The French in North America The French in North America David Napoli
Chapter 5: Canada and the Iroquoia <ul><li>France was unopposed in the furthest reaches of North America, as the land had been considered uninhabitable by the Spanish </li></ul><ul><li>One of the main reasons the French decided to stay was the fur trade </li></ul><ul><li>The Iroquoians were hunter gatherers, using that to supplement sustainable crops </li></ul><ul><li>By slowly supplying the Indians with weapons the Europeans began to lose their military advantage to those with a knowledge of the land </li></ul>
The Fur Trade <ul><li>By 1580 over 400 ships and 12000 men worked in fisheries and in seal hunts </li></ul><ul><li>The Indians were happy to help with the fur trade, doing all the hard work of skinning the animals </li></ul><ul><li>The also ended up trading for alcohol, often drinking as much and fast as possible </li></ul>
The Indians also traded as a symbol of friendship and trust And that words without the exchange of meaningful gifts was worthless Eventually though, the natives began to realize the quality of European goods, and began to trade for them for this quality, rather than the mystical properties they believed they had.
Toll on the Environment <ul><li>This however had a detrimental effect on the Indians, and the environment around them. </li></ul><ul><li>They began to hunt year around, placing an increasing demand on the animal population, and decreasing their numbers </li></ul><ul><li>Also, with time, the natives lost their ability to make some of their own tools, increasing their reliance on European trade </li></ul><ul><li>This also had a terrible effect on neighboring tribes that do not trade as the did not have the benefit of european weapons. As the trading tribes increased their demand for furs, they raided the non trading tribes </li></ul>
Canada <ul><li>Started with only one original settlement with only 85 men. It comprised of 17 acres, and these 85 men relied on French supply ships, and a good relationship with the local natives </li></ul><ul><li>With the introduction of firearms, the French and the Northern Alliance had a large advantage over the Iroquois </li></ul>
French America <ul><li>With French Colonies higher north, they were mostly out of the reach of English raiders. Then at the end of the 17th Century they founded a new Colony in Louisiana </li></ul><ul><li>While the British commanded their Indian subjects, the French relied more on a peaceful approach, knowing they did not have a numerical superiority </li></ul><ul><li>When the 3 British privateers raided a French Colony, they realized they needed to recruit more men to this new land </li></ul>
<ul><li>The French could never outnumber the British in America. While in England everyone that could do so chose to leave, in France the people were stuck in their tiny plots of land, unwilling to leave </li></ul>