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ALL ABOUT HOW IT WORKS AND ITS ANALYSIS

ALL ABOUT HOW IT WORKS AND ITS ANALYSIS

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  • 1. EE-4232 Differential Amplifiers 0
  • 2. Different modes of operation of the differential pair: The differential pair with a common- mode input signal vCM. 1
  • 3. Different modes of operation of the differential pair: The differential pair with a “large” differential input signal. 2
  • 4. Different modes of operation of the differential pair: The differential pair with a large input signal of polarity opposite to that in (b). 3
  • 5. Different modes of operation of the differential pair: The differential pair with a small differential input signal vi. 4
  • 6. Transfer characteristics of the BJT differential pair of previous figure assuming α ≅ 1. 5
  • 7. The current and voltages in the differential amplifier when a small difference signal vd is applied. 6
  • 8. A simple technique for determining the signal currents in a differential amplifier excited by a differential voltage signal vd; dc quantities are not shown. 7
  • 9. A differential amplifier with emitter existence. Only signal quantities are shown (on color). 8
  • 10. Equivalence of the differential amplifier (a) to the two common-emitter amplifiers in (b). This equivalence applies only for differential input signals. Either of the two common-emitter amplifiers in (b) can be used to evaluate the differential gain, input differential resistance, frequency response, and so on, of the differential amplifier. 9
  • 11. (a) The differential amplifier fed by a common-mode voltage signal. (b) Equivalent “half-circuits” for the common-mode calculations. 10
  • 12. Analysis of the current mirror taking into account the finite β of the BJTs. 11
  • 13. Generation of a number of cross currents. 12
  • 14. A current mirror with base-current compensation. 13
  • 15. The Wilson current mirror. 14
  • 16. The Widlar current source. 15
  • 17. 16
  • 18. A differential amplifier with an active load. 17
  • 19. Small-signal model of the differential amplifier. 18
  • 20. The MOSFET differential pair. 19
  • 21. Normalized plots of the currents in a MOSFET differential pair. Note that VGS is the gate-to-source voltage when the drain current is equal to the dc bias current (I/2). 20
  • 22. MOS current mirrors: basic 21
  • 23. MOS current mirrors: cascode 22
  • 24. MOS current mirrors: Wilson 23
  • 25. MOS current mirrors: modified Wilson 24
  • 26. A multistage amplifier circuit. 25
  • 27. References • Electronics by A. Hambley • Microelectronics Circuits by Sedra & Smith • Other books on Electronics 26