Tobacco presentation

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Tobacco presentation

  1. 1. TobaccoA Cultural History of How an Exotic Plant Seduced a Civilization<br />By Ian Gately<br />
  2. 2. Early History<br />Originated in Peruvian/Ecuadorian Andes<br />Believed to have healing properties<br />Used as a right of passage for shamans<br />Smoking was more than just inhaling <br />and exhaling <br />
  3. 3. Eastern World’s Reaction to Smoking<br />Satanic connections to smoking<br />The plant was brought to Spain and Portugal in the 1550’s <br />Used medicinally<br />Brought to England by Sir Francis Drake<br />Popular amongst royals<br />Spread throughout Asia by the trans-Pacific trade route<br />Traded on West African trade routes<br />
  4. 4. Eastern World’s Reaction to Smoking Cont.<br />Tobacco’s acceptance in Europe required strong labor force<br />Slavery was needed<br />Smoking tobacco was spread by Holland<br />
  5. 5. England’s Navigation Acts<br />Implemented due to problems with tobacco smuggling<br />1st Navigation Act-imports to England must be come directly on English ships from wherever the product was made<br />2nd Navigation Act-prohibited citizens from selling tobacco outside of England<br />
  6. 6. Tobacco and Conflict<br />Taxation by the British caused Revolutionary War, but tobacco helped win it<br />British traded tobacco for Brandy with the enemy<br />During WWII cigarettes were not included on the ration list<br />Therapeutic smoking for soldiers <br />
  7. 7. Medicinally Socially<br />Scientists questioned “why smoke?”<br />In 1809, nicotine was discovered as the main ingredient in tobacco<br />
  8. 8. “Why smoke?”  “What do you smoke?<br />Smoking taken up because of pleasure and low prices<br />Women smoking<br />
  9. 9. Advertising<br />Tobacco companies became very competitive, and some went to extreme measures<br />“Luckies” brand cigarettes<br />Doctors endorsing brands<br />
  10. 10. Film, Art, Literature, Music and Tobacco<br />Actors smoking on screen created a desirable image<br />Artists depicted people smoking in their works<br />Writers used smoking as a commonality between characters<br />Rock’n’roll changed adolescent view on smoking<br />Rebellion promoted by musicians started<br /> with smoking<br />
  11. 11. Discovery of Health Risks<br />1957 US Surgeon General released a statement that “prolonged cigarette smoking was a causative factor in the etiology of lung cancer”<br />Tobacco companies were attacked by the government and their customers<br />Television advertisements were banned<br />
  12. 12. Addiction<br />The nicotine in cigarettes was addictive<br />Why people smoked was not because of previous beliefs<br />Second-hand smoke became a danger to non-smokers<br />5 types of smokers discovered by Dr. Hamilton Russell<br />Psychosocial, indulgent, self-tranquilizers, self-stimulating, addictive<br />
  13. 13. Conclusion<br />Tobacco was one of the most important items of trade in history<br />Brought society together<br />Unlike anything the world had seen, yet it was embraced very quickly<br />
  14. 14. Bibliography<br />Book: Gately, Ian. Tobacco: A Cultural History of How an Exotic Plant Seduced a Civilization. New York City: Grove Press, 2001.<br />Pictures:http://molinterv.aspetjournals.org/content/3/3/169/embed/graphic-1.gif ; http://www.old-picture.com/indians/pictures/Indian-Smoking-Pipe.jpg ; http://www.kislakfoundation.org/millennium-exhibit/pics/burnside/0469.jpg ; http://cache3.asset-cache.net/xc/82500651.jpg?v=1&c=IWSAsset&k=2&d=B5384F3B2A5A9842D6BECA458F56BF65A82FEE2A3B8C19C0A3CAAF34BA819D3AE30A760B0D811297; http://pzrservices.typepad.com/vintageadvertising/images/2007/06/18/vintage_cigarette_ad.jpg ; http://site.izieweb.nl/rollingstones/plaat.php?fileid=2178 ; http://commentisfree.guardian.co.uk/smoking.jpg ; http://www.pastemagazine.com/blogs/lists/2009/06/12/surgeon_general_warning_01.gif ; http://stopsmokingnow.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2009/01/nicotine2.jpg; http://www.fasthorseinc.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2010/12/luckys_1930s1.jpg ; http://www.oddee.com/item_93813.aspx ; http://openwetware.org/images/8/89/Tobacco_leaf.jpg ; https://webspace.utexas.edu/cokerwr/www/slides/circles/cig2.gif ; <br />

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