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Genghis Khan
Genghis Khan
Genghis Khan
Genghis Khan
Genghis Khan
Genghis Khan
Genghis Khan
Genghis Khan
Genghis Khan
Genghis Khan
Genghis Khan
Genghis Khan
Genghis Khan
Genghis Khan
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Genghis Khan

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  • 1. Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World By Jack Weatherford Power point by Laura Santoso
  • 2. The Reign of Terror on the Steppe: 1162 - 1206 Part I
  • 3. The Blood Clot
    • G.K. was born to an abducted woman with a blood clot in his hand
    • Brought up nomadically in the steppe of northern Mongolia (good survival skills)
      • Steppe: dry plain without trees
    • He killed his brother after his father died
    • His family was ostracized by his clan
    • Was enslaved by a rival tribe, but escaped
    • Bonds & characteristics developed in his childhood helped G.K. later
  • 4. Tale of Three Rivers
    • G.K. chose to go down one river to realign with a clan leader
    • After numerous raids and rivalries in the steppe, G.K. lead a large clan underneath the older leader who took him in
    • G.K. reformed:
      • he gave positions based on allegiance
      • accepted conquered people
      • and grouped the army in tens to enforce loyalty
  • 5. War of the Khans
    • G.K.’s older leader secretly betrayed G.K., but G.K. found out and using innovative battle tactics defeated him
    • G.K. killed off all leadership threats
    • He united all the nomadic tribes
    • G.K.’s 10s system kept people loyal
    • G.K. created the Great Law to keep peace & prosperity among his people
    • Had religious tolerance (Christianity, Buddhism, Islam practiced throughout)
  • 6. The Mongol World War: 1211 - 1261 Part II
  • 7. Spitting on the Golden Khan
    • G.K. conquered the Jurched (Chinese) powers, looted their goods and gained control of their trade (silk road)
    • G.K. distributes goods among his people evenly, took in skilled people
    • Created trade treaty with Muslims (whom he defended), but they attacked his merchants
    • G.K. needs to conquer the Muslims to control all major trade exchanges
  • 8. Sultan Versus Khan
    • The Mongols conquered the cities of central Asia over a course of 4 years
    • They gained sophisticated education and much wealth (stored in warehouses)
    • Justice to those who surrendered; destruction to those who resisted
    • Propaganda used to scare the enemy
    • G.K. (now in his 60s) and his sons decided that after G.K.’s death his third oldest son (Ogodei) would be the next Great Khan
  • 9. The Discovery and Conquest of Europe
    • Ogodei spent their wealth excessively to try to attract traders to their newly built stationary capital
    • Paper money was developed
    • Needing more wealth, Subodei (G.K.’s general) and Buta (one of G.K.’s grandons) went to conquer Europe
    • In a 5 year campaign, the Mongols conquered the Bulgars, Russians, Hungarians, Germans, and the Poles using battle tactics and the combined warfare technology of the Muslims and Chinese
  • 10. Warring Queens
    • After Ogodei died, wives and mothers competed to have their child success
    • Mongke (a grandson of G.K. with a powerful mother) was the only successor to be acknowledged by all as the Great Khan
    • Under his rule the Mongols conquered everything up to the Mediterranean (including the Arabs and Crusaders) After Mongke died, the campaign for Sung China died off as well
    • Kubilai Khan became next leader but the empire became divided under different administrations
  • 11. The Global Awakening: 1262 - 1962 Part III
  • 12. Khubilai Khan and the New Mongol Empire
    • K.K. conquered and unified China and the surrounding countries by appealing to the public
    • K.K. reformed/enforced Chinese Policy
    • Refined the monetary system (paper money)
    • Promoted education and entertainment
    • Strong leaders from heaven to the Chinese
    • Mongol naval attempts to conquer Japan and Indonesia pushed them to unify
    • However, frivolous attitudes would lose the great Mongol Empire developed by G.K.
  • 13. Their Golden Light
    • Mongol conquests ended, but intercontinental peace prolonged
    • Commercial trade routes were maintained even after Mongol decline
    • Water transportation, astronomy, agriculture, and printing technology were all encouraged
    • Mongols used practical ideas
    • Europe benefited in trade and technology without actually getting conquered
  • 14. The Empire of Illusion
    • A plague spread from intercontinental communication in the 1300s  turmoil
    • Europe became isolated, countries cut off from each other b/c of the plague
    • The Mongol govt. became unstable and lost control to native rulers in China and their other territories
    • Europe had a disowning attitude against Asia and G.K. while Asia admired G.K.
    • Future military leaders would look to Mongol techniques (ex: Germans in WWII)

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