Positive Psychology


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Moving away from deficit based psychology to positive psychology

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Positive Psychology

  1. 1. Challenging Times Dr. Eddie Murphy Clinical Psychologist 086 8062452
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Stress & Coping </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Depression </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anxiety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anger </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Panic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alcohol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical Health Difficulties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sleep Disturbance </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Instead – Exploring Lessons From The Science of Positive Psychology <ul><li>Positive Psychology explores how enhancing our STRENGTHS promotes our ‘REAL SELF ’ and enables individuals and communities to thrive and find happiness. </li></ul>
  4. 4. How Do You Define Happiness? <ul><li>Driving The Latest Car? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it about your latest purchase? </li></ul><ul><li>Going Out the best-looking person? </li></ul><ul><li>Winning the lottery? </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>A LIFE OF PLEASURE, ENGAGEMENT & MEANING </li></ul>True Happiness
  6. 6. Psychologists Have Found <ul><li>A good definition of real or true happiness is… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Feeling many pleasures. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feeling few pains. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finding satisfaction with life. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. And Feeling… <ul><ul><li>Positive emotions such as... </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Satisfaction Zest </li></ul><ul><li>Fulfillment LOVE Gratitude Hope </li></ul><ul><li>Cheer Engaged Joy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TOGEHTERNESS </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. REAL SELF <ul><li>Wisdom (using knowledge well) </li></ul><ul><li>Courage </li></ul><ul><li>Humanity: (being good to others) </li></ul><ul><li>Justice: (Being Fair to Others) </li></ul><ul><li>Self Control </li></ul><ul><li>Finding meaning beyond the material world </li></ul>
  9. 9. Wisdom (using knowledge well) <ul><li>creativity (originality, ingenuity) </li></ul><ul><li>curiosity (novelty-seeking, openness to experience) </li></ul><ul><li>open-mindedness </li></ul><ul><li>love of learning , </li></ul><ul><li>perspective , (wisdom, give wise advice) </li></ul>
  10. 11. Courage <ul><li>Bravery : Not shrinking from threat, challenge, difficulty, or pain </li></ul><ul><li>Persistence (perseverance, industriousness): Finishing what one starts; </li></ul><ul><li>Integrity (authenticity, honesty): Presenting oneself in a genuine way; taking responsibility for one’s feeling and actions </li></ul><ul><li>Vitality (zest, enthusiasm, energy): Approaching life with excitement and energy; feeling alive and activated </li></ul>
  11. 13. Humanity: (being good to others) <ul><li>Love: Valuing close relations with others, in particular those in which sharing and caring are reciprocated. </li></ul><ul><li>Kindness (generosity, nurturance, care, compassion): Doing favours and good deeds for others. </li></ul><ul><li>Social intelligence (emotional intelligence,): Being aware of the motives and feelings of other people and oneself. </li></ul>
  12. 15. Justice : (Being Fair to Others) <ul><li>Citizenship (social responsibility, loyalty, teamwork): Working well as a member of a group or team; being loyal to the group. </li></ul><ul><li>Fairness: Treating all people the same according to notions of fairness and justice; </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership: Leading By Example </li></ul>
  13. 16. Self Control <ul><li>Forgiveness and mercy : Forgiving those who have done wrong; accepting the shortcomings of others; giving people a second chance; not being vengeful </li></ul><ul><li>Humility / Modesty : </li></ul><ul><li>Prudence : Being careful about one’s choices; not taking undue risks; not saying or doing things that might later be regretted. </li></ul>
  14. 18. Finding meaning beyond the material world <ul><li>Hope (optimism, future-mindedness, future orientation): Expecting the best in the future and working to achieve it. </li></ul><ul><li>Humour (playfulness): Liking to laugh and tease; bringing smiles to other people; seeing the light side. </li></ul><ul><li>Appreciation of beauty and excellence (awe, wonder, elevation): Appreciating beauty, excellence, and/or skilled performance in various domains of life. </li></ul>
  15. 19. Finding meaning beyond the material world <ul><li>Gratitude : Being aware of and thankful of the good things that happen; taking time to express thanks. </li></ul><ul><li>Spirituality (religiousness, faith, purpose): Having coherent beliefs about the higher purpose, the meaning of life, and the meaning of the universe. </li></ul>
  16. 21. The more we use STRENGHTS we tap into our REAL SELF’S <ul><li>Using personal strengths usually leads to pride, satisfaction, joy, fulfillment, harmony </li></ul><ul><li>and… </li></ul><ul><li>By using strengths, you achieve grow towards your REAL SELF . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Seligman, M. E. P., 2002) </li></ul></ul>
  17. 22. Can I Become Happier? <ul><li>If you are not as happy as you want to be, cheer up! </li></ul><ul><li>It is possible to create happiness! </li></ul>
  18. 23. Exercises to increase positive feelings, engagement, & meaning: <ul><li>• Volunteer </li></ul><ul><li>Plan pleasurable activities – Walk in a Wood </li></ul><ul><li>Perform acts of kindness </li></ul><ul><li>• Reflect on 2 doors that closed and 3 doors that then opened </li></ul><ul><li>• find a challenging hobby </li></ul><ul><li>• performing secret good deeds </li></ul><ul><li>• write one’s own legacy </li></ul>
  19. 24. Exercises to increase positive feelings, engagement, & meaning: <ul><li>• TUNE IN - Identify Three good things in life </li></ul><ul><li>• TUNE IN - Identify Three things that went well each day along with their causes </li></ul><ul><li>• Write about a time at your best, review once a day for a week </li></ul>
  20. 25. Here Are Some Steps <ul><ul><li>Develop ways to cope with stress and hardship. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on the positive. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appreciate the good things. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be true to yourself and sincere with others. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Wallis, 2004; www.authentichappiness.org) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 26. And… <ul><ul><li>Invest time and energy into family and friends. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep commitments to others. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meditate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sleep </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exercise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eat Healthily </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pray. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smile. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Laugh. </li></ul></ul>
  22. 27. Some benefits of using your strengths and building your ‘Real Self’… <ul><ul><li>High motivation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feeling involved. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greater productivity. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Achievement of goals. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Making decisions that are good for you and for others. </li></ul></ul>
  23. 28. As Well As… <ul><ul><li>Stronger relationships. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Positive thoughts and feelings. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confidence and pride. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Satisfaction with life. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Happiness—real, true, lasting,… “authentic.” </li></ul></ul>
  24. 29. Dr. Eddie’s Murphy -- 086 8062452 Psychology & Counselling Services <ul><li>‘ HELPING YOU TO FIND YOUR REAL SELF’ </li></ul><ul><li>Adults / Children </li></ul><ul><li>Depression ● Panic Attack </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety ● Stress </li></ul><ul><li>Bereavement ● Anger </li></ul><ul><li>PTSD </li></ul>