A History Of Warfare

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A History Of Warfare

  1. 1. A History of Warfare By: John Keegan
  2. 2. Keegan’s Thesis <ul><li>War is not only a political and economic detriment, but more so a detriment to culture. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Karl von Clausewitz <ul><li>He was a 19 th century Prussian General as well as a military theorist. </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote several books about warefare including his most famous called On War . </li></ul><ul><li>Clausewitz’s argument is that war is created for a political end. </li></ul><ul><li>Keegan does not agree, he states that his theory is “incomplete” and possibly “dangerous” </li></ul>
  4. 4. Aztecs <ul><li>The Aztecs were one of Keegan’s examples of warfare and culture </li></ul><ul><li>Aztec weapons were designed to wound not to kill </li></ul><ul><li>This way the wounded could be taken as prisoners and then sacrificed to the gods. </li></ul><ul><li>This had a major impact when war broke out with the Europeans </li></ul><ul><li>Due to culture the Aztecs did not have the weapons to take on the Europeans </li></ul>
  5. 5. Samurai <ul><li>In the 16 th Century gunpowder was introduced to Japan. </li></ul><ul><li>The Samurai saw guns as a threat to the ritualistic swordsmanship that they practiced. </li></ul><ul><li>They then confiscated every gunpowder weapon. </li></ul><ul><li>This put Japan at a military disadvantage due to culture. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Changing Warfare <ul><li>The examples that Keegan uses come from four major time periods. </li></ul><ul><li>He calls them Stone, Flesh (Horse), Iron, and Fire (Gunpowder) </li></ul><ul><li>He claims that the only way that the nature of war will change is if a material change meets a culture willing and able to exploit it </li></ul>

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