Mussolini ppt

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Mussolini ppt

  1. 1. Slide 1 FC.133 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) World War I (FC.127) Russian Rev.  Growing fear of Communism (FC.130) Italy & Germany mad about Treaty of Versailles (FC.128) Despite his failures, Mussolini inspires Hitler to seize power (FC. 134) Depression (FC.132) Mussolini tries to build Italy’s power by developing: Success, limited. largely by poor planning & corruption though Mussolini still claims Italy is a great power Allows private prop. & free enterprise Is aggressively nationalistic Political & economic chaos in Italy Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order. Local party bosses march on Rome to overthrow govt  Mussolini follows along Govt. panics & makes Mussolini prime minister (1922) Mussolini intimidates parliament to give him emergency powers  He ends civil liberties Italy’s ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft Italy’s military strength Public works (e.g., Hydro-elect.dams) Few resources in Italy Controls most aspects of society Rise of Fascism which:
  2. 2. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) World War I (FC.127) Russian Rev.  Growing fear of Communism (FC.130) Italy & Germany mad about Treaty of Versailles (FC.128) Despite his failures, Mussolini inspires Hitler to seize power (FC. 133)) Depression (FC.131) Mussolini tries several things to make Italy a great power Success, limited. largely by poor planning & corruption though Mussolini still claims Italy is a great power Allows private prop. & free enterprise Is very aggressive nationalistic Political & economic chaos in Italy Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order. Local party bosses march on Rome to overthrow govt  Mussolini follows along Govt. panics & makes Mussolini prime minister (1922) Mussolini intimidates parliament to give him emergency powers  He ends civil liberties Builds ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft Build up Italy’s military strength Public works (e.g., Hydro-elect.dams) Few resources in Italy Controls most aspects of society Rise of Fascism which:
  3. 3. MUSSOLINI SAYINGS “ Books are good…
  4. 4. MUSSOLINI SAYINGS “ Books are good, muskets are better.”
  5. 5. MUSSOLINI SAYINGS “ Books are good, muskets are better.” “… only blood makes the wheels of history turn.”
  6. 6. MUSSOLINI SAYINGS “ Books are good, muskets are better.” “… only blood makes the wheels of history turn.” “ Mussolini is always right.”
  7. 7. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) World War I (FC.127) A
  8. 8. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) World War I (FC.127) A Political & economic chaos in Italy
  9. 9. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) Italy & Germany? mad about Treaty of Versailles (FC.128) A World War I (FC.127) Political & economic chaos in Italy
  10. 10. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) World War I (FC.127) Russian Revolution  Growing fear of what ? Italy & Germany mad about Treaty of Versailles (FC.128) A Political & economic chaos in Italy
  11. 11. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) World War I (FC.127) Russian Rev.  Growing fear of Communism (FC.130) Italy & Germany mad about Treaty of Versailles (FC.128) A Political & economic chaos in Italy
  12. 12. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) A World War I (FC.127) Russian Rev.  Growing fear of Communism (FC.130) Italy & Germany mad about Treaty of Versailles (FC.128) Allows private prop. & free enterprise Is very aggressive nationalistic Political & economic chaos in Italy Controls most aspects of society New polit. Philosophy?
  13. 13. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) A World War I (FC.127) Russian Rev.  Growing fear of Communism (FC.130) Italy & Germany mad about Treaty of Versailles (FC.128) Allows private prop. & free enterprise Is very aggressive nationalistic Political & economic chaos in Italy Controls what? Rise of Fascism which:
  14. 14. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) A World War I (FC.127) Russian Rev.  Growing fear of Communism (FC.130) Italy & Germany mad about Treaty of Versailles (FC.128) Private prop. & free enterprise? Is very aggressive nationalistic Political & economic chaos in Italy Controls most aspects of society Rise of Fascism which:
  15. 15. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) A World War I (FC.127) Russian Rev.  Growing fear of Communism (FC.130) Italy & Germany mad about Treaty of Versailles (FC.128) Allows private prop. & free enterprise Attitude toward the nation? Political & economic chaos in Italy Controls most aspects of society Rise of Fascism which:
  16. 16. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) A Fascism gets its name from the ancient Roman fasces , a bundle of rods carried before Roman consuls as a symbol of their power. World War I (FC.127) Russian Rev.  Growing fear of Communism (FC.130) Italy & Germany mad about Treaty of Versailles (FC.128) Allows private prop. & free enterprise Is very aggressive nationalistic Political & economic chaos in Italy Controls most aspects of society Rise of Fascism which:
  17. 17. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) A Fascism gets its name from the ancient Roman fasces , a bundle of rods carried before Roman consuls as a symbol of their power. World War I (FC.127) Russian Rev.  Growing fear of Communism (FC.130) Italy & Germany mad about Treaty of Versailles (FC.128) Who likes it & why? Allows private prop. & free enterprise Is very aggressive nationalistic Political & economic chaos in Italy Controls most aspects of society Rise of Fascism which:
  18. 18. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) A World War I (FC.127) Russian Rev.  Growing fear of Communism (FC.130) Italy & Germany mad about Treaty of Versailles (FC.128) Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise Leader & tactics he uses to gain popularity? Allows private prop. & free enterprise Is very aggressive nationalistic Political & economic chaos in Italy Controls most aspects of society Rise of Fascism which:
  19. 19. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) A World War I (FC.127) Russian Rev.  Growing fear of Communism (FC.130) Italy & Germany mad about Treaty of Versailles (FC.128) Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order. Allows private prop. & free enterprise Is very aggressive nationalistic Political & economic chaos in Italy Controls most aspects of society Rise of Fascism which:
  20. 21. A fascist mass rally in Rome. Mussolini’s use of such events would influence Hitler’s theories & practices concerning the manipulation of mass democratic politics.
  21. 22. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) A World War I (FC.127) Russian Rev.  Growing fear of Communism (FC.130) Italy & Germany mad about Treaty of Versailles (FC.128) Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order. How do Fascists gain control of the Italian govt? Allows private prop. & free enterprise Is very aggressive nationalistic Political & economic chaos in Italy Controls most aspects of society Rise of Fascism which:
  22. 23. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) A World War I (FC.127) Russian Rev.  Growing fear of Communism (FC.130) Italy & Germany mad about Treaty of Versailles (FC.128) Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order. Local party bosses march on Rome to overthrow govt  Mussolini follows along Allows private prop. & free enterprise Is very aggressive nationalistic Political & economic chaos in Italy Controls most aspects of society Rise of Fascism which:
  23. 24. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) A World War I (FC.127) Russian Rev.  Growing fear of Communism (FC.130) Italy & Germany mad about Treaty of Versailles (FC.128) Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order. Local party bosses march on Rome to overthrow govt  Mussolini follows along Govt. panics & makes Mussolini prime minister (1922) Allows private prop. & free enterprise Is very aggressive nationalistic Political & economic chaos in Italy Controls most aspects of society Rise of Fascism which:
  24. 25. Benito’s march on Rome
  25. 26. Benito and Victor Emmanuel III. “Your majesty will forgive my appearance, but I come from a battlefield.”
  26. 27. Painting glorifying the massive traffic jam known as the March on Rome.
  27. 28. Believe it or not, this company put out “March on Rome” playset so that kids could re-enact a somewhat lame event that got bogged down in traffic. Just to be safe, this comes with 4 Benitos, just in case the other 3 get lost. In this series there are playsets to re-enact a Nazi rally, a Bolshevik rally, and a Chinese Communist rally.
  28. 32. “ Without the March on Rome, there could be no march on Moscow.”
  29. 33. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) A World War I (FC.127) Russian Rev.  Growing fear of Communism (FC.130) Italy & Germany mad about Treaty of Versailles (FC.128) Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order. Local party bosses march on Rome to overthrow govt  Mussolini follows along Govt. panics & makes Mussolini prime minister (1922) Mussolini intimidates parliament to give him emergency powers  ? Allows private prop. & free enterprise Is very aggressive nationalistic Political & economic chaos in Italy Controls most aspects of society Rise of Fascism which:
  30. 34. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) 1929 - Lateran Treaty  Papacy recognized state of Italy in return for $, indep. Vatican state, & right to teach in schools World War I (FC.127) Russian Rev.  Growing fear of Communism (FC.130) Italy & Germany mad about Treaty of Versailles (FC.128) Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order. Local party bosses march on Rome to overthrow govt  Mussolini follows along Govt. panics & makes Mussolini prime minister (1922) Mussolini intimidates parliament to give him emergency powers  He ends civil liberties Allows private prop. & free enterprise Is very aggressive nationalistic Political & economic chaos in Italy Controls most aspects of society Rise of Fascism which:
  31. 35. Benito as an heroic warrior and as an heroic warrior on a horse!
  32. 36. Benito visiting soldiers in the hospital
  33. 37. Benito as an heroic warrior fighting a LION (cub)!
  34. 38. Benito as a building block
  35. 39. Benito pretending to be on the covers of Life Magazine (upper left) and Time Magazine with lots of Italies coming out of his head
  36. 40. Benito as five heroic warriors at the same time!
  37. 41. Benito as Darth Vader
  38. 42. Benito as a giant mountain of Italians all agreeing with himself
  39. 43. Benito’s modest (60’ X 40’) office
  40. 44. The Alphabet Dancers praising Benito after his takeove of Sesame Street.
  41. 45. A beautiful woman covering a gaping tear in her swimsuit with a picture of Benito’s big head.
  42. 46. 1929 - Signing the Lateran Treaty by which the Papacy recognized state of Italy in return for $, indep. Vatican state, & right to teach in schools and have Bingo nights every Wednesday. Apparently Benito couldn’t even resist cheating when signing a treaty.
  43. 47. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) 1929 - Lateran Treaty  Papacy recognized state of Italy in return for $, indep. Vatican state, & right to teach in schools World War I (FC.127) Russian Rev.  Growing fear of Communism (FC.130) Italy & Germany mad about Treaty of Versailles (FC.128) Mussolini tries several things to make Italy a great power Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order. Local party bosses march on Rome to overthrow govt  Mussolini follows along Govt. panics & makes Mussolini prime minister (1922) Mussolini intimidates parliament to give him emergency powers  He ends civil liberties Builds ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft Build up Italy’s military strength Public works (e.g., Hydro-elect.dams) Allows private prop. & free enterprise Is very aggressive nationalistic Political & economic chaos in Italy Controls most aspects of society Rise of Fascism which:
  44. 48. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) 1929 - Lateran Treaty  Papacy recognized state of Italy in return for $, indep. Vatican state, & right to teach in schools World War I (FC.127) Russian Rev.  Growing fear of Communism (FC.130) Italy & Germany mad about Treaty of Versailles (FC.128) Mussolini tries several things to make Italy a great power Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order. Local party bosses march on Rome to overthrow govt  Mussolini follows along Govt. panics & makes Mussolini prime minister (1922) Mussolini intimidates parliament to give him emergency powers  He ends civil liberties Builds ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft Build up Italy’s military strength Public works (e.g., Hydro-elect.dams) Allows private prop. & free enterprise Is very aggressive nationalistic Political & economic chaos in Italy Controls most aspects of society Rise of Fascism which:
  45. 49. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) 1929 - Lateran Treaty  Papacy recognized state of Italy in return for $, indep. Vatican state, & right to teach in schools World War I (FC.127) Russian Rev.  Growing fear of Communism (FC.130) Italy & Germany mad about Treaty of Versailles (FC.128) Mussolini tries several things to make Italy a great power Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order. Local party bosses march on Rome to overthrow govt  Mussolini follows along Govt. panics & makes Mussolini prime minister (1922) Mussolini intimidates parliament to give him emergency powers  He ends civil liberties Builds ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft Build up Italy’s military strength Public works (e.g., Hydro-elect.dams) Allows private prop. & free enterprise Is very aggressive nationalistic Political & economic chaos in Italy Controls most aspects of society Rise of Fascism which:
  46. 51. “ Good blood doesn’t lie”
  47. 54. <ul><li>BENITO’S MILITARY BUILDUP </li></ul><ul><li>Army </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : </li></ul>
  48. 55. <ul><li>BENITO’S MILITARY BUILDUP </li></ul><ul><li>Army </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 6m. Men (1934) </li></ul>
  49. 56. <ul><li>BENITO’S MILITARY BUILDUP </li></ul><ul><li>Army </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 6m. Men (1934)-> 8m. (‘36) </li></ul>
  50. 57. <ul><li>BENITO’S MILITARY BUILDUP </li></ul><ul><li>Army </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 6m. Men (1934)-> 8m. (‘36)-> 12m. (‘39) </li></ul>
  51. 58. <ul><li>BENITO’S MILITARY BUILDUP </li></ul><ul><li>Army </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 6m. Men (1934)-> 8m. (‘36)-> 12m. (‘39) </li></ul><ul><li>Reality : never more than 3 million </li></ul>
  52. 59. <ul><li>BENITO’S MILITARY BUILDUP </li></ul><ul><li>Army </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 6m. Men (1934)-> 8m. (‘36)-> 12m. (‘39) </li></ul><ul><li>Reality : never more than 3 million </li></ul><ul><li>Artillery </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : </li></ul>
  53. 60. <ul><li>BENITO’S MILITARY BUILDUP </li></ul><ul><li>Army </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 6m. Men (1934)-> 8m. (‘36)-> 12m. (‘39) </li></ul><ul><li>Reality : never more than 3 million </li></ul><ul><li>Artillery </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 450 pieces/month </li></ul>
  54. 61. <ul><li>BENITO’S MILITARY BUILDUP </li></ul><ul><li>Army </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 6m. Men (1934)-> 8m. (‘36)-> 12m. (‘39) </li></ul><ul><li>Reality : never more than 3 million </li></ul><ul><li>Artillery </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 450 pieces/month </li></ul><ul><li>Reality : only 4-5/mo.-> Max. 200= 1/6 WWI Prod. </li></ul>
  55. 62. <ul><li>BENITO’S MILITARY BUILDUP </li></ul><ul><li>Army </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 6m. Men (1934)-> 8m. (‘36)-> 12m. (‘39) </li></ul><ul><li>Reality : never more than 3 million </li></ul><ul><li>Artillery </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 450 pieces/month </li></ul><ul><li>Reality : only 4-5/mo.-> Max. 200= 1/6 WWI Prod. </li></ul><ul><li>Best artillery were Austrian guns capt. In WWI </li></ul>
  56. 63. <ul><li>BENITO’S MILITARY BUILDUP </li></ul><ul><li>Army </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 6m. Men (1934)-> 8m. (‘36)-> 12m. (‘39) </li></ul><ul><li>Reality : never more than 3 million </li></ul><ul><li>Artillery </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 450 pieces/month </li></ul><ul><li>Reality : only 4-5/mo.-> Max. 200= 1/6 WWI Prod. </li></ul><ul><li>Best artillery were Austrian guns capt. In WWI </li></ul><ul><li>Tanks </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 3 armored div’s w/25 ton tanks </li></ul>
  57. 64. <ul><li>BENITO’S MILITARY BUILDUP </li></ul><ul><li>Army </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 6m. Men (1934)-> 8m. (‘36)-> 12m. (‘39) </li></ul><ul><li>Reality : never more than 3 million </li></ul><ul><li>Artillery </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 450 pieces/month </li></ul><ul><li>Reality : only 4-5/mo.-> Max. 200= 1/6 WWI Prod. </li></ul><ul><li>Best artillery were Austrian guns capt. In WWI </li></ul><ul><li>Tanks </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 3 armored div’s w/25 ton tanks </li></ul><ul><li>Reality : ~3.5 ton armored car w/only mach. gun, </li></ul><ul><li>poor visibility, & no radio -> Infantry had to lead it </li></ul>
  58. 65. <ul><li>BENITO’S MILITARY BUILDUP </li></ul><ul><li>Army </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 6m. Men (1934)-> 8m. (‘36)-> 12m. (‘39) </li></ul><ul><li>Reality : never more than 3 million </li></ul><ul><li>Artillery </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 450 pieces/month </li></ul><ul><li>Reality : only 4-5/mo.-> Max. 200= 1/6 WWI Prod. </li></ul><ul><li>Best artillery were Austrian guns capt. In WWI </li></ul><ul><li>Tanks </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 3 armored div’s w/25 ton tanks </li></ul><ul><li>Reality : ~3.5 ton armored car w/only mach. gun, </li></ul><ul><li>poor visibility, & no radio -> Infantry had to lead it </li></ul><ul><li>-> Borrowed armored cars from police for parades </li></ul>
  59. 66. <ul><li>BENITO’S MILITARY BUILDUP </li></ul><ul><li>Army </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed 6m. Men (1934)-> 8m. (‘36)-> 12m. (‘39) </li></ul><ul><li>Reality never more than 3 million </li></ul><ul><li>Artillery </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed 450 pieces/month </li></ul><ul><li>Reality-> only 4-5/mo.-> Max. 200= 1/6 WWI Prod. </li></ul><ul><li>Best artillery were Austrian guns capt. In WWI </li></ul><ul><li>Tanks </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed: 3 armored div’s w/25 ton tanks </li></ul><ul><li>Reality: ~3.5 ton armored car w/only mach. gun, </li></ul><ul><li>poor visibility, & no radio -> Infantry had to lead it </li></ul><ul><li>-> Borrowed armored cars from police for parades </li></ul><ul><li>Air Force </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed: 8530 planes </li></ul>
  60. 67. <ul><li>BENITO’S MILITARY BUILDUP </li></ul><ul><li>Army </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 6m. Men (1934)-> 8m. (‘36)-> 12m. (‘39) </li></ul><ul><li>Reality : never more than 3 million </li></ul><ul><li>Artillery </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 450 pieces/month </li></ul><ul><li>Reality : only 4-5/mo.-> Max. 200= 1/6 WWI Prod. </li></ul><ul><li>Best artillery were Austrian guns capt. In WWI </li></ul><ul><li>Tanks </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 3 armored div’s w/25 ton tanks </li></ul><ul><li>Reality : ~3.5 ton armored car w/only mach. gun, </li></ul><ul><li>poor visibility, & no radio -> Infantry had to lead it </li></ul><ul><li>-> Borrowed armored cars from police for parades </li></ul><ul><li>Air Force </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 8530 planes </li></ul><ul><li>Reality : 3k (acc. to 1 minister) </li></ul>
  61. 68. <ul><li>BENITO’S MILITARY BUILDUP </li></ul><ul><li>Army </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 6m. Men (1934)-> 8m. (‘36)-> 12m. (‘39) </li></ul><ul><li>Reality : never more than 3 million </li></ul><ul><li>Artillery </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 450 pieces/month </li></ul><ul><li>Reality : only 4-5/mo.-> Max. 200= 1/6 WWI Prod. </li></ul><ul><li>Best artillery were Austrian guns capt. In WWI </li></ul><ul><li>Tanks </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 3 armored div’s w/25 ton tanks </li></ul><ul><li>Reality : ~3.5 ton armored car w/only mach. gun, </li></ul><ul><li>poor visibility, & no radio -> Infantry had to lead it </li></ul><ul><li>-> Borrowed armored cars from police for parades </li></ul><ul><li>Air Force </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 8530 planes </li></ul><ul><li>Reality : 3k (acc. to 1 minister)->1k (acc. to navy) </li></ul>
  62. 69. <ul><li>BENITO’S MILITARY BUILDUP </li></ul><ul><li>Army </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 6m. Men (1934)-> 8m. (‘36)-> 12m. (‘39) </li></ul><ul><li>Reality : never more than 3 million </li></ul><ul><li>Artillery </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 450 pieces/month </li></ul><ul><li>Reality : only 4-5/mo.-> Max. 200= 1/6 WWI Prod. </li></ul><ul><li>Best artillery were Austrian guns capt. In WWI </li></ul><ul><li>Tanks </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 3 armored div’s w/25 ton tanks </li></ul><ul><li>Reality : ~3.5 ton armored car w/only mach. gun, </li></ul><ul><li>poor visibility, & no radio -> Infantry had to lead it </li></ul><ul><li>-> Borrowed armored cars from police for parades </li></ul><ul><li>Air Force </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 8530 planes </li></ul><ul><li>Reality : 3k (acc. to 1 minister)-> 1k (acc. to navy) </li></ul><ul><li>-> Actually 583-> Flew field to field for mult. reviews </li></ul>
  63. 70. <ul><li>BENITO’S MILITARY BUILDUP </li></ul><ul><li>Army </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 6m. Men (1934)-> 8m. (‘36)-> 12m. (‘39) </li></ul><ul><li>Reality : never more than 3 million </li></ul><ul><li>Artillery </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 450 pieces/month </li></ul><ul><li>Reality : only 4-5/mo.-> Max. 200= 1/6 WWI Prod. </li></ul><ul><li>Best artillery were Austrian guns capt. In WWI </li></ul><ul><li>Tanks </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 3 armored div’s w/25 ton tanks </li></ul><ul><li>Reality : ~3.5 ton armored car w/only mach. gun, </li></ul><ul><li>poor visibility, & no radio -> Infantry had to lead it </li></ul><ul><li>-> Borrowed armored cars from police for parades </li></ul><ul><li>Air Force </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 8530 planes </li></ul><ul><li>Reality : 3k (acc. to 1 minister)->1k (acc. to navy) </li></ul><ul><li>-> Actually 583-> Flew field to field for mult. reviews </li></ul><ul><li>3 Spy services </li></ul>
  64. 71. <ul><li>BENITO’S MILITARY BUILDUP </li></ul><ul><li>Army </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 6m. Men (1934)-> 8m. (‘36)-> 12m. (‘39) </li></ul><ul><li>Reality : never more than 3 million </li></ul><ul><li>Artillery </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 450 pieces/month </li></ul><ul><li>Reality : only 4-5/mo.-> Max. 200= 1/6 WWI Prod. </li></ul><ul><li>Best artillery were Austrian guns capt. In WWI </li></ul><ul><li>Tanks </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 3 armored div’s w/25 ton tanks </li></ul><ul><li>Reality : ~3.5 ton armored car w/only mach. gun, </li></ul><ul><li>poor visibility, & no radio -> Infantry had to lead it </li></ul><ul><li>-> Borrowed armored cars from police for parades </li></ul><ul><li>Air Force </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed : 8530 planes </li></ul><ul><li>Reality : 3k (acc. to 1 minister)-> 1k (acc. to navy) </li></ul><ul><li>-> Actually 583-> Flew field to field for mult. reviews </li></ul><ul><li>3 Spy services </li></ul><ul><li>-> Arrest each other, put false documents in others’ files </li></ul>
  65. 72. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) World War I (FC.127) Russian Rev.  Growing fear of Communism (FC.130) Italy & Germany mad about Treaty of Versailles (FC.128) 1929 - Lateran Treaty  Papacy recognized state of Italy in return for $, indep. Vatican state, & right to teach in schools Mussolini tries several things to make Italy a great power Allows private prop. & free enterprise Is very aggressive nationalistic Political & economic chaos in Italy Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order. Local party bosses march on Rome to overthrow govt  Mussolini follows along Govt. panics & makes Mussolini prime minister (1922) Mussolini intimidates parliament to give him emergency powers  He ends civil liberties Builds ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft Build up Italy’s military strength Public works (e.g., Hydro-elect.dams) Controls most aspects of society Rise of Fascism which:
  66. 73. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) World War I (FC.127) Russian Rev.  Growing fear of Communism (FC.130) Italy & Germany mad about Treaty of Versailles (FC.128) 1929 - Lateran Treaty  Papacy recognized state of Italy in return for $, indep. Vatican state, & right to teach in schools Mussolini tries several things to make Italy a great power Allows private prop. & free enterprise Is very aggressive nationalistic Political & economic chaos in Italy Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order. Local party bosses march on Rome to overthrow govt  Mussolini follows along Govt. panics & makes Mussolini prime minister (1922) Mussolini intimidates parliament to give him emergency powers  He ends civil liberties Builds ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft Build up Italy’s military strength Public works (e.g., Hydro-elect.dams) Few resources in Italy Controls most aspects of society Rise of Fascism which:
  67. 74. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) World War I (FC.127) Russian Rev.  Growing fear of Communism (FC.130) Italy & Germany mad about Treaty of Versailles (FC.128) Depression (FC.131) 1929 - Lateran Treaty  Papacy recognized state of Italy in return for $, indep. Vatican state, & right to teach in schools Mussolini tries several things to make Italy a great power Allows private prop. & free enterprise Is very aggressive nationalistic Political & economic chaos in Italy Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order. Local party bosses march on Rome to overthrow govt  Mussolini follows along Govt. panics & makes Mussolini prime minister (1922) Mussolini intimidates parliament to give him emergency powers  He ends civil liberties Builds ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft Build up Italy’s military strength Public works (e.g., Hydro-elect.dams) Few resources in Italy Controls most aspects of society Rise of Fascism which:
  68. 75. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) World War I (FC.127) Russian Rev.  Growing fear of Communism (FC.130) Italy & Germany mad about Treaty of Versailles (FC.128) Depression (FC.131) 1929 - Lateran Treaty  Papacy recognized state of Italy in return for $, indep. Vatican state, & right to teach in schools Mussolini tries several things to make Italy a great power Success, limited. largely by poor planning & corruption though Mussolini still claims Italy is a great power Allows private prop. & free enterprise Is very aggressive nationalistic Political & economic chaos in Italy Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order. Local party bosses march on Rome to overthrow govt  Mussolini follows along Govt. panics & makes Mussolini prime minister (1922) Mussolini intimidates parliament to give him emergency powers  He ends civil liberties Builds ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft Build up Italy’s military strength Public works (e.g., Hydro-elect.dams) Few resources in Italy Controls most aspects of society Rise of Fascism which:
  69. 76. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) World War I (FC.127) Russian Rev.  Growing fear of Communism (FC.130) Italy & Germany mad about Treaty of Versailles (FC.128) Despite his failures, Mussolini inspires Hitler to seize power (FC. 133)) Depression (FC.131) 1929 - Lateran Treaty  Papacy recognized state of Italy in return for $, indep. Vatican state, & right to teach in schools Mussolini tries several things to make Italy a great power Success, limited. largely by poor planning & corruption though Mussolini still claims Italy is a great power Allows private prop. & free enterprise Is very aggressive nationalistic Political & economic chaos in Italy Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order. Local party bosses march on Rome to overthrow govt  Mussolini follows along Govt. panics & makes Mussolini prime minister (1922) Mussolini intimidates parliament to give him emergency powers  He ends civil liberties Builds ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft Build up Italy’s military strength Public works (e.g., Hydro-elect.dams) Few resources in Italy Controls most aspects of society Rise of Fascism which:
  70. 77. FC.132 THE RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY (1919-1925) World War I (FC.127) Russian Rev.  Growing fear of Communism (FC.130) Italy & Germany mad about Treaty of Versailles (FC.128) Despite his failures, Mussolini inspires Hitler to seize power (FC. 133)) Depression (FC.131) Mussolini tries several things to make Italy a great power Success, limited. largely by poor planning & corruption though Mussolini still claims Italy is a great power Allows private prop. & free enterprise Is very aggressive nationalistic Political & economic chaos in Italy Popular with middle class who fear Communism will eliminate private property & free enterprise Benito Mussolini & Fascists in Italy gain popularity by starting riots to destabilize govt. while posing as champions of law & order. Local party bosses march on Rome to overthrow govt  Mussolini follows along Govt. panics & makes Mussolini prime minister (1922) Mussolini intimidates parliament to give him emergency powers  He ends civil liberties Builds ind’s, esp. shipping & aircraft Build up Italy’s military strength Public works (e.g., Hydro-elect.dams) Few resources in Italy Controls most aspects of society Rise of Fascism which:

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