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What does "academic writing" mean in Japan?
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What does "academic writing" mean in Japan?


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Workshop "Critical writing as applied philosophy," 5th meeting, JACAP

Workshop "Critical writing as applied philosophy," 5th meeting, JACAP

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  • 1. What does “academic writing” mean in Japanese higher education? Yuko Murakami (Tohoku University)
  • 2. Critical writing be a part of applied philosophy projects? • How can it help young philosophers under shrinking job market? • What sort of pedagogical skills are to be recommended for young philosophers?
  • 3. Japanese HE • AY2012: 783 4-year univs/colleges – National 86, public 92, private 605 0 100,000 200,000 300,000 400,000 500,000 600,000 700,000 800,000 900,000 private public national
  • 4. Distorted AO: virtually no academic assessment to recruit incoming students 0 50000 100000 150000 200000 250000 300000 350000 400000 450000 500000 Nat/pub private Other Recommendation Academic assessment Nat/Pub Private Academic 81.62% 49.07% Recom 17.72% 50.49% Other 0.66% 0.44% Fewer subjects required for private universities: no Japanese/history/geography for STM, no math/science for humanities and social science
  • 5. Similar situations to 1980s in US • Explosion of HE: insufficient preparation for college education • Followed by an increasing number of non- traditional students • Student supports: academic skill class, life accomodation – writing center – Note taking
  • 6. Still different aspects • writing in which language? – Research Universities: writing academic paper in ENGLISH (while no training given for academic writing in Japanese) – Others: in Japanese < much more similar to US situation
  • 7. Sectors of Japanese HE national Research: STM Competitive entrance examination 5 subjects public professional Competitive entrance examination 3-4 subjects private Social science and humanities Half:entrance exam 1-3 subjects/Half: no academic assessment at all
  • 8. Fragmented methodology • TESOL • Paragraph writing • Psychology/ social psychology • Rhetoric • logic • Deficiency of Japanese K-12 curriculum
  • 9. Questions to speakers • To which sector do you think your method works the best, assuming it has its own strength? • Why in higher education? Why not in elementary/secondary schools?