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Elections In The United States


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This powerpoint is intended for ESL students. It contains a brief history of election process in the United States. Discussion questions are tagged to the end of the presentation.

This powerpoint is intended for ESL students. It contains a brief history of election process in the United States. Discussion questions are tagged to the end of the presentation.

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  • 1. Elections in the United States
  • 2. How do the American elections work?
    • The election for the president and the vice president of the United States are indirect elections.
    • This means, that voters cast ballots for a group of electors.
    • The electors are part of the Electoral College and they vote for the president and vice president.
  • 3.
    • Each state is given a number of Electoral College electors which is equal to the number of Senators and representatives in the United States Congress.
    • The presidential elections in the United States happen every four years. They are quadrennial.
    • This process began in the year 1792.
    • It is on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November.
  • 4.
    • This year, Barack Obama was elected on November 4 th , 2008.
    • Obama will be sworn in on January 20 th , 2009. This means he will be inaugurated.
    • He was the Junior Senator of Illinois before running for the presidency.
    • He is a civil rights attorney.
  • 5.  
  • 6. Tina Fey as Sarah Palin
  • 7. Saturday Night Live (SNL)
  • 8. Democrats vs. Republicans
    • It is the largest political party in the United States.
    • 72 million people support this party
    • It was founded by Thomas Jefferson who wrote the Declaration of Independence.
    • It is leftist. This means it is a liberal party.
    • It is also known as the Grand Old Party.
    • 55 million people support this party.
    • The Republican party came about in 1860, when Abraham Lincoln was elected.
    • It is considered the right-wing party.
    • It supports the idea of separation of powers.
  • 9. Final Political Dashboard 2004
  • 10. Prediction 2008
  • 11. Final Political Dashboard 2008
  • 12. Who else is on the ballot?
    • Democratic
    • Republican
    • Green Party
    • Libertarian
    • Constitution Party of Illinois
    • Independent
    • And a blank: Some people put Mickey Mouse
  • 13. Voting booths
  • 14. Voting Time
  • 15. Declaration of Independence
    • Ratified July 4, 1776
    • “ We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal , that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.”
  • 16. United States Constitution
    • Ratified June 21, 1788
    • Amendments on Voting
      • The 15th Amendment (1870): Race/Color
      • The 19th Amendment (1920): Women
      • The 26th Amendment (1971): Age 18+
  • 17.
    • Quotes
    • Part of America's genius has always been its ability to absorb newcomers, to forge a national identity out of the disparate lot that arrived on our shores.
    • BARACK OBAMA, The Audacity of Hope
    • Our enemies are fully aware that they can use oil as a weapon against America. And if we don't take this threat as seriously as the bombs they build or the guns they buy, we will be fighting the War on Terror with one hand tied behind our back.
    • BARACK OBAMA, speech, Feb. 28, 2006
    • Hope -- Hope in the face of difficulty. Hope in the face of uncertainty. The audacity of hope! In the end, that is God’s greatest gift to us, the bedrock of this nation. A belief in things not seen. A belief that there are better days ahead.
    • BARACK OBAMA, speech, 2004 DNC Convention
    • “ The issue of economics is something that I've really never understood as well as I should.”
    • JOHN MCCAIN, Chicago Tribune , Dec. 18, 2007
    • “ I am a Republican. I'm loyal to the party of Abraham Lincoln and Theodore Roosevelt. And I believe that my party, in some ways, has strayed from those principles, particularly on the issue of fiscal discipline.”
    •   John McCain quote
    • “ I am fully prepared to be commander in chief, ... I don't need on-the-job training.”
      • John McCain quote
  • 19. You like Barack Obama, don’t you? How many people have listened to his speeches in English?
  • 20. Obama’s Acceptance Speech
  • 21. Debating time!
  • 22. Instructions & Questions
    • Do try to think of how your issue is not only important in the United States, but is also important in Spain
    • You willl help classmates that don’t understand the vocabulary, won’t you?
    • Some people won’t like to speak in front of their classmates, will they?
    • You haven’t got much time to prepare for the debate, have you?
  • 23. Same Sex Marriages
    • Same sex marriages are allowed in Connecticut, California and Massachusetts.
    • There is no constitutional amendment. This means the states each have the choice of allowing or prohibiting same sex marriages.
  • 24. Health Care
    • There are over 40 million Americans little to no health insurance. This figure is approximately the same as the population of Spain.
    • Health insurance is very expensive. Most people receive some insurance 3-6 months after starting a job.
    • If you are not covered, the hospitals do not have to accept you as a patient.
  • 25. Education
    • In 2001 President Bush implemented a policy, No Child Left Behind, that is not functioning properly.
      • Teachers are responsible for each child passing a grade.
      • Teachers only focus on children learning the information (content) that will be on a test.
      • After three years, all students must take the exams in English. That will make it hard for non-native speakers to pass a grade.
  • 26. Happy Veterans Day! (Rememberance Day)