Comprehensive Prayer E-book
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Comprehensive Prayer E-book

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Comprehensive Prayer E-book Comprehensive Prayer E-book Document Transcript

  • 931 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . setondnE97 . . . . . . . .hannuS eht morf aauD :5 retpahC34 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . naruQ suoirolG eht morf aauD :4 retpahC53 . . . . . . . . . . . aauD gnirewsnA roF snoitautiS enutroppO :3 retpahC72 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . etteuqitE dna snoitidnoC :aauD :2 retpahC91 . . . . . eulaV dna ecnessE :aauD :1 retpahC31 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . etoN srotalsnarT9 .........................................noitcudortnI7 ............................................droweroF stnetnoC5 stnetnoC
  • stnetnoC 6
  • tsom eht dna gnitacilppus fo etteuqiteeht no noitces a sedulcni tI .shtidaH dnuosdna naruQ eht morf detceles ,snoitacilppuslaicifeneb sniatnoc aauD evisneherpmoC .srovaednesih ni sseccus dna troppus mih tnarg hallA NyaM .hcraeser ylralohcs dna ssensuoethgir sihrof nwonk si ohw ,ysiareJ-lA namhaR-ludbAdelahK yb aauD evisneherpmoC daer evah I .)snoinapmoc( habaahassih dna ylimaf sih ,mih nopu eb ecaep dnasreyarp shallA yaM .regnesseM yhtrowtsurt,lufhtiaf dna evals siH si | dammahuMtaht yfitset I dna ,stnatsissa ro srentraptuohtiw enola ,hallA tub doG on si erehttaht yfitset I .sgnisselb suoreneg siH rof miHknaht dna tlaxe od I .]pleh rof[ miH etacilppusot elpoep ,kooB tsefinam siH ni ,segaruocneeH dna ,srekees rof nepo setaG siH speekeH .droL gniraC dna luficreM eht ,pihsrowfo yhtrow gniK eht ,hallA ot eb esiarP droweroF7 droweroF
  • .H 1241/9/1neerbiJ-lA namharrudbA-nbI halludbA .)snoinapmoc( habaahassih dna nik sih ,dammahuM tehporPsiH nopu eb ecaep dna sreyarp shallA yaM .retfaereH eht dna dlrowsiht ni sriaffa sih ni mih pleh dna spets sih mrifekam ,sseccus delahK tnarg N hallA yaM .snoitacilppusgnirewsna fo snoitidnoc dna semit enutroppodroweroF 8
  • lla ta laicifeneb era taht snoitacilppus fonoitcelloc a hannuS eht dna naruQ eht morfdetceles - ecarG shallA yb - evah I ,pihsrow foecnesse eht dna ,sreveileb fo ytivitca tsetaergeht ,yaD detnioppA eht rof noisivorptseb eht si )noitacilppus( aauD ecniS .srewollofsih dna snoinapmoC lufhtiaf sih ,nik sih,mih nopu eb ecaep dna sreyarp shallA yaM.lla fo elbaronoh tsom eht ,regnesseM dnaevals siH si dammahuM taht yfitset osla |I .doG ylno dna enO eht si eH timda ot dna,miH htiw srentrap on eralced ot ynomitseta si sihT .hallA tub doG on si ereht taht yfitsetI .semit lla ta su seciffus eH .miH knaht I .esidaraPni edoba lanrete na meht stnarg dna ,eriflleHeht morf meht sevas eH ;ytnuob siH fo erommeht stnarg eH ,esnopser ni dna ,miH ot yarpyehT .miH ot lufetarg dna lufhtiaf era ohwesoht ot suoreneg gnieb rof hallA ot eb esiarP noitcudortnI9 noitcudortnI
  • si N hallA .noitanimessid dna gniziromem,gnidaer ,gnitirw fo snaem yb noitomorpsti ni devlovni esoht nopu eb sgnisselbsiH yaM . | tehporP siH fo hannuSeht gnitomorp hguorht N hallA esaelpot dednetni si krow siht otni tup troffe ehT .milsuM hihaS dna irahkuB-LA hihaS morfnekat era hannuS eht morf snoitacilppus ehT.saruS fo redro eht ot gnidrocca degnarraera snoitacilppus cinaruQ detceles ehT .hannuS eht morf aauD :5 retpahC naruQ suoirolG eht morf aauD :4 retpahC aauD gnirewsnA rof snoitautiS enutroppO :3 retpahC etteuqitE dna snoitidnoC :aauD :2 retpahC eulaV dna ecnessE : aauD :1 retpahC :sretpahcevif fo stsisnoc aauD evisneherpmoC .smilsuM ot laicifenebti ekam hallA yam - seireS noisivorP NsreveileB ehT eht ni 2 kooB stneserper ,aauDevisneherpmoC deman ,noitceles sihT .lla ybdesu dna tnrael ylisae eb nac taht dna ,semitnoitcudortnI 01
  • .H 1241/8/1 ,hdayiR ysiareJ-lA delahK .tnecifingaM eht ,hgiH tsoM eht,miH htiw tpecxe thgim ro rewop on si erehT.reyarp siht gnirewsna fo elbapac enO eht11 noitcudortnI
  • 21
  • .seitluciffid detcepxe htiw denrecnocylniam si tI .hsilgnE ni noitaretilsnarteht gnidaer rof ediug noitaicnunorp a si txeN .lanigiro cibarA eht yb neht ,)sesehtnerapni( hsilgnE ni gninaem eht fo noitalsnarta yb dewollof ,lanigiro cibarA eht fo)scilati ni( noitaretilsnart hsilgnE na :tamrofsiht ni sraeppa noitacilppus hcae ,txet siht nI .milA ni devlovni esoht fo lla dna llahtciPdrawer hallA yaM .pleh taerg a neeb sahswodniW rof milA eht taht dna ,noitalsnartsllahtciP morf nekat era telkoob sihtni sesrev cinaruQ eht fo sgninaem eht tahtegdelwonkca ot ekil dluow rotalsnart ehT .srewollof sih dna snoinapmoCsih ,nik sih ,dammahuM tehporP siHnopu eb sgnisselb dna sreyarp shallA yaM .hallA ot eb esiarP .meehar-rinaamhar-rihaal-limsiB etoN srotalsnarT31 etoN srotalsnarT
  • 41
  • .]S ni sa hteetrewol dna reppu eht ot resolcsi eugnot eht fo pit eht[ ssim ,ees S /s/ emoH +vvvv /h/ .taorht eht hguorhtseparcs ria eht tub ,tah` nih` eht ekil sdnuos ti ;)denepo(ahataf ,)desiarp( adamah M / h/ Ï .hteet eht neewtebsi pit eugnot eht - htiw ,tahT P / d/ -- htlaeh ,kcihT K /ht/ sretteL selpmaxE cibarA lobmyS .slobmys noitaicnunorpeht ,tnetxe taerg a ot ,gnitneserpersdrow era ereht ,segap owt hcaefo mottob eht tA .noitaicnunorp cibarAfo noitamixorppa deifilpmis a sedivorpdna smret lacinhcet sdiova tI .lanigirocibarA eht fo noitaretilsnart eht gnidaeretatilicaf ot smia ediuG noitaicnunorP sihT ediuG noitaicnunorP51 ediuG noitaicnunorP
  • .noitcirf a gnisuac meht hguorhtgnissap ria htiw ,htuom eht fo fooreht sehcuot eugnot eht fo kcabeht - )eman( dilahK ,ssenhguoL N / hk/ woc ,keeW h / / w .htuom eht fo foor eht sehcuoteugnot eht fo kcab ehT .)tfel`cibarA( aradaahg ,)hcnerFeht yb decnuonorp sa( siraP Z / hg/ ./d/ naht relluf sdnuos tI .htuomeht fo foor eht fo tnorf eht sehcuot,flesti pit eht naht rehtar ,eugnoteht fo tnorf eht tub ,dum` dnagud` ni sa ,d` rettel eht ekil sdnuoS V / D/ .D ni sa egdir hteet eht otresolc si eugnot eht fo pit eht[ dad O / / d hsup ,tuohS T / hs/ .edisnimorf hteet reppu eht sehcuotpit eugnot ehT .relluf tub ,suht`ni sa ,ht` srettel eht ekil sdnuoS X / / Z Ï esaelp ,oreZ R / / z .htuom eht fo foor eht fo tnorfeht sehcuot eugnot eht fo tnorfeht ;relluf tub ,nos` dna nus`ni sa ,s` rettel eht ekil sdnuoS U / / SediuG noitaicnunorP 61
  • .pots ro esuap uoy fi meht daerton oD .no daer uoy fi stekcarbeht edisni slobmys eht ecnuonorP )( .no daeR .esuap TON oD - dnif ,eci /ya/ )detsaf( amaaS ;)dias(alaaq :sdrow cibarA - rac ,rats /aa/ .)denruter( abaa ;)deid( ataam:sdrow cibarA - dam ,mad /aa/ yppah ,erimdA /a/ .leef ,laeD /ee/ .nis ,ni /i/ tiurf ,puorg ,nooM /uu/ tup ,d luoc ,dluohS /u/ .htuom eht fo foor ehtfo tnorf eht sehcuot ,pit eht nahtrehtar ,eugnot eht fo tnorf ehT.rataQ` dna rettub` ni sa ,relluftub ,t` rettel eht ekil sdnuoS W /T/ .eson eht sdrawotde t r e v id si r i a d n a , s u o i v b ossel tub ,n` rettel eht ekilsdnuos ti - knom ,knat ,gniR n j /l / . )tsohg( teerfi,)kcab emoc( du ,)eman( tafara Y /z/71 ediuG noitaicnunorP
  • ./allajaw azzaz/ :sa ti daeR .hallA oteb ytsejam dna ronoH :snaem tI N ./mallas- a w i h ya l az uh a a l-l a ll a S/ :s ati daeR .mih nopu eb ecaep dnasreyarp shallA yaM :snaem tI |ediuG noitaicnunorP 81
  • .hannuS eht dna naruQ eht morf stnemetatsyb detsefinam sa aauD fo eulav dna ecnesseeht etartsnomed ot yrt lliw ew ,swollof tahwnI .sdrawer eb tsum ereht ,sdeed elbaulavrof dna ,ecruos a eb tsum ereht ,hturt yreverof ;noitacilppus fo eulav dna ecnesse eht otnithgisni rof llac ylevitcelloc yeht woh wohs lliwstnemetats irahS tnaveler fo noitagitsevniluferaC . N hallA tuohtiw od tonnaceno woh fo noisserpxe na si ti rof ,pihsrowfo ecnesse eht seidobme )noitacilppus( aauD eulaV dna ecnessE aauD 1 retpahC91 1 retpahC
  • I .hgin ma I ylerus neht ,eM gninrecnocuoy noitseuq stnavres yM nehw dnA )681(``,syas hallA ,681 hayA ,haraqaB-lA taruS nI .decargsid ,lleh retne lliw yeht,ecivres yM nrocs ohw esohT !oL .reyarp ruoyraeh lliw I dna em otnu yarP :dias sah droLruoy dnA )06(`` ,syas eH ,rifahG taruS nI .meht no dewotsebevah ew tahw fo dneps dna ,epoh dna raefni droL rieht otnu yrc ot sdeb rieht ekasrofohW )61(`` ,syas eH ,hadjaS-sA taruS nI .etargnirotiart yreve evas sngis ruO seined enoN.esimorpmoc meht fo emos ,dnal ot efas mehtsgnirb eH nehw tuB .ylno miH rof erup htiafrieht gnikam ,hallA otnu yrc yeht ,sgninwaekil meht sduorhsne evaw a fi dnA )23(`` ,syaseH ,)23( hayA ni ,oslA .taerG eht ,emilbuSeht si eH ,hallA esuaceb dna ,eslaF eht simiH ediseb ekovni yeht hcihw taht dna ,eurTeht si eH ,hallA esuaceb )os si( tahT )03(``,syas N hallA ,)03( hayA ,namquL taruS nI pihsroW fo ecnessE eht si noitacilppuS 1.1eulaV dna ecnessE :aauD 02
  • dnA ... )011(`` ,syas , r u e N halrlAyaraPsIs-ilAaataurDS3n.1I )2( .yaDnoitcerruseR eht no )srewollof/noitan(hammu ym fo rovaf ni noissecretni rofenim derots evah I tub ,noitacilppus laicepsa dah tehporp yrevE`` ,syas tehporP ehT | retfaereH eht ni noissecretnIrof aauD sih tpeK sah | tehporP ehT 2.1 )1( .pihsrow sinoitacilppuS`` ,syas | dammahuM tehporP .srevir uoy otnungissa lliw dna snedraG uoy otnu ngissa lliwdna ,snos dna htlaew htiw uoy pleh lliw dnA)21( ,niar suoetnelp ni uoy rof yks eht esooltel lliw eH )11( .gnivigroF reve si eH !oL .droLruoy fo nodrap keeS :dias evah I dnA )01(``,syas N hallA ,)21-01( shayA ,haoN taruS nI .thgiradel eb yam yeht taht redro ni ,eM ni tsurt mehttel dna llac yM raeb meht tel oS .eM otnu seirceh nehw tnacilppus eht fo reyarp eht rewsna12 1 retpahC
  • )5( ).meht no ycremevah ot hallA gniksa yllautca tub )4(,meht rofyarp ,hallA O` gninaem yllaretil( /mihyalazeellaS ,ammuhaalla/ :meht rof deyarpeh ,)ytirahc yratnulov ;haakaz( haqadasrieht htiw gnimoc elpoep deviecer tehporP |eht revenehW`` ,htidaH eht ot gnidroccA .....mehtrof tnemegaussa na si reyarp ruoY !oL .mehtrof yarp dna ... )301(`` ,syas osla eH .mehtrof gnireffo elbatpecca na si ti ylireV !oL.hallA fo thgis eht ni sgnireffo elbatpeccasa regnessem eht fo sreyarp eht osladna...)99(`` ,syas eH ,habwaT-tA taruS nI.noitatulas yhtrow a htiw mih etulas dna mihno sgnisselb ksA !eveileb ohw uoy O .tehporPeht no sgnisselb rewohs slegna siH dnahallA !oL )65(`` ,syas eH ,bazhA-lA taruS nI )3( .aaud htiw noitcennoc nidelaever saw hayA ehT`` ,ahsiA ot gnidroccA,aaud ot srefer hayA siht ni haalaS` .neewtebyaw a wollof tub ,niereht tnelis tey ron haalasruoy ni deciov duol ton eb ,)dammahuM( uoyeulaV dna ecnessE : aauD 22
  • eht ni erutrot morf hallA ni egufer kees` otdesu tehporP eht ,sreyarp sih nI .mih )6( |no wotseb uoy tahw sselb dna ,nerdlihcdna htlaew sih esaercni ,hallA O :dias| tehporP eht ,sanA rof yarp ot mialuS-mUyb deksa nehW`` ,htidaH eht ot gnidroccA ".eriF fo mood eht morf su draugdna ,doog si hcihw taht retfaereH eht ni dnadoog si hcihw taht dlrow eht ni su otnu eviG!droL ruO" :syas ohw eh si )osla( meht fo dnA)102(`` ,syas N hallA ,haraqaB-lA taruS nI retfaereH eht nidna woN laicifeneB si aauD ,detpeccA fI 5.1 .]32 hayA ,faarA-lA taruS[!tsol eht fo era ew ylerus ,su no ycrem tonevah dna ton su evigrof uohT fI .sevlesruodegnorw evah eW !droL ruO ...)32(``:noitacilppus siht eb ot dias era sdrow`ehT .luficreM eht ,gnitneleR eht si eH!oL .mih drawot detneler eH dna ,)noitaleverfo( sdrow droL sih morf deviecer madA nehT)73(`` ,syas N hallA ,haraqaB-lA taruS nI )ecnatnepeR( habwaT si aauD 4.132 1 retpahC
  • doog tpecxe efil gnolorp nac gnihtondna ,noitacilppus tpecxe eerceD eniviDtreva nac gnihtoN`` ,syas tehporP ehT | eerceD eniviD trevA naC aauD 8.1 )9( .)gnihtemosrof( miH gniksa sdnah sih pu stup ehfi dednah-ytpme tnacilppus a yawa nrut tonseod eH taht suoreneg dna yhs os si ,detlaxEeht ,desselB eht ,droL ruoY`` ,syas osla eH )8( .aaud naht hallAot reraed si gnihtoN`` ,syas | tehporP ehT hallA ot tseraeD si aauD 7.1 .doog ehtotnu hgin si hallA fo ycrem ehT !oL .epoh dnaraef ni miH no llac dna ,)foereht( gniredroriaf eht retfa htrae eht ni noisufnoc ton kroW)65(`` ,syas N hallA ,faarA-lA taruS nI elpoeP dooG fo lacipyT si aauD 6.1 )7( .tbeddna snis ,htaed dna efil fo noitcilffa eht,lajjaD-dA heesaM-lA fo noitcilffa eht ,evargeulaV dna ecnessE :aauD 42
  • $$$ .sretreva mrah dna seno pu-derots ,srewsnaetaidemmi :srovaf ruoY fo erom yb sreyarpruo rewsna ,erom etacilppus ew sa ,hallA O:reyarp siht htiw retpahc siht edulcnoc su teL )21( .eromtnarg ot ydaer si hallA`` ,deilper tehporP |ehT .noitacilppus esaercni lliw ew neht,lleW`` ,dias ecneidua eht fo enO .sevitalergnoma ssenevisivid rof ro lufnis gnihtemosrof yarp ton seod eh taht dedivorp ,mrah fotnuoma lauqe na morf mih tcetorp yam eH ro,mih rof pu ti erots ro yletaidemmi mih rewsnayam eH :mih srewsna hallA ,gnihtemos rofsetacilppus milsuM a fI`` :dias tehporP ehT | retaL ro renooS laicifeneBdna elbarewsnA si aauD sreveileB ehT 9.1 )11( ".gnitacilppus peek tsum ,erofereht,uoy ,hallA fo sevals O .tey deneppahton sah tahw rof dna deneppah sah tahwrof doog si aauD" ,syas osla eH .sdeed )01(52 1 retpahC
  • 62
  • tehporP eht , htidaH eno ot gnidroccA )31(| secruoSlaalaH morf eB tsuM sgninraE stnacilppuS .2 .yartsa )raf( seog sreveilebsid fo reyarpehT .ti hcaer reven lliw ti dna ,htuom sih otnuemoc yam ti taht )gniksa( retaw drawot sdnahsih htrof sehcterts ohw eno )ot esnopser eht fi(sa evas ,lla ta ton meht ot dnopser hallA edisebyarp yeht mohw otnu esohT .reyarp laer eht simiH otnU )41(`` ,syas osla eH ,daR-rA taruS nI ....miH ediseblliw ey tahw pihsrow nehT )51( .)ylno( miHrof erup noigiler ym gnikam ,pihsrow I hallA:yaS )41(`` ,syas N hallA ,ramuZ-zA taruS nI noitnetnI fo ytiruP .1 snoitidnoC aauD 1.2 etteuqitE dna snoitidnoC aauD 2 retpahC72 2 retpahC
  • ,setacilppus eno nehW`` :syas | tehporP ehT hallA gniksA ni etuloseR eB .2 .)41(.derewsna eb lliw noitacilppusruoy dna ,)won( etacilppus nac uoY`` ,mihot dias | tehporP eht ,| tehporP siH rofdeyarp dna hallA desiarp ohw eno eht rof sA .sekil eno sa hallA etacilppusneht dna ,tehporP eht no sgnisselbsiH ekovni neht ,tsrif hallA yfirolg dnaesiarp ot si eno ,haalas setelpmoc eno ecnO``,dias eh ,nehT ".ytsah oot saw tahT" ,dias| tehporP eht ,| tehporP eht rof gniyarptuohtiw etacilppus milsuM eno draeh gnivaH| tehporP siH no sgnisselB siH gnikovnI dnahallA gnisiarP htiw sreyarP dnE dnA tratS .1 etteuqitE aauD 2.2.derewsna eb nac sreyarp seno taht os )lufwalyllacimalsI( laalah eb ot evah sgninrae seno,sdrow rehto nI !derewsna eb ot noitacilppussih tcepxe nac secruos )lufwalnuyllacimalsI( maarah morf era gnihtolcdna knird ,doof esohw nosrep a woh srednowetteuqitE dna snoitidnoC :aauD 82
  • )71( .ti dediovasyawla snoinapmoC sih dna | tehporPeht ;noitacilppus ni gnimyhr )derutcafunam(diovA`` :hamirkI ot dias sabbA-nbI .tuohs ro sliated dna gnimyhrevissecxe esu ylirassecennu ohw stnacilppusesoht ot gnirrefer eb ot demussa si hayAsiht ni srosserggA` .srossergga ton sevol eH!oL .terces ni dna ylbmuh droL ruoy nopu llaC)!dniknam O )55(`` ,syas hallA ,faarA-lA taruSnI .evissergga deredisnoc si aauD ni gnimyhrevissecxe yrassecennu fo esu etarebiled ehT gnimyhR evissecxE dna gnituohS diovA .4 .esnopser ytsah a tcepxe ton dluohs enO)61( .derewsna neeb ton sah noitacilppusym tub ,detacilppus evah I` ,gniyas tneitapmiemoceb ton seod eh sa gnol os derewsna eb otera snoitacilppus senO`` ,syas tehporP ehT | tneitapmI eB toN oD .3 )51( .miH lepmocnac gnihton rof ,hsiw uoy fi em evig ,hallAO` ,yas ton dluohs eh ;devloser eb dluohs eh92 2 retpahC
  • ylralucitrap ,sreyarp dehsilbatseesu dluohs eno ,noissergsnart diova ot ,oslA.tniaf ylbisneherpmocni ron duol rehtien.e.i ,hguone raelc eb dluohs eciov senO.gnitacilppus nehw tuohs ot ton si eno ,suhT "!sreveilebsidtsgnoma sreodgnorw eht hsinup ,luficreMtsoM eht ,hallA O" ,yarp ot noissergsnartfo tca na si ti ,ylralimiS "...gnihsinup ni ereveSenO eht ,hallA O" ,gniyas yb ycrem dnassenevigrof rof N hallA ksa ot yrotcidartnocsi ti ,elpmaxe roF .ylirotcidartnoc etacilppusot noissergsnart deredisnoc osla si tI )91(".enO gnieeS lla dna gniraeH-llaeht gnitacilppus era uoY .tnesba ro faed ton signitacilppus era uoy enO eht ;elbatrofmoc eb,elpoep O" ,dias tehporP eht ",tsetaerg eht sihallA" ,gnituohs pirt a no milsuM a gniraeH )81(".aauD ni ssergsnartohw esoht eb lliw erehT` :yas regnesseMshallA draeh I .lleH morf noitcetorprof dna nevaeH rof hallA ksa ,nos ymO" ,dias laffahguM nbI halludbA ",nevaeHfo edis thgir eht no ecalap etihw a rof uoYksa I !hallA O" ,etacilppus nos sih gniraeh nOetteuqitE dna snoitidnoC : aauD 03
  • a fo aaud eht rewsna ton seod hallA tahterawa eB .sreyap ruoy rewsna lliw eH tahttnedifnoc eb tsum uoy ,hallA gnitacilppusnehW" ,syas | dammahuM tehporP .sU otnu evissimbus erew dna ,raef ni dnagnignol ni sU otnu deirc yeht dna ,sdeed doogni rehto eht htiw eno eiv ot desu yehT !oL...)91(`` ,syas N hallA ,ayibnA-lA taruS nItraeH fo ssenevitnettA dna noissimbuS wohS .6 .stipmra )22(etihw gnilaever ,hgih sdnah sih desiar |tehporP eht ,niar rof gnitacilppus nehw ,ecnO .halbiQ-lA gnicaf tuohtiw niar rof deyarp)12(| tehporP eht ,)hceeps( habtuhk yadirFa gnireviled elihw taht eurt si ti ,revewoH .tuo edisni kaolc sih denrut dna halbiQ )02(-lA decaf neht ,llafniar rof detacilppus |regnesseM shallA`` ,htidaH eht ot gnidroccA niaR rof gniyarP nehW ylralucitraP,sdnaH ruoY esiaR dna halbiQ eht ecaF .5 .aaud fo yretsam kcal ohwesoht rof doog si sihT .seno evisneherpmoc13 2 retpahC
  • fo tca na detreva eh woh denoitnem rehtona;stnerap sih ot saw eh doog woh denoitnemeno :sdeed doog rieht htiw sgnisselbshallA ekovni ot dah yehT .tuo teg ot elbanuerew yeht os ,ecnartne evac eht dekcolb dnanwod llef kcor gib A .thgin eht yats ot evac aotni tnew ohw swollef eerht eht tuoba htidaHnwonk-llew eht ni detcelfer ylraelc si sihT.sdeed doog sih hguorht pleh rof yarp nac enO sdeeD dooGruoY hguorhT sgnisselB shallA ekovnI .9 .od yeht tahwdetiuqer eb lliw yehT .seman siH emehpsalbohw esoht fo ynapmoc eht evael dnA.meht yb miH ekovnI .seman tseriaf eht erashallA )081(`` ,syas eH ,faarA-lA taruS nI semaN tseriaF siH yb hallA no llaC .8 )42( ....,detacilppus neht ,detacilppusneht ,detacilppus | regnesseM shallA,thgin eno ro ,yad nO`` ,ahsiA ot gnidroccA noitacilppuS ni tsisreP .7 ".traeh detseretnisid ,tnegilgen )32(etteuqitE dna snoitidnoC :aauD 23
  • $$$ .hallA ot gnisaelpdna elbatpecca eb devlovni troffe elohw ehtyaM .etteuqite aauD fo stnemele tnatropmitsom eht stneserper denoitnemerofa ehT )72( .seno ressel ton ,snoitacilppusevisneherpmoc esu ot devol | regnesseMshallA`` )62(.sgninaem fo sdaol seirractub ,feirb yllacipyt si tI .retfaereH eht dnadlrow siht fo doog eht gnikees snoitacilppuseht ot srefer aaud evisneherpmoC aauD evisneherpmoC esU .01 )52( .evaceht fo tuo teg ot elba erew yeht ,yllautnevedna ,ffo ekorb kcor eht fo trap a ,snoitacovnirieht fo hcae htiW .renwo lanigiro eht ot)tiforp sulp ytiuqe( denruter eh hcihw ,tiforpfo laed taerg a edam ti taht yllufhtiaf os tsurtsenoemos retfa dekool eh woh denoitnemdriht eht dna ;snoitatpmet fo etips ni yretluda33 2 retpahC
  • 43
  • ) .noitartsorp ni erom etacilppus,eroferehT82( .noitartsorp gnirud hallAot tseraen si enO`` :htidaH eht morf ecnedivE .]91 hayA ,qalA-lA taruS[ .)hallA otnu(raen ward dna ,flesruoy etartsorp tuB .mihton yebO !yaN`` :naruQ eht morf ecnedivE noitartsorP gniruD .1 .meht fo emos eragniwollof ehT .niereht noitacilppus esaercnidna meht yfitnedi eno taht dednemmocersi ti ,eroferehT .sreyarp gnirewsna rof secalpdna semit ,snoitautis elbarovaf ro enutroppoot stniop erutaretil hannuS eht ,revewoH.miH ot ylno sgnoleb snoitacilppusot esnopser shallA fo egdelwonK aauD gnirewsnA roF snoitautiS enutroppO 3 retpahC53 3 retpahC
  • miH oT .srentrap tuohtiw enola ,hallA tubdoG on si erehT :si dias reve evah stehporP ewtseb eht dna ,hafarA fo yaD eht no dias tahtsi noitacilppus tseb ehT`` ,syas | tehporP ehT yaD hafarA eht nO .3 )92(....ecitsujnina gnireffus nosrep a dna relur tsuja ,)tsaf sih skaerb eh llit( nosrep gnitsaf a :eraderewsnanu og ton lliw snoitacilppus esohwelpoep eerhT`` :htidaH eht morf ecnedivE .malsI fo rallip htruof eht ,gnitsafhtiw noitisopatxuj ni sreyarp gnirewsnasnoitnem hallA ,haraqaB-lA taruS morf shayAowt eseht nI .thgira del eb yam yeht taht redroni ,eM ni tsurt meht tel dna llac yM raeb mehttel oS .eM otnu seirc eh nehw tnacilppus eht foreyarp eht rewsna I .hgin ma I ylerus neht ,eMgninrecnoc uoy noitseuq stnavres yM nehwdnA )681( .lufknaht eb yam uoy erutnevdareptaht dna ,uoy dediug gnivah rof hallA yfingamdluohs uoy taht dna ,doirep eht etelpmocdluohs uoy ...)581(`` :naruQ eht morf ecnedivE gnitsaF elihW .2aauD gnirewsnA rof snoitautiS enutroppO 63
  • draeh tehporP eht ,hteedaH eht ot gnidroccA.rewsna elbarovaf a gnikees fo yaw evitceffetsom eht deredisnoc si emaN tsetaergsiH gnikovni yb hallA gnitacilppuS :emaN tsetaerG siH yb N N hallA gnikovnI .4 .)hturt eht swonkhallA ylnO( mala-uhaallaw - yaD hafarAeht gnirud noitacilppus rof eerf eb ot saweh luferac woh ylpmi yam sihT)43(.sreyarpnoonretfa eht dna noon eht denibmocdna )33(hafarA fo tnuoM eht no hceepstrohs a dereviled tehporP eht ,egamirglip |gnirud taht egdelwonk nommoc si tI )23( ].syad rehto no flesti liava ton seod ti sa,yaD eht fo ytinutroppo eht etsaw ton dluohsyeht ,dnah rehto eht nO .tol a etacilppus dnayaD taht ecnarbmemer shallA peek ot dnaheno eht no desivda era smirglip milsuM[.sreyarp gnirewsna rof emit enutroppotsom a si)13(,eriflleH eht morf elpoepfo tol a sevas hallA nehw ,yaD hafarA ehT N)03( .tnetepmoc sgniht lla revo si eH dna ,eudsi esiarp lla miH ot ,noinimod eht sgnoleb73 3 retpahC
  • )63( .hallA dna ti neewtebreirrab on si ereht rof ,eno degnorw ehtfo noitacilppus eht fo eraweB ...`` ,mih ot dias| tehporP eht ,nemeY ot hdauM gnidneS degnorW nehW .6 !tcelfer yeht od elttiL?hallA ediseb doG yna ereht sI ?htrae eht fosyoreciv uoy edam htah dna ,live eht sevomerdna miH otnu seirc eh nehw eno dessertsideht srewsna ohw )tseb( eH ton sI )26(`` ,syas e sN hallA ;lmaN-nA taruSssneri ttsniDdnivi eneshi Wih.T 5 )53( ".rof gniyarp si ehs / eh tahw tnacilppuseht sevig dna srewsna hallA ,ti yb detacilppusfi ;emaN tsetaerg siH yb hallA detacilppussah nam siht ,si luos ym dnaH esohW ni ,enOeht yB" ,dias tehporP eht ,aaud siht gniraehnO ".elbarapmoc si enon ohW otnu dna,nettogeb ton si ohW dna ,ton stegeb ohW,lla fo thguoseb yllanrete eht ,enO eht erauoY .uoY tub doG on si ereht taht dna ,hallAera uoY taht yfitset I rof ,uoY gnitacilppusma I ,hallA O" :sreyarp eseht yas milsuM aaauD gnirewsnA rof snoitautiS enutroppO 83
  • na si ereht ,yadirF nO`` ,dias | tehporP ehT yadirF no ruoH gnirewsnA eht gniruD .01 . hamaaqi dna naahda neewteb detcejer )93(reven si noitacilppuS`` ,dias | tehporP ehT )reyarPgnitratS rof eniL ni dnatS ot llaC( hamaaqIdna )reyarP rof llaC( naahdA neewteB .9 .nos sih tsniaga )83(tnerap a fo taht dna gnillevart enoemos fotaht ,degnorw enoemos fo taht :elbarewsnayldetbuodnu era taht snoitacilppuseerht era erehT`` ,dias | regnesseM shallA gnillevarT nehW .8 .em evigroF .evigrof ot )73(evol uoY dna ,gnivigrof-reve era uoY ,hallAO :yaS`` ,dias | tehporP eht , rdaQ-lutaliaLno yas ot tahw tuoba ahsiA yb deksa nehW .shtnomdnasuoht a naht retteb si rewoP / eerceD fothgiN ehT )3(`` ,syas N hallA ,rdaQ-lA taruS nI )rewoP/ eerceD fo thgiN eht( rdaQ-lutalyaL nO .793 3 retpahC
  • tnemugra eht troppus shtidaH tnaveler tsom,oslA .)smilsuM suoethgir ylrae( falaS ehtfo tsom era os dna ,weiv rettal eht fo rovaf ni sieh ,evoba denoitnem sA .noonretfa yadirF noruoh tsal eht si ti :si rehto ehT .reyarp yadirFeht fo dne eht ot tiplup eht no sdnats mamIeht emit eht morf stsal ti :si enO .shtidaHdehsilbatse-llew eht fo thgil eht ni elbarovaferom era srednetnoc esoht fo owt ylno ,tcaf nI.ruoh taht fo emit eht ot sa srednetnoc nevelegninimaxe retfa noisulcnoc taht dehcaer eH.noonretfa eht ni ruoh tsal eht eb tsum ruohenutroppo yadirF eht taht seugra eh ;weivtnereffid a sah miyyaQ-lA-nbI ,revewoH )24( .reyarp yadirF ehtsdne eh emit eht dna ]tiplup eht no[ stis mamIeht emit eht neewteb si ]ruoh yadirF eht[ tI`,yas regnesseM shallA draeh I`` :detroper |saw ti ,irahsA-lA asuM-ubA fo ytirohtua ehtno ;milsuM hihaS ni denoitnem si tahw si ruohtaht tuoba dias neeb sah tahw fo tcerroctsom eht ,)14(iwawaN-nA ot gnidroccA )04( .detcejer si hallA ot gniyarp gnidnatsmilsuM a fo noitacilppus on hcihw gnirud ruohaauD gnirewsnA rof snoitautiS enutroppO 04
  • ,droL ruo ,thgin yrevE`` ,syas | tehporP ehT emiT rahaS eht gniruD .11 .sruoh owt esoht gnirud hallA )54(etacilppus ot hammU sih degru | tehporP eht,yltnedivE .shtidaH tnaveler lla yb detroppussa ,rsA retfa eno eht si ruoh laicepseht ,tey ;llew sa snoitacilppus gnirewsnarof emit enutroppo na si reyarp yadirFeht fo ruoh eht taht eveileb osla I :syasmiyyaQ-lA-nbI ,tnemugra sih gnidulcnoC .rsA retfa ruoh tsal eht si tI .sreyarp sih )44(srewsna hallA ,gnihtemos rof syarp milsuMa fi ,meht fo eno gnirud ;]sruoh[ evlewt si )yad(yadirF`` ,dias evah ot detroper si | tehporPeht , yeaassaN-nA nanuS ihdimreT dna ,-tA nanuS duuwaaD-ubA nanuS ot gnidroccA .]noonretfa eht[ rsA retfa si tI )34(.detcejer si hallA ot gniyarp gnidnats milsuMa fo noitacilppus on hcihw gnirud ruoh nasi ereht ,yadirF nO`` ,dias evah ot detroper si| tehporP eht , damhA dansuM ot gnidroccA .miyyaQ-lA-nbI yb drawrof tupsecnedive era woleB .ruoh noonretfa eht rof14 3 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/;sa h = /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = / d/ Ï ±; ab =d /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/ $$$ .etutsadna esiw gnieb fo ngis a si siht rof ,mehtrof doog si tahw ot kcits dluohs yehT .riapsedton tsum dna ,pleh rof hallA ot yarp dluohsyehT .laicifeneb erom dna elbarovaf erom erayeht sa ,niereht gnitacilppus fo ytinutroppoeht ekat dluohs smilsuM .derewsna sreyarpruoy gnivah rof secalp dna semit ,snoitautisenutroppo eht no noitces eht sedulcnoc sihT ?mih evigrof lliw I taht )64(os ssenevigrof yM rof gniksa enoemos erehtsI ?mih ot ti evig lliw I taht os gnihtemosrof em gniksa enoemos ereht sI ?reyarpsih rewsna lliw I taht os em gnitacilppusenoyna ereht sI` :syas dna )thgin ehtfo trap tsal( rahas eht gnirud nevaeh yldlroweht ot nwod semoc ,detlaxE eht ,desselB ehtaauD gnirewsnA rof snoitautiS enutroppO 24
  • Ï suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/; oc =w /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/;e hs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /ljn/ ;tis = /i/ehT )7( ;htap thgiarts eht su wohS )6( .pleh .rof ksa ew enola uoY ;pihsrow ew )enola(uoY )5( ;tnemgduJ fo yaD eht fo renwO)4( ,luficreM eht ,tnecifeneB ehT )3( ,sdlroWeht fo droL ,hallA ot eb esiarP )2( .luficreMeht ,tnecifeneB eht ,hallA fo eman eht nI )1(" /neellaa-aaD-Dal-aw ,mihyalazibuuDhgam-liryahg ,mihyalaz atmaznaanee dal-laTaariS )7( ,)a(meeqatsum ±laTaariS-Sanidhi )6( ,)u(neezatsanakayyi-aw ,udubzan akaayyi )5( ,)i(need-dimway ikilaam )4( ,)i(mee har-rinaam harra)3( ,)ra(neemalaaz-libbar ihaal-lil udma hla Ï Ï)2( ,)i(mee har-rinaam har-rihaal-lmsib )1(/ Ï Ï Ï hahitaF-lA taruS .1 )74( naruQ suoirolG eht morF aauD 4 retpahC34 4 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/ dÏ;sah = /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = /± /;dab = /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/! "p . [G 2rLI: 102]-o ,)*/0-.#$ ".eriFfo mood eht morf su draug dna ,doog si hcihwtaht retfaereH eht ni dna doog si hcihw tahtdlrow eht ni su otnu eviG !droL ruO )102(" /raan-nabaa daz aaniq-aw ±,)wat(anasa h itarihkaa-lif-aw ,)wat(anasa haaynud-dif Ï aanitaa aanabbar )102(/ Ï 102 hayA ,haraqaB-lA trauS .26 Ap | [G l. 8E7] .Az 4; < 9 : ? A {Ax )1 2 7 8 5 A yo*( / &- . 3 % 0 +, A w ".yartsa og ohw esoht foron regna ruoY nrae ohw esoht fo )htap eht(toN ;derovaf tsah uoY mohw esoht fo htapnaruQ suoirolG eht morf aauD 44
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ n j ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /l / ;tis = /i/ . /neerifaak-limwaq-lalaz aanruSl af n j aanaalwam n atl a j .,aanma hr-aw ,aanal rifhg-aw ,aannaz ufz-aw .,)i(hib aanal ataqaaT aal aam aanlimma hut Ï n jaal-aw aanabbar ,aanilbaq l im anee dal-lalaz ± Ïuhatlama h aamak l arSi n j aanyalaz lim hat Ï . .aal-aw aanabbar ,aanaThka wa aaneesan Ï-ni aan dihkaa-ut aal aanabbar )682(/ ± 682 hayA ,haraqaB-lA taruS .4n p [G 2rLI: 052] @ovm s r q p o ut ".klof gniveilebsid eht tsniagapleh su evig dna ,erus dlohtoof ruo ekam,ecnarudne su no wotseB !droL ruO ....)052(" /neerifaak-imwaq-lala aanruSnaw ,aanamaadqa tibbahtaw ,)w(arbaS anayla hgirfa aanabbar )052(/ 052 hayA ,haraqaB-lA taruS .354 4 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/ d;sah = /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = /± / Ï;dab = /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/su nopu wotseb dna ,su dediug evah uoY retfayarts ot straeh ruo ton esuaC !droL ruO )8(" n ./baahhaw -latl a akanni ,)nat(am har jakl udal-lim n j . aanal . bah-aw ,aanatiadah Ïdi adzab aanabuuluq hgizut aal aanabbar )8(/± 8 hayA ,narmI-lA taruS .59 p [G 2rLI: 682] .5 6:4G H E 3ob/ a0.%+&,=)$*!7"8 - 1(2 ? @# > ; < ".klof gniveilebsid ehtrevo yrotciv su evig dna ,rotcetorP ruo ,uoY,su no ycrem evah dna su evlosba ,su nodraP!raeb ot htgnerts eht ton evah ew hcihwtaht su no ton esopmI !droL ruO !su erofebesoht no yal did uoY sa nedrub a hcus su noton yaL !droL ruO !kram eht ssim ro ,tegrofew fi ton su nmednoC !droL ruO ...)682("naruQ suoirolG eht morf aauD 64
  • Ï suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /ljn/ ;tis = /i/ . /raan-nabaa daz aaniq-aw ,aanabunu d aanal ± ±rifhgaf ,aannamaa aananni aanabbar )61(/ :61 hayA ,narmI-lA taruS .7 ~t s Ap . [Bd b$LG f: 9]oY~}|{zyxwvu ".tsyrt eht peek ot ton sliaf hallA !oL.tbuod on si ereht hcihw fo yaD a ot rehtegotdniknam rehtag ohW uoY si tI !droL ruO )9(" /daazeem-lufilhkuy aal ahaal-lanni ,)i(heef abiar-aal-limuay-il isan-nuzimaaj akanni aanabbar )9(/ 9 hayA ,narmI-lA taruS .6 }[ Z Ap b$L @ [Bd G f: 8]oX W V U T S R Q ` _ ^ ] ".rewotseB eht era uoYylno ,uoY !oL .ecneserP ruoY morf ycrem74 4 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/ d;sah = /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = /± / Ï;dab = /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/-aw aanabuunu d aanal rifhg-anabbar )741(/ ± :741 hayA ,narmI-lA taruS .9# Azx p [Bd b$LG f: 35] .o;<=>?@!" ".)hturt eht ot(ssentiw ohw esoht gnoma su llornE .tnes evahuoY mohw mih wollof ew dna delaever evahuoY hcihw taht ni eveileb eW !droL ruO )35(" /needihaahs-hsazam aanbutkaf ,)a(luusar-ranzabat-taw atlazl a aamib aannamaa aanabbar )35(/ n j . :35 hayA ,narmI-lA taruS .8Ap {v [Bd b$LG f: 61] .o 0/"!$#&%( "!eriF fotnemhsinup eht morf su draug dna snis ruo suevigrof oS .eveileb eW !oL !droL ruO ...)61("naruQ suoirolG eht morf aauD 84
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ n j ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /l / ;tis = /i/ .aanabbar )491( raarba-la am aanaffawat-aw z,aanitaa-iyyas aanna z riffak-aw ,aanabuunu d ±aanal rifhgaf aanabbar ,aannamaa-af mukibbar-ib uunimaa na inaamee-lil eedaanuy-yay-idaanum aan imas aananni zaanabbar )391( raaSl a nim aneemilaaZ-Zil n j Ï Ï .aamaw ,)u(hatiazhka daqaf araan-nilihkdutnl am akanni aanabbar )291( raan-nabaa daj z. ±aaniqaf ,)a(kanaa hbus n )l (aliTaab jaa dah atqalahk aam Ï aanabbar . )191(/ ± :491-191 shayA ,narmI-lA taruS .01_ ` ! p b$ L . [Bd G f: 741]oU V W X Y Z [ ] ^ ".klof gniveilebsid eht revo yrotciv su evigdna ,erus dlohtoof ruo ekam ,stroffe detsawdna snis ruo rof su evigroF !droL ruO )741(" /neerifaak-limwaq-lala z n aanruSl aw j ,aanamaadqatibbaht-aw ,aanirma . eef aanafaarsi94 4 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/;sa = h /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = /±d/ Ï; ab =d /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/w~vAsrqponmlk}|{zyxwvut v~vo? 2 1 4 3 6 5 8 7 A ~".tsyrt eht ton kaerb uoY !oL .noitcerruseR foyaD eht nopu ton su dnuofnoC .sregnessemruoY yb su ot desimorp evah uoY hcihwtaht su evig dnA !droL ruO )491( .suoethgireht fo htaed eht eid su ekam dna ,sdeedlive ruo su morf timer dna ,snis ruo su evigrof,eroferehT !droL ruO .deveileb ew oS "!droLruoy ni uoy eveileB" :htiaF otnu gnillac reirca draeh evah eW !oL !droL ruO )391( .sreplehon eb lliw ereht sreod-live roF .dednuofnocevah uoY deedni mih :eriF eht retneot esuac uoY mohW !droL ruO )291( .eriF fomood eht morf su evreserP !uoY ot eb yrolG.niav ni siht ton detaerc uoY !droL ruO )191(" /daazeem -lufilhkut aalakanni ,)it(amaayiq-lamway aanizhkut aal-aw ,akilusur aalaz anattazaw aam anitaa-awnaruQ suoirolG eht morf aauD 05
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /l / ;tis = /i/ n j . "!tsol eht fo era ew ylerus ,su no ycrem tonevah dna ton su evigrof uoY fI .sevlesruodegnorw evah eW !droL ruO ... )32(" ./neerisaahk-lanim annanuukanal,aanmahrat-aw aanal rifhgat malli-aw ,aanasufl a aanmalaZ aanabbar )32(/ n j Ï . 32 hayA ,faarA-lA taruS .21 [G $ . FJI: 38].o U , + * )p ".sessentiw eht gnomasa su ebircsnI .eveileb ew ,droL ruO ...)38(" /needihaahs-hsazamaanbutkaf ,aannamaa aanabbar )38(/ 38 hayA ,hadiaM-lA taruS .11A B G H E A~y v p [Bd b$LG f: 191-491].K Lj iA~x vh gI J ePdM Nb D fO c C a15 4 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/;sah = /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = / d/ Ï ±;dab = /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/ ".noisiced ekam ohwesoht fo tseb eht era uoY rof ,klof ruo dnasu neewteb hturt htiw ediceD !droL ruO )98(" ./nee hitaaf-luryahk atl a-aw n j iqqa h-lib aanimwaq Ïanyab-aw . aananyab hatf-anabbar Ï )98(/ Ï 98 hayA ,faarA-lA taruS .41oY X W V U Tp [G $ bLG a: 74]. ".klof gniodgnorw eht htiw ton su ecalP!droL ruO :yas yeht ,eriF eht fo srellewd ehtdrawot denrut era seye rieht nehw dnA )74(" ./neemilaaZ Ï-Zimwaq-lazam aanlazjat aal aanabbar )74(/ Ï 74 hayA ,faarA-lA taruS .31]p $bL [G G a: 32].o (%&[YZ_`naruQ suoirolG eht morf aauD 25
  • suhT = /Z/ Ï ;orez = /z/;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /l / n j ;tis = /i/ . ".eveilebsid taht klof eht morf su evas,ycrem ruoY fo ,dnA )68( ;klof gniodgnorweht rof erul a ton su ekam ,hO !droL ruO )58(" /neerifaak-limwaq-lanim akitam har-ib aanijjan-aw )68( neemilaaZ-Zimwaq Ï Ï Ï-lil-latantif aanlazjat aal aanabbar )58(/ 68-58 shayA ,sunuY taruS .61o . - $ # " !p [G $ bLG a: 621] @ ".)uoY otnu( derednerrus evahohw nem sa eid su ekam dna ssentsafdaetssu otnu efashcuoV !droL ruO )621(" ./neemilsum aanaffawat-aw-warbaS aanialaz hgirfa aanabbar )621(/ 621 hayA ,faarA-lA taruS .51[G $ bLG a: 98].o [ Z Y ( & % $p35 4 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/;sah = /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = / d/ Ï ±;dab = /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/stnerap ym dna em evigroF !droL ruO )14(" ./baasi h-lumuuqay amway aneenimum-lil-aw ayyadilaaw-il-aw eel rifhg-anabbar )14(/ Ï 14 hayA ,meeharbI taruS .81 }x & % , + Ap 1L [E G +1%: 83].o<;:9@?>=$#"!( ".hallAmorf neddih si nevaeh eht ni ro htrae ehtni gnihtoN .mialcorp ew hcihw taht dna edihew hcihw taht wonk uoY !oL !droL ruO )83(" n ./aamas-sif aal-aw iDra-lif niyahs l im ihaal j-lalaz aafhkay aam-aw ,)u(nilzun aam-aw .eefhkun aam umalzat akanni aanabbar )83(/ :83 hayA ,meeharbI taruS .71 {}_ Z Ap Q . [0.& : 58-68] z}oX W R Q T S A ^ ] `naruQ suoirolG eht morf aauD 45
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ n j ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /l / ;tis = /i/ . n /neemi haar-ruriahk atl a-aw ,aanma h-raw jaanal rifhgaf ,aannamaa aanabbar )901(/ Ï . Ï 901 hayA ,nunimuM-lA taruS .02[G u , m: 01] .o ) * + , 5 6 7 8 1 2p ".thgilpruo ni tcudnoc thgir su rof epahs dna ecneserpruoY morf ycrem su eviG !droL ruO...)01(" /aadahsaraanirma nim aanal iyyah-aw ,)wat(am harakl udal-lim n j aanitaa aanabbar )01(/ Ï . 01 hayA ,fhaK-lA taruS .91[E1LG +1%: 14] .o vy n m l k j i h g Ap ".tsacsi tnuocca eht nehw yaD eht no sreveileb dna55 4 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/;sa =h Ï /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = / d/ ±; ab = d /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/aanlazj-aw ,)wi(nuyza atarruq aanitaayyirru d ±-aw aanijaawza nim aanal bah aanabbar )47(/ 47 hayA ,naqruF-lA taruS .22[G lLq. f: 56] .o k j i h g f e d cp ".hsiugna si foereht mood ehT !ol ;llehfo mood eht su morf trevA !droL ruO )56(" /aamaarahganaak aahabaa daz anni ,)a(mannahaj ±abaa daz aannaz firS-anabbar )56(/ ± 56 hayA ,naqruF-lA taruS .12901] .o m l k j i h g fp [G $&#(.f: ".ycrem wohs ohw lla fo tseb eht erauoY rof ,su no ycrem evah dna su evigroferofereht ,eveileb eW !droL ruO )901("naruQ suoirolG eht morf aauD 65
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ n j ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /l / ;tis = /i/ .H G J I Lp [e. kL: 7] .o cbaBADCFE "!lleh fo tnemhsinup eht meht morfffo draW .yaw ruoY wollof dna tneper ohwesoht evigrof erofereht ,egdelwonk dna ycremni sgniht lla dneherpmoc uoY !droL ruO )7(" /mee haj-labaa da z mihiq-aw ,)a(kaleebas uu abat z Ï ± n-taw uubaat anee dal-lil rifhgaf ,)l (amli -aw j z ± .watam harri-yahs alluk at isaw aanabar )7(/ z Ï 7 hayA ,rifahG taruS .32,+ p [G lLq. f: 47] @o edcba 0/.- ".awqat evresbo ohw esoht )lla( rof snrettapsu ekam dna ,gnirpsffo ruo fo dna seviw ruofo trofmoc su efashcuoV !droL ruO ...)47(" /amaami aneeqattum-lil75 4 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/;sa =h Ï /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = / d/ ±; ab = d /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/si uoY otnu dna ,tnatneper nrut ew uoY otnudna ,tsurt ruo tup ew uoY nI !droL ruO ...)4(" /reeSam-lakyali-aw ,aanbana akyali-aw ,aanlakkawat akyalaz aanabbar )4(/ 4 shayA ,hanahatmuM-lA taruS .52[G ESL: 01] @ uvS T ] ^ _ ` Y Z [ Apo* + , U V W X Q R ".luficreM,ytiP fo lluF era uoY !droL ruO .eveilebohw esoht drawot rocnar yna straeh ruo niton ecalp dna ,htiaf eht ni su erofeb erew ohwnerhterb ruo dna su evigroF droL ruO )01("./mee har-rufuu-ar akanni aanabbar ,uunamaaanee dal-lil-lalihg aanibuuluq eef lazjat ± Ïaal-aw ,)i(naamiee-lib aanuuqabas anee dal ±-laninaawhki-ilaw aanal rifhg-anabbar )01(/ 01 hayA ,rhsaH-lA taruS .42naruQ suoirolG eht morf aauD 85
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/ n j;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /l / ;tis = /i/ . ".reyarP fo reraeHeht era uoY !oL .gnirpsffo yldoog ytnuobruoY fo em nopu wotseB !droL yM )83(" /aazud-duzeemas akanni ,)nat(abiyyaTl atayyirru d akl udal-lim eel bah ibbar )83(/nj n j. ± . 83 hayA ,narmI-lA taruS .72 [G 9EL 0%: 8].Bpo aIJKLMNOPA".sgniht lla od ot elbA tra uoY !oL !su evigrofdna ,su rof thgil ruo tcefreP !droL ruO )8(" n j /reedaq l iyahs illuk aalaz akanni ,aanal rifhg .-aw ,aanaruun aanal mimta aanabbar )8(/ 8 hayA ,meerhaT-tA .62o 4 5 6 7 8 ) *p [G $$9E(7: 4] @ ".gniyenruoj eht95 4 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mlu h = / h/;sa h = /h/ r ;)si aP = ;t /hg/ ae m = /ee/ ;bmu d /D/ ht = ;si = Ï / d/ ±; ab =d /d/ i ;dn f = ;r ts = /ya/ a ;bm l = /aa/ a /aa/ a ;ypp h = /a/,yrotirret siht efas ekaM !droL yM ....)53("/maanSa-ladubzan na ayyinab -aw eenbunj-aw)w(animaa adalab-la daah lazj-ibbar )53(/ ± 53 hayA ,meeharbI taruS .92U V W X Q Rp [+.O: 74].oABCDMNOPIJKL ".tsol eht gnomaeb llahs I ,em no ycrem evah dna em evigrofuoY sselnU .egdelwonk on evah I foerehwtaht uoY fo ksa dluohs I taht )nis eht morf(egufer kees I od uoY nI !oL !droL yM )74(" .)a(neerisaahk lanim-muka eenma hrat-aw eel rifhgat aalli-aw ,)wu(mliz ihib eel asyal Ïaam akala-sa na akib u duuza eenni ibbar )74(/ ± 74 hayA ,duuH taruS .82[Bd b$LG f: 83].oK F E H G B A D C ^pnaruQ suoirolG eht morf aauD 06
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ n j ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /l / ;tis = /i/ . "....em rof ksat ymesae dna dnim ym eveileR !droL yM ... )52(" /eerma eelrissay-aw )62(,eerdaS eel harhs-ibbar )52(/ Ï 62-52 shayA ,ahaT taruS .13Ap uy [E1LG +1%: 04] .o wvutsrqpo ".reyarp eht tpecca dnA !droLruo ;)osla( ytiretsop ym fo emos dna ,pihsrowreporp hsilbatse ot em ekaM !droL yM )04(" /aazud labbaqat-aw aanabbar ,itayyirru d ±njl imaw itaalaS-Sameequm eenlazj-ibbar )04(/. 04 hayA ,meeharbI taruS .03 zxb Ap @ [E1LG +1%: 53]ok jihgfedc ".slodignivres morf snos ym dna em evreserp dna16 4 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/;sah = /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = / d/Ï ±;dab = /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/[G $ &21. A: 211]. wvvo? @ 9 : ; < 5 6 7 A p ".)miHotnu( ebircsa uoy hcihw taht tsniaga derolpmieb ot si pleh esohw ,tnecifeneB eht si droLruO .hturt htiw uoY egduJ !droL yM )211(" /nuufiSat aam aalaz unaazatsum-lu-naam har-ranubbar-aw ,)i(qqa h-lib muk h-ibbar )211(/ Ï Ï Ï 211 hayA ,aayibnA-lA taruS .33o I L K N M P Op [G $ &21. A: 98]. ".srotirehni fo tseb eht era uoY hguoht,sseldlihc ton em evaeL !droL yM )98(" ./neehtiraaw-luryahkatl a-aw ,)w(adraf eenra dat aal ibbar )98(/ n j . ± 98 hayA ,aayibnA-lA taruS .23 zw {wo@ ? > = A D C B Ap [[-: 52-62].naruQ suoirolG eht morf aauD 26
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ n j ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /l / ;tis = /i/ .l iqdiSnj anaasil eel lazjaw )48(,nee hilaaS-Sib.eenqi hla-aw ,)w(amku h eel bah ibbar )38(/ Ï Ï Ï 58-38 shayA ,aarauhS-hsA taruS .63o " ( % & +p [G $&#(.f: 49] @ ".klof gniodgnorweht gnoma ton em tes nehT !droL yM )49(" /neemilaaZ Ï-Zimwaq-lif Ï eenlazjat aal-af ibbar )49(/ 49 hayA ,nunimuM-lA taruS .53o @ 9 : ; < 5 6p [G $&#(.f: 92] . ".dnal ot gnirb ohw llafo tseb eht era uoY rof ,ecalp gnidnal desselba ta dnal ot em esuaC !droL yM ...)92(" n /neelizl um-luryahk atl a-aw ,)w(akaraabum j n j-malazl um n j . . eenlizl a n j .. ibbar )92(/ 92 hayA ,nunimuM-lA taruS .4336 4 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/ Ïd;sah = /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = /± /;dab = /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/ohw mih evaS )98( )nam yna( ton liava snosdna htlaew nehw yaD ehT )88( ,desiar erayeht nehw yad eht no ton em esaba dnA )78(" n /meelas l iblaq-ib ahaal-lata jnam aalli )98(,)a(nuunab . aal-aw-wulaamuzafnay aal amway )88( ,)a(nuuhtazbuyamway eenizhkut aal-aw )78(/ 98-78 shayA ,aarauhS-hsA taruS .73[G Sc L vv G A: 38-58] 7 n n @ y}dcbaA Ap z} 65872ol x} kjihgAfe "...thgileD fo nedraGeht fo srotirehni eht gnoma em ecalp dnA)58( .snoitareneg retal ni troper doog a emotnu evig dnA )48( .suoethgir eht ot em etinudna modsiw em efashcuoV !droL yM )38(" /meezan-nitannajitahtaraw-wim eenlazjaw )58( neerihkaa-lifnaruQ suoirolG eht morf aauD 46
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/ n;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /lj / ;tis = /i/ .op . [G ( $ ": 91]wvutsrqpoC B A ~ } | { z y x ".sevals suoethgir ruoY )fo rebmuneht( ni em edulcni dna ,uoY otnu gnisaelpeb llahs taht doog od ot dna ,stnerap ym dnaem derovaf tsah uoY htiwerehw rovaf ruoYrof lufknaht eb ot em esuora ,droL yM ...)91(" ./nee hilaaS-Sakidaabiz eef akitam har-ib eenlihkda Ï-aw ,)u(haaDrat n l a hilaaS j Ï alamza na-aw .,ayyadilaaw aalaz-aw ,ayyalaz atmazna eetal Ï-lakatamzin arukhsa na eenzizwa ibbar )91(/ lmaN-nA taruS .83 ~}$ # . - 0 Ap ScL . [G G A: 78- 98] |} }}o? : 9 < A ; & % ( " A ! ".traeh elohw a hallA otnu sgnirb56 4 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/;sa = h Ï /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = / d/ ±; ab =d /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/ ./neemilaaZ Ï-Zimwaq-lanim Ï eenijjan ibbar )12(/ 12 hayA ,sasaQ-lA taruS .14[G rVW: 71] @oK L E F G H A Bp ".ytliug ehtfo retroppus a eb eromreven lliw I ,em derovafevah uoY sa hcumsaroF !droL yM )71(" /neemirjumlil-lareehaZ anuuka Ïnalaf ayyalaz atmazna aamib ibbar )71(/ 71 hayA ,sasaQ-lA taruS .04og f e d c bp [G rVW: 61] . ".em evigrof os,luos ym degnorw evah I !oL !droL yM ...)61("./eel rifhgaf ,eesfan utmalaZ eenni ibbar )61(/ Ï 61 hayA ,sasaQ-lA taruS .93naruQ suoirolG eht morf aauD 66
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ n j ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /l / ;tis = /i/ . ./nee hilaaS-Sanim eel bah ibbar )001(/ Ï 001 hayA ,taffaaS-sA taruS .44o G B A D Cp [G c(u2.J: 03] . ".noitpurroc krow ohwklof eht revo yrotciv em eviG !droL yM )03(" n j/needisfum-limwaq-lalaz eenruS-l ibbar )03(/ 03 hayA ,tubaknA-lA taruS .34 .o % ( " ! $ # >p [G rVW: 42] . ".em rof nwod dnes uoY doogrevetahw fo ydeen ma I !droL yM ... )42(" n ./reeqaf l iryahk jnim ayyali atlazl a aamil eenni ibbar )42(/ n j . . 42 hayA ,sasaQ-lA taruS .24o i h g f ep [G rVW: 12] @ ".klof gniodgnorweht morf em revileD !droL yM )12("76 4 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/ Ïd;sah = /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = /± /;dab = /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/@=>oa 7 8 ; <3 :4 1(2 ? 56 9 %& ".)uoY otnu( rednerrus ohw esohtfo ma I !ol dna ,tnatneper uoY otnu denrutevah I !oL .dees ym fo rettam eht ni em otnusuoicarg eb dnA .uoY otnu elbatpecca thgirod yam I taht dna ,stnerap ym dna em derovafevah uoY htiwerehw rovaf eht rof sknahtevig yam I taht em esuorA !droL yM ... )51(" /neemilsum -lanim inni-aw ,)a(kyali utbut eenni ,eetayyirru d eef eel ± n jhilSa-aw ,uhaaDrat l a hilaaS alamza na-awÏ .,ayyadilaaw aalaz-aw ayyalaz atmazna eetal Ï-lakatamzin arukhsa na eenzizwa ibbar )51(/ 51 hayA ,faaqhA-lA taruS .54 uuvom l k j i Ap [G V. k. J: 001] . ".suoethgireht fo em efashcuoV !droL yM )001("naruQ suoirolG eht morf aauD 86
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /l / ;tis = /i/ n j .ob a X W V U T S R ".niurevas thgua ni sreod-gnorw eht ton esaercnidna ,nemow gniveileb dna nem gniveilebdna ,gniveileb esuoh ym sretne ohw mih dnastnerap ym dna em evigroF !droL yM )82(" /aaraabat aalli aneemilaaZ-Zidizat Ï Ïaal-aw ,)i(taanimumlaw aneenimum n-lil-aw )w(animum ayityab alahkad l amil j-aw ayyadilaawil-aw eel rifhg-ibbar .)82(/ 82 hayA ,haoN taruS .74o 2 3 4 5 6 7 8p [G 9EL 0%: 11]@ "....nedraG eht ni uoYhtiw emoh a em rof dliuB !droL yM ...)11(" n j/hannaj-lif l atyab akadniz eel inbi ibbar )11(/ . 11 hayA ,meerhaT-tA taruS .64# $ !p [G $ Dr. a: 51].96 4 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/;sah = /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = / d/ Ï ±;dab = /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/gnirb uoY dnA .thgin eht otni ssap ot yad ehtesuac uoY dna ,yad eht otni ssap ot thgin ehtesuac uoY )72( .sgniht lla od ot elbA era uoY!oL .doog si dnah ruoY nI .lliw uoY mohwesaba uoY dna lliw uoY mohw tlaxe uoY .lliwuoY mohw morf ytngierevos wardhtiw uoYdna ,lliw uoY mohw otnu ytngierevos eviguoY !ytngierevoS fo renwO !hallA O ... )62(" n /baasi h iryahg-ib u-aahsat l am uquzrat-aw j .,iyya h-lanim atiyyam-lujirhkut-aw ,)i(tiyyam Ï-lanim ayya h-lujirhkut -aw ,)i(lyal-lif araahan Ï-nujiluut-aw ,iraahan-nif alyal-lujiluut )72(/ Ï n j /reedaq l iyahs illuk aalaz akanni ,)u(ryahk-lakiday-ib . ,)u(aahsat .l am n j ulli dut-aw ± ,u n j n j-aahsat l am uzzizut-aw ,)u(aahsat l ammim n jaklum-luzizl at-aw ,u-aahsat n l am j aklum .. ..-litut ,)i(klum-lakilaam ammuhaala )62(/ 72-62 shayA ,narmI-lA taruS .84Q ` _ ^ ] A}wp [&.M: 82].naruQ suoirolG eht morf aauD 07
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /l / ;tis = /i/ n j .rof stceles eH )47( .gniwonK llA ,gnicarbmEllA si hallA .lliw eH mohw no ti swotsebeH .dnah shallA ni si ytnuob ehT !oL ...)37(" /meeZaz Ï-lilDaf-lu d uhaal-law ,)u(aahsay-yam ±eehitam har-ib uSSathkay )47( )yu(meelaznuzisaaw Ï uhaal-law ,)u(aahsay-yamiheetuy ,)i(haal-liday-ib alDaf-lanni...)37(/ 72-62 shayA ,narmI-lA taruS .943 [Bd b$LG f: 62-72].%2<1p: 9 @ ? > = 4 ;) /. - #"! & A {wo,h0g f eodn$m ak(+i q p c b l ,j * ".tnitstuohtiw ,esoohc uoY mohw ot ecnanetsusevig uoY dnA .gnivil eht morf daed eht htrofgnirb uoY dna ,daed eht morf gnivil eht htrof17 4 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = /h/ Ï ±;sah = /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = / d/;dab = /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/kees I dnA )89( ,seno live eht fo snoitseggusmorf uoY ni egufer kees I !droL yM ... )79(" /nuuruD hay-yaibbar akib u duuza-aw )89( ,)i(neeTaayahs ± Ï-hsitaazamah nim akib u duuza ibbar... )79(/ ± 89-79 shayA ,nunimuM-lA taruS .15o, g f ep [[-: 411] . ".egdelwonkni em esaercnI !droL yM...)411(" ./aamliz eendiz ibbar )411(/ 411 hayA ,aH-aT taruS .05[Bd b$LG f: 37-47] .` _ ^ ] D C B Ap x|o, R Q X W V U [ Z Y A ".ytnuobetinifni fo si hallA .lliw eH mohw ycrem siHnaruQ suoirolG eht morf aauD 27
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = Ï /z/;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /l / n j ;tis = /i/ . /)i(need ayil-aw ,mukuneedmukal )6( ,)u(dubza aam anuudibaaz n jmutl a aal-aw )5( ,muttabaz aam-mudibaaz .ana aal-aw )4( ,)u(dubza aam anuudibaaz n jmutl a aal-aw )3( ,)a(nuudubzat aam udubza .aal )2( ,)a(nuurifaak-lahuyya aay luq )1(/ nuurifaaK-lA taruS .35 }vvo, u t s r q p Ap [G $&#(.f: 811]@".ycrem wohs ohw lla fo tseb eht era uoY rof,ycrem evah dna evigroF !droL yM ... )811(" /neemi haar-ruriahk atl a-aw ,ma hr-aw rifhg-ibbar )811(/ n j Ï . Ï 811 hayA ,nunimuM-lA taruS .25 }~k j Ap [G $&#(.f: 79-89] .o, |~ tsrqpoAnml ".em htiwtneserp eb yeht tsel ,droL ym ,uoY ni egufer37 4 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/;sa =h Ï /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = / d/ ±; ab = d /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/ ".miH otnu elbarapmocenon si ereht dnA )4( .nettogeb saw ron,ton stegeb eH )3( !lla fo thguoseb yllanreteeht ,hallA )2( !enO eht ,hallA si eH :yaS )1(" /da ha nawufuk uhal-lukay mal-aw)4( ,daluuy mal-aw dilay mal )3( ,damaS Ï-Suhaalla )2( ,da ha uhaalla-wuh luq )1(/ Ï saalhkI-lA taruS .45G u. kLhf]. z {A ~ } A | { z y Ap O. [ QI xKJIAHGFEDACB y v woT S R A Q P O N A M L".noigiler ym em otnu dna ,noigiler ruoy uoyotnU )6( .pihsrow I hcihw taht pihsrow uoYlliw roN )5( .pihsrow uoY hcihw taht pihsrowton llahs I dnA )4( .pihsrow I hcihw tahtuoY pihsrow roN )3( ;pihsrow uoY hcihwtaht ton pihsrow I )2( !sreveilebsid O :yaS )1("naruQ suoirolG eht morf aauD 47
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /l / ;tis = /i/ n j . z4 5 6 7 8 Ap O. l!s @ [ QI G ] x,-.A/0123A y v wo" # $ % A & ( ) A * + ".seivne eh nehw reivne ehtfo live eht morf dnA )5( ,tfarchctiw tnangilamfo live eht morf dnA )4( ,esnetni si ti nehwssenkrad eht fo live eht morF )3( ,detaerc eHhcihw taht fo live eht morF )2( kaerbyaDfo droL eht ni egufer kees I :yaS )1(" /dasa h aa di nidisaa h irrahs ±nl im-awj )5( ,)i(daquz-lif itaahtaaffan-nirrahs Ï Ï.l im-awnj. )4( ,)a(baqaw aa di ± niqisaahgirrahs l im-aw )3( ,)a(qalahk aam irrahs n jnjl im )2( ,)i(qalaf-libbar-ib u duuza luq )1(/. . ± qalaF-lA taruS .55G )G0 U]. x A ] ^ _ ` ! Ap O.y [ QI v woS T U V A W X A Y Z [57 4 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/ d Ï;sah = /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = /± /;dab = /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/ n j /meelaz -luzeemas-satl aakanni ,aannim labbaqat aanabbar )721(/ . 721 hayA ,haraqaB-lA taruS .75[O.QI G (. S]@ zg h i A j k l Ap { x@ Aa bc d Aefy v wo9 : ; < A = > A ? ".dniknam fo dna nnij eht fO )6( ,dniknamfo straeh eht ni srepsihw ohW )5( ,rerepsihwgnikaens eht fo live eht morF )4( ,dniknamfo doG ehT )3( ,dniknam fo gniK ehT )2(,dniknam fo droL eht ni egufer kees I :yaS )1(" /saan-naw itannij-lanim)6( ,)i(saan-niruuduS eef usiwsawuy ee dalla ±)5( ,)i(saannahk-lisaawsaw-lirrahs n l im j)4( ,)i(saan-nihaali )3( . ,)i(saan-nikilam)2( ,)i(saan-nibbar-ib u duuza luq )1(/ ± saaN-nA taruS .65naruQ suoirolG eht morf aauD 67
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/ n j;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /l / ;tis = /i/ .fo noitceles ruo edulcnoc ew ,suhT" / Ap uv [0.&Q: 01] .oZ!Y0(.- % $ # & "!sdlroWeht fo droL ,hallA ot eb esiarP :eb lliwreyarp rieht fo noisulcnoc eht dnA .ecaeP :eblliw niereht gniteerg rieht dnA !hallA O ,uoYot eb yrolG :eb lliw niereht reyarp riehT )01(" /neemalaaz-libbar ihaal-lil-udma h-lina muhawzad urihkaa-aw ,)wu(maalas Ïaaheef muhutayyi hat-aw ,ammuhaallaakanaa hbus aaheef Ï muhaawzad )01(/ Ï 01 hayA ,sunuY taruS .85o > 3 4 1 2 7 8p [G 2rLI: 721] . ".rewonKeht ,reraeH eht era ,uoY ylno ,uoY !oL .)ytudsiht( su morf tpeccA !droL ruO ....)721("77 4 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/;sa h = /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = /±d/ Ï; ab =d /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/ $$$ .yaD noitcerruseR )84(eht llit meht htiw elpoep tifeneb N hallAyaM .naruQ suoirolG eht morf snoitacilppusnaruQ suoirolG eht morf aauD 87
  • Ï suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/ n;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /lj / ;tis = /i/ . p p pG $ QV hQH G cLT G uL y. 0% r n n 7 n r p p r r n p p p pG cL T G c _ , / E 1% - E/ G!- Q H G P G J hQ H $. o n7 n n 6 n n 7 r n r r n n n 6z - !- p 1% !1% - !- n 7 / Ep n Ep/ G o G cn _ o G E p o , / Ep n Ep/ G o QnH n 6 r r n 6 )94(".enorhT suoirolG eht fo droL dna,htrae eht dna snevaeh eht fo droL ,hallA tubdoG on si ereht ;enorhT suoirolG eht fo droL,hallA tub doG on si ereht ;gniraebroF eht,tnecifingaM eht ,hallA tub doG on si erehT"/meerak-lihsraz-lubbar -aw ,)i(Dra-lubbar-aw,)i(taawaamas-subbar uhaal-lalli ahaali aal,meeZ Ï az-lihsraz-lubbar uhaal-lalli ahaali aal,meela h-lu-meeZaz-lu-haal-lalli ahaali aal/ Ï .1 Ï .sgniyas sdammahuM tehporP morfsnoitacilppus fo noitceles a si gniwollof ehT hannuS eht morf aauD 5 retpahC97 5 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/ d;sah = /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = /± / Ï;dab = /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/ p p pz / E - E & & &2 ( #) G $1)y@ _. p p n o n o n n / C : O2r E. v Ep t r : n ~ n 6 n r n n 8 o t 6 )15( "sreodgnorw eht gnoma saw I .detlaxeeb uoY yaM .uoY tub doG on si erehT" /neemilaaZ-Zanim utj uk n l Ï Ï . n jeenni ,)a(kanaa hbus atl a aalli ahaalli aal/ .3 Ï .G $ DMG H hDJg, k0 R r A 1cJgy. 2 r n n n r n o n n n n r n oz - !- ( & ! r o o n 6 n / Ep n Ep/ G o hnDJn go, C bn M > r Jn g, hn VLn bn 2r Jn go, hne 3 n 6 n n n n )05( ".miH dnoyeb gnihton siereht ;) tehporP eht tsniaga gnitaroballoc |seimene eht( bazhA eht detaefed ,enola,eH ;suoirotciv ) dammahuM tehporP( |evals siH edam dna ,sreidlos siH deruonoheH ;enola hallA tub doG on si erehT" ./hadzaba-iahs aalaf ,)u(had haw abaaz ha-labalahgaw ,)u(hadbaz araSan-aw Ï Ï n ,)u(hadl uj jazzaza ,)u(had haw uhaal-lalli ahaali aal/ . .2 ÏhannuS eht morf aauD 08
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/ n j;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /l / ;tis = /i/ .utannaj-law ,)wu(qqa h aku-aaqil-aw,)u(qqa h-lakulwaq-aw ,)u(qqa h-lakudzaw Ï Ï n j n-aw ,)u(qqa h-latl a ,)a(nniheef l amaw iDra j Ï n-law itaawaamas-subbar atl a ,)u(dma h-lakal j Ï .-aw ,iDra-law itaawaamas-sumiyyaq atl a n j Ï,)u(dma h-lakal -aw ,iDra-law itaawaamas .. .-surun atl a ,)u(dma h-lakal ammuhaalla/ .6 n j Ï . Ï p p pzG u G u Q 1 2 , / C RLc 1- R1,. y@ o o n 8 n o r o n r k ".srentrap on etaicossa )35(I mohW htiw ,droL ym si hallA ,hallA" /aa-yahseehib akirhsu aal ,eebbar uhaalla uhaalla/ .5 p p pz0. D2 0. q1.e 1LD$9v C O9f1=y@ n n 7 n 7 o n r n n n o n r n ".eucser rof gnidaelp ma I ycrem )25(ruoY yB !lanretE eht ,evilA eht ,uoY O" /hteehgatsaakitam harib ,)u(muuyyaq aay uyya h aay/ .4 Ï Ï18 5 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/ d;sah = /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = /± / Ï;dab = /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/.tnemegduj rof uoY ot nommus I dna ,uoY ybeugra I dna ,uoY ot nrut I dna ,uoY ni tsurt Idna ,uoY tpecca I dna ,uoY ot timbus I ,hallAO .eurt si ruoH eht dna eurt era stehporpeht ,eurt si eriF eht ,eurt si nedraG ehT .eurtsi uoY htiw gniteem eht dna eurt era sdrowruoY ,eurt si esimorp ruoY ,hturT eht era uoY.meht ni si reveohw dna htrae eht dna snevaeheht fo droL eht era uoY .uoY ot sgnolebesiarp lla dna htrae eht dna snevaeh ehtfo reniatsuS eht era uoY.uoYot sgnoleb esiarpdna ,htrae eht dna snevaeh eht fo thgiL ehtera uoY .uoY ot sgnoleb esiarp lla ,hallA O" n /tl a aalli ahaali j naal ,eehaali atl a ,)u(tl alza aam-aw utrarsa j n jaam-aw ,)u(trahk-hka aam-aw utmaddaq . . .aam eel rifhgaf ,)u(tmakaa h akyali-aw,)u(tmaSaahk akib-aw ,)u(tbana akyali-aw Ï,)u(tlakkawat akyalaz-aw ,)u(tl amaa akib jn-aw ,)u(tmalsa akal ammuhaalla ,)nu(qqa h .utazsaas-saw ,)wu(qqah anuuyyiban Ï-naw ,)wu(qqa h uraan-naw ,)wu(qqa h Ï ÏhannuS eht morf aauD 28
  • Ï suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/ n;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /lj / ;tis = /i/ .azinam aal ammuhaalla /dbaz akal anulluk-aw ,)u(dbaz-lalaaq aam uqqa ha ,)i(djam n j-law-i-aanaht-htulha ,dzabmiyahs l im atihs Ïaam a-lim-aw ,)i(Dra-law . itaawaamas-sa-lim )u(dma h-lakal ,aanabbar ammuhaalla/ .7 Ï p p #C OLQJ h . C b :, C : E !( & ,2 / Ep Ep/ C :y. - & n r n r o n n n r nr o nr n n n r n p p 1hE v D. t :, k. elL p $ 2 # # # # n n nr n n n r o n r r . qJ n : hn nn . C GLr J, hn n . n r o6 o 6 p p n #( !1B :, hb v 8 t :, hE v C 2:, h1v G. U :, . ! 1 & $ n r o n n n 6 n n n n n r o nr n n r o nr n nnr o p ( 1.hG 2 f Ds, hG P. b7 Ds, G !,% !$ n 4 n 6 4 o 6 6 7 n n n o n 6 v C O :, hn1p v n n n r n r o n .hq v G Es, h p r. Dc G Es, hG ? 7 Ds, hG . Q Ds, ( ( n n r o n r n7 n n o n r n 7 n r n o n 6 n 4 o n 6 4 p p $.G P G J hG $ QV h #) 1,) & 6 n n n r n n r 6 7 7 kp p , C : G En s, hnhnbr Jo c G Es, n r pn n r nG $ C& 1% $. p $ & 8 6 n n 7 r n r o E J : qn o G P n n G J hnG $ QrV, r hn n v G r En r Jo C r : QnH nr nzG !,% $ & &. $. p o 6 n 6 n 6 n n v G r En r Jo Cn r : o Qo G P n n G J hnG $ QrVnp , hn n v )45(".uoY tub doG on si ereht - doG ymera uoY ,demialcorp evah I tahw dna tercestpek evah I tahw ,dniheb tfel evah I tahwdna em erofeb tnes evah I tahw em evigroF38 5 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/;sah = /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = / d/ ± Ï;dab = /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/aal ,)a(kl im akib u duu a-aw ,)a(kitabuuqu n j z z . ±nim akitaafaa um-ibaw z ,)a(kiTahkasl imnj akaaDir-ib u duu a z ammuhaalla/ .8. ± ph/ #c2 p $. #(c:, h/ 0(ld PG G ?J #(v G ?Jy. p n o r n n n n r n n nr n o n t r n 8 r n tr n 7#. q. d G c2J ht!(. v b2J, G !,% / #. &d $. C b1:, p p n n n r n r o n o 7n n n n r l t 6 o 6 n n n n r n r n p p p mh#"A #. R,: #) R2A 1cJ, C +" G <(. A hG $?J, C Ds p p n r n n r n r n r n r o n r n 6 n n r n r n pn 7zG !,% Q1(. v G E$J, p #"A p G P$. hG J hG $ QV, 6 o 6 n 6n n n r n r o 6 n r n n n r )55( ".enutroF shallA tsniagarossessop sti ot tifeneb fo eb nac enutrofoN .tneverp uoY tahw wotseb enoyna nac ron,wotseb uoY tahw tneverp nac enoN !hallA O.sevals ruoY lla era ew dna ,yas reve nac evalsa sdrow lufhturt tsom eht dna yrolg ,esiarpfo yhtrow era uoY .hsiw uoY esle gnihtyrevedna ,htrae eht ,snevaeh eht fo llif eht sa esiarphcum sa sgnoleb uoY oT !droL ruo ,hallA O" /ddaj n j n-lakl im iddaj-la d u afl ay aal-aw ,)a(t anam j z z . ± .aamil ayiT um z aal-aw ,atiaT az aamilhannuS eht morf aauD 48
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ n j ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /l / ;tis = /i/ . /deejam-mudeema hakanni ,)a(neemalaaz-lif ,)a(meehaarabi Ïilaa aalaz-aw ,)a(meehaarbi aalaz atkaraab naamak ,)l i(damma hum ilaa aalaz-aw j,)wi(damma hum aalaz kiraab ammuhaalla . Ï/ /deejam-mudeema h akanni ,)a(meehaarbi Ïilaa aalaz-aw ,)a(meehaarbi aalaz atyallaS Ï naamak ,)l i(damma hum ilaa aalaz-aw j,)w(idamma hum aalaz illaS ammuhaalla/ .9 . Ï Ït$. C ;(1: b!/ &lPvy. p n n n rnr n n n n r n pbr.19p v, hC b.P 1p v #p (v, / C DV2 ;(. Ak b!1v, C &: o o n n n n o po n r n n o r nn n nr n n r nzG !,% p p C b.P 1LX. c #) OHv, h1$c. k. 8p v #) p 6 o 6 n n n r n n n n o n n r n o o )65( ".flesruoYesiarp uoY sa sesiarp ruoY etaremunetonnac I .uoY morf uoY ni dna ,tnemhsinupruoY morf nodrap ruoY ni dna ,htarwruoY morf erusaelp ruoY ni egufer kees I" ./kisfan aalaz atyanhtaaamak )a(tl a akyalaz na-aanaht eeS hu n j . Ï58 5 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/ d;sah = /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = /± / Ï;dab = /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/doG on si ereht taht dna hallA era uoY tahtyfitset I rof ,uoy gnitacilppus ma I ,hallA O" /da ha nawufukuhal-lukay mal-aw ,daluuy mal-aw dilay mal Ï nee dalla ,)u(damaS-Sa ,)u(da ha-la ,)a(tl a j ± . naalli ahaali aal ,)u(haalla-atl a akanna udah j Ï-hsa eenna-ib ,)a(kula-sa eenni amuhaalla/ .01 . p p p pB d E 1 LG p +1% 2 $1) [k G c. p & $1 ] E v D p J ? Jy. # 1 r n r n n n n 6 n n l n l# $ !/ # $ $ !/ +1% !/ o n 6 6n n E Jm h bn n Bd o E Jm tn n . 1n . Qntr : bn n [Ep1r Ln G p r n hbn n ] p p p p p p[E1LG p +1% !/ +1% & $1 hb ] Bd E1LG p , E v D p J ? J. h1. Qc b # 1 !/ r n r n n n n r n r n 6 n n l n l n n r n nzG !,% " !/ # $ !/ # $ $ !1 !/ o 6 n8 n6 n 6 n n 6 6 U bn n o E Jm hnbn n Bd o E Jm , tn n . U r : bn n)75( ".yhtrowyrolG dna yhtrowesiarP era uoY.sdlrow eht lla ni ,meeharbI fo ylimaf eht dnameeharbI desselb evah uoY sa ,dammahuMfo ylimaf eht dna dammahuM sselB !hallAO .yhtrowyrolG dna yhtrowesiarP era uoY.meeharbI fo ylimaf eht dna meeharbI rofdeyarp evah uoY sa ,dammahuM fo ylimafeht dna dammahuM rof yarp ,hallA O"hannuS eht morf aauD 68
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/ n;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /lj / ;tis = /i/ .p& C& G .Q GE v : fl LD . p 1 %y 6 6 o n r n r n o o p p pE/ C& , : k. elL f lL p 2 # p I #) p ( p c $(2, r b J hnG QrD r p n n r n k 6 nr n n r r r n p !,% &zG E&2 !$ p 2 !$ p 1 G, h 0 &.H o 6 ^ : lP ^ . t< L / flp Lo G K n n n 6 8 n n r o n r o r k n k r 7 o )95( ".luficreM eht ,gnivigroF-revE ehtera uoY .ssenevigrof ruoY em tnarG .uoYtub snis evigrof nac enoN .ylbaredisnocflesym degnorw evah I !hallA O" /mee har-ruruufahg-latl a n j akanni ,eenma hraw Ï n j ,)a(kidl iz .nim-matarifhgam eel Ï rifhgaf n . ,)a(tl a j .aalli abuunu d- durifhgay aalaw ,)w(areehtak ± ±l amluZnj. Ï eesfan utmalaZ eenni ammuhaalla/ .11 ÏG$ DJ V J K G $ G p j % 0!p h % 0. h % 0 ) - .G C J J u tl DJ y@ k t r n n o t 6 n o t6 n r n r n n r o n r n n r n o r no o o n n l p p p pzG !,% E&2 C O# v 1# &2 C , C & RJ v : / / :C & G u, E - E C& , 6 o 6 8 n o n ~n 6 nr n n r n o n n8 n r o n6 n nr n )85( ".elbarapmocenon si ereht mohW otnu dna nettogebton si ohW ,ton stegeb ohW ,lla fo thguosebyllanrete eht ,enO eht era uoY .uoY tub78 5 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/;sah = /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = / d/ ± Ï;dab = /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/hG $# ;%, G !,% / 0,Me >(Jc, h/ 0H!m hbJc, n r n r n n 6 o 6 n o r n o o r o n n n o r n o n r o n p pRL #. C &: BGK 1p (. U19p -p , G !,% C &: 8uSm G $fLe p n 8 n n r n l n n o 6 n r n n r o r n r n n p p p p6 p p pzG !,% E&2 C b.P 1.>,v G uL0% ht!$. 8p v G 9. #7, #) 6 o n r n n n n n 6 6 r 6 8 n o o r n ".eud si esiarp )06(lla uoY ot dna ,uoY eb detlaxE .laicifenebsi enutroF ruoY ylno ;renwo sti tifenebnac enutrof oN .nekorb reven si esimorpruoy dna ,elbareuqnocnu era sreidlos ruoY,hallA O .snis evigrof dna stbed esare nac tahtuoY si ti ,hallA O .lortnoc uoY tahw fo liveeht morf uoY ni egufer kees I ,sdroW tcefrePruoY dna ecaF tcefreP ruoY yb ,hallA O" /kidma h-ib aw akanaahbus ,)u(ddaj n j d n j-lakl im iddajla± uzafl ay aal aw ,)a(kudzaw Ïufalhkuy aal aw ,)a(kudmuj umazhuy . .aal ammuhaalla ,mahtam-law )a(marhgam n-lufihskat atl a ammuhaalla ,)i(hitayiSaanib j d-mu± ihkaa atl a n j aam n irrahs-l im j,)it(ammaat-takitaamilak aw )i(meerakla .. . d-kihjaw ib u± uuza eenni ammuhaalla/ .21hannuS eht morf aauD 88
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/ n j;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /l / ;tis = /i/ .rekconk a tpecxe ,yad dna thgin fo sretsasidgnikconk eht morf dna yad dna thginfo slairt eht morf ,ti fo tuo semoc revetahwdna htrae eht otni seog revetahw fo live ehtmorf ,ti ot pu seog revetahw dna nevaeh morfnwod semoc revetahw fo live eht morf hallAni egufer kees I ,etagilforp eht ro suoethgireht yb dessaprus eb tonnac hcihw ,sdroWtcefreP siH yb dna ecaF tcefreP shallA yB" /naam haraay )yi(ryahk-ib uqurTay-yaqiraaT Ïaalli ,)i(raahan-naw ilyal-liqiraawaT nimaw,)i(raahan-naw ilyal-litantif nim aw ,aahnimujurhkay aam irrahs aw )i(Dra-lif aara d ±aam irrahs aw ,aaheef ujurzay aam irrahsaw ,)i(aamas-sanim uliznay aam irrahs-nim,)mu(rijaaf aalaw-wurrab annuhziwaajuyaal eetaalla ,)i(taamaat-tihaal-litaamilak-ib aw ,)i(meerak-lihaal-lihjaw-ib u duuza/ .31 ± p ph/ 0(ld PG G ?J #p (v G ?J, O2E. &v h1E$Jcy@ n n nrn o n r n 8 r n r n 7 o r n n n n n r n98 5 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/ d;sah = /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = /± / Ï;dab = /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/ n /qalahk aam irrahs l im j)i(taam-maat-ihaal-litaamilak-ib u duuza / .51 ± . p p+$Mgp h&lH-p h&l<p -p y . n r n n r n n r p p p p p pzC b.P 1. up G P$1d G c!p 1%, #p ) G S1. fp G L>1%; #p ) 6 r n r 6 r n 6 r n o o )26( ".htfan sih dna gniwolb sih ,srepsihw sihmorf dna ,tsactuo eht ,nataS morf ,gniwonK-llA ,gniraeH-llA eht ,hallA ni egufer kees I" /hihtfan-aw )i(hihkfan-aw n)i(hizmah l im ,)i(meejar-rinaaTiahs-hsanim j .,)i(meelaz-lizeemas-sihaal-lib u duuza/ ± .41 p p p p mhG (,. Q, E/ [. Qq. 0Lb 1H1L 0. QD$)y@ n 6n 6 n k n r o o n r n n r o p p p p p p p0HLL #(,. , h#p ) kp 9) G !1" hG (,. Q, h#p ) [.G Qb G !1" n r o o r n n r n 6r n 6n n r n n 6r p p phRL #. 0cLL k1,. , hRL #. PQC k2 G $ QV hRL #. n n 8 n n r o o n n n 8 n n n n n n 8 n p np r p/ 0?. hR+) 1L h/ k. >L, #p ) RL #. 0(Md #p ) G P$. A n o n o o 6 n 4 n n n l r n 8 n nr o n 6 n p p p p p p p p pzC b.P 1.>- G u G uL0%, h1u!$. J G u G 9. #. J, G 0 8p 2 n r n n n 6 6 6 n o o r n )16( ".luficreM eht ,uoY O .doog gniraebhannuS eht morf aauD 09
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/ n j;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /l / ;tis = /i/ . )56( ".trevocdna trevo ,slairt mrof hallA ni egufer kees I" /naTab aam aw aahnim rahaZ Ïaam ,)i(natif-lanim )i(haal-lib u duuza/ .71 ± p p p p ph#) +$MG J G S1. [1), hC f 0EYLhfy. n r n n n 6 n n n r n r o o p p p p p p p p p p pzC b.P 1u!$. J G u G 9. #7 #) eY2- hbr. 1- hRL b2. Og, p p p 6 6 r n n n n n n 8 n n o o n n )46( ".ecneserpdna srepsihw snataS morf dna ,sevals siHfo live eht morf ,tnemhsinup dna regna siHmorf sdrow tcefrep shallA ni egufer kees I" /nuuruD hay-ya aw )i(neeTaayahs-hsitaazamah nim Ï aw ,)i(hidaabizirrahs aw ,)i(hibaaqiz aw ,)i(hibaDahg nim)i(taammaat-ihaal-litaamilak-ib u duuza/ .61 ± p p p p p pzC b.P 1u!$. J G u G 9. #. J #) RL #. G!sy. n o o n n 6 6 r n 8 n n n n )36( ".detaerc sah eH tahw fo live ehtmorf sdrow tcefrep shallA ni egufer kees I"19 5 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/;sah = /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = / d/ Ï ±;dab = /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/ ".fo erawa ton ma I revetahw )76(rof ssenevigrof ruoY kees I dna ,fo erawama I taht gnihtyna uoY htiw gnitaicossamorf noitcetorp ruoY kees I ,hallA O" /malza aal aamil akurifhgatsaaw ,)u(humalza na-yahs akib akirhsuna nim akib u duuza eenni ammuhaalla/ .91 ± p0$.J hG ?) hG )&Q 0$.8.fy. n o o n r 7 n r o no o n p p p p p pzG !,% E&2 C b.P 1cM8p v G Kj / E - E/ C &: G Kj / 6 o 6 8 n o o 6 n 6 n n 6 n r n 6 ".eid snamuh )66(dna nniJ eht saerehw seid reven ohW ,enOlanretE ylno eht ,uoY tub doG on si erehtsa ,ruonoH ruoY ni egufer kees I !hallA O" n /nuutuumay usl i-law unnij-law j n,)u(tuumay aal ee dal-latl a aalli ahaali aal j ± ..,)a(kitazzizib u duuza eenni ammuhaalla/ .81 ± pzC b.P 1p . up #p ) G lp 9); #. ^,L #p (,. h#. 1)y. n r n n n n n r n n n n n n n o ohannuS eht morf aauD 29
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /l / ;tis = /i/ n j .I tahw fo live eht dna enod evah I tahw folive eht morf uoY ni egufer kees I !hallA O" /lamazamal aam irrahs n l im-aw j ,)u(tlimaz aam n j .irrahs l im akib u duuza eenni ammuhaalla/ . ± .12 p pb. kp 19p v, hk?. AnIp &p r$9p v, h>$1d OHvy. p n n n n o n r n n n n n n n p p p p pzG !,% E&2 C b.P 1v #) RhG d &p c$9p v, h8E.d 6 o 6 8 n r n n r n n n n n 7 n o o ".yamsiD ruoY lla morf )86(dna ,egnever neddus ruoY morf ,ytirucesruoY gnisol morf ,ytnuob ruoY fo devirpedgnieb morf uoY ni egufer kees I !hallA O" /kiTahkaS izeemaj-aw )a(kitamqin ita-ajuf-aw ,)a(kitayifaaziluwwa hat-aw ,)a(kitamzin ilaawazl imnj akib u duuza eenni ammuhaalla/ .02 ± Ï. phC O9flLc p $. / C b!%y. n n r n r o n n n n r n o p p p pzG !,% E&2 C b.P 1v #) C f C RLc 1v R1,. C b!$-, t 6 o 6 8 n r n n rk n o o n r o r n n r n o o39 5 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/ d;sah = /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = /± / Ï;dab = /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/ p p p pzG !,% E&2 C b.P 1v #)p p X!d G J0), he!27p G L>. dy@ 6 o 6 8 n o o n r n n 6 r n n nn 8 n )17( ".detucesrep gnieb morf dna tbed fonedrub eht morf uoy ni egufer kees I ,hallA O" /laajir-ritabalahg aw inyad-dizalaDl imnj akib u duuza eenni ammuhaalla/ .32. ± p ph#) RL p P. &p 2, h#) RL q!22y@ n r n 8 n n r n 8 n r p p p p p pzG !,% E&2 C b.P 1v #) RL O$c2, h#) RL 1VLj, 6 o 6 8 n r n 8 n r n r n 8 n n n o o )07( ".traeh eht fo slive eht dna eugnoteht fo slive eht ,thgiseye fo slive eht ,gniraehfo slive eht morf uoy ni egufer kees I ,hallA O" n /iblaq irrahs l im aw ,inaassil j n j . n jirrahs l im aw iraSab irrahs l im aw ,izmas . . n jirrahs l im akib u duuza eenni ammuhaalla/ .22 . ±C b$"y .n r n r p p p p pzG !,%E&2 C b.P 1v #) RL #. b$!: h#) RL #. % 6 o 6 8 n r n 8 n n r o n r n 8 n n r n o o )96( ".enod ton evahhannuS eht morf aauD 49
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ n j ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /l / ;tis = /i/ . )37( ".ytrevop dna htlaew fonoitcilffa eht fo live eht morf dna ,tnemrotsti dna evarg eht fo noitcilffa eht morf,tnemrot sti dna eriF lleH eht fo noitcilffaeht morf uoY ni egufer kees I !hallA O" /rqaf-litnatif-aw ,aanihg-litnatif-aw ,)i(rbaq-libaa daz-aw ,)i(rbaq-litnatif ±-aw ,raan-nibaa daz -aw ,)i(raan-nitantif ±-l im n j akib u duuza eenni ammuhaalla/ .52. ± p p phO.A G rY. A, hR$. 87 G $ bJG Ay. p n o r n n n n n n r n p p p p pzG !,% E&2 C b.P 1v #) >,J G 20 A, hOQc G Sr. Ap, 6 o 6 8 n r n r rn n n n 6 n n o o )27( ".)gnireffusym rof( gniciojer suoicilam symeneeht morf dna tnemgduj live morf ,pihsdrahfo nedrub eht morf ,noitcilffa fo ytluciffideht morf uoY ni egufer kees I !hallA O" /aadza-litataamahs-aw ,)i(aaDaqli-uus-aw ,)i(aaqahs-hsikrad-aw ,)i(aalab n j-lidhaj l im akib u duuza eenni ammuhaalla/ .42 . ±59 5 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/;sah = /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = / d/ Ï ±;dab = /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/ p p p p pzG !,% E&2 C b.P 1v #) G c ?M hG uP", hG ?2) 6 o r n n 6 8 r n r n o o n r n n n r o r ".htaed dna efil fo lairt eht morf dna )57(,evarg eht fo tnemrot eht morf ,ega dlo morf,ssenilresim morf ,ecidrawoc morf ,htols morf,yticapacni morf uoY ni egufer kees I !hallA O" n /taamam-law aay ham-litnatif l im akib ju duuza-aw,)i(rbaq-liba daz nim akib u duuza ± ± Ï . ±-aw ,)i(lhkub-law )i(nbuj-law ,)i(lasak-lawizja-lanim akib u duuza eenni ammuhaalla/ .72 ± p p p p pzG !,% E&2 C b.P 1v #p ) G uP" hG ,Le, hG $# ;% hG $fLey. 6 o n r n n 6 8 r n n n o o n r n r n n r n r n ".tbed morf dna snis morf ,ega dlo morf )47(,htols morf uoY ni egufer kees I !hallA O" ./marhgam-lawimahtam-lanim-aw ,)i(marah-law ,)i(lasak-lanim akib u duuza eenni ammuhaalla/ .62 ± p p p p p p p p pG r2L hbKG H G r2L, hRL k9(7 G f(/, hRL k9(7 G lrLy. r n r n n n r n r n n 8 rn r n n n 8 rn r n r p p p p p p p p p pzG !,% E&2 C b.P 1v #) k9(7 G (. Q hbKG H G (. Q, hk9(7 6 o 6 8 n o o n r rn 6 n n n 6 n rnhannuS eht morf aauD 69
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /l / ;tis = /i/ n j . /rbaq-libaa daz aw ,)i(rqaf-law ,)i(rfuk ±-lanim akib u duuza eenni ammuhaalla/ .92 ±G J>. p dy . 6 6 p p p pG r2L, h#) kp 9(7p G $E1. hG $$. J, h#p ) RL kp 9(7p G $P1F rnr n r rn r n r n n r n n p p n r n 8 rn r n p pzG !,% Ep&2 C b.P 1v #) bKG H >,(%, h#) bKG H p 6 o 6 8 n o o n r n n n n6 n n r n n ".)tsirhC )67(-itnA( lajjaD-dA heesaM-lA fo noitcilffa ehtfo live eht morf dna htaed dna efil fo lairt ehtmorf ,evarg eht ni tnemrot eht fo noitcilffa ehtmorf ,eriflleH eht fo tnemrot eht fo noitcilffaeht morf uoY ni egufer kees I !hallA O" n /laajjad-di heesam litnatif )i(rrahs l im j Ï n-aw ,)i(taamam-law aayham-litnatif l im-aw j,)i(rbaq-libaa daz nim aw ,mannahaj ibaa da ± .. ±nim akib u duuza eenni ammuhaalla/ .82 ± p pk9(7 G $E1. hG $$. Jy. p rn r np r n n r n n p p p p phG 2H", hC b.P 1v #p ) bKG H G r2L, hC b.P 1v #) n ro r nn o r o n r n n rnr nn o r o n r79 5 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/ d;sah = /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = /± /Ï;dab = /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/morf uoY ni egufer kees I .etam tsrow eht siti ;regnuh morf uoY ni egufer kees I !hallA O" /hanaaTib-litasib aahanni-af ,hanaayihk-lanimakib u duuza aw ,zeejaD-lasib uhanni-af ,zuuj ±-lanim akib u duuza eenni ammuhaalla/ .13 ± phG $ +.G Ay. n r n r p p p p p pzG !,% E&2 C b.P 1v #) #(uLG J G $ G0 b hG $ b$. d 6 o 6 8 n r o r n n n o o r n r n n r n r n)87( ".smihw dna sdeed ,srennam elbisneherpermorf uoY ni egufer kees I !hallA O" /aawha n j-law )i(laamza-law ,)i(qaalhka-litaarakl umnim akib u duuza ± eenni ammuhaalla/ . .03 p p p p p p pzG !,% E&2 C b.P 1v #) G ulL hG lrL, hbKG H G r2Ly. 6 o 6 8 n o o n n r o r n r n r n n n r n r )77( ".evargeht ni tnemrot dna ,ytrevop ,)uoY ni(feilbsid morf uoY ni egufer kees I !hallA O"hannuS eht morf aauD 89
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/ n;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /lj / ;tis = /i/ . p p#) C f 09H2(2 G S1. f b(J G $.Jy p .p r n 6 r n o r n r n r n r pn n n 6 n p p p p phC b.P 1v #) G fLb, hG ELb, hG ,Le, hC b.P 1v n n n r n n n n r n n n n n o o p r npn p n o o p p pzG !,% E&2 C b.P 1v #) G ,Je, hC b.P 1v #) G 9LOj, 6 o 6 8 n o o n n r n r n n o o n n 6 n 8 )08( ".htaed tasnoitatpmet snataS morf uoY ni egufer keesI .ega dlo dna gninrub ,gninword morf uoY niegufer kees I .secalp hgih morf nwod gnillafmorf uoY ni egufer kees I .snoitilomedmorf uoY ni egufer kees I !hallA O"/twam-ladniz unaatyahs-hsayinaTabbahkatay-ya nim akib u duuza ,)i(marah-law ±,)i(qrah-law ,)i(qarahg-lanim akib u duuza ±aw ,iddarat-tanim akib u duuza aw ,)i(mdah ±-lanim akib u duuza eenni ammuhaalla/ .23 ± p p p p p p p phC b.P 1v #) G H1. &7 k(&,. 1,P: G 2. &7y . n n o o n n r n n n 6 n r n r n n o p p p p p pzG !,% p E&2 C b.P 1v #) G ?.Y k(&- 1,Q G Y?1d, 6 o 6 8 n n r o n 6 o r n 6 o n o o )97( ".noinapmoc tsrow eht si ti ;layarteb99 5 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/ d;sah = /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = /± / Ï;dab = /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/si ssenippah lla dna ,llac ruoy ot esnopserni gninetsah maI .uoY tpecxe srennam dabmorf tcetorp nac enoN .srennam dab morf emtcetorP .uoY tpecxe srennam tseb eht ot ediugnac enoN .srennam tseb eht ot em ediuG!hallA O .uoY tpecxe snis evigrof nac enoN.snis ym lla evigrof ,esaelP .tliug ym timdaybereh I dna ,flesym degnorw evah I .evalsruoY ma I dna ,droL ym era uoY .uoY tubdoG on si erehT .gniK eht era uoY !hallA O" /kyali ubuutaaw akurifhgatsa ,)a(tyalaazat aw atkaraabat,)a(kyali aw akib aanni ,)a(kyali asyal urrahs-hsaw ,)a(kyaday eef uryahk-law ,kyadzas-aw n j,akyabbal /tl a aalli aaha-iyyas eennaz ufirSay . n jaal ,aaha-iyyas eennaz firS-aw ,)a(tl a aalli .aahinas ha-il eedhay aal ,)i(qaalhka-linas ha-il eenidh-ammuhaalla/ tl a n j aalli abuunu d ± Ï Ï ± .- durifhgay aal uhanni ,aazeemaj eebuunu d eel ±rifhgaf ,eebma dib utfaratz-aw ,eesfan utmalaZ Ï ± n j n j,)a(kudbaz aana-aw ,eebbar atl a ,)a(tl a aalliahaali aal ,)u(kilam-latl a ammuhaalla/ n j .33 . . .hannuS eht morf aauD 001
  • Ï su = Z ;ore = hT / / z /z/w; oc = /w/ oo ;d f = /uu/ uo ;dl c = ;bu = ;kni = /u/ t /T/ ht /ht/ hs;e = /hs/ ;mu = s /S/ s /s/ ;te = ; ir / k at = . ;t s = gn n /l / n j i /i/eenidhi ,)a(nuufilathkay iheef uunaak aameef n jakidaabiz anyab umuk hat atl a ,)it(adaahahs-hsaw ibiahg-lamilaaz ,iDra-law itaawaamas Ï .-sariTaaf ,)a(leefaarsi aw ,)a(lee-aakeem-aw ,)a(lee-aarbij abbar ammuhaalla/ .43 p 1E vy @ nr n 1 1 . o n nr n nn n r n1p v hnEp v, 82. Qt: hn8c. :, C O9flp Lc hnC 8o H n n nr n n r n r o n 0hOcJ v, hG H L t k p 1 !- 2 0 0 1 1 & n n r n r n n n r n n 6 7 6 7 n t n r o o o J v, hnGt SL r Q Ep r vnn , Ep . (2 1 , 0 (2 1 , & 1 8 8 r n 8 n 8 6 6bn On ,n n . /r n VLp ao bn On ,n n . Ep/ n Cn r :n, 2 r v ) 0, (, & r n$ Dr Pn p G $ G0 bp / n r Jp j $ Dr Pn p n . Ep/ C r :, hnG Unr Lp ar $1 &- 0 &. & !, % + &2 6 n 6 6 6>n n p ck . , Ep o / n fr lp Lo G K Hn Ep/ C r :,n G o G r Jp p n o n 7 !$ & 2 & 2 2 &. 2 obn 2r Jo cn, ^ : lPp hnG br 9n Ln kr : 1p K r 2np kn . er lp Lr p Po o 1p n n r o n rzG !,% C& G $! p - & & 2 & 6 o 6 r n o n n 6 8 n r n : v / Ep n n Ep/ Cnn r :, Cn r : Qn1 hnCn n . )18(."ssenevigrof ruoY gnikees dnaecnatneper ni uoY ot gninruter ma I !detlaxedna deifirolg eb uoY yaM .uoY rof tonsi live tub ,sdnah ruoY ni si doog llA .sruoY101 5 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/;sah = /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = / d/ Ï ±;dab = /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/,meeZa -lihsra -labbar-aw Ï z z ,)i(Dra-labbar-aw itaawaamas-sabbar ammuhaalla/ .53 m p mULG W P9rp y. # 1% n o r n p pp p p !G G9 p m k p p 1- #) G Es 1(P p v, E v 8 Jj& & , #) 8S. A Ep / r o n n r n 8 r n n n r 6 n r n n o n % 1) 1$ &. 1- 0 ! .8Eu o 1n r n bp 2n . Opc kp n . t. G kp p n H9n p l f, G r Jp p p n . + &2 $ n r o n n o r o n p p p p $G P . hG J hG $ QV, b. p % 1 G f 3 hG S . OI, C : , & 6 n n n r n n n n n 6 r n r n r nzG !,% QH 1" #1 1" p 1" o 6 n 6 >2r Ln G Fp hn p u. Fp hnEpOLn G kp , k. [Ln n r 6 n n n n n )28( ."htap thgiarts eht ot lliwuoY mohw ediug uoY rof ,reffid yeht nierehwsrettam esoht fo hturt eht ot ,noissimrepruoY yb ,em ediuG .reffid yeht nierehwsrettam gninrecnoc sevals ruoY gnoma egdujlliw uoY .neeS eht dna neesnU eht fo rewonK,htrae eht dna snevaeh eht fo rotaerC ,lifarsIdna liahkiM ,leirbaG fo droL ,hallA O" /meeqatsum n-miTaariS aali u-aahsat l am eedhat akanni j,)a(kin di-ib )i(qqah-lanim iheef afiluthk-amil . ±hannuS eht morf aauD 201
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ n j ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /l / ;tis = /i/ . )38( ".ytrevop morf su eveilerdna ,tbed ruo fo nedrub eht evomeR .uoYdnoyeb gnihton ,tsomrennI eht era uoY .uoYevoba gnihton ,tsefinaM eht era uoY .uoYretfa gnihton ,tsaL eht era uoY .uoY erofebgnihton ,tsriF eht era uoY .lortnoc ruoY rednudloh uoy hcihw ,sgniht lla fo live eht morf uoYni egufer kees I !enots etad dna niarg dees eht foreworG dna rettilpS eht ,naruQ eht dna ,leejnI-lA ,haarwaT-tA fo relaeveR eht ,sgniht llafo droL dna droL ruo ,enorhT tnecifingaM ehtdna htrae dna snevaeh eht fo droL ,hallA O" /rqaf-lanim aaninhg-aw ,)a(nyad-danna iDqi ,a-yahs akanuud nasyal-af uniTaab-latl a-aw ,a-yahs akaqwaf j n lasyal-af )u(rihaaZ-Zatj a-aw ,a-yahs akadzab Ï Ï .. nasyal-af )u(rihkaa-latl a-aw ,a-yahs akalbaq j .asyal-af )u(lawwa-latl a n j ammuhaalla n/hitayiSaanib-mu dihkaa atl a ni-yahs illuk j± .. n j n jirrahs l im akib u duuza ,naaqruf-law ileejl i . ± .-law itaarwat-taliznum-aw ,aawan-naw ibba h-laqilaaf ,a-yahs illuk abbar-aw aanabbar Ï301 5 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/;sah = /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = / d/ Ï ±;dab = /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/ ".feilebsid dna live snataS morf dna )48(live nwo ym morf uoY ni egufer kees I .uoytub doG on si ereht taht yfitset I .oot ,renwOeht dna gnihtyreve fo droL eht era uoY .neeSeht dna neesnU eht fo rewonK ,hallA O" n /hikrihs aw naatyhs-hsirrahs l im aw ,eesfan j n j n jirrahs l im akib u duuza ,tl a alli ahaali aalla . ± ..udah-hsa ,hakeelam-aw wi-yahs illuk abbar,Dra-law itaawaam-assariTaaf ,hadaahahs-hsaw ibyahg-lamilaaz ammuhaalla/ .63 p p pGqZ b . J e. ( G 0) hC (( #) G l rL y. r n 6 6 r n n r r n r n r n !1k Q k qv R . 2A, hC & : 2. [ k Q v R G p ) !1 Oh& 2 A, r r l n r l n nr n n n n n n r n rn o n nr n o n n nR 2 A, h C & : ! GL k G p Q 1 cJ R !1 : _. L c 2 A, h C & G + p r l o n n nr n o n nr n n r n n n r l n n r n 6 m p p p 2 ( !R : GK 1 . U 9 p 1 p -, G ! , % C & : $ k Q q2 v G hd !1 n r A C& n B r l n n 6 o 6 r n n 6 o n nr n nrn n p n p p p p p ph#( d G .QG I hG & 1" hG M 9 )? lLq. b 1v RL t f, C .P #) " n o r n r n n r n r o r n n r n 8 o 8 p 6 n o oG p 1%, Q ( hQH " c_ 1. t R k. s E3 2 A, m p G hG (.i, n 6n n n 6 r n 8 n 6 n r n o 8 n n n p p r pzG !,% QH G $ hG J hQH G QV hQH G P . $ cL T 6 o 6 n 6 6 n n n n 6 r n n 6 r n rhannuS eht morf aauD 401
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ n j ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /l / ;tis = /i/ . )58( ".uoY tub snis sevigrof enon rof ,emevigrof ,esaelP .snis ym timda I dna ,em nopusrovaf ruoY egdelwonkca I .enod evah I liveeht morf uoY ni egufer kees I .esimorp ruoYfo epoh eht ni evil ot dna uoY htiw )htiaf(tnanevoc ym peek ot tseb ym yrt I .evals ruoYma I dna ,em detaerc evah uoY .uoY tubdoG on si ereht ,droL ym era uoY ,hallA O" n /tl a aalli abuunu d- durifhgay aal uhanni ,eel j . ± ±rifhg-af ,ibma d-ib akal u-uuba-aw ,)a(yyalaz ±akitamzin-ib akal u-uuba ,)u(tzanaS n jaam irrahs l im akib u duuza ,)u(tzaTatsam . ±akidzaw-aw akidhaz aalaz aana n j-aw ,)a(kudbaz aana -aw eenatqalahk ,)a(tl aaalli ahaali aal ,eebbar atl a ammuhaalla/ n j . ..73 p p phRLt-y@ n r p p p p pC &:, C b.P 1v #) RL &lP2, h#) RL G S1. fn r n o o n r n 8 n r n r n 8 6 r n pn m p p phG $ QV, QH t" R2A h#!1u-, C R,J C f / E - E/ r n n 6 o 8 n n n n o n n 6 n r p n r o n r nzG !,% b. p % G f13 hG S,. OIp, k. [L G P$. hG J p p 6 o 6 n n r n r n 6 n n n n 6 n n501 5 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/;sah = /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = / d/ Ï ±;dab = /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/ p p p ph# C & . :b 1 C !% - #(2, G G elL p !, % 2 + 2 6 n n n r n n r n ot o 8 t r r M p hn>p Jj, n r 6 8zG !,% G p p2 p 1 p2 ,!2 2 2 # t 6 o 6 t r r n n elL G ,9 hn>n r p , hnEpOr Ln G kp kp Cn r Lp j, ".elbisnopser ma I hcihw )68(fo lla rof ,etarebiled ro etarebilednu yeht eb,snis ym evigroF .ssensuoires ym dna yalp ymevigroF !hallA O .wonk uoY tub fo erawa tonma I taht lla dna sriaffa ym ni ecnarepmetniym ,ecnarongi ym ,snis ym evigroF !hallA O" /eedniz akilaa d ulluk-aw ,eedmaz ±-aw ayaayaaTahk aw ,eeyddij aw eelzaheel rifhgi ammuhaalla ,eennim ihib umalza natl a aam aw ,eerma eef ifaarsi aw ,eelhaj jaw . eetaeeTahk eel rifhg-ammuhaalla/ .83k. elL k( p p 2, p & - 0 / f lL K / : p G &.H Ep C & y.n r r n 6 o n r o 7 o n n r n p p p p p#. U c: 1 ( , C .A ( $ v 1 c 9v b 1 v 1K 2 !2, hC .A [ ] & 2 n n n r o o r n n n n 6 n o n n n n o o n n n r p p phC & !/ , c hh #) .b bJ pc # G bJ . O9c: b 1v RL , C .P n n n n n n r n n n r n n r n n r o n o o n r n 8 p pzG !,% : 1 C& Q2 E- E / / : G r 9 . b 2J C & , ! (p 2 hC & c, 6 o 6 n 8 n n n r n n r o n n r n n n 6 n r n n n nhannuS eht morf aauD 601
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /l / ;tis = /i/ n j . /harris-aw uhatayinaalaz-aw ,)u(harihkaa-aw uhalawwa-aw ,)u(hallijaw uhaqqid,)u(halluk ibma d eel rifhg-ammuhaalla/ .04 ±R2Am qJp 0Ll y. n r nC b!(:, C &: G $rJe hC &: G $&GL, hC &: b!/ t"n r nr o nr n ro n 8 o nnr n ro n 8 o nnr n n n o 8zG !,% G elp L p 2 #. qJ#: h#. C GLJ, h#. C OLQJ h#. 6 o 6 r r n n 6 r o n n n 6 r o n n n r n r o n n ".sgniht lla revo rewop )78(evah uoY dna ,meht syaled ohW enO eht dna,drawrof sgniht stup ohW enO eht era uoY.foereht deralced eht dna terces eht ,seno retaleht dna reilrae eht ,snis ym evigroF !hallA O" n /reedaq l i-iahs jilluk aalaz atl a-aw n j n ,)u(rihkhka-um-latl a j ..-aw ,)u(middaqum-latl a n j n j ,)u(tl alza aam . . .-aw ,)u(tararsa aam-aw ,)u(trahkhka aam-aw,)u(tmaddaq aam eel rifhg-ammuhaalla/ .93 p p phG. 0. j hb$Jj, ht" P p v b(Jjy. n n n n n n n n n o 7 n n r701 5 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/;sa =h Ï /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = / d/ ±; ab =d /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/ )09( ".em evig uoy revetahw sselb dna ,egralgnillewd ym ekam ,snis ym evigrof ,hallA O" /eenatqazar aameef eel kiraab aw ,eeraad eefeel zissaw aw ,ibma d eel rifhg-ammuhaalla/ .24 ±hG QRq(p 2y. n r o rzG !,% G elLp p2 hG QD$(p 2, p hG +J&p 2, p hb. k(p 2, 6 o 6 r r n r n r n r n n)98( ".noisivorp dna htlaeh em tnarg ,em ediuG.em no ycrem evah dna ,em evigroF !hallA O" /eenquzr-aw ,eenifaaz-aw ,eenidh-aw ,eenma hr-aw eel rifhg-ammuhaalla/ .14 Ïhb0 &p 19- hOLgy. p n n nn o n 6 o p p p p pzG !,% G elL p 2 P&22 t!-, Oq- h>!-, hC h - hBGLg, 6 o 6 r r n r o 6 o 6 o n 6 o n n 6 n o n n o )88( ".deralcednu eht dna deralcedeht dna ,erutuf eht dna tsap eht ,tsetaerg ehtdna tsellams eht ,snis ym lla evigroF !hallA O"hannuS eht morf aauD 801
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ n j ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /l / ;tis = /i/ .-limliz eef ihib )a(trahtatsi-wa ,)a(kibaatik neef uhatlazl a wa ,)a(kiqalahk nim-mada ha juhatmallaz . wa ,)a(kasfan ihib atyammas Ïwa ,)a(kal awuh nimsillukib akulasa n j,ku-aaDaq ayyif l uldaz ,)a(kumku h ayyifnl iDaamj. . ,)a(kiday-ib eetayiSaan ,)a(kidbaz Ïunb-aw )a(kudbaz eenni ammuhaalla/ .44 p phG >c!(p 2 k2 G (Jj G $ b!/y. n r n r 6 8 p r n r pzG !,% p p G elL p 2 P&22, hC GP- R1. &p 2, hkv Q+. &p 2, 6 o 6 r r n r n n r r n r n n o 6 n )19( ".snoinapmoc tsehgih eht gnomaem ecalp dna ,stbed morf em esaeler ,em morfyawa nataS peek ,snis ym evigrof ,hallA O" /aalza liyyidannifinlajaw ,inaahir akkuf aw ,inaaTyahsishka aw ,ibma d eel rifhg-ammuhaalla/ .34 ±kp 1$. QRq9(p 2y@ n n n rn p p p p pzG !,% G elL p 2 P&22, hhOd p 2 k2 OG Qj, h1. Qc p 2 6 o 6 r r n r n n 8 r n n n r901 5 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/ d;sah = /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = /± / Ï;dab = /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/hP+. H +$2y. n n n n n 8 p p p p8?c" G rLBf Q11d q!22, h&.Q UJQj, h>0 An DM&p 2, n r n n o r n n n n r n o n n r n n o r p p pkp 2 t9. 1p v, C h G O9# ;LJ 1p -p k2 b!% G f13 b(Jc: C fp p n n n r nr n r n r r n r r n n n r pO$1: 1-p &lPv, C h b!$9- C DJG #p ) G!rp v, C h C &M 9- n 6 r n n r n n n r n 6 r n o n n k r n r n m n r n r n rn oDu$v, bJd kp 2 qY. Dc, C O# v 1p u" G O% +. v, 6 o r o n n r l n n o n n r n o n o 8 r o n n n p p mzG !,% E&2 b2Jc p hG 1) b2Jc, &. U19p 2 11Jc, #. V k2 p p p 6 6 o 6 8 n r o n n r o n r n n n n n n )29( ".seirrow ym fo reifissap eht dna ssendasym fo revomer eht ,tsehc ym fo thgil eht ,traehym fo thgiled eb naruQ eht teL .nwonknu tpekevah uoY taht ro ,kooB ruoY ni denoitnemevah uoY taht ,noitaerc ruoY ni enoyna otthguat evah uoY taht ,flesruoY llac uoY tahtseman eht lla yb uoY gnikovni ma I .tsuj si emfo lairt ruoY .elbapacseni si em fo tnemegdujruoY .dnaH ruoY ni si daeherof yM .evalsruoy fo nos eht ,evals ruoy ma I ,hallA O" d /eemmah abaaha± aw ,eenzu h naaalij-aw ,eerDaS aruun aw ,eeblaq al eebar j Ïanaaruqla-lazjat l a ,)a(kadl iz ibyahg n j n j . ..hannuS eht morf aauD 011
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/ n j;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /l / ;tis = /i/ . )39( ".doolb ymni thgil dna sevren ym ni thgil ,senob ym nithgil ,hself ym ni thgil ,niks ym ni thgil ,riahym ni thgil ,luos ym ni thgil ,eugnot ym nithgil tuP .taerg thgil ym ekam dna ;thgil emtnarg ,thgil )gnidiug( a em ekaM .em dnihebthgil dna em fo tnorf ni thgil ,em rednuthgil ,em evoba thgil ,tfel ym no thgil ,thgirym no thgil ,gniraeh ym ni thgil ,thgis ym nithgil ,traeh ym ni thgil eb ereht tel ,hallA O" /aaruun eemad eef aw ,aaruun eebaSazeef aw ,aaruun eemZaz eef aw ,aaruun eem hal Ïeef aw ,aaruun eerahsab eef aw ,aaruun eerzahs Ïeef aw ,aaruun eesfan eef aw ,aaruun eenaasileef lazj-aw ,aaruun eel miZZaz aw ,aaruun Ï ÏeeniTza-aw ,aaruun eenlazj-aw ,aaruun eel lazj-aw ,aaruun eeflahk-aw ,aaruun eemaama-aw,aaruun eethat-aw ,aaruun eeqwaf-aw ,aaruuneeraasay yaz-aw ,aaruun eeneemay-yaz-aw ,aaruun eezmas eef-aw ,aaruun eeraSabeef-aw ,aaruun eeblaq eef lazj-ammuhaalla/ .54111 5 retpahC
  • h ;)maerd cibarA( mlu = / h/;sa h = /h/ r ;)si aP = /hg/ ae /ee/ ;t d /D/ ht m = ;bmu = ;si = / d/Ï ±; ab = d /d/ i ;dn f = /ya/ a ;r ts = /aa/ a /aa/ a ;bm l = ;ypp h = /a/ $) O p .G cy. 6 rbn n n p pzG !,% G p (p 2 tl ) # ( (2 ! 6 o 1E0 v bn r DLn G p v, hnC e p p 1p lY p v n r 6 r n n n n n r n n ".uoy tub enon fo deen ni eb I taht ecarG )49(ruoY yb em hcirnE .slufwalnu ruoY nuhsI taht slufwal ruoY htiw em eciffuS !hallA O" /kaawisnammaz akilDafib eeninhgaw ,)a(kimaara hnaz )a(kilaala h -ib eenifka-mmuhaalla/ .64 Ï Ï p p p p 2h k b_ p $2 &. QG , hk bV2 2 2 &. 2 QG , h k O p #2 &. QG y. n n r o k n n n o k n n o k p p p p p 2hk RcLj QG , hk 1SLj QG , hk &. 2 &. 2 $2 &. Ep QG , n n r o k n n n o k n n r o kp2 &. Q G , hG > c k " p 2 p &2 &. P. p QkG , hnkp lP QkG , 2 & 2 &. p o k n t r n n o n r ohG > c p " 2 &. Q G , hG > c p !(2 &. QG , h C b p p (2 & . QG , h b _ % n r n r o k n t r n r o k n n r o k n n r 8hk q . 2 &. p QG h8E9p 2 &. QG , hC . p# #2 &. QG h G l ! 2 &. p QG , n n r o k n n r o k n n n o k n n r o kO r cp$ 2 &. QG , h b ) 0$1(2 p p &. QG h b ) 0 &. n n n r n n n r n n P. Qpj QkG , o k o k ozG !,% G " 2 ! 2 &. 2 &. 2 o 6 n >cn kp q 2p QkG , hnkp 1n VLp j QkG , hnkp r 6 r n r o ohannuS eht morf aauD 211
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /l / ;tis = /i/ n j .zG !,% ;29(p 2 p p hG >c!(p 2 +. O0. #,J0. y. 6o n k n r 3 6 n8r n r n r ".ecnadiug ot snaem a em ekam dna )79(,em ediug ,)htiaf ni( mrif em ekaM !hallA O" /aayyidham-mayidaaheenlazjaw ,eentibbaht ammuhaalla/ .94 p pzG !,% G QRq(p 2 #. / hh JG h1. Qc p 2 [k1$. C b19(p 2]y. 6o 6 r r o r n k n n n n k n n r n n r n rn ".em evig uoy tahw sselb )69(dna ,nerdlihc dna htlaew em tnarG !hallA O"/eenatyaTza aameef eel kiraab-aw ,)w(adalaw-aw-walaam eenquzr-ammuhaalla/ .84 p p p pzG !,% b!$(p 2 G u9. H hG Eu$7, hkr,(p 2 k2 G J0)y. 6 o 6 n r r n n n r r n n n n 8 r 8 8 ".noigiler )59(eht fo gnidnatsrednu em tnarg dna,modsiw dna kooB eht em hcaeT !hallA O" /need-dif eenhiqqaf-aw ,)at(amki h-law abaatik-linmillaz ammuhaalla/ .74 Ï311 5 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/ d;sah = /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = /± / Ï;dab = /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/ p p p p p pzG !,% C U!F p 2 O0(p 2 G Kj +. bV$7 C #Lj, hC U!F 6 o 6 r r 6 o n r n o r n n n n r r)99( ".live si taht lla fo em rof feiler a htaed ymekam dna ,doog si taht lla fo erom htiw efil ymlliF .nruter lliw I erehw ,retfaereH ym doogekam dna ,si doohilevil ym erehw ,dlrow)tneserp( ym doog ekaM .yrautcnas ymsi hcihw ,noigiler ym doog ekaM !hallA O" /rrahs illukl imnj eel-lata har atwam-lilaj-aw ,)wi(riahk.illuk eef Ï eel-latadaayiz ataaya h-lilazj-aw ,eedaazam aaheef eetalla ,eetarihkaa Ïeel hilSa-aw ,eehsaazam aaheef eetalla,yaaynud eel hilSa-aw ,eerma utamSiz awuh Ïee dalla ,eeneed eel hilSa ammuhaalla/ .15 ± Ï ÏzG !,% p G +J&p 2 hOJO&p 2y. 6 o 6 r n n 8 r )89( ".spetsym mrif ekam dna em ediuG !hallA O" /eendiddas-aw eenidh-ammuhaalla/ .05hannuS eht morf aauD 411
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /l / ;tis = /i/ n j ./ ,)i(sanad-danim uDayba-lubwahthta-aqqanuy aamak aayaaTahk-laniminiqqan ammuhaalla ,birhgam-law iqirhsam-lanyab attazaab aamak ,)a(yaayaaTahkanyab-aw eenyab dizaab ammuhaalla/ .35 p p p p pb. k(2 k2 1VLj, / E - E/ C & : y@ n n n n n 6 nr nzG pp !,% b. k(2 k2 1J&2, p G pp !,% b. k(2 k2 O$c2, p G !,% 6on n n o 6 n n r o 6 6 q q ".uoY tub doG on si erehT )001(.yhtlaeh thgiseye ym ekaM .yhtlaeh gniraehym ekaM .yhtlaeh ydob ym ekaM !hallA O" n /tl a aalli ahaalli aal ,eeraSab j .eef inifaaz ammuhaalla ,eezmas eef inifaazammuhaalla ,eenadab eef inifaaz ammuhaalla/ :semit eerht yaS .25G $.J QG D7 p 2 #) t" RLy. p r n r n n n k r o 8 n 5 p p p p p m p#c. Oj, hG >c" G E1. I R0. OI 2 k2 t" G1L, hG >c" n n n r n r n n n n n k o 8 n r n r n p p p 2 O&1. j G 9p 2 kp 1,. #c. R2, hC U!p F p 2 BGL8p 2 G 9p 2 kp 1,. orn n 6 n n n n n r r n 6 n511 5 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/;sa =h /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = /±d/ Ï; ab = d /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/anitawwuq aw ,aaniraaSba aw ,aanizaamsa-ib aanzittam aw ,aaynud-ditaabeeSumihib aanyalaz uniwwahut aam ineeqayla-nim aw ,)a(katannaj ihib aanuhgillabut aamakita zaaT nim aw ,)a(keeSaazam anyabaw aananyab uluu hay aam )a(kitayhsahknim aanal misq-ammuhaalla/ Ï .45 phG <!@ hG 2LOy. p n 6r n rn n p p p p p pG $ 11Z #) G J&Q, G !,% G eP!(p 2 #) G. 0. j 1. $. A n 6 n q o 6 r r r n n n n r n n r n op p phG $fLH, G !,% &r(p 2 #) G. 0. j t$. 0(r/ G <.H r n r q o 6 n 8 r n n n n n n on 6 6 r o p p p pzG !,% 1. bJ 11(2 h11) G. 0. j t$. 1. bJJ 11) G $SLb 6 o 6 n r nr n nr n n n n n n n n n r n nr n r n r )101( ".tridlla fo desnaelc si tnemrag etihw a sa ,liahdna eci ,retaw looc htiw snis ym yawa hsawdna ,tsew eht morf tsae eht decnatsid evahuoy sa ,snis ym morf em ecnatsiD !hallA O" /darab-law ijlahtht-htawi-aam-lib )a(yaayaaTahk lishg-ammuhaallahannuS eht morf aauD 611
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = n j /l / ;tis = /i/ .fo lortnoc eht rednu eb ton su teL .egdelwonkfo sucof ruo ro tseretni rojam ruo eb dlrowsiht ton teL .htiaf ruo ni detcilffa eb ton su teL.su tsniaga ssergsnart taht esoht revo yrotcivsu eviG .su ot tsujnu seno eht no eb egneverruo tel ,hallA O .)htaed ruo llit( detirehniera ew llit eunitnoc tnemyojne fo etalssiht tel dna ,evil su tel uoY sa gnol sa ygreneruo dna thgiseye ruo ,gniraeh ruo yojnesu ekam ,hallA O .dlrow siht fo snoitcilffaeht erudne yam ew taht htiaf etinifedfo noitrop a evah su teL .hannaJ ruoY hcaeryam ew taht uoY ot ecneidebo fo noitrop aevah su teL .uoY gniyebosid morf su stneverptaht raef fo noitrop a evah su tel ,hallA O" /aanumahrayaal-lam aanyalaz Tillasut aal aw ,aanimliz Ïahgalbam aal aw ,aanimmah arabka aaynud-dilazjat aal aw ,aanineed eef aanatabeeSumlazjat aal aw ,aanaadaaz nam aalaz aanrusn-aw ,aanamalaZ nam aalaz aanaraht lazj-aw Ï,aannim ahtiraaw-luhlazj-aw ,aanatyayha aam711 5 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/ d;sah = /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = /± / Ï;dab = /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/ pb!$. y@ r k p pzG !,% G &lc(p 2 1$. b!$9(p 2, hb!$(p 2 #. 0(lc(p 2, hRO&p 2 6 o 6 r n r n n 6 r n n n r n nr n o n r 8 )301( ".egdelwonkni em esaercni dna ,laicifeneb si tahw em hcaet,laicifeneb em hcaet uoy tahw ekam ,hallA O" /aamlizeendiz aw ,eenuzafnay aam eenmillaz aw,eenatmallaz aamib eenzafn-ammuhaalla/ .55 p ph/ #2!g b!$(. , h/ 8P!] b!1(. #) / 0LD$(. y@ n n n r n n r n n n o n 8 r n nrn n r n n r n o n p ph/ 8?c" #V129(. k2 O0(p (. , h/ 8?c" G J&1. C t2L +$(. , p n n n r n r o nnn n n n n r n 7 rn n r n n n 8 nhG >c" ;# Q&. b!/ #) ^!$(. , hG &VL&. b!/ #) b. OG &. , n r n r n n n n n n r n n n n n r o r n n n n r n n n p r p phC 1V. Q&. hq.8p (. #. C D119(. , hG >c!- G .G QK #(. , n n o 6 n n r n r o n n 6 n n r n n r nrnn r p p p p p p#. 8,.f 1- b!1(. #V12. J G J&1. , h#9c(. 1# O$. b(. n o n 8 o n nrn o n 7 r n n n 8 r n n r n n p p#c. U1v, h#) [. b9v #. 82!f(. 1- >(9v, h#) G 1r1) p p p p p p n n n n r n n n n on o n n 6n n n n rn 8zG !,% G qP%p (. #) p GS19p v #. 0E.d 11((. h11) 6 o 6 r nn r n r n n n n o o nrnn n nr n )201( ".su no ycrem on evah lliw taht enoynahannuS eht morf aauD 811
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ n j ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /l / ;tis = /i/ .1 . #) "1p n Jp c, hnC b P 1p v p r t RL GMn G Fp o 1p n Jp cy (- 1 @ n n o o n o n n 8 o 5n p ph/ D. OJG , G !,% E &2 C O# v p #) " 1 (- n o 6 r t G r Lm GMn G Fp o n n n n k 6 8 pn n o n r o o 8 (2 $ 2 r rq. bp JG , hnG Dl_ p 1p . )p O0 e QG qp JG , hn/ 8S p : 1p bn Jo hqGn k n r r r n p n k n o r pkzG !,% G (2 $ (2 o 6 Dl_ p 1. )O0 e q. Fp . , hnG Dl_ p 1p . )p O0 e r r r r 6 n r r n n k n r r n )401( ".lortnoc ruoy rednu liveeht lla morf uoY ni egufer kees I .sdnah ruoYni sgniht doog eht lla fo em evig ot uoY gebI ,hallA O .snoitcilffa ym ni noitcafsitas dnifseno suoivne ro seimene ton teL .nwod gniylma I nehw malsI fo snaem yb fo erac nekat ebem teL .gnittis ma I nehw malsI fo snaem ybfo erac nekat eb em teL .gnidnats ma I nehwmalsI yb fo erac nekat eb em tel ,hallA O" n /kiday-ib uhuni-aazahk nirrahs illuk l im jakib u duuza aw ,)a(kiday-ib uhuni-aazahk ± . nniryahk illuk l im akulasa eenni ammuhaalla j,aadisaah aal . aw wawwudaz eeb timhsutaal aw ,aadiqaar imaalsi-lib eenZaf h-aw Ï,aadizaaq imaalsi-lib eenZaf h-aw ,aamiaaq Ï Ïimaalsi-lib eenZaf h-ammuhaalla/ Ï Ï .65 Ï911 5 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/ d;sah = /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = /± / Ï;dab = /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/ ph8. (p 2 kp 1$) 8. 1:, h1. Qc p 2 kp 1$. C b1:, hqp (p 2 RL n n n6 n r n n r n 6 n n r n n r n r n n n 6zG !,% p p p G +J&p 2 k1$) +J0:, hb. k(p 2 k1$) b. k1:, p 6 o 6 r n r n n r n n n n r n nr n )501( ".uoY eb detlaxe dna desselb,droL ruO .deruonoh reven si ymene na saekat uoY revemohw dna ,detailimuh reven sifo erac ekat uoY revemohw ;uoY rof deercedsi gnihton tub ,eerced uoY ,ylireV .deercedevah uoY live eht morf em tcetorP .emevig uoY tahw sselB .erac ruoY otni ekat uoYesoht gnoma erac ruoY otni em ekaT .ytefastnarg uoY esoht gnoma ytefas em tnarG.ediug uoY esoht gnoma em ediug ,hallA O" /tyalaazat-aw aanabbar atkaraabat,)a(tyadaaz nam uzzizay aal-aw ,)a(tyalaaw-wam ulli day aal )u(hanni-aw ,)a(kyalaz ±aaDquy aal-aw eeDqat akanni ,)a(tyaDaqaam arrahs eeniq-aw ,)a(tyaTza aameef neel kiraab-aw ,)a(tyallwat l ameef eenallawat j-aw ,)a(tyafaaz nameef . eenifaaz-aw,)a(tyadah nameef eenidh-ammuhaalla/ .75hannuS eht morf aauD 021
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /l / ;tis = /i/ n j . /tl a aalli ahaali aal ,halluk eenahs eel n j .hilSa aw ,nyaz atafraT eesfan aali eenlikataalafÏ ,uujra akatam har ammuhaalla/ .95 Ï pG $ DMG H, Gp +Mp #,% hG &VL&. b!1,p %y@ rn r n r r o r np r o r n n n r p pzG !,o % #o (Mp d G u9. H, h#o ?Lp jn G PE. H, h+. Rpen n r 6 n n n 6 6 r n r n ".meht revo yrotciv su evig )601(dna )seimene eht( meht taefeD .)anideMdedavni taht secrof noitilaoc gniveilebsideht( baazha eht detaefed sah taht enO eht dna,levart sduolc sekam taht enO eht ,kooB ehtnwod tnes sah taht enO eht era uoY ,hallA O" /mihyalaz aanruSnaw muhmizhi,)i(baaz hala-mizaah aw ,)i(baa has-sayirjumaw ,)i(baatikla-liznum Ï ammuhaalla/ Ï .85h8cn . 1r :y. nn n n p p0Kd #) hG 1:, [h/ 0cM #) b. O0:], 82. Qt: Q1(. n 7 n r n nn n r n n 6n#. nr n p n np 7 n r n n r n p n n n n n n n n n qn Y1r :, [kv v ] E&6v 8n rr Y2 h/ 0o rr Y/ b!n 1r v, hE&6-o /121 5 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/;sa =h /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = / d/ Ï ±; ab = d /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/,ayyaday inyabmim eenZafah-ammuhaalla Ï,eetaazwar -rimaa aw eetaarwazrutas-ammuhaalla ,eelaam aw eelha aw,ayaaynud aw eeneed eef atayifaaz -lakulasaeenni ammuhaalla ,harihkaa-law aaynud-dif atayifaaz-lakulasa eenni ammuhaalla/ .16 pzG !,% E&2 C , /, hG a hG p (/y. cl. f o 6 7 O# v G o Ji hnG 9r 6 8 n r n o n r n n n r n n n n r n )801( ".htlaew dna ytitsahc ,yteip,ecnadiug rof uoY ot gniyarp ma I !hallA O" /aanihg-law afaafaz-law ,aaqut-taw aaduh-lakula-sa eenni ammuhaalla/ .06hC ! p p2 p &2 U F R# t / Ep n Ep/ C :y !-, - & @ n n r r n r nr n o 6 o n 6 mzG !,% Q $ p p C Q ., ! (2 / & 2 1), o 6 D 9v > k0 8u p Ep lP [Lr k7 bn r n 6 n r n n n n r o n n n r n n r n n )701( ".uoY tub doG onsi erehT .sriaffa ym lla doog ekaM .kniw seyena fo naps eht rof flesym ot ni evig ton em tel,oS .gnikees ma I ycrem ruoY si ti ,hallA O"hannuS eht morf aauD 221
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ n j ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /l / ;tis = /i/ . p p p p . 2, h C . P $ Cf C d #)kq b 1c_ 9v e9. 8E9 p 2 y@ n r n n o o n n n n n r o r n n r n r p p p p p p 1) 0 j h#) ! 2, h ) 0$1(2 h )1 J Gl b b R . p $ p 2, h#) nr n n 6 n r n r n n r n n n r n n rG !, % G O9L b 8 b. 8 p .QG 2 hB#) Qh D l_ p p 2, G !,% G p p (2 #) q o 6 r o r n r n n r n r n q o 6 r n r rCO# v cl c. k 7 k G . hG . . p p 1 p 2 O0(p 2 hO&1 j, hC +!2 h# p 2, p n r n o n p r n r n n n n n r n o rn n n n r n nzG !,% E&2 C O # v c . k 7 k J . ! GL G p 1 p 2 G &1 hG p p I, G !,% Ep&2 6 o 6 8 n r n o n r n n n 7 r n n n q o 6 8 )901( ".htaeneb morf )htrae eht yb(dewollaws gnieb morf ecnecifingaM ruoY niegufer kees I dna ,evoba morf dna tfel ym dnathgir ym morf ,kcab eht dna tnorf eht morfem tcetorp ,hallA O .dezirorret gnieb morfem tcetorp dna ,delaecnoc )srehto ot delaevereb ot neddibrof - oot ,sterces - strap ydob(taarwa ym peek ,hallA O .htlaew ym fo dnaylimaf ym fo ytefas dna dlrow siht ni ytirucesrof dna htiaf fo ssendnuos rof ,ssenevigrofrof uoY ksa I ,hallA O .retfaereH eht ni dnadlrow siht ni htlaeh rof uoY ksa I ,hallA O" n l /eet hat j im alaathgu na akitamaZaz Ï d n-ib u± uuza aw ,eeqwaf j imaw ,eelaamihs Ï l l n-j az aw eeneemay-yaz aw ,eeflahk nim aw. . .321 5 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/ Ïd;sah = /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = /± /;dab = /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/eht morf noitcetorp ruoy kees I .uoY fo deksadammahuM tehporP dna evals ruoy doogrevetahw uoY fo ksa I .ti ot dael snoitca dnasgniyas revetahw ot em ediug ot dna ,nevaeHotni em tel ot uoY geb I .ton ro em ot nwonkti eb ,retal dna won ,live lla morf uoY ni eguferkees I .ton ro em ot nwonk ti eb ,retal dna won,doog lla fo em evig ot uoY geb I ,hallA O" /aadahsar uhatabiqaazalazjat na nirma nim eel atayDaq aam akulasaaw ,damma hum akuluusar aw akudbaz uhnim n jakib a daazats-am irrahs l im akib u duuza ± ± Ïaw ,damma hum . akuluusar aw akudbazakala-as aam Ï aryahk akulasa aw,lamazwa nilwaq n l im j aahyali abarraq aam aw .iraanna-nim akib u duuza aw ,lamaz wa nilwaq ±nl imj aahyali abarraq aam aw atannaj-lakulasa.aw ,malza mal aam aw uhnim utmilaz aam,hilijaa aw ihilijaaz )i(hilluk irrahs-hsanimakib u duuza aw ,malza mal aam aw uhnim ±utmilaz aam ,hilijaa aw ihilijaaz ,)i(hillukiryahkla-nim akula-sa eenni ammuhaalla/ .26hannuS eht morf aauD 421
  • suhT = /Z/ Ï ;orez = /z/;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /l / n j ;tis = /i/ .doog od em ekam ot uoY geb I ,hallA O" n /nuutfam aryahg akylai eenDibqaf l atantif jakidaabiz ib attara aa di ± aw ,neekaasam . n-labbu h aw ,taarakl um-lakrat aw ,taaryahk j-lalzif Ï akulasa . eenni ammuhaalla/ .36qY : 1L p p 2 #) C # m C f 8?c b. q29 RJ " p - Q G y@ n n r n r p n r n r n r n n n nn o n n kGO9c. 1v b2J P #(- p c hQ . O v EJ O# v . # $ |, hC # r n n n n r o n r o n n n o o n o n 6 l n n r n o n n p pb2J O v E c hQ . # $ J b 1v |, h C . P RL . #) # n r o n n n o o n o n 6 l n n o o n r n 8 n p m mqL . H E 1, #) .d C h $", hC q p b O# v G L . O# v 1 # n 6 n nr n r n r n n r n n n n n p n r n n m n r n o pn p n p m pqL . q H E 1, #) .d C h $", hC .P b b 1v . . #) G ( Q h# n 6 n nr n r n r n n 6 n n n r n n n n o o p p p p phB ! - , # > .b : !$ #(- h# . b % C ! %, h C O# v ? 7 . G ( h# n n n r o r o n n n r n r n r n n r n o n r n 6 n n n p p p p p p pb : !$ . b #(- h# % C !%, hC .P b 1v SL t b. > #) G !- !- n r o n n 6 8 o n 8 r o n n n r n r n r n n o o p p p p p p p p p pzG !,%O# v E&2 C #) G H L t b. > > 1 . !- ! - hB ! - , # 6 o 6 8 n r n r o 8 n n n n r n o n ".noisulcnoc )011(lufsseccus a evah ot em rof niadro uoYrevetahw ekam ot uoY geb I .uoY fo thguosdammahuM evals dna tehporP ruoY live521 5 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/;sah = /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = / d/ Ï ±;dab = /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/-hsaw ,kihjaw aali iraZan-nata d dal akulasa Ï ± ±aw ,twam-ladzab ihsyaz-ladrab akula-sa aw n j,aaDaq-ladzab aaDir-rakula-sa aw ,ziTaql ataal-linyaz atarruq akula-sa aw . , dafnay ±aal-lameezn akula-sa aw ,aanihglaw irqaflif adSaq-lakula-sa aw ,baDahg-law aaDir-rif iqqa h-latamilak akula-sa aw ,hadaahahs-hsaw ibyahg-lif Ï akatayhsahk akula-saaw ammuhaalla ,eel-laryahk ataafaw-latmilazaa di eenaffawat-aw ,eel-laryahk ataaya h ±-latmilaz aam eeniy ha ,qlahk-lalaz akitarduq Ïaw ,)a(byahg-lakimliz ib ammuhaalla/ Ï .46 m 1e L n l9o # .fy@ n r nrhD3 G $ 1) ( (2 1 n o 6 n P. tp p , hnEpPG C QnOrJ 1p cp 2n . Opc kp 9r 7 k. q2p Y p Ep r v r n n n n n n k n r r n n p p pzG !,% E&2 C " 1 $( 6 o O# v kp c G H LG J, hn8Lr c G o uLn G J, r n 6 8 n r n o n r n r n n n r r n ".noitcilffa tuohtiw )111(eid em ekam ot uoY geb I ,slairt htiaf htiwsevals ruoY tcilffa ot nalp uoY fI .sselpleh ehtevol dna ,sgniht elbisneherper nuhs ,sgnihthannuS eht morf aauD 621
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/ n j;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /l / ;tis = /i/ . )211( ".ecnadiug ruoY etomorp su tel dna,dediug ylthgir su ekam ,htiaf htiw su yfituaeb,hallA O .snoitatpmet gnidaelsim ro smrah otdesopxe gnieb tuohtiw uoY gniteem dna ecaFruoY gniees fo erusaelp eht htiw em sselbot uoY geb I .htaed retfa efil elbatrofmoca em evig ot uoY geb I .niadro uoYrevetahw htiw desaelp em ekam ot uoY gebI .noitcafsitas deunitnoc dna ,dne reven tahtsgnisselb em tnarg ot uoy geb I .hcir ro roopnehw redneps luferac a em ekam ot uoY geb I.yrgna ro desaelp nehw hturt eht yas em ekamot uoY geb I .cilbup ni dna etavirp ni uoYraef em ekam ot uoY geb I ,hallA O .em rofretteb si htaed fi efil ym ekat tub ,em rof rettebsi gnivil ,egdelwonK ruoY ni ,fi evila empeek ,gnitaerc fo elbapac enO eht dna neesnueht fo rewonK eht era uoY sA !hallA O" /needathum-mataaduh aanlazj-aw ,naamee-litaneezib anniyyaz ammuhaalla,halliDum-mitantif aal aw ,harriDumaaarraD iryahg eef aki-aaqil aali aqwahs721 5 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/;sah = /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = / d/ Ï ±;dab = /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/dna ycrem ,sseccus rehtruf yb dewollofsseccus ,tcudnoc doog htiw htiaf ,htiafhtiw htlaeh em tnarg ot uoY geb I ,hallA O" /aanaawDir n j n jaw akl im-matarifhgam aw ,hayifaaz aw akl im .-matam har aw , haalaf uhuzabtay yahaajan . naw ,quluhk insu h eef l anaamee aw ,naamee j Ï Ïeef l ata h hiS akulasa eenni ammuhaalla/ n j . Ï . .56 Ï Ï p p p p p pG !,% R0(. 1M0(7 G )0$. f, hG >c!(. +JG I #,9J0)y. 6 o 6 n 8n n r n n r n rn o n k o r n n p p p m p m mhG S.b E / p r. Fpv k2 e1L XLG A #YLI h/ k9(7 #Y!7, n 6 r n n n n r n 6 n o 6 n n rn o n pn p p p p81LO G c1T 1cJ G $.J, hC O# v KI G (_L E / h>,v n r n r n r n r n r n r n n r n o n n 6 n 6 n n n r n m pb1) / 8(rd, hC O# v G LX. A 1cJ G rY. A, hC O# v p n r n nr n o n n r n o n 8 n n n r n r n n n n r n o n p p p pk2 G lrL hG f(/, hC O# v &c1$. / 0(lJ, hC O# v qLI n r n r n n n r n o n n k n nr n o n n r n o n o 6 n p p phC O# v t!$7 G Es k2 G LX. hG fY3, hC O# v G rVJ n n r n o n n n n r n 8 8 n n r n n n r n r n r n p 2, G !,% hC O# v GS19v k2 G f13 hG S,. OI, p pn n o p 6 o 6 n n r n o n n r nn n r n r n 6 n n p p p p pb!$: G E1. I G1LG 2, h8.k(2 EPG b!$: G .k. I G1LG n r n n n n 6 n n r n n r n n n n r k r n n n r k p p p p pzG !,% 1c!$v G f13 hqJQ8p v b!/ G H!s; C D1(p 2 #. 6 o 6 r n r n r n n o r n n n n r n r n n rhannuS eht morf aauD 821
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/ n;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /lj / ;tis = /i/ .akal ,aabaahhar akal ,aaraakka d akal ±,aaraakkahs akal eenlazj-ibbar ,)a(yyalaz n jaahgab-mam aalaz eenruSl aw ,aaduh-layilrissay aw eenidhaw ,yyalaz rukmat aal aw eel . n j n jrukmaw ,)a(yyalaz ruSl at aal aw eenruSl aw,)a(yyalaz nizut aal aw eenniza ibbar/ . ..76 p pzG !,% E& . . ( 2 y@ o 6 7 o v bn l l 8E3 G cn l n k. br m bn 6 6 n o o r r n 8 )411( ".nodrapruoY em tnarG .nodrap ot evol uoYdna ,gninodrap ni taerg era uoY ,hallA O" /eennaz ufzaf awfaz n j-lubbihut l uwwufaz akanni ammuhaalla/ .66 . p ph# p I #( f lL v X . h Q .G & y @ n n r n k r n n r n k m pGs ! , h& ?. D. 92c k0 0 - M , hQ $ # ( D 7 v hnbn . kp n 7, 1 o o n n n k nrn o o n n l n n r n k r n k p p mzG !,% E&2 C 2 ) O# v UE7 k p 2 Ep0$ f, hEp0$ & . . . kp DP p 6 o 6 8 n r n o n n k n n n k o r )311( ".noitcafsitasruoY dna ssenevigrof ruoY dna ,gnilaeh921 5 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/;sa = h /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = /±d/ Ï; ab =d /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/hG #uL p 2 h/ 8$uL b!2, p hG +J&p 2 h0PL p 2 G ,Ji, 6 n r o r n n n r o r n n n r n n 8 r o n pzQH C b(2 h/ 8c) b!2,p hG &VL&p 2 h/ 8(VL b!2, 6 6 n 8 n 8 n n o r n n n r o r n n nr o r n n )511( ".edisni ym morfyvne evomer dna traeh ym ediug ,eugnot ymtcefrep ,stnemugra ym nehtgnerts ,sreyarp ymrewsna ,ecneicsnoc ym esnaelc ,ecnatneperym tpecca ,hallA O .netfo uoY otnu tnelerdna ,yllohw uoY ot timbus ,yltnetsisnocuoY yebo ,yltaerg uoY raef ,ylraluger uoYrebmemer ,ylesuforp uoY knaht em ekam,hallA O .em setucesrep reveohw revo yrotcivem eviG .em rof ysae ecnadiug ekam dna,em ediuG .em tsniaga ton nalp tub ,em rofnalP .em tsniaga ton troppus tub ,em troppuS.em tsniaga ton pleh tub ,em pleh ,hallA O" /eerDaSatameehkas lulsaw ,eeblaq idh-aw ,eenaasildiddas aw ,eetajjuh tibbaht aw ,eetawzadbija-aw ,eetabwah lishg-aw ,eetabwat Ïlabbaqat-ibbar ,aabeenum-mahaawwa Ïakyali ,aatibhkum akal ,aazaawTimhannuS eht morf aauD 031
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/ n j;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /l / ;tis = /i/ . /tuumaakimsib-aw aay ha akimsib ammuhaalla/ .96 Ï & p G . I 1 G p 2y.t. : k. G L n n n n o n r k pzG !,% C 1(p 2 # & D . t. : E . G L p G 1 I 1 G 2, h . (p 2 EpPG 8k o 6 6 n r n n n n n o n r k nnn 6 n )611( ".emrof retteb )egdelwonK ruoYni( si htaed fi efilym ekat tub ,em rof retteb )egdelwonK ruoYni( si efil sa gnol os evila em peeK !hallA O" /eel-laryahk utaafaw-litnanaakaa di eenaffawat-aw ,eel-lariahk utaaya h ±-litanaak aam eeniy ha ammuhaalla/ .86Ï Ï O O H 7 UJhG ! " p 1 $ n Q j y @ p n r o r n n n rO . p 2, hb 8 ;2: D?9 OJ p 2, h O p &p 2, hG + p ! p 2, P. J q2 n r n n n8 r o 6 n n 8 r n n r nrC hG + #(p 1 , QH " . p 2, hG p " . p 2, hC p . 2. 8r2 8 19 eP D 19 >3n 6 k o k n 8 nn6 nrn n r n rn nn r p p P QG ,v t. v . 1. v Q+ , # .G , b. v H29. v# , Ep 1 n n n 6 k n n n 6 k n n r n k n n o r k nr nhG & &p 2 !/ #) / !2, QH G !(p 2 VL b 1f b >c v Ru . QG , n r o r n n n r nn s n n 6 n 8 r nr n n n 6 k131 5 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/;sa =h /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = / d/ Ï ±; ab =d /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/nwohs sah hallA mohw otnu esoht htiw ...``,snoinapmoC tsehgiH eht htiw em ekam dna,em no ycrem evah ,snis ym evigroF !hallA O" /aaqeefar aki-aaluanusa h-aw ,)a(nee hilaaSS-aw i-aadahuhs-hsaw Ï aneeqeeddiSS-aw Ï aneeyyibanna-anim mihyalaz uhaal-lamazna anee dal ±-lazam ,aalza-liqeefar-razam eenlazjaw,eenma hraw eel rifhg-ammuhaalla/ .17 ÏzG pp !,% q(2 bKG 1v 0.e 82c= b2. Ocy p . 6 o 6 n n n n n r n nr n o n n n )811( ".sevals ruoY tcerruser uoY nehw yaDeht no tnemrot morf yawa em peek ,hallA O" /kadaabiz uhtazbatamway akabaa daz eeniq ammuhaalla/ .07 ± p p p pzG !,% 1. O$v C D1. , h1. O$v C #.Jy. 6 o 6 r n n r o n r n n n o )711( ".eid I emanruoY ni dna ,evil I eman ruoY nI !hallA O"hannuS eht morf aauD 231
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/ n j;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /l / ;tis = /i/ .ton si taht luos a ,evissimbus ton sitaht traeh a ,laicifeneb ton si taht egdelwonkmorf uoY ni egufer kees I ,hallA O .retsaMdna repleH sti era uoY .gninifer ni tsebeht era uoY .ti enifer ot dna ,awqat reporpsti luos ym tnarg ot uoY geb I ,hallA O" /aahal n jubaajatsuy aal-litawzad l im-aw ,)u(zabhsataal-lisfan nim-aw . ,)u(zahshkay aal-liblaql im-awnj n j ,)u(zafl ay aal-limliz nim akib u duuza. . ±eenni ammuhaalla ,aahaalwam aw aahuyyilaw n j natl a ,aahaakkaz l am uryahk atl a aahikkaz j n j . .aw ,aahaawqat eesfan itaaammuhaalla/ . .27 [G ( A: 96]& % ~ }p P. y.o/ . - $ # " ! ( p pzG !,% p G elL p 2 hG QD$(p 2, hG >c!(2 #d G Lkp 1s G $ b!/y o 6 n r n r n n 6 r 6 r r r n r . "]aassiN-nA taruS[ !yeht era ynapmoc )911(fo tseb ehT .suoethgir eht dna srytrameht dna stnias eht dna stehporP eht fo ,rovaf331 5 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/;sa =h /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = / d/ Ï ±; ab = d /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/-lanim aaluz-litaajarad-daw ,)u(hanitaab aw)u(harihaaZ aw ,)u(harihkaa aw )u(halawwa Ïaw ,)u(hazimaawaj aw )u(hamitaawahk awiryahk-la hitaawaf akula-sa eenni ammuhaalla/ /neemaa Ï,hannaj-lanim aaluz-litaajarad-dakula-saaw ,eeta-eeTahk rifhgaw ,eetaalaS labbaqataw ,eetaajarad zafraw ,eenaamee qiqqa haw ,eeneezaawam liqqaht aw ,eentibbaht Ïaw ,taamam-laryahk aw itaaya h-laryahkaw ,baawaht-htaryahk aw ,lamaz-laryahk aw Ï, haajan-naryahk aw ,aaud-daryahk aw ,hala-sam-laryahk akula-sa eenni ammuhaalla/ Ï .37 mOb.I / 0P9?. H ,. y@ n r n o r n n o n n m m p0(ld, h#) q!3 / 0HSd, h#) &lQ / p 8S2d, h#) p n r n o n r n r n r n o n r n r n r n o mn r p p p pC &: h p 1,. h#./ +. , G !,% E&2 C b.P 1v #) b!% / n n n r n 6 o 6 8 n r rn r n n 7 n o o p pzG !,% BJ &lP2 8r.G +. , hRt,. C &: G1L #) Rt. +. , 6 o 6 n r n r n n n n 8 n n r n n r o n r n 6 n ".elbarewsna )021(ton si taht noitacilppus a dna ,detnetnochannuS eht morf aauD 431
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/ n j;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /l / ;tis = /i/ .eht uoy fo geb I .tseb noitacilppus ym dna tsebuoY gniksa ym ekam ot uoY geb I ,hallA O" /neemaa,hannaj-lanim aalu -litaajarad-dakula z-sa aw ,eetaanasa h labbaqat aw ,eelama z eefaw ,eetaamam eef aw ,ayaay ham eef aw ,eelha Ïeef aw ,eequluhk eef aw ,eeqlahk eef aw ,ee huur Ïeef aw ,eeraSab eef aw ,ee mas eef aw ,eesfan z Ïeel akiraabut na akula-sa eenni ammuhaalla/ /neemaa,hannaj-lanim aalu -litaajarad-da z akula-saaw ,eebma d eel arifhgat aw ,eeblaq ariwwanut ±aw ,eejraf aniSSa hut aw ,eeblaq arihhaTutaw ,eerma ahilSut Ï aw ,eerziw a aDat z aw,eerki d a afrat na akula-sa eenni ammuhaalla/ z ± /neemaa,hannaj-lanim aalu -litaajarad-daw ,)a(rahaZ z Ïaam aryahk aw ,anaTab aam aryahk aw ,lam a zaam aryahk aw ,laf a aam aryahk aw ,eetaa zaam aryahk akula-sa eenni ammuhaalla/ /neemaa ,hannaj531 5 retpahC
  • ;)maerd cibarA( mluh = / h/ d;sah = /h/ ;)siraP = /hg/ ;taem = /ee/ ;bmud = /D/ ;siht = /± / Ï;dab = /d/ ;dnif = /ya/ ;rats = /aa/ ;bmal = /aa/ ;yppah = /a/ot ,traeh ym yfirup ot ,sriaffa ym doog ekamot ,snedrub ym evomer ot ,ecnarbmemerym esiar ot uoY geb I ,hallA O" ".nemA .nevaeH ni level tsehgih ehtno em tup ot uoy geb I .edistuo ym dna edisniym tseb ekam ot dna ,sdeed ym tseb ekamot ,stca ym tseb ekam ot ,stnemeveihcaym tseb ekam ot uoY geb I ,hallA O" ".neemA .nevaeH ni leveltsehgih eht ni em tup ot uoY geb I dna ,edisnieht ni doog dna edistuo eht ni doog dna ,dneeht ni doog dna gninnigeb eht ni doog ,doogevisneherpmoc ,gnisolc sdoog dna gnineposdoog em tnarg ot uoY geb I ,hallA O" ".nemA .nevaeHni level tsehgih eht no em tup ot uoy gebI .snis ym evigrof ot dna ,sreyarp ym tpeccaot ,knar ni em esiar ot ,htiaf ni gnorts emekam ot ,sdrawer htiw yvaeh selacs ym ekamot uoY geb I .htaed tseb eht dna efil tseb eht,sdrawer tseb eht ,krow tseb eht ,sseccus tsebhannuS eht morf aauD 631
  • suhT = /Z/ ;orez = /z/ Ï;woc = /w/ ;doof = /uu/ ;dluoc = /u/ ;but = /T/ ;kniht = /ht/ n;ehs = /hs/ ;mus = /S/ ;tes = /s/ ;gnir / knat = /lj / ;tis = /i/ .C $", h 1 # b G L . 1 G L ) h 1 # .^L , , hG J >. c Q J G !/ p n n r n n n n n n r n n n n n n 6 n n s n r n r r o p pG !,% E&2 C O# v G L . 8 1 # B 2, h 1 # C G L . kc GL . ", h 1 # 6 o 6 q n r n o n n r n n n n r n n n r n r n n r n n ^. L 1. [ ph + g h p (-, hG Q J G !/ #) G ( p , B#1) J >. p c ?7 . p p n o n n n 6 n n s n n n n o r o r n 6 p p p .Gk 8F H L G 8 G 1 h . G p $ - , h .G # - , h C h - h B p g , > c GL n n n r n r n n n o n n n n o n n 6 n o n n o p p pG Q J G !/ #) G ( p , B#1)@ G !,% E&2 C J >. c ?7 s O# v 6 n n r o n n 6 6 o 6 8 n r n o nOQ p 2 , h " >. 8 8r2 U0 8 p 2 , hG p elL G ,9 O# v p 1 p 2, hC n n n n n n 6 r n n n r r n n n n r n o n p p pG $$ J, h (p 2 h " #.G R0(p 2, h . ;29 ;r Drs . kd E0$ &p 2 hG Q r n n n n8r n n r n n n n 8 r q n n r n r p8 p pG ( M, h 1 G $" h 1 G .G H, h 1 G 1 I h 1 ?. GL c GL < GL E. GL 6 n n n r n r n n n n r n 6 n n n r n r n n n n r n p pzG !,% E&2 C 1 G $ O# v G L p h 1 G P# 7 G L Jb. G L A h 1 6 o 6 8 n r n o n n r n r n r n n n n r n 7 n n n r n)121( ".nemA .nevaeH ni level tsehgih eht no emtup ot uoy geb I .sdeed doog ym tpeccA .krowym sselb dna ,htaed ym sselb ,efil ym sselb,ylimaf ym sselb ,srennam ym sselb ,ydob ymsselb ,luos ym sselb ,thgiseye ym sselb ,gniraehym sselb ,em sselb ot uoY geb I ,hallA O" ".nemA .nevaeH ni level tsehgih eht no emtup ot uoy geb I .snis ym evigrof ot dna ,traehym nethgilne ot ,strap etavirp ym tcetorp731 5 retpahC
  • h ;)maerd cibarA( mlu = / h/;sa h = /h/ r ;)si aP = /hg/ ae /ee/ d /D/ ht ;t m = ;bmu = ;si = /±d/ Ï; ab = d /d/ i ;dn f = /ya/ a /aa/ a /aa/ a ;r ts = ;bm l = ;ypp h = /a/ .sdlrow eht fo droL ,hallA ot eb esiarp llA .nemA .yaD noitcerruseR eht llitsrewollof sih dna ,snoinapmoC sih ,gnirpsffosih ,seviw sih ,nik sih ,sregnesseM fo mamIdna stehporP fo laeS eht , | dammahuMnopu eb sreyarp dna ecaep shallA yaM .hannuS ehtdna naruQ suoirolG eht morf snoitacilppusevisneherpmoc sniatnoc tI .esolca ot semoc krow siht ,ecarG shallA yb ,suhT p p p phC G Q J G G , B y s n O# v r n n n J6 >. c!/ #) ?(67 #1) @ o n n n n o r r p p p p p#E1. j, h , h , h , n r n n n n n n n n r n n n k2 #$. 82 k2 b$!2 8r26 " DP(. 82 n n n p p p p p p p pQh D2 , h k2 G!r2 k2 G!r2 k2 +!2 k2 , h , h C , h o n n n o n r n r o n p p p p p p p pCf 82. Qc 2 &lP2 k2 O$c2 k2 1VL k2 , h , h j, h n n r n n n nn r o n n n p p p p pG Q J G G , B G E C s J6 >. n n c!/ #) ?(7 #1). !,% &2 O# v 6 o n n o r n r n 6 6 8 r n n o p p p p pkL>2 , h Q O# v , h P , hC n n n r n o n 8(.8 q!22 8flL 2 &22 n n r n n r n r n r n n o p p p p ph8Yd hRQj, 8V!F #L h C j, h , h n n n n r 8 n o r n r n o n n n o n n 8,8L q!22 8EV) n n r p p p p p p#) G , B #1)@ O# v 8Lkd tL G !,% E&2 C Cf P j, n n r n n r n n r r ?(67 r 6 o 6 n n o nhannuS eht morf aauD 831
  • .8453 .oN htidaH ,yihdimrettA nanuS )11( .9312 .oN htidaH ,yihdimrettA nanuS )01( .6553 .oN htidaH ,yihdimrettA nanuSdna ,8841 .oN htidaH ,duuwaaD-ubA nanuS )9( .0733 .oN htidaH ,yihdimrettA nanuS )8( .985 .oN htidaH ,seuqsoM fo kooB ,milsuMhihaS dna ,238 .oN htidaH ,irahkuB-lA hihaS )7( .0842 .oN htidaH,snoinapmoC eht fo seutriV eht fo kooB ,milsuMhihaS dna ,8736 .oN htidaH ,irahkuB-lA hihaS )6( .haakaZ ot detalersreyarp eht no retpahc eht ,raakhdA siwawannA )5( .8701 .oN htidaH ,milsuMhihaS dna ,7941 .oN htidaH ,irahkuB-lA hihaS )4( .744 .oN htidaH ,milsuMhihaS dna ,3274 .oN htidaH ,irahkuB-lA hihaS )3( .891 .oN htidaH ,milsuMhihaS dna ,4747 .oN htidaH ,irahkuB-lA hihaS )2( .2733 .oN htidaH ,yihdimrettA nanuSdna ,9741.oN htidaH ,duuwaaD-ubA nanuS )1( _________________________ setondnE931 setondnE
  • .9812 .oN htidaH ,sllaC fo kooB ,milsuMhihaS dna ,9046.oN htidaH ,irahkuB-lA hihaS )42( .6672 .oN htidaH ,yihdimrettA hihaS sinaablA-lA & .9743 .oN htidaH ,yihdimrettA nanuS )32( .598 .oN htidaH , milsuM hihaS dna ,1436 .oNhtidaH dna ,1301 .oN htidaH , irahkuB-lA hihaS )22( .2436 .oNhtidaH dna ,4101 .oN htidaH ,irahkuB-lA hihaS )12( .498 .oN htidaH ,milsuMhihaS dna ,3436 .oN htidaH ,irahkuB-lA hihaS )02( .4072 .oN htidaH ,milsuMhihaS dna ,9046 .oN htidaH ,irahkuB-lA hihaS )91( .6113 .oN htidaH ,hajaaM nbI hihaS sinaablA-lA & .4683 .oN htidaH ,hajaaM-nbI nanuS )81( .7336 .oN htidaH ,irahkuB-lA hihaS )71( .5372 .oN htidaH milsuMhihaS dna ,0436 .oN htidaH ,irahkuB-lA hihaS )61( .8762 .oN htidaH ,milsuMhihaS dna ,8336 .oN htidaH ,irahkuB-lA hihaS )51( .032/1 .oN htidaH ,kardatsuM-lAsmikaaH-lA & .1841 .oN htidaH ,duuwaaD-ubAnanuS & .7743 .oN htidaH ,yihdimrettA nanuS )41( .5101 .oN htidaH ,milsuM hihaS )31( .844/2 .oN htidaH , damhA dansuMdna ,3753 .oN htidaH , yihdimrettA nanuS )21(setondnE 041
  • hihaS dna ,6941.oN htidaH , irahkuB-lA hihaS )63( .584/2 htidaH ,beehraT-taw beehgrattA sirihdnuM-lA & .113 .oN htidaH ,hajaaM nbI hihaSsinaablA-lA & .7583 .oN htidaH ,hajaaM-nbInanuS & .5743 oN htidaH , . yihdimrettA nanuS )53( .2661.oN htidaH , irahkuB-lA hihaS )43( .3661.oN dna 0661.oN shtidaH , irahkuB-lA hihaS )33(.yaD hafarA eht rof snoitacilppus dna raakhdAdednemmocer eht no noitces eht ni raakhdA-lAsiwawannA maamI-lA morf devired gninaeM )23( .8431 .oN htidaH ,milsuM hihaS )13( .4723 .oN htidaH ,imaaJ-lA hihaSsinaablA-lA & .raakhdA-lA siwawannA eeS &.224-1 .oN htidaH ,kilaaM maamI-lA attawuM& .5853 .oN htidaH ,yihdimrettA nanuS )03( .8953 .oN htidaH ,yihdimrettA nanuS )92( .284 .oN htidaH ,milsuM hihaS )82( .2142 .oN htidaH ,naabbiH-nbI hihaSdna ,2841 .oN htidaH , duuwaaD-ubA nanuS )72( .902/4 .oNhtidaH , duubaM-lunwA sidaabaA meezA-lA )62( .3472 .oN htidaH , milsuMhihaS dna ,5122 .oN htidaH , irahkuB-lA hihaS )52(141 setondnE
  • ot tnaem si shayA cinaruQ fo tnemegnarrA )74( .857.oN htidaH ,milsuMhihaS dna ,5411.oN htidaH , irahkuB-lA hihaS )64( .ruoH yadirF a gniruDnoitacilppuS gnirewsnA no retpahc eht ,131.p,1.loV , daaM-lA daZ smiyyaQ-lA-nbI :eeS )54( .1341 .oN htidaH , yeaasannAnanuS & .194 .oN htidaH , yihdimrettAnanuS & .8401 .oN htidaH , duuwaaD-ubA nanuS )44( .034/3 .oN dna482/5 .oN ,482/2 .oN shtidaH , damhA dansuM )34( .358 .oN htidaH ,milsuM hihaS )24( .yadirF no snoitacilppusdna ecnarbmemer dednemmocer no retpahceht ,)sreyarP laicepS( hasuushkaM taawalaSno noitces eht ,raakhdA-lA siwawannA :eeS )14( .258 .oN htidaH , milsuMhihaS dna ,539 .oN htidaH , irahkuB-lA hihaS )04( .212 .oN htidaH , yihdimrettAnanuS dna ,125 .oN htidaH , duuwaaD-ubA nanuS )93( .852/2 .oN htidaH , damhAdansuM & .8443 .oN htidaH , yihdimrettA nanuS )83( .171/6 .oN htidaH , damhA dansuMdna ,3153 .oN htidaH , yihdimrettA nanuS )73( .91 .oN htidaH , milsuMsetondnE 241
  • .684 .oN htidaH , milsuM hihaS )65( .desuylediw tsom eht sa ,/a-lim/ rof seugra iwawannA,95/6 .p dna 391/4 .p ,milsuM hihaS hrahS sihnI ./u-lim/ decnuonorp osla si )fo llif eht( /a-lim/drow cibarA ehT .774 .oN htidaH ,milsuM hihaS )55( .967.oN htidaH , milsuMhihaS & .9974 .oN htidaH , irahkuB-lA hihaS )45( .963/6 .oN htidaH ,damhA dansuM &.9431 .oN htidaH ,duuwaaD-ubA hihaS sinaablA-lA & ,5251.oN htidaH ,duuwaaD-ubA nanuS )35( .6972 .oN htidaH ,yihdimrettA hihaS sinaablA-lA & .4253 .oN htidaH , yihdimrettA nanuS )25( .5872.oN htidaH ,yihdimrettA hihaS sinaablA-lA& .283/2 .oN htidaH ,kardatsuM-lA smikaaH-lA & .5053 .oN htidaH ,yihdimrettA nanuS )15( .4272 .oN htidaH ,milsuMhihaS dna ,4114 .oN htidaH ,irahkuB-lA hihaS )05( .0372 .oN htidaH ,milsuMhihaS dna ,6436 .oN htidaH , irahkuB-lA hihaS )94( .ecnaveler dnaseutriv rieht rof detceles era saruS denoitnem ehT )84( .snoitautis tnavelerni meht gnisu dna traeh yb gninrael etatilicaf341 setondnE
  • hihaS dna ,3837.oN htidaH ,irahkuB-lA hihaS )66( .7682 .oN htidaH ,milsuM hihaS )56( .8253 .oN htidaH ,yihdimrettAnanuS & .3983 .oN htidaH ,duuwaaD-ubA nanuS & .181/2 .oN htidaH ,damhA dansuM )46( .463/5 .oN htidaH ,damhAdansuM & .8072 .oN htidaH ,milsuM hihaS )36( .242 .oN htidaH ,yihdimrettAnanuS & .577 .oN htidaH ,duuwaaD-ubA nanuS )26( .47 .oN ,reehgaslA imaaJ-lA hihaSsinaablA-lA & .566/2 .oN ,laammU-lA znaKsidniH-lA iqattuM-lA & .754/2 .oN ,beehraT-taw beehgrattA sirihdnuM-LA & .leaalaD-dA syiqahyaB-lA & .842/1/3 .oN ,yrotsiHdnarG sirahkuB-lA .4/15 .oN htidaH ,kilaaMattawuM & .914/3 .oN htidaH ,damhA dansuM )16( .)sthguohT fo stcudorP( raakfA-lA jiaataNsih ni rajaH-nbI seod os dna ,dnuos htidaHeht sredisnoc iwawannA ,raakhdalA koobsih nI .2505.oN htidaH ,duuwaaD-ubA nanuS )06( .4072 .oN htidaH , milsuMhihaS dna ,438 .oN htidaH ,irahkuB-lA hihaS )95( .53 .oN etondnE ,.tic .pO )85( .504 .oN htidaH , milsuMhihaS dna ,0733 .oN htidaH , irahkuB-lA hihaS )75(setondnE 441
  • .1505 .oN htidaH , yeaasannA hihaS sinaablA-lA& .0745 .oN htidaH , yeaasannA nanuS & .8631.oN htidaH , duuwaaD-ubA hihaS sinaablA-lA .7451 .oN htidaH ,duuwaaD-ubA nanuS )97( .1953 .oN htidaH , yihdimrettA nanuS )87( .8405 .oN htidaH , yeaasannA hihaS sinaablA-lA & .7645 .oN htidaH , yeaasannA nanuS )77( .885 .oN htidaH , milsuMhihaS & .7731 .oN htidaH , irahkuB-lA hihaS )67( .7062 .oN htidaH , milsuMhihaS dna ,7636 .oN htidaH , irahkuB-lA hihaS )57( .985 .oN htidaH , milsuMhihaS dna ,8636 .oN htidaH , irahkuB-lA hihaS )47( .985 .oN htidaH , milsuMhihaS dna ,7736 .oN htidaH , irahkuB-lA hihaS )37( .7072 .oN htidaH , milsuMhihaS dna ,7436 .oN htidaH , irahkuB-lA hihaS )27( .5631 .oN htidaH , milsuMhihaS & .3982 .oN htidaH , irahkuB-lA hihaS )17( .5772 .oN htidaH , yihdimrettA hihaS sinaablA-lA & .2943 .oN htidaH , yihdimrettA nanuS )07( .6172 .oN htidaH , milsuM hihaS )96( .9372 .oN htidaH , milsuM hihaS )86( .403/4 .oN htidaH , damhA dansuM )76( .7172 .oN htidaH , milsuM541 setondnE
  • & .509/1 .oN htidaH , kardatsuM-lA smikaaH-lA & .193/1 .oN htidaH ,damhA dansuM )29( .991/31 .oN htidaH,duubaM-lunwA sidaabaA meezA-lA &.6224 .oN htidaH ,duuwaaD-ubA hihaS sinaablA-lA & .4505 .oN htidaH , duuwaaD-ubA nanuS )19( .5621.oN htidaH ,reehgaS-sA iaaJ-lA hihaS sinaablA-lA & .0053 .oN htidaH ,yihdimrettA nanuS )09( .7962 .oN htidaH ,milsuM hihaS )98( .384 .oN htidaH , milsuM hihaS )88( .dibI )78( .9172 .oN htidaH , milsuM hihaS & .9936.oN dna 8936 .oN shtidaH , irahkuB-lA hihaS )68( .3236.oN dna 6036 .oN shtidaH ,irahkuB-lA hihaS )58( .1072 .oN htidaH ,yihdimrettAhihaS & .2933 .oN htidaH ,yihdimrettA nanuS )48( .3172 .oN htidaH ,milsuM hihaS )38( .077.oN htidaH ,milsuM hihaS )28( .177.oN htidaH ,milsuM hihaS )18( .4015 .oN htidaH ,yeaasannA hihaS sinaablA-lA dna ,8831.oN htidaH ,duuwaaD-ubA hihaSsinaablA-lA & .3355 .oN htidaH , yeaasannAnanuS & .2551 .oN htidaH ,duuwaaD-ubA nanuS )08(setondnE 641
  • .1031 .oN htidaH,reehgaS-sA imaaJ-lA hihaS sinaablA-lA &.425/1 .oN htidaH ,kardatsuM-lA smikaaH-lA )401( .5482 .oN htidaH ,yihdimrettA hihaS sinaablA-lA & .9953 .oN htidaH ,yihdimrettA nanuS )301( .3872 .oN htidaH ,yihdimrettA hihaS sinaablA-lA & .2053 .oN htidaH ,yihdimrettA nanuS )201( .895 .oN htidaH ,milsuMhihaS dna ,447 .oN htidaH ,irahkuB-lA hihaS )101( .0843 .oN htidaH ,yihdimrettA nanuS &.5424 .oN htidaH ,duuwaaD-ubA hihaS sinaablA-lA & .0905 .oN htidaH ,duuwaaD-ubA nanuS )001( .0272 .oN htidaH ,milsuM hihaS )99( .5272 .oN htidaH ,milsuM hihaS )89( .5742 .oN htidaH ,milsuMhihaS dna ,6303 .oN htidaH ,irahkuB-lA hihaS )79( .0842 .oN htidaH ,milsuMhihaS dna ,2891 .oN htiadH , irahkuB-lA hihaS )69( .341 .oN htidaH dna ,6573.oN htidaH ,57 .oN htidaH ,irahkuB-lA hihaS )59( .3653 .oN htidaH ,yihdimrettA nanuS )49( .367 .oN htidaH ,milsuMhihaS dna ,6136 .oN htidaH ,irahkuB-lA hihaS )39( .891 .oN htidaH , seireS hihaS sinaablA-lA & .279 .oN htidaH ,naabbiH-nbI hihaS741 setondnE
  • -lA & .3323 .oN htidaH , yihdimrettA nanuS )111( .mikaaH-lA htiw seerga yibahahdhdA.125/1 .oN htidaH ,kardatsuM-lA smikaaH-lA )011(.9324 .oN htidaH ,duuwaaD-ubA hihaS sinaablA-lA & .4705 .oN htidaH ,duuwaaD-ubA nanuS )901( .1272 .oN htidaH ,milsuM hihaS )801(.6424 .oN htidaH ,duuwaaD-ubA hihaS sinaablA-lA & .0905 .oN htidaH ,duuwaaD-ubA nanuS )701( .1471 .oN htidaH ,milsuMhihaS & .5203 .oN htidaH , irahkuB-lA hihaS )601( .769 .oN htidaH,hajaaM-nbI hihaS sinaablA-lA dna ;7461 .oNhtidaH ,yeaasannA hihaS sinaablA-lA ;3621.oN htidaH ,duuwaaD-ubA hihaS sinaablA-lA :eeS .)dnuos( hihas sa htidaH eht setareh dna ,mikaaH-lA htiw seerga yibahahdhdA.171/3 .oN htidaH ,kardatsuM-lA smikaaH-lA - .991/1 .oN htidaH , damhA dansuM - .902/2 .oNhtidaH ,aarbuK-lA nanuS-sA syiqahyaB-lA - .8711 .oN htidaH ,hajaaM-nbI nanuS - .6471 .oN htidaH ,yeaasannA nanuS - .464 .oN htidaH ,yihdimrettA nanuS - .5241 .oN htidaH ,duuwaaD-ubA nanuS - :skoob nanuS eht lla nI )501(setondnE 841
  • -lA & .8933 .oN htidaH ,yihdimrettA nanuS &.8124 .oN htidaH ,duuwaaD-ubA hihaS sinaablA-lA & .5405 .oN htidaH ,duuwaaD-ubA nanuS )811( .0172 .oN htidaH ,milsuM hihaS )711( .0862 .oN htidaH ,milsuMhihaS dna ,1765 .oN htidaH ,irahkuB-lA hihaS )611( .153/2 .oN,)dnE ehT( hayaahinnA sreehtA-lA nbI :eeS &.8803 .oN htidaH ,hajaaM-nbI hihaS sinaablA-lA & .0383 .oN htidaH ,hajaaM-nbI nanuS& .6182 .oN htidaH ,yihdimrettA hihaS sinaablA-lA & 1553 .oN htidaH ,yihdimrettA nanuS &.7331 .oN htidaH ,duuwaaD-ubA hihaS sinaablA-lA & .0151.oN htidaH ,duuwaaD-ubA nanuS )511( .171/6 .oN htidaH ,damhA dansuM& .9872 .oN htidaH ,yihdimrettA hihaS sinaablA-lA & .3153 .oN htidaH ,yihdimrettA nanuS )411( .225/1 .oN htidaH ,kardatsuM-lA smikaaH-lA & .123/2 .oN htidaH ,damhA dansuM )311( .325/1 .oN htidaH ,kardatsuM-lA smikaaH-lA & .1031 .oN htidaH,reehgaS-sA imaaJ-lA hihaS sinaablA-lA &.7321 .oN htidaH ,yeaasannA hihaS sinaablA-lA & .6031 .oN htidaH ,yeaasannA nanuS )211( .0852 .oN htidaH ,yihdimrettA hihaS sinaablA941 setondnE
  • ."noitacilppusevisneherpmoc" aaud eht sllac eh dna,)dnuos( hihas sa htidaH eht setar mikaaH-lA.915/1 .oN htidaH ,kardatsuM-lA smikaaH-lA )121( .2272 .oN htidaH ,milsuM hihaS )021( .4442 .oN htidaH ,milsuMhihaS & .0444 .oN htidaH ,irahkuB-lA hihaS )911( .5072 .oN htidaH ,yihdimrettA hihaS sinaablAsetondnE 051
  • .)seireS noisivorP sreveileBehT ni eerhT kooB( snoitacilppuSylthgiN dna yliaD yb dewollofeb ot tub ,detelpmoc si )seireS noisivorPsreveileB ehT ni owT kooB( aauDevisneherpmoC ,ecarG shallA yB151
  • 251
  • )cibarA( ayquR lageL .51)cibarA( cigaM tsniaga gnidrauG .41)cibarA( snoitatpmeT snataS morf noitcetorP .31)cibarA( hannuS eht dna naruQ eht fo thgiL ni tnemtaerT :ycneuqnileD .21)cibarA( ?ot erehW :nemoW milsuM .11)hsilgnE - cibarA( ,ymagyloP fo seutriV .01)cibarA( trA fo eloR eht fo euqitirC A .9)cibarA( evitcepsreP cimalsI na morf msilabirT .8)hsilgnE - cibarA( )sretupmoC gnisahcruP( snoisiceD esahcruP sylimaF iduaS ehT fo ydutS lacitylanA nA :roivaheB remusnoC .7)hsilgnE - cibarA( sevitcepsreP evitartsinimdA dna cimalsI morf pihsredaeL evitartsinimdA .6)hsilgnE - cibarA( sevitcepsreP evitartsinimdA dna cimalsI morf tnemeganaM emiT .5)cibarA( 3-1 semuloV ,duaS-lA zizA-ludbA gniK fo ngieR eht gnirud snoitaleR naitpygE-iduaS no stnemucoD detceleS .4)hsilgnE - cibarA( ylimaF ysiareJ-lA .3)hsilgnE - cibarA( habhgaR ot ediuG ruoY .2)noitide hsilgnE-cibarA na( habhgaR .1 rohtuA eht yb snoitacilbuP
  • )cibarA( haalaS dna ssenilnaelC ,snoitnetnI no sawtaF :4 kooB)cibarA( )3 noitceS( sfeileB no sawtaF :3 kooB)cibarA( )2 noitceS( sfeileB no sawtaF :2 kooB)cibarA( )1 noitceS( sfeileB no sawtaF :1 kooB :dnaL yloH eht fo sralohcS yb sawtaF fo seireS .92)udrU - hcnerF - hsilgnE - cibarA( tfarchctiW dna gnilaeh-htiaF no sawtaF detceleS .82)udrU - hcnerF - hsilgnE - cibarA( dnaL yloH eht fo sralohcS yb sawtaF fo ygolohtnA nA .72)hsilgnE - cibarA( gnuoY eht rof snoitacilppuS .62)hsilgnE - cibarA( jjaH ot ediuG ehT :8 kooB .52)hsilgnE - cibarA( harmU ot ediuG ehT :7 kooB .42)hsilgnE - cibarA( noitcetorP si gnitsaF :6 kooB .32)hsilgnE - cibarA( tnemtaerT ayquR-fleS :5 kooB .22)cibarA( noitaticeR cinaruQ gnihcaeT :4 kooB .12)hsilgnE - cibarA( sreyarP ylthgiN dna yliaD :3 kooB .02)hsilgnE - cibarA( aauD evisneherpmoC :2 kooB .91)hsilgnE - cibarA( raakhdA detceleS :1 kooB .81:seireS noisivorP sreveileB eht ni stelkoob gniwollof ehT)cibarA( .suoethgiR eht fo ayquR .71)cibarA( .tehporP eht yb desitcarP sa ayquR dna tnemtaerT .61
  • )srehcraeseR htidaH htiw melborP ehT( hteedaH-lA baahsA tafA sizwaJ-lA nbI .43 )yintuQ-araaD-lA ot imalussA yb tup snoitseuQ( yintuQ-araaddiL imalussA taalaauS .33 inaarabaT-lA majuM ,31 .loV .23 reehsaB nbI namuN-lA dansuMni ,12 .loV fo traP :inaarabaT-lA majuM .13 mitaH ibA nbI yb )noitaulavEhtidaH fo stcefeD fo kooB( lalI-lA baatiK .03 :diyyamuH-lAhalludbA nbI daaS .rD :rotagitsevni-oc - detagitsevniyltnioj skoob ecnerefer cibarA gniwollof ehT)cibarA( sawtaF suoenallecsiM :21 kooB)cibarA( hawaaD dna daahitjI ,egdelwonK suoigileR no sawtaF :11 kooB)cibarA( srennaM no sawtaF :01 kooB)cibarA( nemoW rof sawtaF :9 kooB)cibarA( cigaM dna stelumA ,tnemtaerT ayquR ,enicideM no sawtaF :8 kooB)cibarA( yrusU dna snoitcasnarT ,selaS no sawtaF :7 kooB)cibarA( seviW fo tnemtaerT dna ecroviD ,egairraM no sawtaF :6 kooB)cibarA( harmO dna jjaH ,gnitsaF ,haakaZ no sawtaF :5 kooB