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Doping control 2014

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  • 1. Dra. Yolanda Proaño Apolo Doping Control Officer – OCD Ministry of Sports- ONADE
  • 2. Drugs or drug  Definition  Drugs or drug is any substance acting on living organisms  Medically it is a substance used in humans to prevent, treat, cure or mitigate a dg or illness
  • 3. Drug  Pharmacology exercise establishes parameters for rational use of drugs in sports, they are aimed at:  Proper treatment of pathologies  Prophylaxis of injuries  Injury research performance  Synergies between drug and exercise
  • 4. Doping  Doping is defined as an act which violates one or more of the doping rules, they are able to alter the outcome of the athlete in competition • In 1966 the IOC medical commission created to start fighting Doping • Doping violates the ethical principles in sport as in medical science
  • 5. Doping  The Medical Commission C.O.I defined as: "The prohibition of the use in sports doping methods and classes of doping agents included in different pharmacological groups"
  • 6. Doping Control  Why is doping banned?  Medical reasons: assault on one's health and damage to competitor  Ethical-moral causes: underpinned by the philosophy of sport as sport disloyalty, becoming more important to the average
  • 7. What is considered doping? 1. Presence of a prohibited substance in an athlete's sample 2. Use or attempted use of a prohibited substance or method of doping control process 3. Refusal to carry out checks after being notified 4. Failed to record information about the whereabouts of athletes and controls breaches 5. Alterations in any part of the doping control process 6. Possession of a prohibited substance or method 7. Traffic of a substance or prohibited method 8. Administration or attempted administration of a prohibited substance or method to an athlete.
  • 8. Doping Control  Substances used as doping:  Anabolic steroids  Beta 2 agonists gain of muscle mass and strength  Androgenic anabolic steroids: testosterone with androgenic action (masculinizing) and anabolic (increase)  Stimulants increase performance by blocking physiological regulators  Competitiveness, aggressiveness, attention
  • 9. Doping Control  Substances used as doping:  Narcotic analgesics  suppress pain because it acts in CNS  A. Narcotic analgesia, sleep and cause drug dependence  Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs pain relief, no drug dependence  Beta blockers  soothing action  Diuretics produce urine output, used to mask steroids, weight loss
  • 10. Doping Control  Prohibited Methods  Handling of Blood and Blood Components:  The administration or introduction of any amount of autologous, allogeneic (homologous) or heterologous or red blood cell products of any origin in the blood circulatory system.  Artificially enhancing the uptake, transport or delivery of oxygen, (eg., Based blood substitutes, microencapsulated hemoglobin or hemoglobin products), excluding supplemental oxygen.  Any form of intravascular manipulation of the blood or blood components by chemical or physical means.
  • 11. Doping Control  Prohibited Methods  Chemical and Physical Manipulation:  Manipulation, or attempting to tamper, in order to alter the integrity and validity of Samples collected during Doping Control. This category includes, but is not limited to, substitution and / or alteration of the urine.
  • 12. Chemical and Physical Manipulation Intravenous and / or injections of more than 50 ml every 6 hours except for those legitimately received in the course of hospital admissions or clinical investigations infusions.
  • 13. Doping Control  Prohibited Methods  Gene Doping:  Polymers transfer nucleic acids or nucleic acid analogs (DNA or RNA).  The use of normal or genetically modified cells.
  • 14. Doping Control  Prohibited substances in particular sports:  Alcohol during competition> 0.10g/l  Auto Racing  Air Sports  Karate  Motorcycling  Powerboating  Modern Pentathlon for disciplines involving shooting  Bowling  Archery
  • 15. Doping Control  Prohibited substances in particular sports:  Beta blockers  during competition Auto Racing Golf Pool Wresling Bowling Motorcycling Bridge Power boating Curling Modern Penathlon Aerial sports Tyre * Ski /Snowboard Archery* Gymnastics Sailing
  • 16. Therapeutic Use Exemption 1. Request a form to ONADE (National Anti-Doping Organization of Ecuador) or through ADAMS (Anti- Doping Administration & Management System) 2. Medical AUT full form and send it to you ONADE 3. When applying for a TUE, a panel of experts ONADE the reviews and approves or disallows, according to the case study. 4. The ONADE communicates to you or if you can not take the requested medication. 5. You have the right to appeal that decision
  • 17. Doping Control Process  The steps range from the time of notification until the end of the process control  You will be accompanied at all times, with staff properly identified the ONADE: Chaperones or Escorts  You should carry your ID and / or sports badge, also if your AUT have requested  Minors must show their approval and be accompanied by their legal representative
  • 18. Doping Control Process  Step 1: Select the athlete  Athlete will be notified by a Doping Control Officer duly identified on recruitment provider.  Signing the notice
  • 19. Doping Control Process  Paso 2: Estación de control  Presentación en la estación de control, portando sus documentos de identificación
  • 20. Doping Control Process  Step 3: Choice of Kit  Will choose a between kit that comes your way, checking number and integrity of the container and the urine sample taken
  • 21. Doping Control Process  Step 4: Sample Collection  At least 90ml of urine is required.  You will undress from knee to abdomen and from hands to elbows to provide an unobstructed view of the passage of the sample.  OCD or a same-sex date observe the flow of urine from your body.
  • 22. Doping Control Process  Step 5: Splitting the Sample:  The kit chosen for collection.  Distribute the sample containers A and B.  Place the first to make the urine in the bottle B.  Then fill the container A and let a small amount into the collection vessel.
  • 23. Doping Control Process  Step 6: Seal of the sample:  Seal containers A and B.  Place in the respective cases selected again and Kit
  • 24. Doping Control Process  Step 7: Sample concentration:  The OCD will measure the concentration of the sample to ensure it is not too diluted to be analyzed.  If it is very diluted, you may request additional samples.
  • 25. Doping Control Process  Step 8: Signature Control form:  You will complete the Doping Control Form:  Providing personal information.  Scoring substances you may be taking: prescription medication, medication purchased directly supplements.  Noting concerns or comments if you have any, about the doping control procedure.  Confirming the information, registered numbers and sample code are correct.  Signing and getting your copy of the doping control form.
  • 26. Doping Control Process  Step 9: Analysis of samples:  The samples will be sent to a WADA-accredited strictly confidential and will be followed to ensure your safety laboratory.  Your sample will be analyzed A and B sample will be stored carefully for any subsequent checks if they were required.  The laboratory will send the results to the Anti-Doping Organization (ONADE) and WADA.
  • 27. Rights & duties  Right:  Have a representative and if available, an interpreter.  Request additional information on the sample collection process.  Request more time to appear before the doping control station, for valid reasons (as determined by the OCD)  If you are an athlete with a disability, request modifications to the method of sample collection.
  • 28. Rights & duties  Responsibility:  Stay on direct observation by the OCD / passenger at all times, from the time of notification until the completion of the sample collection.  Provide proper identification.  Comply with the procedures of sample collection (non- compliance thereof may constitute a violation of an anti- doping rule).  Immediately report to the doping control, unless there are justifiable reasons for delay.
  • 29. Thanks for your attention