady news flow, increasing visitor numbers, launch of Russian and Kazakh/Kyrgyz/Uzbek/Tajik language versions;
B locked in Uzbekistan since summer 2006;
Altogether 50 training sessions, seminars and conferences (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan) reaching 600+ people;
Best Blog contest, specific country highlights, mainstream media attention.
Kazakhstan blogs dominant
Current technological limits
Multi-install Wordpress hard to maintain;
Few (useful) «Web 2.0» features;
No clear navigation between languages;
How can we highlight the various forms of content we have?
Are we a blog? A news-site? A webzine?
Who do we publish for? Central Asia or Europe/US?
What’s our editorial mission?
How can we make sure there is real dialogue between the readerships?
How can we retain our position as the «region’s premier blogging network»?
Do we want to «spin off» successful local language blogs into separate and independent projects?
Finally, where will we be in one year’s time?
New one-installation Wordpress blog hub uniting all different country sections;
More «newsy» look, clear hierarchy of stories;
New theme-based navigation;
Better and cleaner photo, video and podcast integration;
Change towards more «quality blogging» - original stories + exclusive photo/video content;
Clear hierarcy :
Managing editors (Russian, English)
Country editors (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan)
Better integration with diff.types of media: developing stories out of blog posts, offering monetary and development rewards to bloggers;
More translations -> more flow of information between the different audiences;
Day-by-day development and exchange : newsletter, sharing results, real team work!! (twitter, flickr, etc.)
Showcasing the potential of «quality» citizen media by compiling and editing a book of 60-odd best posts
Further monitoring of the local blogospheres and cooperation with Global Voices
Blog with us!
Interested in blogging for NewEurasia.net?
Get in contact with Managing Board:
Christopher Schwartz [email_address] for English
Yelena Jetpyspayeva [email_address] for Russian
Global Voices Online
List of resources
If you are interested in LIVE problematic CORAGEOUS ENOUGH content + opinions from Central Asia, you click on