King leopold's ghost


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  • Summary of the book
    By Ellie Lawrence
    King Leopold II was the king of Belgium from 1865-1908. His main goal was to achieve a colony in Africa for himself, and he did this with the help of Henry Morton Stanley. Henry Morton Stanley traveled down the Congo River getting Congolese tribal leaders to sign over their land to King Leopold. Stanley was able to do this because of the language gap and through manipulation. King Leopold claimed he was saving the Congo from the 'heathenish Arab Slave Trade', when in reality the way he ruled the Congo was far worse than anything the Arabs had ever done. King Leopold ruled with much brutality, and the natives were made to work as slaves. He wanted to make as much money as he could off of rubber, so he worked many Congolese to death. For a while the outside world was largely unaware of what was happening, but E.D. Morel, George Washington Williams, and Roger Casement fought to open the eyes of the public. Eventually King Leopold was falling into so much debt and animosity that he sold his Congo to the Belgium government. Still today, Congo is struggling to overcome the ghost of its atrocious past.
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King leopold's ghost

  1. 1. King Leopold’s Ghost<br /> written by Adam Hochschild<br />
  2. 2. King Leopold II<br />
  3. 3. Life before Africa<br />King Leopold II was the king of Belgium from 1865-1908. At that point Belgium was a small country not much older than the king itself.<br />He married Archduchess Marie-Henriette, but it was a loveless and unhappy marriage.<br />King Leopold’s wish was to obtain a colony in Africa. <br />Explorer Henry Morton Stanley seemed like the perfect man to help.<br />
  4. 4. Henry Morton Stanley<br />Henry Morton Stanley born as John Rowland in Wales and was the illegitimate son of Betsey Parry. He grew up in a union workhouse.<br />In 1859 John Rowland traveled to America where he shed his identity. For the rest of his life was known to the world as Henry Morton Stanley, an American.<br />Henry Morton Stanley went to Africa on a quest to find Dr. Livingston, the man who discovered Victorian Falls (the head waters of the Nile). His quest was successful, catching the eye of King Leopold II<br />
  5. 5. Stanley<br />
  6. 6. Quest for Power<br />King Leopold commissioned Stanley to travel down the Congo river and buy land from Congo chiefs. Because of the language gap, the Congo chiefs were tricked into signing deals that left them with virtually no power.<br />Through negotiations, King Leopold was able to establish a colony for himself. <br />The colony was his and not that of his country, Belgium.<br />Although King Leopold told the world he was trying to save the Congo from the heathenish “Arab Slave Trade”, his real motives were money. <br />
  7. 7. Congo<br />
  8. 8. Wealth in the Congo<br />King Leopold saw that he could make a lot of money out of the Congo from ivory and mainly rubber.<br />In order to transport goods, he decided to build a railroad.<br />King Leopold never went to Africa himself<br />The railroad took many workers and years to build, in the end resulting in a rickety dangerous track.<br />Although King Leopold condemned the “Arab Slave Trade”, he instituted slavery of the Africans during his regime <br />
  9. 9. Rubber<br />Acquiring rubber was an arduous and dangerous task <br />
  10. 10. Cruelty <br />The native Africans were put to work gathering rubber from vines. If they did not fill their quota, the Europeans would shoot them.<br />When the Congolese died the people under King Leopold’s power would cut off the right hand of the dead African. <br />
  11. 11. Victims<br />
  12. 12. For the previous picture<br />The hands of the boy sitting were destroyed by gangrene because soldiers had tied them too tightly<br />The right hand of the boy standing was cut off by a soldier who claimed he was dead.<br />
  13. 13. Knowledge<br />The outside world was largely unaware of the horrors going on in the Congo because not a lot was printed in the paper<br />E.D. Morel a worker for the Liverpool shipping line, the primary company carrying goods to and from the Congo, noticed that the ships to the Congo were carrying more military supplies than trading goods.<br />The only explanation for this was that there was slavery going on in the Congo<br /> He had an uncanny ability to find out information, and he started a campaign against the cruelty in he Congo.<br />
  14. 14. Campaign against King Leopold’s Congo<br />Sir Roger Casement also joined E.D. Morel in the effort to let the world know about the atrocities in the Congo<br />George Washington Williams was the first to report from the front of the evil going on in the Congo <br />Casement had also seen first hand the dreadfulness of the Congo, and he did not hold back writing about it to newspapers.<br />
  15. 15. E.D. Morel<br />
  16. 16. Sir Roger Casement<br />
  17. 17. George Washington Williams<br />
  18. 18. The end of King Leopold’s regime in Congo<br />King Leopold eventually had to sell his Congo to the Belgium government because….<br /> -The movement against him and his Congo was growing stronger. <br /> King Leopold had hired Colonel Henry I. Kowalsky, an influential famous American lawyer, in hopes of appeasing the American public because Morel had stirred them up. However, only a year after King Leopold had hired Kowalsky he decided to put him out of circulation and send him on a side mission to Nigeria. Kowalsky, angered by this rejection leaked confidential information about the Congo to the newspaper New York America<br />
  19. 19. Congo: a colony of Belgium <br />Kowalsky triggered a series of other schemes against King Leopold, and finally in the March of 1908 Congo was sold to the Belgian government<br />
  20. 20. King Leopold’s Ghost<br />Finally, in 1960 the Congo was granted independence. However, the people of Congo by that time were little adept to sustain a government.<br />Even with independence, the rulers took advantage of the Congo that King Leopold had left such a mess. <br />