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Hitler and stalin presentation

  1. 1. Hitler and StalinParallel Lives<br />Alan Bullock<br />
  2. 2. Early Life<br />Adolf Hitler<br />
  3. 3. Adolf Hitler<br />Born: April 20, 1889 in Braunau am Inn, Austria–Hungary.<br />The fourth of six children to Alois Hitler and KlaraPölzl.<br />Close to his mother<br />Troubled relationship with his father.<br />When Hitler was ten years old, his younger brother, Edmond, died of measles.<br />Devoted himself to German nationalism to rebel against his father.<br />His father sent him to a technical high school, where Hitler would become disruptive in order to rebel.<br />
  4. 4. (Continued)<br />In 1905, Hitler was rejected by the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna.<br />In December 1907, Hitler’s mother (47) died of breast cancer.<br />In 1909, after being rejected by the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna for a second time, Hitler was living in a homeless shelter.<br />According to Hitler, this is when he first became an anti-Semite.<br />He blamed all problems in Germany and Austria on the Jews, as well as Marxists and Slavs.<br />Social Darwinism<br />Hitler enlisted in the Bavarian army during World War I.<br />
  5. 5. Joseph Stalin<br />Born: December 18, 1878 to KetevanGeladze and BesarionJughashvili in the town of Gori, Georgia.<br />Originally IosebBesarionisdzeJughashvili<br />As a child, he was inspired by “Koba”<br />Alexander Kazbegi’s novel The Patricide<br />Similar to Robin Hood.<br />1903: Expelled from a Georgian Orthodox seminary, discovered the writings of Vladimir Lenin and decided to become a Marxist revolutionary, and even joined Lenin's Bolsheviks.<br />Stalin became one of their main operatives.<br />
  6. 6. (Continued)<br />In 1906, Stalin married Ekaterina Svanidze, who later gave birth to Stalin's first child, Yakov.<br />In 1907, Ekaterina died of Typhus.<br />“With her died any human feeling in him.”<br />In Saint Petersburg in April 1912, Stalin created the newspaper Pravda.<br />He eventually adopted the name "Stalin” (steel), which he used as an alias and pen name.<br />Married NadezhdaAlliluyeva in 1919.<br />She gave birth to two other children.<br />Died November 9, 1932.<br />
  7. 7. Rise to Power<br />
  8. 8. Adolf Hitler<br />1919: Hitler joins the German Workers' Party.<br />1920: The German Workers’ Party becomes the NSDAP (National Socialist German Workers' Party)<br />July 1921: Hitler named leader of Nazi Party<br />February 26, 1924: Hitler on trial for treason after a failed attempt to overthrow the government.<br />February 26, 1925: Hitler released<br />October 29, 1929: Great Depression begins, unemployment in Germany rises.<br />September 14, 1930: Nazis obtain 107 seats in the election, becoming the second largest political party in Germany after the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD).<br />1932: Hitler runs for president, loses, but becomes well known in politics.<br />January 30, 1933: The republic collapses; Hitler is named Chancellor of Germany<br />February 27, 1933: The Reichstag burns, causes panic and anti-communism.<br />March 23, 1933: Hitler Becomes Dictator of Germany.<br />
  9. 9. Joseph Stalin<br />1921: Played an important role in engineering the Red Army invasion of Georgia.<br />1922: Lenin has Stalin appointed as General Secretary.<br />1922: Lenin suffers a stroke, forcing him into semi-retirement in Gorki, just south of Moscow.<br />Lenin writes in his testament that Stalin should be removed from his position.<br />Stalin forged an alliance with Lev Kamenev and Grigory Zinoviev against Leon Trotsky.<br />April 1923: Stalin, Kamenev, and Grigory Zinoviev prevent Lenin's Testament from being revealed to the Twelfth Party Congress<br />January 21, 1924: Lenin dies of a heart attack.<br />Trotsky, Kamenev and Zinoviev grew increasingly isolated, and were removed from the Central Committee, and then from the Party itself.<br />1929: Stalin achieves supreme power.<br />
  10. 10. Hitler and Stalin Compared<br />
  11. 11. Hitler and Stalin<br />Poor<br />Filled with resentments<br />No successor<br />Underestimated by their rivals<br />Had the need for power<br />Serious about their historic roles.<br />Trying to help and save their country.<br />Paranoia<br />Experts at simplification<br />Able to appeal to the people.<br />Unable to have normal relationships with others.<br />Stalin: Became “walled up in himself” and “incapable of responding to human affection”<br />Hitler: The archetypal recluse, could not have normal conversations<br />Non-religious<br />Came to power by way of their party<br />Stalin: CPSU (Communist Party of the Soviet Union)<br />Hitler: NSDAP (Nazi Party)<br />
  12. 12. Hitler<br />Stalin<br />Able to appeal to Germans, who were open-minded.<br />Created his own party.<br />Would give in to his nerves.<br />A gifted speaker<br />Tried to attract the people to a cause.<br />Trusted his closest collaborators.<br />Helped the German Economy (Lowered Unemployment)<br />Banned the introduction of some labor-saving machinery. <br />Abolished taxation on new cars<br />Encouraged the mass production of radios<br />Took jobs and rights away from women and Jews.<br />Inhibited by Marxist tradition.<br />Followed the ideologies of other revolutionaries.<br />Steady nerves in a crisis.<br />Unable to communicate well with others.<br />Inspired fear in the people.<br />Believed that there was no room for trust in politics.<br />Used “Five Year Plans”, launching a period of rapid industrialization and economic collectivization, resulting in widespread famine in the early 1930s.<br />