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Air Pollution

Air Pollution

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  • 1. Air Pollution By: Allison Murphy
  • 2. Air Pollution is…
    • Air pollution is any airborne material that arises in high concentrations, enough to threaten the health of humans, animals, and even plants and the environment.
  • 3. Types of Pollution
    • Primary Air Pollutants
      • enter the atmosphere directly from a source (such as smokestacks)
    • Secondary Air Pollutants
      • formed after a chemical reaction takes place between a primary pollutant and other components of air (such as water vapor)
  • 4. Sources of Pollution…
    • Transportation (exhaust from automobiles, boats, planes) is an example of a human generated source pollution
    • Volcanic erosion is an example of a natural source of air pollution
  • 5. Examples of Natural Pollutants
    • Wildfires
    • Hot springs
    • Cattle
    • Pine trees
  • 6. Examples of Human Generated
    • Power plants
    • Automobiles
    • Fireplaces
    • Garbage fires
  • 7. Particulate Matter
    • Particulate matter
      • mixture of very small solid and liquid particles of debris in the air
    • Health affects:
      • respiratory problems
      • asthma
      • irregular heartbeats
      • nonfatal heart attacks
  • 8. Smog
    • Smog is the mixture of smoke and fog.
      • It is human generated
    • It is produced from things such as burning coal, exhaust from a vehicle or industrial admissions
  • 9.  
  • 10. Forms of Pollution
    • Carbon Monoxide
    • Sulfur Dioxide
    • Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs)
    • Types of Nitrogen Oxides
  • 11. Interesting Facts
    • “ Every year, one American produces over 3,85 pounds of hazardous waste.”
    • “ Over 80% of items in landfills are recyclable, but they’re not.”
    • “ Each year, factories spew 3 million tons of toxic chemicals into the air, land, and water.”
    • http://www.dosomething.org/tipsandtools/11-facts-about-pollution
  • 12. Prevention
    • Here are a few things that us humans can do to prevent pollution:
      • Walk more, drive less
      • Recycle plastics, aluminums, glasses
      • Use furnace/fireplaces as little as possible
      • Stop using lawn and plant fertilizers
      • Turn off lights when not using them
      • Use “energy-saving” light bulbs
  • 13. Sources for Information
      • http://healthandenergy.com/air_pollution_causes.htm
      • http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/Atmosphere/pollution_sources.html&edu=elem
      • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smog
      • http://www.dosomething.org/tipsandtools/11-facts-about-pollution
      • http://www.on.ec.gc.ca/community/classroom/pp/m6-006-e.html
      • Essentials of Meteorology: An Invitation To The Atmosphere, Fifth Edition, by C. Donald Ahrens
  • 14. Pictures
    • Cairo Air Pollution with less smog – Pyramids1
      • <div xmlns:cc=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#&quot; about=&quot;http://www.flickr.com/photos/94693506@N00/2419349835/&quot;><a rel=&quot;cc:attributionURL&quot; href=&quot;http://www.flickr.com/photos/94693506@N00/&quot;>http://www.flickr.com/photos/94693506@N00/</a> / <a rel=&quot;license&quot; href=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/&quot;>CC BY 2.0</a></div>
    • DSC_138
      • <div xmlns:cc=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#&quot; about=&quot;http://www.flickr.com/photos/38449766@N03/3602195819/&quot;><a rel=&quot;cc:attributionURL&quot; href=&quot;http://www.flickr.com/photos/38449766@N03/&quot;>http://www.flickr.com/photos/38449766@N03/</a> / <a rel=&quot;license&quot; href=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/&quot;>CC BY 2.0</a></div>
    • Discrepant
      • <div xmlns:cc=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#&quot; about=&quot;http://www.flickr.com/photos/naturesdawn/2469516605/&quot;><a rel=&quot;cc:attributionURL&quot; href=&quot;http://www.flickr.com/photos/naturesdawn/&quot;>http://www.flickr.com/photos/naturesdawn/</a> / <a rel=&quot;license&quot; href=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/&quot;>CC BY 2.0</a></div>
  • 15. Pictures cont.
    • Smog
      • <div xmlns:cc=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#&quot; about=&quot;http://www.flickr.com/photos/ramella/349279227/&quot;><a rel=&quot;cc:attributionURL&quot; href=&quot;http://www.flickr.com/photos/ramella/&quot;>http://www.flickr.com/photos/ramella/</a> / <a rel=&quot;license&quot; href=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/&quot;>CC BY 2.0</a></div>
    • Smog over the city
      • <div xmlns:cc=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#&quot; about=&quot;http://www.flickr.com/photos/ikkoskinen/288988547/&quot;><a rel=&quot;cc:attributionURL&quot; href=&quot;http://www.flickr.com/photos/ikkoskinen/&quot;>http://www.flickr.com/photos/ikkoskinen/</a> / <a rel=&quot;license&quot; href=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/&quot;>CC BY 2.0</a></div>
    • Glowing coals
      • <div xmlns:cc=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#&quot; about=&quot;http://www.flickr.com/photos/oakleyoriginals/3623475487/&quot;><a rel=&quot;cc:attributionURL&quot; href=&quot;http://www.flickr.com/photos/oakleyoriginals/&quot;>http://www.flickr.com/photos/oakleyoriginals/</a> / <a rel=&quot;license&quot; href=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/&quot;>CC BY 2.0</a></div>
  • 16.