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Nathaniels Nutmeg

Nathaniels Nutmeg






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    Nathaniels Nutmeg Nathaniels Nutmeg Presentation Transcript

    • N ATHANIEL’S N UTMEG The True and Incredible Adventures of the Spice Trader Who Changed the Course of History By: Giles Milton
    • The Pursuit of Spices
      • The ‘Spiceries’
      • - East Indies: Ternate, Tidore, Makian, Halmahera, Ceram, Amboyna, Banda, Neira, Ai, Run, Rozengain, Gunung Api
      • - Northern passage/north-west passage
      • - main merchandise: pepper, cloves, nutmeg, etc.
      • - 16th century/Elizabethan London, Elizabeth I
      • - Portugal, England, Holland
              • primary competitors
    • 1569 map of “the east” The spice islands, or Moluccas
    • 1553
      • First voyage of Mystery
        • Company and Fellowship of Merchant Adventurers for the Discovery of Unknown Lands
        • Richard Chancellor, Sir Hugh Willoughby
        • North-East Passage
        • Not successful
    • 1580-1591
      • Voyages of Drake and Cavendish
        • Proved strength of England’s ships
        • 3 english ships set out for east indies: Edward Bonaventure, Penelope, Merchant Royal
          • Returned after 3 years 6 weeks 2 day: human and financial disaster
    • Lancaster’s expedition
      • Establishment of the East India Company
      • 1599- receive Queen’s permission
      • Found ways to keep occupied on board
      • Arrived in Achin in 1602
      • Ala-uddin read letter from Queen; graciously accepted trade
      • Departed with pepper and spices for Bantam
    • Competition
      • Henry Middleton arrived at ‘spiceries’
      • Portuguese had control of main Banda Islands
      • Dutch ships arrive, not friendly
      • Disease on board- dysentery, typhoid, scurvy etc.
      • England-need to establish trade with India; send expedition
    • Hawkins’s Expedition
      • William Hawkins sent to negotiate with Moghul Emperor to build factory
      • Arrived 1607 on western coast
      • Emperor thought very highly of Queen, took immediate liking to Hawkins
      • Stayed for 6 years when offered £3,200 a year, 400 horses, and the title of Duke, Inglis Khan
      • Left when realized he was not in a good situation
      • Overall mission failed
    • Nathaniel’s Expedition
      • I October 1616, appointed commander: Swan and Deference
      • Arrived at Run, of the Banda Islands, to control nutmeg trade
      • Natives agreed, King James became king of Ai and Run
      • Geography of island made difficult anchoring
      • Disloyal men cut the anchor and sailed to Neira, and surrendered to the Dutch
      • Amboyna Massacre took place during his voyage, lost hundreds of men
    • Resolutions
      • Treaty of Westminster: 1654, signed between England and Holland: £85,000 for damages, £4,000 to families of Amboyna
      • Treaty of Breda: 1667, signed between England and Holland: exhanged Manhattan for Run