The History Of Coffee

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The History Of Coffee

  1. 1. The Devil’s Cup By: Stewart Allen Presented by: Eric Paradis World History AP, F Period
  2. 2. Stewart Allen’s journey <ul><li>This novel is actually like a journal, reviewing his trip worldwide, uncovering the history of coffee and how it changed the world. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Precaffinated Era <ul><li>Around 3000 years ago </li></ul><ul><li>used by nomadic Oromos in the city of Kefa </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kefa: believed by some to be the origin of coffee </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ate with crushed beans mixed with fat rolled into little golf ball sized bites </li></ul><ul><li>captured slaves brought beans to Harrar, Ethiopia </li></ul>
  4. 4. Ethiopia <ul><li>Main form is called “qat” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>not the bean but the raw leaf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>chewed until juices are extracted, comparable to low-key ecstasy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>the bean is a symbol of power, private gardens </li></ul><ul><li>from Harrar, East to Red Sea to port al-Makkha or Mocha </li></ul>
  5. 5. al-Makkha, Yemen <ul><li>al-Shadhili is believed to be the first to brew the cup around 1200 </li></ul><ul><li>used mainly as an aphrodisiac </li></ul><ul><ul><li>legend of how it came to be: goats eating, goatherd tries berries, no more fatigue </li></ul></ul><ul><li>main form of drink is brewed from the husk rather than the bean called qisher </li></ul>
  6. 6. Istanbul, Turkey <ul><li>Home to the creation of the world’s modern coffee cup </li></ul><ul><ul><li>drunken from a handleless bowl the size of an egg, for the sultan a “zarf” or bowl holder was made (gold and diamond encrusted, etc.), over time a handle was added to the zarf, then the handle was moved to the actual cup and the zarf was discarded </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sultan Murad IV </li></ul><ul><ul><li>inherited the role at age 11, brutal and liked to slaughter, would roam the streets in disguise to catch </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Istanbul, Turkey (cont.) <ul><ul><li>...potential threats, overheard sensible sober conversation in a café blaming administration/ govt., later banned coffee, people caught drinking it were beaten </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Murad dies of alcohol poisoning, coffee houses begin to reappear, vendors previously banished had spread to make their living introducing adjacent lands (France, Italy, Austria) to coffee </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Turkish Siege of Vienna <ul><li>Ottoman Turks lay siege to Vienna, dig tunnels under their walls, invade the city, Poles come to the Viennese rescue and drive out the sultan’s troops, left behind are 25,000 camels with coffee beans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>300 years of Islamic expansion come to a halt </li></ul></ul><ul><li>people of Vienna dislike the UFOs (unidentified floating objects) in the coffee, ends the Turkish habit of leaving the grounds in the coffee </li></ul>
  9. 9. Siege (cont.) <ul><li>Peter Wender (1683) hears the Turks digging their tunnels, creates a bread roll (pfizer) shaped like the Turkish crescent moon, political propaganda </li></ul><ul><ul><li>King Gustav Adolf II of Sweden ravaged Germany, gingerbread in the area is decorated with Adolf’s face </li></ul></ul><ul><li>French make the pastry and rename it “le croissant” (crescent in french) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allen: “So was born the most politically loaded meal in the world…coffee stolen from the Turks and pastry shaped to mock their flag” </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Vienna <ul><li>Favor the cappuccino </li></ul><ul><ul><li>relate the stages of drinking the coffee to life 1. “Schlagober” whipped cream is eaten relates to childhood: sweet, light and frivolous 2. Relates to middle age: nothing spectacular 3. The last part and bottom of the cup it like old age: black and bitter </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Britain, “The Revolution” <ul><li>Coffee houses in Britain encouraged sober, sensible, political debate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ballot box (foundation of modern democracy) first appeared in London’s Turk’s Head Coffeehouse so customers could safely voice their opinion on controversial political topics. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Allen’s Thesis <ul><li>Drugs alter human behavior, productivity, and reason </li></ul><ul><ul><li>when coffee was the sole provenance of the Arabs their civilization flourished beyond all others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>coffee’s appearance in Britain helped jump-start the nation for world dominance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>once the Ottomans got hold of the bean, they became the most powerful and tolerant nation on the planet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the French revolution was born in the café of Paris </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Napoleon a coffee lover led his men to the domination of Europe and his dying request was for a cup of St. Helena’s espresso </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Americans boycotted tea and replaced it with coffee causing an inevitable powershift </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Japan flourishes economically, traditionally tea consuming, but now doting on the finest Jamaican Blue Mountain blend . </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Coffee…a drug? <ul><li>A report by the national institute of drug abuse says 5000 Americans are killed by caffeine each year, the same number die from all illegal drugs combined </li></ul><ul><li>coffee was recognized as an addictive substance by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) in 1994 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>APA categorizes coffee and other caffeine containing substances as socially unacceptable drugs like heroin and nicotine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>according to the APA, 94% of coffee drinkers suffer from “Caffeine Dependence Syndrome” where symptoms include temper, exhaustion, paranoia among others </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Consider the fact that humanity and coffee both sprang form the same area in Eastern Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>Could one of the primitive “ape men” nibbled on the beans? </li></ul><ul><li>Could the resulting mental stimulation have opened them opened them up to new ways of looking at old problems? </li></ul><ul><li>Somewhat ridiculous…….Yes, but interesting </li></ul>
  15. 15. Fun Facts <ul><li>India became the first non Muslim nation to drink coffee due to Baba Budan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>pilgrimage to Mecca where he is introduced to the plant, takes home to India </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>coffee is generally seen as a Muslim drink </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Turkish control of “Mocha” introduced the French to the drink and merchants further addicted all of the Adriatic coast. </li></ul><ul><li>3 liters of ale reduce your comprehension rate by 80%, coffee conversely enhances your memory capacity </li></ul><ul><li>the US army has been using coffee and other caffeinated concoctions since the 1800’s to enhance a soldier’s physical performance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Congress authorized a coffee extract that came in the form of a dense, solid, cake which mixed with saliva (world’s fist instant coffee) </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Facts (cont.) <ul><li>The term “cup of Joe” is disputed to be from either Admiral Joseph “Joe” Daniels who made coffee the official drink of the Navy by outlawing booze, or to be from Mocha-Java which was contracted to mo-jo or joe </li></ul>

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