Forces Of Habit
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Forces Of Habit

on

  • 1,472 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,472
Views on SlideShare
1,471
Embed Views
1

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
11
Comments
0

1 Embed 1

http://www.slideshare.net 1

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Forces Of Habit Forces Of Habit Presentation Transcript

  • Forces of Habit Drugs, and the Making of the Modern World By Casey McCarthy
  • Alcohol and Tobacco
    • Wine: Religion, flushing, water contamination
    • Spirits: non-perishable, more alcohol
    • Alcoholism: cultural norms
    • Tobacco: price, thirty years’ war, social categories, opposition, hygiene, smoking
  • Caffeine
    • Coffee: Ethiopia to Middle East to Europe, coffee houses, smoke/ drink, America, cost
    • Tea: China, European colonial powers, Africa
    • Cacao: Maya/ Aztecs to Spanish- chocolate, elite, W. Africa
    • Kola: medicine, drinks, coke in WWI, culture, addictive
    • Sugar: Koran, medicine, drugs, molasses, slavery
  • Opium
    • Opium - treat everything, Arab to Iran, India, China
    • China - Opium Wars, revolution, migration, US
    • Morphine - pure, heal untreatable
    • Heroin industry- unemployment, alienation, youth drug, available
  • Cannabis and Coca
    • Ganja complex- cannabis- India- ganja, spread across Old World, opium of poor, cheap labor
    • Marijuana complex- Mexico to U.S., cigarettes, availability, pleasure, hippy, youth, other drugs, 60s- young generation, media, travel
    • Coca/ Cocaine- sustained labor, drinks, anesthetic, cheap- abuse, pot to coke, flying
  • Puzzle of Distribution
    • No kava, betel, qat
    • Europe- medicine, recreation, trade
    • Strength of initial aversion, cosmetic affect, perishability, ability to conceal, sickness, cost, cultural value
  • The Sorcerer’s Apprentices
    • - Medicinal to recreational
    • Therapeutic specificity
    • “ miracle” substances
    • Distinctions
    • Isolation of alkaloids
    • Development of medication
    • Discovery of synthetic/ semi-synthetic drugs
    • Abuse- prohibition, restrictions
  • A Trap Baited with Pleasure
    • Need to alter normal consciousness
    • Civilization and captivity
    • Mood elevation
    • Withdrawal
    • Addiction
    • People or drug problem?
  • Escape from Commodity Hell
    • -competition
    • -monopolies
    • -improve product, cut cost
    • -patents
    • -open new markets
    • -advertisement
    • -brand loyalty
    • -higher nicotine content
  • Opiates of the People
    • Labor treadmill
    • Escapism
    • Animals
    • Military
    • Currency
    • Prostitution
    • Slavery
  • Taxes and Smuggling
    • Government dependency
    • Prohibition- U.S.
    • India- women rebel
    • Repeal
    • High taxes= high smuggling rates
    • Low taxes= high exposure rates
    • Legalization/ black market
  • Restriction and Prohibition
    • Individualism
    • Harm to innocents
    • Criminal violence
    • Social costs
    • Religious disapproval
    • Association
    • Collective wellbeing
    • Minors
    • Industrialization
  • Regulatory Categories
    • Pure prohibition
    • Prohibitory prescription
    • Maintenance
    • Regulatory prescription
    • Restricted adult access
    • Unrestricted adult access
    • Universal access
  • Licit v. Illicit Drugs
    • Degree of danger/ availability
    • Economic value
    • Mass addictions
    • Personal habits of leaders
    • Celebrity use
    • Popular resistance
    • Drug Wars
    • Legalization/ harm reduction
    • Class interest, political calculation, public health, resentment
    • AIDS, violence
    • “ Owls”, “hawks”, and “doves”
    • Alcohol vs. Tobacco