MUNLEAI IV <br />PUCE<br />Environment:<br />ConflictandCooperation<br />AnnelizePetres<br />
ARMED CONFLICT??? 25 deaths per year<br />DirectViolence<br />StructuralViolence: slavery, economicalexplotation<br />Cult...
The implications of the scarcity of certain natural resources, of the mismanagement or depletion of<br />	natural resource...
Tothink…<br />How are the environment and (violent) conflict linked?<br />Which interests have my country in this issue, w...
Environmental factors play a key role in many conflicts, yet they are always interlinked with<br />	political, economic, a...
Typesofconflicts<br />Conflicts over the  indirect use of natural resources<br />Conflicts over the direct use of natural<...
Conflicts over indirect use of natural resources<br />Gemstones, OIL, Narcotics<br />Conflictsustainers x Conflictstarters...
Conflicts over the direct use: WaterConflicts<br />Conflicts over large-scale projects <br />Conflicts between different e...
UN Reports, Declarations and Resolutions that have Focused on the Environment and Conflict Prevention<br />Prevention of a...
Chalenges<br />early warning systems for environment-related conflicts<br />methods to peacefully resolve resource conflic...
Possible focus of the discussions – MUNLEAI IV<br />Internal UN coordination  - Guidelines<br />Codes of conduct for priva...
Links<br />Center for Security Studies (2008). Linking Environment and Conflict Prevention – The Role of the United Nation...
Peace Education uses<br />ViolentConflicts<br />Post-conflictareas<br />Formal educationespecially in USA andnordic countr...
Similarities<br />Searchofsolutionstothecurrentrealityoftheworld/model ofdevelopment<br />Envisionof a moreharmoniclife, n...
Links tobiodiversityconservation<br />Damageof warconflict – manyarecloseorare in areasofhighbiodiverstiyorbiodiversitycon...
How<br />Already-exisitingPeace Education projectsandprograms<br />Help promote newsocialrelations, values, perspectivesre...
Refugee-camps<br />refuge-areas are normally under pressure on water resources, soil degradation and changes in flora and ...
“(…) similar synergies need to be created between ESD and other „adjectival‟ educations such as peace education, gender ed...
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Prevención de conflictos armados e ingobernabilidad por falta de recursos naturales

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Prevención de conflictos armados e ingobernabilidad por falta de recursos naturales, el 9 de abril de 2010, MUNLEAI, LEAI, PUCE

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Prevención de conflictos armados e ingobernabilidad por falta de recursos naturales

  1. 1. MUNLEAI IV <br />PUCE<br />Environment:<br />ConflictandCooperation<br />AnnelizePetres<br />
  2. 2. ARMED CONFLICT??? 25 deaths per year<br />DirectViolence<br />StructuralViolence: slavery, economicalexplotation<br />Cultural Violence: gender, race<br />
  3. 3. The implications of the scarcity of certain natural resources, of the mismanagement or depletion of<br /> natural resources and of the unequal access to natural resources as potential causes of conflictsneed to be more systematically addressed by the United Nations system. (Kofi Annan 2003)<br />Conflictprevention x Conflictresolution<br />Roleofthe UN<br />Reality<br />
  4. 4. Tothink…<br />How are the environment and (violent) conflict linked?<br />Which interests have my country in this issue, what are the priorities?<br />What can be discussed inside the General Assembly?<br />
  5. 5. Environmental factors play a key role in many conflicts, yet they are always interlinked with<br /> political, economic, and socio-cultural factors. <br />
  6. 6. Typesofconflicts<br />Conflicts over the indirect use of natural resources<br />Conflicts over the direct use of natural<br />Resources - related to local and regional resource<br />scarcity<br />The role of the environment in complex<br />conflict ‘hotspots’ : Ex. Sudan<br />
  7. 7. Conflicts over indirect use of natural resources<br />Gemstones, OIL, Narcotics<br />Conflictsustainers x Conflictstarters<br />
  8. 8. Conflicts over the direct use: WaterConflicts<br />Conflicts over large-scale projects <br />Conflicts between different economic sectors <br />Ex: use of water in flower production - Ecuador <br />International direct use conflicts: Palestina x Israel<br />
  9. 9. UN Reports, Declarations and Resolutions that have Focused on the Environment and Conflict Prevention<br />Prevention of armed conflict: Report of the Secretary-<br />General<br />Environment and security partnerships: Conflicts and<br />theenvironment<br />The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and<br />Development<br />We the Peoples’: The role of the United Nations in the<br />21st century, Report of the Secretary-General<br />
  10. 10. Chalenges<br />early warning systems for environment-related conflicts<br />methods to peacefully resolve resource conflicts <br />
  11. 11. Possible focus of the discussions – MUNLEAI IV<br />Internal UN coordination - Guidelines<br />Codes of conduct for privatecompanies – use of water <br />Norms for natural resource management –<br />Transboundaryfreshwaterregimes<br />Financial flows from world bank ex. (avoid human rights violations of big projects etc…)<br />
  12. 12. Links<br />Center for Security Studies (2008). Linking Environment and Conflict Prevention – The Role of the United Nations. Switzerland.<br />United Nations Environment Programme (2004) Understanding Environment, Conflict and Cooperation. Nairobi. <br />Scanlon, John (2004) Water as an Human Right? IUCN, Gland and Cambridge<br />Conflict Transformation by Peaceful Means. Johan Galtung. United Nations Disaster Management Programme<br />
  13. 13.
  14. 14.
  15. 15. Peace Education uses<br />ViolentConflicts<br />Post-conflictareas<br />Formal educationespecially in USA andnordic countries <br />Focuses on human relations<br />Works withthemasrelatedto: mediation, human rights, tolerance, empathy, culturalidentity, etc…<br />
  16. 16. Similarities<br />Searchofsolutionstothecurrentrealityoftheworld/model ofdevelopment<br />Envisionof a moreharmoniclife, no-violence (includingno-structuralviolence)<br />Deeperchange in values, behaviour etc.<br />Acts of aggression and violence to the environment have consequences to human beings acts of violence and disrespect against human beings can also have consequences for the environment <br />
  17. 17. Links tobiodiversityconservation<br />Damageof warconflict – manyarecloseorare in areasofhighbiodiverstiyorbiodiversityconservationareas<br />Natural ressourcesor environmental stress canbepartofthecausesofconflictsoraccentuatethem<br />Helpsovercomeconflict: PEACE PARKS - Peru x Ecuador Boarder - Cordillera del Cóndor Mountain Range and Biodiversity Conservation Corridor <br />
  18. 18. How<br />Already-exisitingPeace Education projectsandprograms<br />Help promote newsocialrelations, values, perspectivesresiliencetoconflict<br />Searchforsolutionstopovertyandreconstruction after conflict<br />Others<br />
  19. 19. Refugee-camps<br />refuge-areas are normally under pressure on water resources, soil degradation and changes in flora and fauna <br />search for wood and water offers risks of violence (rape, death, etc) mainly to women and children, who are normally responsible for such activities. The search for construction materials is also a frequent source of conflict. <br />
  20. 20. “(…) similar synergies need to be created between ESD and other „adjectival‟ educations such as peace education, gender education, HIV education, global education, consumer education, holistic education, citizenship education, health education and development education. During the remainder of the DESD, the creation of platforms and networks and the support of meetings that bring together key representatives from these SD-related types of education should be stimulated. The integrative possibilities of ESD need to be nurtured and strengthened.” (Unesco 2009). <br />

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