The unit I have chosen for CALLT Design lessons is in the ESU Intermediate Structure Curriculum and it consists of two sequential classes. The first class focuses on basic introduction of modal verbs and the second class focuses on how to use modals to make prediction. They are separate classes with interrelated contents and general objectives.
In lesson 1 use the Deductive Instructional Strategy for my class, I give the grammatical usage rules of the modal verbs and then give them examples from everyday speech of the English language. Moreover, I try to incorporate Scaffolding Instructional Method into my teaching. Firstly I’m going to teach the simple modal verbs one by one, and once they learn them, I will switch to compound modal verbs in next lesson
The best Web-Quests inspire students to see richer thematic relationships, to contribute to the real world of learning, and to reflect on their own meta-cognitive processes. These are the power strategies of teaching with Webquests . A Scaffolded Learning Structure, Use of Essential Internet Resources, Authentic Tasks That Motivate, Open-Ended Questions, Individual Expertise, Transformative Group Process can be summeried as what you se on this slide
Now we take a look closer to single concept modals to se how we use them.
Introduction of Lesson I <ul><li>DEFINITION OF ENGLISH MODAL VEBS </li></ul><ul><li>I am giving a general information about modal verbs in this lesson: </li></ul><ul><li>* By giving Modals sentences to observe . </li></ul><ul><li>* By teaching students how to use inductive strategy to synthesize and generalize the governing rules. </li></ul><ul><li>By using the inductive strategy, students will become autonomous learners and independent thinkers who discover the rules of learning materials themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>Part of my examples in classroom was taken from Sentence Concordance proto: http://www.lextutor.ca/concordancers/sentences/ </li></ul><ul><li>I think it is a very helpful and powerful to look up sentences or group of words that we need to identify meaning when we are not sure on other websites. </li></ul>
QUESTION 1 <ul><li>Modal verbs are auxiliary words that provide additional and specific meaning to main verbs of the sentence which convey the speaker's opinion about or attitude towards what is being expressed. </li></ul>There are different moods and different ways to express modal verbs in English . What are modal verbs?
Here are some samples of Modals: <ul><li>Can </li></ul><ul><li>Could </li></ul><ul><li>Be able to </li></ul><ul><li>May </li></ul><ul><li>Must </li></ul><ul><li>Have to </li></ul><ul><li>Should </li></ul><ul><li>Ought to </li></ul><ul><li>Will </li></ul><ul><li>Would </li></ul><ul><li>Shall </li></ul><ul><li>Had better </li></ul><ul><li>Might </li></ul>
S+ M +V+..O+..A. How to use the modals: BASIC STRUTURE FORM ABILITY, PERMISSION, POSSIBILITY, OBLIGATION, EXPECTABILITY & PROBABILITY. Notice: Modal verbs do not take "-s" in the third person.
How to use the modals: BASIC STRUTURE FORM Essential Optional -You need to play Modals between the subject and the main Verb. - You must keep the main Verb in the same form.
<ul><li>First, Modals are not verbs </li></ul>Correct She can play. Incorrect She can plays. MODALS: BASIC PRINCIPLES Another principle is they carry complimentary verbal meaning as well. Correct: Will she play? Incorrect Will she can play? -Are you going to see your advisor ? - I don’t know. I think I should. They do not accept conjugation and they do not need other auxiliaries
Question 2: What modals do we have in English? - Single concept Modals. - Double concept Modals. -Modals in Past What modals do we have in English? We can split them into three main categories that are:
How we use single concept Modals Modals Concept Examples Will Future promising I will see you in August. Can Present ability I can buy you dinner. Might Small probability I may see her tomorrow. Should Recommendation You should visit your sister . She is sick. Ought to Formal recommendation All our staff ought to participate in the meeting. Had better Warning You had better tell your mother about this issue.
How we use double concept Modals Double concept Modals Concept Examples May (1) Permission May I come in?. May (2) Good probability Davis may use the tax bill as a means to effect a transition from special sessions of the Legislature to normalcy. ttp://www.lextutor.ca/concordancers/sentences/conc.pl?inputs=may&this_corp=Brown_strip.txt&output=aligned&sizer=14 Must (1) Obligation/Responsibility Once again, the United States must choose. http://www.lextutor.ca/concordancers/sentences/conc.pl?inputs=must&this_corp=Brown_strip.txt&output=aligned&sizer=14 Must (2) Assumption She did not arrive. She must be sick.
How to use double concept Modals Would (1) Past ( used to) When I was younger I would run five miles every day. Would (2) Present unreal I would buy this car, but I can’t not afford it. One might think the problem would be similar.
How we use double concept Modals Double concept Modals Concept Examples Shall (1) Educated expression I’m sorry. I shall leave now. Shall (2) Contractual obligation The company shall pay to their workers by the end of the month. Could (1) Unreal ability If I had money ,I could buy you that watch. Could (2) Past ability He could terminate special sessions of the Legislature. http://www.lextutor.ca/concordancers/sentences/conc.pl?inputs=could&this_corp=Brown_strip.txt&output=aligned&sizer=14
That is the End of the lesson 1. The Past Modals we will take a look in lesson 2 after tomorrow. What I want you to do for this lesson is to practice what you just learnt by doing exercise from the hand out which I printed out from the link. I also remind you that you must do your home work at home before you go to class. http://www.englishpage.com/modals/modalintro.html I found a very useful website where you can look up group of words or sentences that you want to verify. Here is the website: http://www.lextutor.ca/concordancers/sentences/
REFLECTION ON TEACHING & LEARNING WITH CALLT <ul><li>The experimental group improved as a result of blending online and in-class instruction. </li></ul>From different sources together with good instructional strategies applied will bring students good inputs. Transformation Output ?
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