Benazir bhutto


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Benazir bhutto

  1. 1. Benazir Bhutto:Reconciliation<br />Islam, Democracy, and the West<br />By Benazir Bhutto, Powerpoint by Adam Echelman<br />
  2. 2. Who Is She?<br />The daughter of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto<br />Educated at Harvard University<br />Served as Prime Minister Of Pakistan twice (1988-1990)(1993-1996)<br />Pakistan’s first female Prime Minister<br />Leader of Pakistan’s PPP party<br />Assassinated December 27, 2007<br />
  3. 3. Thesis<br />“the fundamentals of democratic governance are part of the Islamic value system”<br />It is by properly examining the West, the Islamic world, and the relationship between them that Bhutto explains that both are capable of peace and democracy. <br />
  4. 4. Background of Islam<br />The Quran and Sharia<br />The Golden Age Of Islam (600s-1200s)<br />5 Pillars of Islam<br />
  5. 5. Sunni and Shia<br />Shiites:<br />- the leaders of the Islamic faith are directly connected to Mohammed<br />-death of Ali and Hussain give the sect a strong sense of persecution<br />-three main groups: Imami (12vers), Zaydi, Ismali<br />Sunnis:<br /> -larger group<br /> - schools of thought: Hanafi, Shafi’I, Maliki, Hanbali, Wahabbi<br />
  6. 6. Woman, Pluralism, Jihad<br />Discrimination comes from interpretations and regional influences<br />Itijihad<br />“There is no compulsion in religion”—the Quran<br />Jihad: internal and external<br />Internal jihad much greater than external<br />
  7. 7. Extremism<br />Jamaat-i-Islamdevelopped by MaulanaMaudoodi<br />Endorsed by small groups (Saudi Government)<br />With America’s influence with the Mujahadeen, we funded Jamaati-i-Islam until they became al-Quaeda and the Taliban<br />With money and power it grew to the poor<br />
  8. 8. The West and Islam<br />When it comes to universal values like democracy and order, both share the same will for equality, compassion, and freedom<br />Islam must itself fight extremism but the West is some of the cause<br />
  9. 9. Case Studies<br />Countries where the West is personally responsible for stopping democracy:<br /> -Iran; Algeria; Libya; Tunisia; Morocco; Egypt, Iraq; Afghanistan; Comoros; Lebanon; Pakistan and Bangladesh; Jordan; Palestine; Turkey; Indonesia; Senegal and Mali; Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan); Middle East (Kuwait, Oman); Africa (Gambia, Guinea, Mauritania, Niger); Persian Gulf States (Qatar, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Yemen); Guatemala; Greece; Argentina; DRC <br />
  10. 10. India and Pakistan<br />The Montbatten Plan: to divide a recentrly freed sub-continent into two, India and Pakistan<br />In the rush to create two countries, some difficult provinces: Kashmir, Jammu, Hyderabad, Junagadh<br />
  11. 11. The Case Of Pakistan<br />The conflict between East and West Pakistan, eventually leading to the creation of Bangladesh and modern-day Pakistan.<br />Zulfikar Ali Bhutto loses power to General Zia<br />After the military coup of Zia, Benazir Bhutto Takes control<br />However After Bhutto, comes the struggle with current day general PervezMusharraf<br />
  12. 12. The Clash of Civilizations<br />Bhutto proves wrong:<br /> -nation-state conflicts, government choices, globalization<br />Further, this is disproved by the book itself. It shows that Islam is not an anarchist, controlling people, but rather capable of democracy and peace.<br />
  13. 13. Marshall Plan<br />West must take responsibility as should Islam<br />Democratic nations almost never fight one another<br />“Staying within the box has set Islam and the West on a dangerous course….It is time for reconciliation”—Bhutto<br />Achieving Peace<br />
  14. 14. Works Cited:<br />Bhutto, Benazir. Reconciliation: Islam, Democracy, and the West. New York: Harper Perennial, 2008.<br /> Thanks For Watching!<br />