!    !          Eid            Essentials!!!!!!!!            The Sunnah Acts of!!        !                the Two Eid!!   ...
!                   !                   !                   !                   !                   !                   ! ...
Table of ContentsThe Two Eids                                         Page 1Time                                          ...
Eid – an occasion of great joy and festivity.• The Arabic word Eid refers to something that returns and  is repeated, and ...
The Eid Prayer (Offered on the Day of Eid After                 Sunrise) Described!A&(1%&+!B)%,,/!/6+!CD,,2,%!,+&!16!0&!*+...
The Sermon After the Prayer!C1!(4!6E!1%&!F+6*%&1(.!W5//,%!1%,1!1%&!()!4&+26/!4%658)!E68863!1%&!()!*+,-&+?!$./"+)(-%!/,2&)!...
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3. The preference of wearing the best available clothes (for   the Eid festivals):    !    C1!3,4!/,++,1&)!1%,1!XB0)"B88,,...
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10. To return (after offering the Eid prayer), on the day of    the Eid using a way different from that by which he    wen...
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Wrong Practices During Eid                                     !1. The belief that one must spend the night of Eid in   wo...
Giving Charity Before Eid-ul-Fitr                                     !C0/!XJ2,+!-(B%*$$()"*(5)"!/,++,1&)K!B88,%74!R&44&/9...
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The Best Ten Days    The Superiority and Virtue of the First Ten Days of the                    Month of Dhul-HijjahC1!(4!...
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On Whom is Zakaat-ul-Fitr Obligatory?!$%64&!3%6!2541!*,-!1%&!W,),D,%!6E!G,2,),/!%,:&!0&&/!)&4.+(0&)!(/!2,/-!B%,)(1%?!C1!3(...
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The one who gives Sadaqat-ul-Fitr is thanking    Allah the Exalted for His Bounty. Allah thus,    grants the believer succ...
!          Al Huda Sisters are a group of dedicated Muslim          women committed to providing authentic, insightful,   ...
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Eid Essentials

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Eid Essentials

  1. 1. ! ! Eid Essentials!!!!!!!! The Sunnah Acts of!! ! the Two Eid!! (Festivals) ! T he Messenger of Allah said, “For every people there is a feast and this is our feast.” (Bukhari, Muslim)! !
  2. 2. ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !"#$%&()*!+!,-.,!/%!01!2345!67*8&79! 011!&()*7!&878&:849!
  3. 3. Table of ContentsThe Two Eids Page 1Time Page 1The Eid Prayer Described Page 2The Sermon After the Prayer Page 3The Sunnah Acts of the Two Eid Page 3Wrong Practices During Eid Page 13Significant Practices Related to Eid-ul-Fitr Page 14Giving Charity Before Eid-ul-Fitr Page 14The Virtues of Fasting Six Days of Shawwal Page 14Significant Practices Related to Eid-ul-Adha Page 18The Best Ten Days Page 18The Types of Deeds in These Ten Days Page 18Zakaat-ul-Fitr Page 21On Whom is Zakaat-ul-Fitr Obligatory? Page 23Is it Compulsory on Every Muslim or Can One Pay on Page 23Behalf of His Dependents?To Whom Should Zakaat-ul-Fitr be Paid? Page 25When Should Zakaat-ul-Fitr be Paid? Page 26The Wisdom Behind Enjoining Zakaat-ul-Fitr? Page 27How Much Zakaat-ul-Fitr is Due? Page 29References Page 31
  4. 4. Eid – an occasion of great joy and festivity.• The Arabic word Eid refers to something that returns and is repeated, and hence, refers to a recurrent event.• The Two Eids: When the Prophet came to Madeenah, he found that they had two days on which they used to celebrate from the time of ignorance (i.e. before Islam). He said, “Allah has given you two days better than these, the day of al-Fitr and the day of al-Adha.” (Abu Dawud 1134; classed as saheeh by Al-Albani in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah 2021)• The two festivals are days of rejoicing, and for remembering and thanking Allah for bestowing His infinite bounty and mercy upon us.• Eid Al-Fitr (Fitr literally means breaking the fast) happens on the 1st day of Shawwal (the day right after the month of Ramadan is over).• Eid Al-Adha happens on the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah. Time!!$%&!()!*+,-&+!.,/!0&!*+,-&)!,/-1(2&!0&13&&/!3%&/!1%&!45/!(4!,/!,++6374!8&/91%!,06:&!1%&!%6+(;6/<!5/1(8!1%&!;&/(1%!=1%&!%(9%&41!*6(/1!+&,.%&)!0-!1%&!45/>?!! !!! "!#!"!
  5. 5. The Eid Prayer (Offered on the Day of Eid After Sunrise) Described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
  6. 6. The Sermon After the Prayer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he Sunnah Acts of the Two Eid (Festivals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
  7. 7. OR57,HH,)),Q!=(?&?!6EE&+&)!+&958,+8-!0-!1%&!F+6*%&1! !!%&/.&!,!41+&44&)!W5//,%>? !! !!1. Preference is given to the woman and the boys to go to Musalla-al-Eid for offering the Eid prayer: ?! A,++,1&)!J22!XB11(-,%!=2,-!B88,%!0&!*8&,4&)!3(1%!%&+>K!O]&! 3&+&!6+)&+&)!16!0+(/9!651!6/!()"58"N(1+!,/)!()"58"B)%,<!1%&! -65/9!362&/!,/)!1%&!2&/41+5,1(/9!362&/!16!*,+1(.(*,1&!(/! 1%&!966)/&44!,/)!45**8(.,1(6/4!6E!1%&!R548(24<!051!1%&! 2&/41+5,1(/9!362&/!3658)!+&E+,(/!E+62!*+,-&+4?Q!=/"+)(-%6* !"#$%&>! ?! G&9,+)(/9!1%&!06-4<!$./"+)(-%!+&*6+1&)!1%,1!C0/!B00,4!6EE&+&)! ()!*+,-&+!3%&/!%&!3,4!-65/9?!! !!2. Taking a bath and walking to the Musalla (praying place): ! A,++,1&)!W,&()!S(/!B8"R544,(-&0K!O$%&!W5//,%!,.14!6E!()"58" N(1+!,+&!1%+&&K!],8H(/9!16!1%&!R54,88,<!&,1(/9!0&E6+&!96(/9!651! E6+!1%&!()"58"N(1+!*+,-&+<!,/)!1,H(/9!,!0,1%?Q!=7%8)*9:--;98* 9)(%56*3-<(=(*$.>)($%$?$.$,(5%>! ?! C0/!J2,+!=2,-!B88,%!0&!*8&,4&)!3(1%!%(2>!54&)!16!1,H&!,!0,1%! 6/!1%&!),-!6E!N(1+!0&E6+&!*+6.&&)(/9!=E6+!1%&!*+,-&+>?!=@;A:-8;B* ,C*,B"$.@(DD(E*<%8)*9:--;98*9)(%5>! ?! A,++,1&)!B8(!=2,-!B88,%!0&!*8&,4&)!3(1%!%(2>K!OC1!(4!W5//,%!16! 96!16!1%&!()!*+,-&+!6/!E661?Q!=@;A:-8;B*,C*8.F%-&%B)%G*<):* H-(B;B*%8*H::B>!! !!!!!! "![!"!
  8. 8. 3. The preference of wearing the best available clothes (for the Eid festivals): ! C1!3,4!/,++,1&)!1%,1!XB0)"B88,,%!(0/!XJ2,+!=2,-!B88,%!0&! *8&,4&)!3(1%!%(2>!4,()!1%,1!XJ2,+!166H!,!0+6.,)&!.86,H!1%,1! 3,4!E6+!4,8&!(/!1%&!2,+H&1!,/)!0+659%1!(1!16!1%&!R&44&/9&+!6E! B88,%! <!,/)!4,()<!O_!R&44&/9&+!6E!B88,%<!05-!1%(4!,/)!,)6+/! -65+4&8E!3(1%!(1!E6+!()!,/)!E6+!+&.&(:(/9!1%&!)&8&9,1(6/4?Q!$%&! R&44&/9&+!6E!B88,%! !4,()!16!%(2<!OG,1%&+!1%(4!(4!1%&!)+&44!6E! 6/&!3%6!%,4!/6!4%,+&!=6E!*(&1-!6+!6E!+&3,+)!(/!1%&! Z&+&,E1&+>`Q!=/"+)(-%6*IJK>! ?! $%&!F+6*%&1! !,9+&&)!3(1%!XJ2,+!6/!1%&!()&,!6E!,)6+/(/9! 6/&4&8E!E6+!()<!051!%&!)&/65/.&)!%(2!E6+!.%664(/9!1%(4!.86,H! 0&.,54&!(1!3,4!2,)&!6E!4(8H?!! ?! C1!3,4!/,++,1&)!1%,1!a,,0(+!=2,-!B88,%!0&!*8&,4&)!3(1%!%(2>! 4,()K!$%&!F+6*%&1! !%,)!,!.86,H!3%(.%!%&!3658)!3&,+!6/!1%&! 136!()4!,/)!6/!N+(),-4?!=L();;)*3,5*M)"D(C&()6*NOPQ>! ?! $./(C)(E%!/,++,1&)!3(1%!,!4,%&&%!(4/,,)!1%,1!C0/!XJ2,+!54&)! 16!3&,+!%(4!0&41!.861%&4!6/!()?!! ?! ](1%!+&9,+)!16!362&/<!1%&-!4%658)!,:6()!,)6+/(/9!1%&24&8:&4! 3%&/!1%&-!96!651!E6+!()<!0&.,54&!1%&-!,+&!E6+0())&/!16!4%63! 6EE!1%&(+!,)6+/2&/14!16!/6/"2,%+,2!2&/?!C1!(4!,846!%,+,2!E6+!,! 362,/!3%6!3,/14!16!96!651!16!*51!6/!*&+E52&!6+!16!&b*64&! 2&/!16!1&2*1,1(6/<!0&.,54&!1%&-!,+&!6/8-!96(/9!651!E6+!1%&! *5+*64&!6E!36+4%(*?!! !!4. Eating on the Two Eids:!! ! "#$%&%(#)*+! A,++,1&)!B/,4!0(/!R,8(H!=2,-!B88,%!0&!*8&,4&)!3(1%!%(2>K! B88,%74!R&44&/9&+! !/&:&+!*+6.&&)&)!=E6+!1%&!*+,-&+>!6/!1%&!! "!^!"!
  9. 9. ),-!6E!()"58"N(1+!5/8&44!%&!%,)!&,1&/!462&!),1&4?!B/,4!,846! /,++,1&)K!$%&!F+6*%&1! !54&)!16!&,1!,/!6))!/520&+!6E!),1&4?! =/"+)(-%>! • ,)!#-!.&-)/0/11!)2!3/)!1342*3!52#65!2&)!16!&2*%,4(;&! 1%&!E,.1!1%,1!(1!(4!E6+0())&/!16!E,41!6/!1%,1!),-!,/)!16! )&26/41+,1&!1%,1!1%&!E,41!%,4!&/)&)?!C0/!Z,M,+!=2,-!B88,%! %,:&!2&+.-!6/!%(2>!4599&41&)!1%,1!1%&!+&,46/!E6+!1%,1! 3,4!46!,4!16!3,+)!6EE!1%&!*644(0(8(1-!6E!,))(/9!16!1%&!E,41<! ,/)!16!%,41&/!16!60&-!1%&!.622,/)!6E!B88,%?!=$.R(8)6* S?JJQ>! "#$%&%7$0/+! • 86!"#$%&%7$0/!#)!#-!.&-)/0/11!62)!)2!3/)!/69)0#65! &6)#!263!:2.3-!1/:;!4*2.!)03!<*/93*<!46!%&!4%658)!&,1! E+62!1%&!5)%(-,%!(E!%&!%,4!6EE&+&)!,!4,.+(E(.&?!CE!%&!(4!/61! 96(/9!16!6EE&+!,!4,.+(E(.&!1%&+&!(4!/61%(/9!3+6/9!3(1%! &,1(/9!0&E6+&!1%&!*+,-&+?!! !!5. Offering the prayer in the Musalla not in a Mosque: ! $%&!R54,88,!=(?&?!1%&!*+,-(/9!*8,.&>!(4!,/!6*&/!,+&,!45.%!,4!1%&! )&4&+1<!,4!+&*6+1&)!0-!$./"+)(-%!,/)!!"#$%&d!/,++,1&)!B05" W,&()!B8"Y%5)+(!=2,-!B88,%!0&!*8&,4&)!3(1%!%(2>K!O$%&!F+6*%&1! !54&)!16!*+6.&&)!16!1%&!R54,88,!6/!1%&!),-4!6E!()"58"N(1+!,/)! ()"58"B)%,?Q! ?! C/!.,4&!(1!0&.62&4!)(EE(.581!16!*&+E6+2!,!*+,-&+!(/!1%&!R54,88," ,8"()!E6+!,!+&,46/!=&?9?!+,(/<!&1.?><!(1!(4!*&+2(44(08&!16!*&+E6+2! 1%&!4,2&!(/!,!264D5&?!! !!6. Takbeerat During the Days of Eid:! ? ! C0/!J2,+!=2,-!B88,%!0&!*8&,4&)!3(1%!%(2>!54&)!16!4,-!$,H0&&+! ,865)!6/!1%&!),-4!6E!()"58"N(1+!,/)!()"58"B)%,!1(88!%&!+&,.%&)! 1%&!R54,88,d!1%&/!%&!4,()!$,H0&&+!1(88!1%&!C2,2!4166)!16!6EE&+!! "!c!"!
  10. 10. 1%&!*+,-&+?!=3-<(=(*$.>)($%$?$.$,(5%>! ?! ,6!)03!:/-3!24!"#$%&%(#)*=!1%&!1(2&!E6+!1,H0&&+!41,+14!E+62!1%&! /(9%1!0&E6+&!()!5/1(8!1%&!C2,2!&/1&+4!16!8&,)!1%&!()!*+,-&+?!! ! $%&!1(2&!E6+!1%(4!1,H0&&+!0&9(/4!3%&/!1%&!45/!4&14!6/!1%&!/(9%1! 6E!()!=(?&?!1%&!/(9%1!0&E6+&>!(E!(1!(4!H/63/!1%,1!1%&!/&3!26/1%! %,4!0&95/!3%&/!1%&!45/!4&14<!45.%!,4!3%&/!1%&!*&6*8&!%,:&! .62*8&1&)!1%(+1-!),-4!6E!G,2,),/<!6+!3%&/!(1!(4!*+6:&/!1%,1! 1%&!/&3!266/!6E!W%,33,8!%,4!0&&/!4(9%1&)?!B/)!(1!&/)4!3%&/! 1%&!*+,-&+!0&9(/4<!(?&?!3%&/!1%&-!41,+1!1%&!()!*+,-&+!1%&/!1%&! 1(2&!E6+!1%&!1,H0&&+!&/)4?!=!(T&::=*R(8((<(*3,5*UV8)(C&;;56* NQ?SQI.SOS>! ?! $%(4!(4!6/&!6E!1%&!9+&,1&41!W5//,%4!6/!1%&!),-!6E!()!0&.,54&! B88,%!4,-4!(/!1%&!U5+7,/K!! ?! ?! ! !CD6&:#983&8+#8&$2*E&,*38&@2,F4686&8+6&3#,6&9*,G6<&C21& -#$3E%&#9-&8+#8&$2*&,*38&,#=9;1$&744#+&C;>6>&82&3#$&H#IG66<J& 744##+*&7IG#<&!744#+&;3&8+6&)238&K<6#8BE&12<&+#5;9=&=*;-6-& $2*&32&8+#8&$2*&,#$&G6&=<#861*4&82&D;,>B!=$./(E(-()<!@K#f^>! ?!! ,6!)03!:/-3!24!"#$%&%7$0/=!1%&!1,H0&&+!0&9(/4!6/!1%&!E(+41!),-! 6E!g%58"Z(MM,%!,/)!8,414!5/1(8!45/4&1!6/!1%&!8,41!6E!1%&!),-4!6E! 1,4%+&&D?! ?! ?! !! L79-&,698;29&8+6&9#,6&21&744#+&29&8+6&#FF2;986-&-#$3L!=$. W(TT<!@@K@f>! ?!! "!e!"!
  11. 11. $%(4!%,4!0&&/!&b*8,(/&)!=0-!462&>!16!2&,/!1%&!1&/!),-4!=6E! g%58"Z(MM,%><!,/)!1%&!4.%68,+4!.6/4()&+!(1!)&4(+,08&!16!(/.+&,4&! ,)%"g%(H+!(/!1%&4&!),-4<!0,4&)!5*6/!1%&!%,)(1%!6E!C0/!J2,+! /,++,1&)!0-!B%2,)K! ! C1!(4!/,++,1&)!E+62!C0/!J2,+!1%,1!1%&!F+6*%&1!R5%,22,)! ! 4,()K!L$%&+&!,+&/I1!,/-!),-4!9+&,1&+<!/6+!,/-!),-4!(/!3%(.%! )&&)4!)6/&!(/!1%&2!,+&!26+&!0&86:&)!16!B88,%<!1%&!R641!Z(9%<! 1%,/!1%&4&!1&/!),-4!=6E!g%58"Z(MM,%>?!>2=!#6:*3/-3!#6!)03.!)03! -/9#65!24!?/033!@M#&04##+#&;44#&744#+A=!/6$!?/;133*! @744#+*&7IG#<A!/6$!?/0.33$!@#4ND#,-*&4;44#+A?L!=!"#5(B* 3&((&*)&(B>! ! C1!(4!+&*6+1&)!,0651!C0/!J2,+!,/)!B05!Z5+,(+,%!1%,1K!1%&!136! 6E!1%&2!54&)!16!96!651!16!1%&!2,+H&1!*8,.&!)5+(/9!1%&!1&/!),-4! =6E!g%58"Z(MM,%>!4,-(/9K!B88,%5!BH0,+<!.,54(/9!1%&!*&6*8&!,846! 16!4,-!(1?!=$./"+)(-%>!! ! C1!(4!,!0&86:&)!,.1!16!+,(4&!1%&!:6(.&!3%&/!4,-(/9!1%&!$,H0&&+!(/! 1%&!2,+H&14<!1%&!%654&4<!1%&!41+&&14<!1%&!2,4M()4<!,/)!61%&+! *8,.&4<!0&.,54&!6E!1%&!4,-(/9!6E!B88,%<!1%&!R641!Z(9%<!(/!W5+,%! B8"Z,MMK!! ! ! ! L>>>&8+#8&$2*&,#$&,#=9;1$&744#+&12<&D;3&K*;-#9@6&82&$2*L!=$. W(TT<!@@KVe>! ! $%&!4,-(/9!6E!$,H0&&+!(/!.6/9+&9,1(6/<!(?&?!&:&+-6/&! *+6/65/.(/9!1%&!$,H0&&+!3(1%!6/&!:6(.&<!(4!/61!*&+2(44(08&! 4(/.&!1%(4!%,4!/61!0&&/!1+,/42(11&)!=16!54>!E+62!1%&!&,+8-! 9&/&+,1(6/4!6E!1%&!W,%,0,%!,/)!1%64&!3%6!E68863&)!1%&(+!3,-4?! h&+(8-<!1%&!W5//,%!(4!E6+!&:&+-6/&!16!4,-!1%&!$,H0&&+! (/)(:()5,88-?!B/)!1%(4!(4!=9&/&+,88->!,**8(.,08&!16!g%(H+!,/)! 45**8(.,1(6/4<!&b.&*1!(E!1%&!*&+46/!)6&4/I1!H/63!3%,1!16!4,-?!C/!! "!f!"!
  12. 12. 1%,1!.,4&<!%&!2,-!+&*&,1!,E1&+!462&6/&!&84&!5/1(8!%&!8&,+/4!=1%&! 36+)4!16!0&!4,()>?!C1!(4!,846!*&+2(44(08&!16!2,H&!g%(H+!3(1%!,88! 1%&!)(EE&+&/1!36+)(/9!6E!$,H0&&+!,/)!$,%2&&)!,/)!$,40&&%<! ,/)!1%&!+&41!6E!1%&!C48,2(.!8&9(48,1&)!45**8(.,1(6/4!=E+62!1%&! U5+I,/!,/)!W5//,%>?! ! C1!(4!8&9(48,1&)!(/!1%&4&!),-4!16!2,H&!,1"$,H0&&+!,8"R518,D!,1!,88! 1(2&4!6E!1%&!/(9%1!,/)!),-!5/1(8!1%&!1(2&!6E!1%&!()!F+,-&+?!B846<! ,1"$,H0&&+!,8"R5D,--,)!(4!8&9(48,1&)<!,/)!(1!(4!)6/&!,E1&+!1%&! =E(:&>!608(9,16+-!*+,-&+4!1%,1!,+&!*&+E6+2&)!(/!.6/9+&9,1(6/?! $%(4!0&9(/4!E+62!),3/!=N,M+>!6/!1%&!g,-!6E!B+,E,%!=1%&!i1%!6E! g%58"Z(MM,%>!E6+!1%64&!/61!*&+E6+2(/9!Z,MM<!,/)!E+62!/66/! =j5%+>!6/!1%&!g,-!6E!W,.+(E(.&!=#k1%!6E!g%58"Z(MM,%>!E6+!1%64&! *&+E6+2(/9!Z,MM!=*(89+(24>d!,/)!(1!.6/1(/5&4!5/1(8!B4+!*+,-&+!6/! 1%&!8,41!),-!6E!1%&!),-4!6E!$,4%"+&&D!=#V1%!6E!g%58"Z(MM,%>?! ! 8.F(+,;;-*($.!"8$(EK!1%&!$,H0&&+!=B88,%5!BH0,+><!3%(.%!(4! 5/+&41+(.1&)!16!4*&.(E(.!1(2&4!6+!,/-!4*&.(E(.!E6+2?!! * 8.F(+,;;-*($.!"E(CC(BK!$%&!$,H0&&+<!3%(.%!(4!)6/&!,1!,! *,+1(.58,+!1(2&!,/)!(/!,!4*&.(E(.!2,//&+?!! ! B846!/,++,1&)!C0/!B00,4!1%,1!%&!54&)!16!4,-!$,H0&&+!E+62!1%&! ),3/!=N,M+>!*+,-&+!6/!1%&!),-!6E!B+,E,%!1(88!1%&!B4+!6E!1%&!8,41! ),-!6E!$,4%+(D!=(?&?!#V1%!),-!6E!g%58"Z(MM,%>?!=@;A:-8;B*,C*3,5* ,"*L)(%,(6*<%8)*9:--;98*9)(%5>!! !!7. The way of Takbeer is to say:! ! ! ! $$(()"*(+,(-6*$$(()"*(+,(-6*$((*%$(()(*%$$($$(()6*<(*$$(()"* (+,(-6*$$(()"*(+,(-6*<(*$%$$(()%=$.)(&BX! ?!! "!i!"!
  13. 13. OB88,%!(4!R641!P+&,1<!B88,%!(4!R641!P+&,1<!1%&+&!(4!/6!96)!051! B88,%<!B88,%!(4!R641!P+&,1<!B88,%!(4!R641!P+&,1<!,/)!16!B88,%!0&! *+,(4&?Q!! ?! B4!.6/E(+2&)!0-!C0/!R,465)?!=3-<(=(*$.>)($%$*,C*$.$,(5%>!! !!8. No Nafil Salat (voluntary prayer) is offered before or after the Eid prayer: ! B8"a,2,7,!=1%&!9+65*!6E!W.%68,+4>!+&*6+1&)!1%,1!C0/!B00,4!=2,-! B88,%!0&!*8&,4&)!3(1%!%(2>!/,++,1&)K!O]%&/!1%&!F+6*%&1! ! *+6.&&)&)!16!1%&!R54,88,!=F+,-(/9!F8,.&>!6/!,/!()!),-<!%&! 6EE&+&)!136!G,H7,!*+,-&+!=()!*+,-&+>!,/)!)()/71!*+,-!0&E6+&!6+! ,E1&+!1%&2!=(?&?!/6!:685/1,+-!*+,-&+!3,4!6EE&+&)!0&E6+&!6+!,E1&+! ()!*+,-&+!(/!1%&!R54,88,>?!! !!9. Offering congratulations: ? ?! R5%,22,)!S(/!j(,)!4,()K!OC!3,4!3(1%!J22,%!B8"S,%(8(!,/)! 61%&+!.62*,/(6/4!6E!1%&!F+6*%&1! !3%&/!1%&-!+&15+/&)!E+62! ()!*+,-&+<!,/)!1%&-!54&)!16!4,-!16!&,.%!61%&+K! ?! ! ! ! ?! F(E(,,($(*$$(()"*!%55(*7(*!%5+X! ?! OR,-!B88,%!,..&*1!E+62!-65!,/)!54?Q!=3&(&*)&(B*#(%BG*H::B* 9)(%5>!! !!!! "!#k!"!
  14. 14. 10. To return (after offering the Eid prayer), on the day of the Eid using a way different from that by which he went:!! ! A,++,1&)!a,0(+!=2,-!B88,%!0&!*8&,4&)!3(1%!%(2>K!6/!1%&!),-! 6E!()!1%&!F+6*%&1! !54&)!16!+&15+/!=,E1&+!6EE&+(/9!1%&!()! *+,-&+>!54(/9!,!3,-!)(EE&+&/1!E+62!1%,1!0-!3%(.%!%&!3&/1?Q! =$./"+)(-%>!! ! C1!3,4!4,()!1%,1!1%&!+&,46/!E6+!1%,1!3,4!46!1%,1!1%&!136! +651&4!3658)!1&41(E-!E6+!%(2!6/!1%&!g,-!6E!G&45++&.1(6/<!E6+! 1%&!&,+1%!3(88!4*&,H!6/!1%&!g,-!6E!G&45++&.1(6/!,/)!4,-!3%,1! 3,4!)6/&!6/!(1<!061%!966)!,/)!0,)?!!B/)!(1!3,4!4,()!1%,1!(1! 3,4!(/!6+)&+!16!2,/(E&41!1%&!4-20684!6E!C48,2!6/!061%! +651&4?!! !!11. Offering two Raka’ah prayer at home: Narrated Abu Saeid (may Allah be pleased with him): ! $%&!F+6*%&1! !/&:&+!54&)!16!6EE&+!,/-!*+,-&+!0&E6+&!1%&! ()!*+,-&+<!051!3%&/!%&!3&/1!0,.H!%62&<!%&!54&)!16!*+,-! 136!G,H,7,?!=@;A:-8;B*,C*3,5*!(T()*8)-:"H)*(*H::B*9)(%56* (5B*("8);58%9(8;B*,C*$.$,(5%>!! !!12. Whoever misses the Eid prayer with the congregation can offer a two Raka’ah prayer:! C2,2!$./"+)(-%!4,()K!L]%6&:&+!2(44&4!1%&!()!*+,-&+! 4%658)!6EE&+!136!G,H7,%4!*+,-&+?Q! ! CE!,!*&+46/!E,(84!16!M6(/!1%&!()!*+,-&+!0&%(/)!1%&!C2,2<!(1!(4! ,):(4,08&!E6+!%(2!16!6EE&+!136!G,H,7,%!,86/&!6+!(/! .6/9+&9,1(6/?!=R(8)*$./(-%*,C*3,5*W(T(-*$.#E($(5%>! !! "!##!"!
  15. 15. ],8(588,%!B)"g,%8,3(!4,()K!L$%(4!(4!1%&!W%,,E(I(74!R,)%%,0! =4.%668!6E!M5+(4*+5)&/.&>!1%,1!(E!6/&!2(44&4!1%&!()!*+,-&+! 3(1%!1%&!C2,2!.658)!6EE&+!,!136!G,H7,%4!*+,-&+!46!,4!/61!16! 2(44!1%&!08&44(/94!6E!1%&!()!*+,-&+!%,:(/9!2(44&)!1%&! 08&44(/94!6E!1%&!.6/9+&9,1(6/,8!*+,-&+!3(1%!1%&!C2,,2?! ! C2,,2!R,,8(H!4,()!(/!B8"R53,11,K!L]%6&:&+!"!3%&1%&+!,! 2,/!6+!,!362,/!"!6EE&+4!1%&!()!*+,-&+!,86/&!4%658)!+&.(1&! 4&:&/!$,H0&&+,,1!(/!1%&!E(+41!G,H7,%!,/)!E(:&!$,H0&&+,,1!(/! 1%&!4&.6/)!6/&!0&E6+&!+&.(1(/9!=462&!:&+4&4!E+62!1%&! P86+(654!U5+,/>?L!B/)!3%6&:&+!2(44&4!*,+1!6E!1%&!()!*+,-&+! =3(1%!1%&!C2,2>!4%658)!2,H&!5*!E6+!1%&!2(44&)!*,+1!,4!(1!(4<! M541!8(H&!61%&+!*+,-&+4?! ! G&.(1(/9!1,H0&&+!=(/!1%&!()!*+,-&+>!(4!,!W5//,%!=(?&?! +&.622&/)&)!)&&)>!3%(.%!(E!2(44&)!(/1&/1(6/,88-!6+!651!6E! E6+9&1E58/&44!!1%&!*+,-&+!(4!/61!/588<!,/)!1%(4!(445&!(4!,9+&&)! 5*6/!0-!1%&!4.%68,+4?!S51!1%&!6/&!3%6!8&,:&4!(1<!(4! 5/)6501&)8-<!.6/1+,)(.1(/9!1%&!F+6*%&174!W5//,%?!! !!Question:!]%,1!4%658)!0&!)6/&!(E!()!.6(/.()&4!3(1%!N+(),-l!!Answer:!CE!1%&!),-!6E!()!.6(/.()&4!3(1%!N+(),-<!1%&/!3%6&:&+!*+,-4!()!3(1%!1%&!C2,,2!)6&4!/61!%,:&!16!,11&/)!a5257,%!=(1!(4!/61!608(9,16+-!6/!%(2>d!(/!%(4!.,4&<!(1!0&.62&4!W5//,%?!CE!%&!)6&4!/61!*+,-!a5257,%<!%&!%,4!16!*+,-!j5%+?!$%(4!(4!(/!1%&!.,4&!6E!*&6*8&!61%&+!1%,/!1%&!C2,,2?!B4!E6+!1%&!C2,,2<!%&!%,4!16!0&!*+&4&/1!E6+!a5257,%!,/)!8&,)!1%64&!R548(24!3%6!,11&/)!1%&!*+,-&+?!$%&!a5257,%!*+,-&+!4%658)!/61!0&!E6+4,H&/!.62*8&1&8-!6/!1%(4!),-?!=L)(C+)*L(($%)*%,5*R(<D((5*($.R(<D((5>!! !!!!!!!! "!#@!"!
  16. 16. Wrong Practices During Eid !1. The belief that one must spend the night of Eid in worship:!! ! W62&!*&6*8&!1%(/H!1%,1!C48,2!1&884!54!16!41,-!5*!,/)!*+,-!6/!1%&! /(9%1!6E!()<!D561(/9!,/!5/465/)!Z,)(1%!3%(.%!4,-4!1%,1! O]%6&:&+!41,-4!5*!,/)!*+,-4!6/!1%&!/(9%1!6E!()<!%(4!%&,+1!3(88! /61!)(&!6/!1%&!),-!3%&/!%&,+14!)(&?Q!$%(4!Z,)(1%!3,4!+&*6+1&)! 3(1%!136!(4/,,)4<!6/&!6E!3%(.%!(4!),7&&E!=3&,H><!,/)!1%&!61%&+! (4!:&+-!),7&&E?!=L;;*$.R(<((%B"$*!(T&::U()G*,C*3&((&*#). L)("+((5;;G*AX*ON>! ! C48,2!)6&4!/61!1&88!54!16!4(/98&!651!1%&!/(9%1!6E!()!E6+!41,-(/9! 5*!,/)!*+,-(/9d!(E<!%63&:&+<!,!*&+46/!%,0(15,88-!41,-4!5*!,/)! *+,-4!,1!/(9%1!=D(-,,2><!1%&+&!(4!/61%(/9!3+6/9!3(1%!%(2!)6(/9! 46!6/!1%&!/(9%1!6E!()!,4!3&88?!!!2. Visiting graves on the two Eid days: ? ! $%(4!(4!.6/1+,+-!16!1%&!*5+*64&!6E!()!3%(.%!(4!16!&b*+&44!M6-! ,/)!%,**(/&44<!,/)!(4!,9,(/41!1%&!3,-!6E!1%&!F+6*%&1! ?!C1!E,884! 5/)&+!1%&!F+6*%&174!*+6%(0(1(6/!6/!:(4(1(/9!9+,:&4!6/!,!4*&.(E(.! ),-!,/)!2,H(/9!(1!8(H&!,!E&41(:,8<!,4!1%&!4.%68,+4!41,1&)?!!!3. Forsaking the jamaa’ah and sleeping late and missing the obligatory prayer.!4. Mixing of the women and men in the prayer place, the streets and elsewhere. ? ! Y:8;K!]%&/!1%&-!96!651<!1%&!362&/!2541!2,H&!45+&!16!0&! .6:&+&)!*+6*&+8-<!,/)!+&E+,(/!E+62!3&,+(/9!2,H&"5*!,/)! *&+E52&?!!5. Being involved in all sorts of sins during the day (i.e. not praying on time, not safeguarding the tongue, free mixing with the opposite sex, wasting money, etc.)! "!#V!"!
  17. 17. Giving Charity Before Eid-ul-Fitr !C0/!XJ2,+!-(B%*$$()"*(5)"!/,++,1&)K!B88,%74!R&44&/9&+! !2,)&!608(9,16+-!1%&!*,-2&/1!6E!6/&!4,,7!6E!),1&4!6+!6/&!4,,7!6E!0,+8&-!,4!j,H,1"58"N(1+!=.%,+(1-!6/!6..,4(6/!6E!()"58"N(1+>!6/!&:&+-!R548(2!48,:&!6+!E+&&!2,8&!6+!E&2,8&<!-65/9!6+!68)d!,/)!%&!6+)&+&)!1%,1!(1!0&!*,()!0&E6+&!1%&!*&6*8&!3&/1!651!16!*&+E6+2!1%&!()!*+,-&+?!=/"+)(-%6*Z(+(86*[)(A8;-G*,$%H(8%:5*:]*L(BE(8."$.R%8-6*W(B%8)G*NP^_>!See more details about Zakaat-ul-Fitr on Page 21. The Virtues of Fasting Six Days of Shawwal !B05!B--660!=2,-!B88,%!0&!*8&,4&)!3(1%!%(2>!+&*6+1&)!1%,1!1%&!R&44&/9&+!6E!B88,%! !4,()K!O]%6&:&+!E,414!G,2,),/!,/)!E688634!(1!3(1%!4(b!),-4!6E!W%,33,8<!(1!3(88!0&!,4!(E!%&!E,41&)!E6+!,!8(E&1(2&?Q!=Y(--(8;B*,C*!"#$%&6*,"*`(<::B6*($.F%-&%B)%6*($.Y%#((=%*(5B*3,5*!((T()>!!N,41(/9!4(b!),-4!6E!W%,33,8!,E1&+!1%&!608(9,16+-!E,41!6E!G,2,),/!(4!W5//,%!R541,%,00,%<!/61!3,,M(0?!C1!(4!+&.622&/)&)!E6+!1%&!R548(2!16!E,41!4(b!),-4!6E!W%,33,8<!,/)!(/!1%(4!1%&+&!(4!9+&,1!:(+15&!,/)!,/!(22&/4&!+&3,+)?!!$%&!F+6*%&1! !&b*8,(/&)!1%(4!3%&/!%&!4,()K!O]%6&:&+!E,414!E6+!4(b!),-4!,E1&+!()"58"N(1+!%,4!.62*8&1&)!1%&!-&,+K!=3%6&:&+!)6&4!,!! "!#[!"!
  18. 18. 966)!)&&)!=%,4,/,%>!3(88!%,:&!1&/!%,4,/,%!8(H&!(1>?Q!B..6+)(/9!16!,/61%&+!+&*6+1K!OB88,%!%,4!2,)&!E6+!&,.%!%,4,/,%!1&/!8(H&!(1<!46!,!26/1%!(4!8(H&!E,41(/9!1&/!26/1%4<!,/)!E,41(/9!4(b!),-4!.62*8&1&4!1%&!-&,+?Q!=($.Y%#((=%*(5B*3,5*!((T()X*L;;*($#:*L();;)*($.F(-H);;,*<(=$.F(-);;,6*N?JSN>!B/61%&+!6E!1%&!(2*6+1,/1!0&/&E(14!6E!E,41(/9!4(b!),-4!6E!W%,33,8!(4!1%,1!(4!2,H&4!5*!E6+!,/-!4%6+1E,88!(/!,!*&+46/I4!608(9,16+-!G,2,),/!E,414<!0&.,54&!/6!6/&!(4!E+&&!6E!4%6+1.62(/94!6+!4(/4!1%,1!%,:&!,!/&9,1(:&!&EE&.1!6/!%(4!E,41(/9?!_/!1%&!g,-!6E!G&45++&.1(6/<!462&!6E!%(4!/,,E(8!)&&)4!3(88!0&!1,H&/!16!2,H&!5*!1%&!4%6+1.62(/94!(/!%(4!608(9,16+-!)&&)4?!!!=L);%+)*!")(&&;B*L($%)*$.!"5(TT%B>!!N,41(/9!W%,33,8!(4!,!E58E(882&/1!6E!1%&!+&2,(/)&+!6E!1%&!,.14!6E!36+4%(*!=C0,),%>!,4!86/9!,4!1%&!48,:&!(4!,8(:&?!$%&!,.14!6E!36+4%(*!)6!/61!&/)!3(1%!1%&!&/)!6E!1%&!4&,46/4?!CE!1%&!4&,46/!&/)4<!41(88!B88,%!+&2,(/4<!,/)!Z&!(4!1%&!m6+)!6E!N6+9(:&/&44!,/)!F,+)6/?!!! !Question:!]%&/!4%658)!,!R548(2!41,+1!E,41(/9!4(b!),-4!6E!W%,33,8l!!Answer:!n65!.,/!41,+1!E,41(/9!4(b!),-4!6E!W%,33,8!E+62!1%&!4&.6/)!),-!6E!W%,33,8<!0&.,54&!(1!(4!%,+,2!16!E,41!6/!1%&!),-!6E!()?!n65!.,/!E,41!1%&!4(b!),-4!,1!,/-!1(2&!)5+(/9!W%,33,8<!,81%659%!1%&!0&41!6E!966)!)&&)4!,+&!1%64&!3%(.%!,+&!)6/&!466/&41?!=R(8((<(*($.a(T5()*($.`((=%&()6*N^?_IN>!!!!!!!! "!#^!"!
  19. 19. $%&!466/&+!-65!)6!1%&2<!1%&!0&11&+<!0&.,54&!B88,%!4,-4!=(/1&+*+&1,1(6/!6E!1%&!2&,/(/94>K!! ! !!"2&@2,F686&;9&=22-&-66-3B!=$.!((=%B()<!^K[f>!! !!!79-&,#<@+&12<8+&;9&8+6&:#$&C:+;@+&46#-3&82E&12<=;569633&1<2,&$2*<&M2<-B!=01$%*23&-45<!VK#VV>!! !!!)223#&CF6#@6&G6&*F29&+;,E&3#;-J.&#9-&0&+#38696-&82&O2*%&(&,$&M2<-%&8+#8&O2*&,;=+8&G6&F46#36-B!=F(.W(<!@kKf[>!??!! !Question:!g6!1%&!4(b!),-4!6E!W%,33,8!%,:&!16!0&!E,41&)!.6/4&.51(:&8-l!!Answer:!C1!(4!/61!,!/&.&44,+-!.6/)(1(6/!1%,1!1%&-!4%658)!0&!E,41&)!.6/4&.51(:&8-?!CE!-65!E,41!1%&2!4&*,+,1&8-!6+!.6/4&.51(:&8-<!(1!(4!*&+2(44(08&?!!!_5+!.62*,/(6/4!4,()K!(1!(4!2541,%,00!16!E,41!4(b!),-4!6E!W%,33,8?!S&.,54&!6E!1%(4!Z,)(1%<!1%&-!4,()K!(1!(4!2541,%,00!16!E,41!1%&4&!),-4!.6/4&.51(:&8-!,1!1%&!0&9(//(/9!6E!W%,33,8<!051!(E!6/&!4&*,+,1&4!1%&2!6+!)&8,-4!1%&2!5/1(8!,E1&+!W%,33,8<!1%(4!(4!*&+2(44(08&<!0&.,54&!%&!3(88!41(88!0&!E68863(/9!1%&!9&/&+,8!95()&8(/&4!6E!1%&!Z,)(1%?!]&!%,:&!/6!)(4*51&!+&9,+)(/9!1%(4!2,11&+<!,/)!1%(4!3,4!,846!1%&!:(&3!6E!B%2,)!,/)!g,366)?!!=$.!(T&::*L)(-)*($.!")(B)B)(,>!! "!#c!"!
  20. 20. ! !Question:!W%658)!,!362,/!41,+1!3(1%!2,H(/9!5*!2(44&)!E,414!E+62!G,2,),/!6+!3(1%!1%&!4(b!),-4!6E!W%,33,8l!!Answer:!CE!4%&!3,/14!16!&,+/!1%&!+&3,+)!2&/1(6/&)!(/!1%&!Z,)(1%!6E!1%&!F+6*%&1! <!O]%6&:&+!E,414!G,2,),/!1%&/!E688634!(1!3(1%!4(b!),-4!6E!W%,33,8<!(1!3(88!0&!,4!(E!%&!E,41&)!E6+!,!8(E&1(2&?Q!=@;A:-8;B*,C*!"#$%&6*Y:X*NIKJ><!1%&/!4%&!4%658)!.62*8&1&!%&+!G,2,),/!E,414!E(+41<!1%&/!E68863!(1!3(1%!4(b!),-4!6E!W%,33,8<!46!1%,1!1%&!Z,)(1%!3(1%!0&!,**8(.,08&!16!%&+<!,/)!4%&!3(88!9,(/!1%&!+&3,+)!2&/1(6/&)!(/!(1?!!B4!+&9,+)4!1%&!2,11&+!6E!*&+2(44(0(8(1-<!(1!(4!*&+2(44(08&!E6+!%&+!16!)&8,-!2,H(/9!5*!%&+!G,2,),/!E,414<!*+6:()&)!1%,1!4%&!2,H&4!1%&2!5*!0&E6+&!1%&!/&b1!G,2,),/!.62&4!,86/9?!!=L);%+)*!")(&&;B*L($%)*$.!"5(TT%B>!! "!#e!"!
  21. 21. The Best Ten Days The Superiority and Virtue of the First Ten Days of the Month of Dhul-HijjahC1!(4!/,++,1&)!E+62!C0/!B00,,4!=2,-!B88,%!0&!*8&,4&)!3(1%!%(2>!1%,1!1%&!F+6*%&1! !4,()K!L$%&+&!,+&!/6!),-4!(/!3%(.%!+(9%1&654!)&&)4!)6/&!(/!1%&2!,+&!26+&!0&86:&)!16!B88,%!1%,/!1%&4&!),-4<!(?&?!1%&!1&/!),-4!=6E!g%58"Z(MM,%>?!$%&-!4,()K!_!R&44&/9&+!6E!B88,%<!/61!&:&/!a(%,,)!(/!1%&!*,1%!6E!B88,%l!Z&!4,()K!A61!&:&/!a(%,,)!(/!1%&!F,1%!6E!B88,%<!1%&!R641!Z(9%<!&b.&*1!(E!,!2,/!96&4!651!=E6+!a(%,,)>!3(1%!%(4!4&8E!,/)!%(4!3&,81%<!1%&/!%&!)6&4/I1!+&15+/!3(1%!,/-1%(/9!E+62!1%,1?L!=$./"+)(-%6*,"*`(<"B*(5B*:8);-#X*F);*;b(98*<:-B%5H*%#*8)(8*:]*,"*`(<"B>!! The Types of Deeds in These Ten Days1. Slaughtering of the sacrifices (animals) on the 10th Dhul- Hijjah after the Eid prayer: A,++,1&)!B8"S,+,!0(/!XB;(0!=2,-! B88,%!0&!*8&,4&)!3(1%!%(2>K!C!%&,+)!B88,%74!R&44&/9&+! ! )&8(:&+(/9!1%&!Y%510,?!Z&!4,()K!O$%&!E(+41!=1%(/9>!16!)6!6/!1%(4! ),-!=#k1%!6E!g%58"Z(MM,%>!(4!16!6EE&+!1%&!W,8,1!=*+,-&+><!,/)!6/! +&15+/(/9!E+62!1%&!*+,-&+!3&!48,59%1&+!65+!4.,+(E(&4d!,/)! 3%6&:&+!)()!1%(4!%&!,.1&)!6/!65+!W5//,%!=8&9,8!3,->?Q!=$. /"+)(-%>! ! $%(4!(4!1%&!W5//,%!6E!65+!E,1%&+!C0+,%(2!"!3%&/!B88,%<!1%&!R641!! "!#f!"!
  22. 22. Z(9%<!+&)&&2&)!C0+,%(2I4!46/!0-!1%&!9+&,1!4,.+(E(.&!=6E!,/! ,/(2,8!(/!%(4!*8,.&>?!C1!(4!,51%&/1(.,88-!+&*6+1&)!1%,1!1%&! F+6*%&1!R5%,22,)! !48,59%1&+&)!=4,.+(E(.&)>!136!%6+/&)! +,24<!08,.H!,/)!3%(1&!(/!.686+<!,/)!4,()!$,H0&&+!=B88,%5! BH0,+><!,/)!*8,.&)!%(4!E661!6/!1%&(+!4()&4!=3%(8&!48,59%1&+(/9! 1%&2>?!=$./"+)(-%*(5B*!"#$%&>!!2. The performance of Hajj and Umrah!3. Fasting during these days!!,4!2,/-!6E!1%&2!,4!2,-!0&!&,4-! =E6+!6/&!16!E,41>d!&4*&.(,88-!1%&!g,-!6E!B+,E,%?!! ! N+62!B05!U,1,),%!1%,1!1%&!F+6*%&1! !4,()K!N,41(/9!1%&!g,-!6E! B+,E,%!3(88!0&!.+&)(1&)!3(1%!B88,%!0-!E6+9(:(/9!6/&I4!4(/4!6E!1%&! *+&:(654!-&,+!,/)!1%&!E68863(/9!-&,+?!=!"#$%&>! !4. At-Takbeer!=B88,%5!BH0,+>!and adh-Dhikr!=1%&! +&2&20+,/.&!6E!B88,%!1%+659%!)(EE&+&/1!36+)4!6E!*+,(4&!,/)! 986+(E(.,1(6/>!(/!1%&4&!=1&/>!),-4! !5. At-Tawbah (repentance) and abstaining from disobedience and all types of sins !6. Doing plenty of voluntary (nafl) righteous deeds. $%&4&! (/.85)&!+&.(1(/9!,/)!*6/)&+(/9!5*6/!1%&!U5+,/<!9(:(/9!.%,+(1-<! *+,-(/9!&b1+,!:685/1,+-!*+,-&+4<!&1.? !7. Offering animal as Udhyia and refraining from cutting one’s hair and nails. $%&!W5//,%!(/)(.,1&4!1%,1!1%&!6/&!3%6!3,/14!16!6EE&+!,! 4,.+(E(.&!2541!416*!.511(/9!%(4!%,(+!,/)!/,(84!,/)!+&26:(/9! ,/-1%(/9!E+62!%(4!4H(/!E+62!1%&!0&9(//(/9!6E!1%&!1&/!),-4!5/1(8! ,E1&+!%&!%,4!6EE&+&)!%(4!4,.+(E(.&<!0&.,54&!(1!%,4!0&&/!/,++,1&)! E+62!J22!W,8,2,%!=2,-!B88,%!0&!*8&,4&)!3(1%!%&+>!1%,1!1%&! F+6*%&1! !4,()K!OCE!-65!4&&!1%&!Z(8,8!=/&3!266/>!6E!g%58" Z(MM,%<!,/)!,/-!6/&!6E!-65!3,/14!16!2,H&!,!4,.+(E(.&<!1%&/!%&!! "!#i!"!
  23. 23. 4%658)!/61!.51!=,/-1%(/9>!E+62!%(4!%,(+!,/)!%(4!/,(84?Q!=!"#$%&* (5B*:8);-#>!! ! $%(4!*+6%(0(1(6/!,**&,+4!16!,**8-!6/8-!16!1%&!6/&!3%6!(4! 6EE&+(/9!1%&!4,.+(E(.&<!/61!16!%(4!3(E&!,/)!.%(8)+&/<!5/8&44!,/-!6E! 1%&2!(4!6EE&+(/9!,!4,.+(E(.&!(/!%(4!6+!%&+!63/!+(9%1!=(?&?!%&o4%&!(4! )6(/9!1%&!4,.+(E(.&!3(1%!%(4!6+!%&+!63/!26/&->?!! ! !! "!@k!"!
  24. 24. ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !Zakaat-ul-Fitr !Obligatory Charity After Ramadan !! !G,2,),/!(4!1%&!Z68-!26/1%!6E!! !E,41(/9!,/)!1%&+&E6+&<!E(88&)!! !3(1%!9+&,1!08&44(/94?!C1!(4!,!1+5&!! !4(9/!6E!B88,%74!3(4)62!1%,1!! !,86/9!3(1%!()"58"N(1+!=E&,41!! !6E!&/)(/9!1%&!E,41><!B88,%!1%&!! !b,81&)!,88634!54!26+&!! !6**6+15/(1-!16!*5+(E-!65+4&8:&4!!0-!3,-!6E!j,H,,1!=W,),D,1>!,8"N(1+?! ! "!@#!"! "!@#!"!
  25. 25. S-!604&+:(/9!1%&!W,),D,1"58"N(1+!,..6+)(/9!16!1%&!W5//,%!6E!1%&!F+6*%&1!R5%,22,)! !3&!3(88<!(/4%,7B88,%<!*5+(E-!061%!65+4&8:&4!,/)!1%&!R548(2!J22,%!E+62!:,/(1-!,/)!)(44&/1?!$%(4!j,H,,1!=W,),D,%>!,1!1%&!&/)!6E!G,2,),/!(4!,!9+&,1!08&44(/9!1%,1!4&+:&4!16!41+&/91%&/!1%&!06/)4!6E!0+61%&+%66)!3(1%(/!1%&!J22,%?!C/4%,7B88,%<!3&!3(88!&b*86+&!462&!6E!1%&!3(4)62!0&%(/)!1%&!+58&4!,/)!&1(D5&11&!6E!1%(4!08&44&)!)51-?!!$%&!E,.1!1%,1!(1!(4!,!)51-!.62&4!16!54!1%+659%!1%&!8&9(48,1(6/!6E!1%&!F+6*%&1! ?!C0/!J2,+!=2,-!B88,%!0&!*8&,4&)!3(1%!%(2>!+&*6+1&)!1%,1!1%&!F+6*%&1! !2,)&!(1!(/.520&/1!6/!&:&+-!R548(2!16!*,-!W,),D,1"58"N(1+!,1!1%&!&/)!6E!G,2,),/?!=L()%)*!"#$%&*(5B*$./"+)(-%>!!j,H,,1!=W,),D,1>!,8"N(1+!(4!/61!M541!,/!,.1!6E!.%,+(1-!051!,/!608(9,16+-!*+,.1(.&!1%+659%!3%(.%!3&!.,/!*5+(E-!65+!46584?!$%(4!%,4!0&&/!+&*6+1&)!16!54!0-!W,7&()!0(/!R54,-,0!,/)!J2,+!0(/!B0)58"B;(;!=2,-!B88,%!%,:&!2&+.-!6/!%(2>!(/!1%&(+!.622&/1,+-!6/!B88,%74!4,-(/9!(/!1%&!U5+7,/K!! !!!09-66-&+6&3*@@66-3&:+2&F*<;1;63&+;3&2:93641&C;>6>&2G6$3&#9-&F6<12<,3&#44&8+#8&744#+&2<-6<6-%&G$&12442:;9=&8+6&8<*6&?#;8+&21&034#,;@&)2928+6;3,&#9-&G$&-2;9=&<;=+862*3&=22-&-66-3>E>B&=#).L)(&#<!i#Ki>!!$%&-!4,()!1%,1!1%(4!:&+4&!+&E&+4!16!j,H,,1"58"N(1+<!3%(.%!(4!2&,/1!16!0&!,!W,),D,%!6E!1%&!06)-!,/)!4658<!M541!,4!9&/&+,8!W,),D,%!(4!,!.%,+(1-!6E!26/&-!,/)!*+6*&+1-?!B/-!W,),D,%!(4!,!2&,/4!6E!*5+(E-(/9!65+4&8:&4<!051!W,),D,1"58"N(1+!(4!6E!,!4*&.(,8!/,15+&!,4!3&!4%,88!4&&<!(/4%,7B88,%?!! !!!!!! "!@@!"!
  26. 26. On Whom is Zakaat-ul-Fitr Obligatory?!$%64&!3%6!2541!*,-!1%&!W,),D,%!6E!G,2,),/!%,:&!0&&/!)&4.+(0&)!(/!2,/-!B%,)(1%?!C1!3(88!45EE(.&!%&+&!16!2&/1(6/!1%&!&8,06+,1(6/!6E!1%&!*+&:(6548-!2&/1(6/&)!Z,)(1%!6E!C0/!J2,+!=2,-!B88,%!0&!*8&,4&)!3(1%!%(2>!3%&/!1%&!F+6*%&1!R5%,22,)! !&/M6(/&)!1%&!*,-2&/1!6E!6/&!W,,7!6E!),1&4!6+!6/&!W,,7!6E!0,+8&-!,4!j,H,,1"58"N(1+!6/!&:&+-!R548(2!=48,:&!6+!E+&&<!2,8&!6E!E&2,8&<!-65/9!6+!68)><!,/)!%&!6+)&+&)!1%,1!(1!0&!*,()!0&E6+&!1%&!*&6*8&!3&/1!651!16!6EE&+!W,8,,1"58"()!=1%&!()!*+,-&+>?Q!=_/&!W,,7!p!,**+6b(2,1&8-!@?^!H(869+,24>!=/"+)(-%6*!"#$%&>!!A6/"R548(24!,+&!&b.85)&)!E+62!*,-(/9!j,H,,1<!0&.,54&!(1!(4!,!E6+2!6E!*5+(E(.,1(6/!,/)!/61%(/9!3(88!*5+(E-!1%&!)(40&8(&:&+4!&b.&*1!&20+,.(/9!C48,2?!!$%(4!j,H,,1!(4!.62*5846+-!6/!&:&+-!R548(2!3%6!%,4!,/!&b.&44!0&-6/)!3%,1!3658)!45EE(.&!%(2!,/)!%(4!)&*&/)&/14!E6+!1%&!),-!,/)!/(9%1!6E!1%&!()?!CE!1%&!&b.&44!(4!,0651!6/&!W,,7<!1%&/!(1!(4!16!0&!*,()?!B/-!&b.&44!(4!.,8.58,1&)!,E1&+!6/&!4501+,.14!3%,1!(4!.6/4()&+&)!,!/&&)?!$%(4!3658)!(/.85)&!45.%!(1&24!,4!%654(/9<!.861%(/9<!,/)!1%,1!3%(.%!(4!/&&)&)!16!45**6+1!,!3(E&!,/)!.%(8)+&/?!CE!6/&!%,4!&/659%!16!.,+&!E6+!1%&4&!/&..&44(1(&4!,/)!6/&74!)&*&/)&/14!E6+!6/&!),-!,/)!/9(%1<!1%&/!1%&!W,),D,%!2541!0&!*,()!6/!1%&!&b.&44?!! !! Is it Compulsory on Every Muslim or Can One Pay on Behalf of His Dependents?!$%&!2641!*+&*6/)&+,/1!,/)!.6++&.1!*6(/1!6E!:(&3<!,4!2&/1(6/&)!0-!W%,(H%!R5%,22,)!0(/!W,8(%!,8"J1%,(2&&/!=2,-!B88,%!0&!*8&,4&)!3(1%!%(2>!(/!1%&!066H!OW%,+%!,8"R521(7!B8,,!j,,)!,8"R541,D/,7<Q!(4!1%,1!j,H,,1"58"N(1+!(4!608(9,16+-!6/!&:&+-!R548(2!0-!%(24&8E!=(?&?!(1!(4!608(9,16+-!6/!6/&4&8E<!6/!1%&!3(E&!0-!%&+4&8E<!6/!! "!@V!"!
  27. 27. 1%&!E,1%&+!0-!%(24&8E!,/)!46!6/>?!C1!(4!/61!608(9,16+-!16!*,-!6/!0&%,8E!6E!61%&+4!3%6!,+&!)&*&/)&/1!6/!-65!0&.,54&!B88,%!4,()K!!!! !!!P2&G6#<6<&21&G*<-693&3+#44&G6#<&8+6&G*<-69&21&#928+6<>B!=$.0524&<!cK#c[>!!B846<!1%&!F+6*%&1! !4,()<!O/M6(/&)!6/!&:&+-!R548(2<!2,8&!,/)!E&2,8&<!-65/9!,/)!68)`Q!&b.&*1!E6+!1%&!48,:&<!,4!%(4!2,41&+!4%658)!*,-!6/!%(4!0&E%,8E<!0&.,54&!%&!63/4!/6!26/&-!6+!*+6*&+1-?!C1!(4!*&+2(44(08&!E6+!,!2,/!16!*,-!6/!0&%,8E!6E!%(4!)&*&/)&/14<!3(1%!1%&(+!*&+2(44(6/!=6+!,**+6:,8>!,/)!%&!(4!+&3,+)&)<!051!(E!%&!)6&4/71<!/61%(/9!(4!6/!%(2!=(?&?!%&!(4!/61!.6/4()&+&)!,!4(//&+>?!$%54<!(1!(4!*&+2(44(08&!E6+!,!2,/!16!*,-!j,H,,1!6/!0&%,8E!6E!%(4!3(E&<!(E!4%&!46!+&D5&414<!,81%659%!4%&!.,/!*,-!(1!%&+4&8E?!:&/!.%(8)+&/!,/)!4&+:,/14!4%658)!*,-!1%&(+!j,H,,1!(E!1%&-!%,:&!1%&(+!63/!,..65/14?!W6!(1!(4!608(9,16+-!6/!&:&+-!R548(2!3%6!%,4!,/!&b.&44!0&-6/)!3%,1!45EE(.&4!%(2!,/)!%(4!E,2(8-!E6+!1%&!),-!,/)!1%&!/(9%1!6E!1%&!()?!C1!(4!,846!(/.520&/1!5*6/!1%&!*&+46/!3%6!(4!(/!)&01<!16!*,-!j,H,,1"58"N(1+?!!Z63&:&+<!6/&!2541!*,-!6/!0&%,8E!6E!1%64&!3%62!6/&!45**6+14!,/)!,+&!5/,08&!16!*,-!E6+!1%&24&8:&4<!45.%!,4!1%&!6+*%,/4!=3%6!%,:&!/61!,11,(/&)!1%&(+!*50&+1-><!1%&!(/4,/&<!&1.?!$%&!95,+)(,/!2541!9(:&!j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
  28. 28. *,-!1%&!j,H,,1!6/!1%&!E&154<!051!(1!(4!,!8(H&)!,.1!,4!+&*6+1&)!0-!C0/!B0(!W%,(0,%!1%,1!J1%2,/!=2,-!B88,%!0&!*8&,4&)!3(1%!%(2>!*,()!1%&!j,H,,1!6/!1%&!E&154?!B81%659%!(1!(4!/61!D561&)!0-!1%&!F+6*%&1! <!3&!H/63!1%,1!J1%2,/!=2,-!B88,%!0&!*8&,4&)!3(1%!%(2>!3,4!6/&!6E!1%&!T,8(*%4<!3%62!1%&!F+6*%&1! !6+)&+&)!16!E68863!1%&(+!W5//,%<!3%&/!%&! !4,()K!OC1!(4!(/.520&/1!5*6/!-65!16!E68863!2-!W5//,%!=*+,.1(.&>!,/)!1%&!W5//,%!=1%&!*+,.1(.&4>!6E!2-!+(9%18-!95()&)!45..&446+4!=T,8(*%4>?Q!=,"*`(<"B6*8.F%-&%B)%6*H-(B;B*(#*W(#(5*L()%)>!!!W%,(H%!C0/!J1%,(2&&/!=2,-!B88,%!0&!2&+.(E58!3(1%!%(2>!(4!6E!1%&!6*(/(6/!1%,1!(4!,!8(H&)!,.1!16!*,-!j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o Whom Should Zakaat-ul-Fitr be Paid?!$%&!4.%68,+4!%,:&!136!6*(/(6/4!.6/.&+/(/9!1%&!)(41+(051(6/!6E!W,),D,1"58"N(1+?!$%&!E(+41!6*(/(6/!(4!1%&!4,2&!,4!1%,1!6E!j,H,,1"58"R,,8!=1%&!,//5,8!j,H,,1<!3%(.%!(4!6/&!6E!1%&!E(:&!F(88,+4!6E!C48,2>?!$%&!4&.6/)!6*(/(6/<!3%(.%!(4!&4*654&)!0-!W%,(H%!R5%,22,)!0(/!W,8(%!,8"J1%,(2&&/!=2,-!B88,%!0&!2&+.(E58!3(1%!%(2><!(4!1%,1!(1!(4!*,()!16!1%&!*66+!6/8-?!!C1!(4!*&+2(44(08&!16!*,-!j,H,,1"58"N(1+!16!6/&!*66+!*&+46/!=&:&/!(E!6/&!*,()!#k!W,,7!6E!E66)><!6+!16!)(:()&!(1!,26/9!4&:&+,8!*66+!*&+46/4?!! "!@^!"!
  29. 29. !! When Should Zakaat-ul-Fitr be Paid?!$%&!W,),D,%!6E!G,2,),/!%,4!,!4*&.(,8!*5+*64&!,/)!(4!1%&+&E6+&!)5&!,1!,!4*&.(E(&)!1(2&?!B4!+&*6+1&)!0-!(0/!B00,4<!1%&!F+6*%&1! !4,()<!OW,),D,1"58"N(1+!%,4!0&&/!(2*64&)!,4!,!*5+(E(.,(16/!E6+!1%&!6/&!3%6!(4!E,41(/9!,/)!(1!*5+(E(&4!%(2!E+62!1%&!&:(84!6E!()8&!1,8H!,/)!,/9&+!3%(8&!4&+:(/9!,4!,!2&,/4!6E!E&&)(/9!1%&!/&&)-?Q!=,"*`(<"B6*$.W(+%&>!!$%&!j,H,,1!%,4!0&&/!,11+(051&)!16!1%&!N(1+<!3%(.%!41,+14!,E1&+!45/4&1!6/!1%&!/(9%1!0&E6+&!()!=(?&?!1%&!8,41!),-!6E!E,41(/9!,E1&+!R,9%+(0>!1(88!M541!0&E6+&!1%&!()!*+,-&+?!!$%&!:(+15654!1(2&!E6+!9(:(/9!j,H,,1"58"N(1+!(4!(/!1%&!26+/(/9!6E!1%&!()!),-<!0&E6+&!96(/9!16!6EE&+!W,8,1"58"()!=1%&!()!*+,-&+>?!B..6+)(/9!16!1%&!/,++,1(6/!6E!C0/!J2,+!=2,-!B88,%!0&!*8&,4&)!3(1%!%(2>!+&*6+1&)!0-!$./"+)(-%!,/)!!"#$%&<!1%&!F+6*%&1! !6+)&+&)!j,H,,1"58"N(1+!16!0&!9(:&/!0&E6+&!1%&!*&6*8&!96!E6+!W,8,1"58"()?!C/!,/61%&+!Z,)(1%<!C0/!B00,4!=2,-!B88,%!0&!*8&,4&)!3(1%!%(2>!4,()<!OB88,%74!R&44&/9&+! !*+&4.+(0&)!j,H,,1"58"N(1+!,4!,!*5+(E(.,1(6/!6E!1%&!E,41(/9!*&+46/!E+62!&2*1-!,/)!()8&!1,8H<!3%(8&!4&+:(/9!,4!,!E66)!E6+!1%&!*66+?!]%6&:&+!)&8(:&+4!(1!0&E6+&!W,8,1"58"()<!3(88!%,:&!(1!,..&*1&)!,4!j,H,,1"58"N(1+<!,/)!(E!(1!(4!)&8(:&+&)!,E1&+!W,8,1"58"()<!1%&/!(1!(4!4(2*8-!,!9&/&+,8!W,),D,%?Q!=,"*`(<"B6*3,5*!(T()6*B.`(-"$.c"85%6*$.W(+%&6*$./(%)(E%>!!$%&+&E6+&<!1%&!C2,2!4%658)!)&8,-!6EE&+(/9!W,8,1"58"()!(/!6+)&+!16!9(:&!&/659%!1(2&!E6+!*,-(/9!1%&!j,H,,1?!!!$%&!*&+2(44(08&!1(2&!E6+!9(:(/9!j,H,,1"58"N(1+!(4!6/&!6+!136!),-4!*+(6+!16!1%&!()?!W62&!6E!1%&!W,%,0,%!=.62*,/(6/4!6E!1%&!F+6*%&1! >!54&)!16!&:&/!4599&41!*,-(/9!,!),-!6+!136!0&E6+&!1%&!()?!Z63&:&+<!(E!6/&!3,/14!1%&!W,),D,%!16!0&!,..&*1&)!,4!1%,1!*,()!E6+!G,2,),/<!1%&/!(1!(4!*+&E&+,08&!1%,1!(1!(4!*,()!0&E6+&!1%&!W,8,1!=*+,-&+>!6/!1%&!),-!6E!1%&!()?!! "!@c!"!
  30. 30. $%&+&!,+&!,846!462&!8&9(48,1(:&!.6/4()&+,1(6/4!6/&!4%658)!0&!,3,+&!6E!.6/.&+/(/9!1%&!/(9%1!6E!,8"N(1+?!N6+!&b,2*8&<!3%6&:&+!&20+,.&)!C48,2!0&E6+&!1%&!45/4&1!6E!1%&!/(9%1!6E!1%&!()!2541!*,-!1%&!j,H,,1?!B846<!(E!1%&!3(E&!9(:&4!0(+1%!0&E6+&!1%&!45/4&1<!1%&/!1%&!%540,/)!2541!*,-!j,H,,1!6/!1%(4!/&3!)&*&/)&/1?!W(2(8,+8-<!(E!,/-!6E!1%&4&!1%(/94!%,**&/!,E1&+!45/4&1<!1%&/!%&!(4!&b.54&)!E+62!*,-(/9!1%&!j,H,,1?!!$%(4!,846!+&8,1&4!16!462&6/&!3%6!)(&4<!(?&?!(E!%&!)(&4!,E1&+!45/4&1!1%&/!1%&!j,H,,1!2541!0&!*,()<!051!(E!%&!)(&4!0&E6+&!45/4&1!%(4!%&(+4!,+&!&b.54&)!E+62!*,-(/9!j,H,,1!6/!%(4!0&%,8E?!! !! The Wisdom Behind Enjoining Zakaat-ul-Fitr?!]&!2541!H&&*!(/!2(/)!1%&!*5+*64&!6E!j,H,,1"58"N(1+!,/)!1%&!),-!6E!()?!B88!R548(24<!+(.%!,/)!*66+<!E,41!1%&!26/1%!6E!G,2,),/<!4&&H(/9!1%&!R&+.-!6E!B88,%!1%&!b,81&)?!$%&+&E6+&<!6/!1%&!),-!6E!.&8&0+,1(6/<!(1!(4!6/8-!M541!,/)!*+6*&+!1%,1!,88!R548(24!%,:&!E66)!16!&,1!46!1%,1!1%&!/6+2,8!)(4*,+(1(&4!(/!3&,81%!,+&!,4()&?!$%&!9(:(/9!6E!E66)!(4!,846!,!26+&!*&+46/,8!,/)!/&(9%06+8-!2&,/4!6E!%&8*(/9!3%(.%!&/.65+,9&4!26+&!(/1&+,.1(6/!0&13&&/!1%&!R548(24?!! !!!H+6&G64;656<3%&,69&#9-&:2,69&#<6&7*4;$#&C+64F6<3%&3*FF2<86<3%&1<;69-3%&F<286@82<3E&21&296&#928+6<Q&8+6$&69R2;9&C29&8+6&F62F46E&74N)#A<*1&C;>6>&034#,;@&)2928+6;3,&#9-&#44&8+#8&! "!@e!"!
  31. 31. 034#,&2<-6<3&296&82&-2E%&#9-&12<G;-&CF62F46E&1<2,&74N)*9I#<&C;>6>&F24$8+6;3,&#9-&-;3G64;61&21&#44&I;9-3%&#9-&#44&8+#8&034#,&+#3&12<G;--69EQ&8+6$&F6<12<,&73N"#4#8%&#9-&=;56&8+6&S#I##8&#9-&2G6$&744#+&#9-&D;3&)63369=6<>&744#+&:;44&+#56&D;3&)6<@$&29&8+6,>&"*<64$&744#+&;3&744N);=+8$%&744NT;36>B&=8.F(<,()<!iKe#>!!C1!(4!,!E6+0())&/!,.1!16!9(:&!W,),D,1"58"N(1+!,E1&+!W,8,1"58"()!0&.,54&!(1!.6/1+,)(.14!1%&!W5//,%!6E!1%&!F+6*%&1! ?!$%&!F+6*%&1! !4,()<!OP(:&!16!1%&!*66+!16!&/+(.%!1%&2!46!1%,1!1%&-!3(88!/61!,4H!6+!0&!(/!/&&)!6/!1%,1!),-!=(?&?!()"58"N(1+>?Q!P(:(/9!1%&!j,H,,1!,E1&+!1%&!W,8,1!2&,/4!1%,1!*,+1!6E!1%&!),-!%,4!*,44&)!3%(8&!1%&!/&&)-!3&+&!41(88!(/!/&&)?!$6!)&8,-!*,-2&/1!(4!16!)&8,-!9(:(/9!1%&!*66+!1%&(+!+(9%14?!Z63&:&+<!(E!6/&!*,-4!j,H,,1"58"N(1+!,E1&+!W,8,1"58"()!)&8(0&+,1&8-<!%&!3(88!9&1!1%&!+&3,+)!6E!,/!6+)(/,+-!,.1!6E!.%,+(1-!6/8-<!051!%&!(4!.6/4()&+&)!,!4(//&+!0&.,54&!%&!%,4!8&E1!,/!608(9,16+-!,.1?!$%(4!:&+)(.1!(4!0,4&)!6/!1%&!9&/&+,8!+58&!3%(.%!41,1&4K!OCE!,!2,/!*&+E6+2&)!,/!,.1!6E!36+4%(*!,1!61%&+!1%,/!(14!E(b&)!=,**6(/1&)>!1(2&!(/1&/1(6/,88-<!1%&/!(1!3(88!/61!0&!,..&*1&)!E+62!%(2?Q !! !!Question:!CE!6/&!)&8,-&)!1%&!*,-2&/1!6E!1%&!j,H,,1!0&.,54&!6E!,/!&b.54&!=&?9?!%&!)()/71!H/63!1%,1!(1!(4!()<!6+!%&!,4H&)!=&/1+541&)>!462&6/&!16!*,-!6/!%(4!0&%,8E!0&.,54&!%&!3,4!1+,:&8(/9!,/)!3%&/!%&!+&15+/&)!E+62!%(4!M65+/&-!)(4.6:&+&)!1%,1!1%&!2,/!)()/71!*,-!(1><!3%,1!4%658)!6/&!)6!(/!1%(4!.,4&l!!Answer:!C/!1%(4!.,4&<!%&!4%658)!*,-!(1!,4!466/!,4!%&!+&,8(;&4!1%,1!(1!%,4!/61!0&&/!*,()<!&:&/!(E!%&!.,2&!16!H/63!,E1&+!1%&!()!),-4<!,/)!%&!3(88!/61!0&!.6/4()&+&)!,!4(//&+?!T62*,+&!1%(4!,.1!3(1%!*+,-&+<!3%&/!1%&!F+6*%&1! !4,()<!OCE!,/-6/&!E6+9&14!6EE&+(/9!,!W,8,1!=*+,-&+>!%&!4%658)!*+,-!1%,1!*+,-&+!3%&/!%&!+&2&20&+4!(1?Q!=H-;;B*VA:5>!! !!! "!@f!"!
  32. 32. Question:!C4!(1!*&+2(44(08&!16!*,-!j,H,,1"58"N(1+!16!1%&!*66+!6E!,/61%&+!.65/1+-l!!Answer:!C1!4%658)!0&!06+/&!(/!2(/)!1%,1!1%&!*&+46/!4%658)!*,-!%(4!j,H,,1"58"N(1+!16!1%&!*66+!6E!1%&!.65/1+-!%&!(4!8(:(/9!(/!,/)!(/!3%(.%!j,H,,1!0&.,2&!608(9,16+-!6/!%(2!0-!1%&!45/4&1!6E!1%&!/(9%1!6E!1%&!()?!$+,/4E&++(/9!(1!16!,/61%&+!.65/1+-!2,-!)&8,-!(14!)(41+(051(6/!,/)!(/!E,.1<!(1!(4!.6/1+,+-!16!1%&!W5//,%<!0&.,54&!/&(1%&+!1%&!F+6*%&1! !/6+!1%&!.62*,/(6/4!6+!1%&!*(654!*+&)&.&446+4!)()!1%,1?!Z63&:&+<!(1!(4!*&+2(44(08&!(E!6/&!,4H&)!%(4!E,2(8-!=(/!1%&!61%&+!.65/1+->!16!*,-!j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iKck>!!$%&!*66+!,/)!1%&!R,4,H(/!3%6!,+&!2&/1(6/&)!(/!1%(4!:&+4&!,+&!1%&!*66+!1%,1!,+&!&:&+-3%&+&?!! !! How Much Zakaat-ul-Fitr is Due?!B4!E,+!,4!1%&!2,H&5*!6E!j,H,,1"58"N(1+<!(1!(4!2641!9&/&+,88-!,9+&&)!5*6/!,26/941!1%&!J8,2,,!=1%&!4.%68,+4>!1%,1!(1!4%658)!0&!E66)!*+6)5.14!=(?&?!E66)!1%,1!(4!.6226/!16!1%&!+&9(6/>?!B4!,8+&,)-!2&/1(6/&)<!1%&!,265/1!4%658)!0&!,1!8&,41!6/&!W,,7!3%(.%!(4!&D5,8!16!E65+!%,/)"E5884!3(1%!1%&!%,/)!%&8)!651<!*,824!5*!,/)!48(9%18-!! "!@i!"!
  33. 33. .5**&)!!,/)!(1!(4!,83,-4!0&11&+!16!,))!,!8(118&!&b1+,!,E1&+!1%,1?!C1!(4!,**+6b(2,1&8-!@?^!H(869+,24?!B4!2&/1(6/&)!0&E6+&<!1%&!1-*&!6E!E66)!4%658)!0&!1%,1!3%(.%!(4!.6226/!16!1%,1!*,+1(.58,+!,+&,?!!W,I)!0?!B05!W,+%!%&,+)!B05!W,I()!,8"Y%5)+(!,4!4,-(/9K!]&<!6/!0&%,8E!6E!-65/9!6+!68)<!E+&&!6+!48,:&<!54&)!16!1,H&!651!1%&!j,H,1!6E!N(1+!3%(8&!1%&!R&44&/9&+!6E!B88,%! !3,4!,26/9!54<!(/!1%+&&!H(/)4<!6/&!4,I!6E!),1&4<!6/&!4,I!6E!.%&&4&<!6+!6/&!4,I!6E!0,+8&-<!,/)!3&!.6/1(/5&)!16!1,H&!1%,1!651!1(88!1%&!1(2&!6E!R5I,3(-,<!E6+!%&!4,3!1%,1!136!25))4!6E!3%&,1!3&+&!&D5,8!16!6/&!4,I!6E!),1&4?!B05!W,I()!4,8)K!C!3658)!.6/1(/5&!16!1,H&!1%,1!651!,4!0&E6+&!=(?&?!6/&!4,I!6E!3%&,1>?!=F);*/::+*:]*Z(+(8*dM%8(,*$.Z(+(8e6*!"#$%&*f*/::+*PG*W(B%8)*SNPQ>!!Z63&:&+<!(E!1%&4&!H(/)4!6E!E66)!,+&!/61!,:,(8,08&!=&?9?!1%&!E66)!6E!1%&!*&6*8&!6E!A6+1%!F68&!(4!6/8-!2&,1><!1%&/!3%,1!4%658)!0&!9(:&/!,4!j,H,,1!(4!1%&!E66)!1%,1!(4!.6226/!(/!1%&!+&9(6/!,/)!,:,(8,08&!,4!E66)!=&?9?!2&,1>?!W%,(H%!R5%,22,)!0(/!W,8(%!,8"J1%,(2&&/!=2,-!B88,%!0&!2&+.(E58!3(1%!%(2>!3,4!,4H&)!,0651!1%&!*&+2(44(0(8(1-!6E!9(:(/9!2,.,+6/(!,4!j,H,,1"58"N(1+?!Z&!,/43&+&)<!OC1!(4!*&+2(44(08&!,4!86/9!,4!(1!(4!5/.66H&)?Q!B..6+)(/98-<!,!3()&!:,+(&1-!6E!E66)!.658)!0&!54&)!45.%!,4!E865+<!+(.&<!&1.?!=&?9?!(E!3%&,1!E865+!(4!9(:&/<!1%&!3&(9%1!4%658)!0&!&D5,8!16!,!W,,7!6E!3%68&!9+65/)!3%&,1>?!B846<!(1!(4!,!E,:6+,08&!,.1!16!9(:&!*+6)5.14!6E!1%&!0&41!D5,8(1-?!N5+1%&+26+&<!(1!(4!1%&!9&/&+,8!6*(/(6/!1%,1!26/&-!4%658)!/61!0&!9(:&/<!0&.,54&!1%&!F+6*%&1! !/&:&+!2,)&!2&/1(6/!6E!g(/,+4!6+!g(+%,24!(/!.6//&.1(6/!3(1%!W,),D,1"58"N(1+<!,81%659%!1%&-!)&,81!3(1%!1%&4&!1%(/94!)5+(/9!1%,1!1(2&?! !! !! "!Vk!"!
  34. 34. The one who gives Sadaqat-ul-Fitr is thanking Allah the Exalted for His Bounty. Allah thus, grants the believer success in fasting and praying (Qiyaam). The Muslim ends the fasting by seeking the Barakah (blessing) and reward of Sadaqah.!! !! References** *F);*L"55()*98#*:]*8);*F<:*Ug%B*dR;#8%h($#e<!G&:(:,8!6E!C48,2(.!Z&+(1,9&!W6.(&1-!!F);*L"A;-%:-%8C*(5B*i%-8";*:]*8);*R%-#8*`(C#*:]*8);*!:58)*Z"$.W%TT()!0-!W%,-H%!B0)588,%!(0/!B0)5+"G,%2,/!,8"a(0+&&/!!Z(+((8."$.R%8-*dF);*/-;(+%5H*R(#8*[)(-%8Ce<!G&:(:,8!6E!C48,2(.!Z&+(1,9&!W6.(&1-!!%11*Koo333?(48,2D,?.62!!%11*Koo333?65141,/)(/92548(2?.62o()#k#o&/9,9&?%128!!%11*Koo333?(48,23&0?/&1!! !! "!V#!"!
  35. 35. ! Al Huda Sisters are a group of dedicated Muslim women committed to providing authentic, insightful, and enlightening Islamic education for the Muslim and non-Muslim women and girls of our community. We are a non-profit organization with members from various backgrounds and cultures coming together under the banner of (Laa ilaaha illallaah). To many of us, Al Huda has become our second home: a place where we not only bond with our sisters for the sake of Allah, but also nourish our hearts and souls in the hope of coming closer to our Lord.Email Address: alhuda.sisters@gmail.com | Website: www.alhudasisters.com ! "!V@!"!

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