The Ailing Planet:The Green Movement’s Role Nani Palkhivala
Nani Palkhivala Nani Palkhivala was born in 1920in Bombay to blue collar, middle-class Parsi parents. His family namederives from the profession of hisforefathers (a common practice amongParsis), who had been manufacturersof palanquins ("palkhis"). He waseducated at Masters Tutorial HighSchool, and later at St. XaviersCollege, both in Bombay.
He was a dedicated scholar and excelledeven though he was hampered by a badstammer. At college, he earned amasters degree in English literature.He overcame his speech impediment.Upon graduating, Palkhivala applied for aposition as lecturer at BombayUniversity, but was not awarded thepost. Soon found himself trying toobtain admission to institutions of higher
It being late in the term, most courseswere closed, and he enrolled atGovernment Law College, Bombay, wherehe discovered that he had a gift forunraveling the intricacies ofjurisprudence.
ABOUT THE LESSON This chapter is based upon degradingposition of mother earth. The presentscenario of India is highly deplorable asa report of parliament‟s estimatescommittee highlights near catastrophicdepletion of Indias forests at the rateof 3.7 million acres a year. The article“ The Ailing planet: The Greenmovements role“ was written by NaniPalkhivala and published in "The IndianExpress" on 24th November 1994.
The article raised vital issues regardingthe degrading environment of the planetand immediate need to promotesustainable development, which havebecome the burning issues of the day.However, despite conscientious effortsof environmentalists and the rapidawareness towards "Green movement" ,the success story of depleting theearth is bleak. The planet is heading
There is immediate need to promotesustainable development as popularizedin 1987 by World Commission onenvironment and development.
SUMMARY OF THE LESSON The green movement started nearlytwenty-five years ago. The world‟s firstnationwide Green party was founded inNew Zealand. It is noticed that there isa revolutionary shift in humanperceptions. Their outlook has under asea change. There is a shift from themechanistic view to a holistic andecological view. There is a growingworldwide consciousness that the earthitself is a living organism.
It has its own needs and processeswhich need to be respected andpreserved. The writer compares theearth with a patient in declining health.But he also says that the earthlingshave begun to realize their ethicalobligations to be good stewards of theplanet and responsible trustees of thelegacy to posterity. The concept ofsustainable development was popularized
People have become aware of theirresponsible deeds of the fellow humanbeings. They have realized the man isthe world‟s most dangerous animal in theworld. Scientists have catalogued about 1.4million living species with which mankindshares the earth. About three tohundred million other living species stillstay unnamed in ignominious darkness.
The Brandt Commissions, the firstinter nation commission to deal with thequestion of ecology, raised the question“Are we to leave our successors ascorched planet of advancing desert s,impoverished landscapes and ailingenvironment?” Mr. Lester R Brown says that theearth‟s principle biological systems arefour viz. fisheries, forests, grasslands,
They are the foundations of the globaleconomical systems. The writer saysthat human claims on these systems arereaching an unsustainable level.Overfishing and deforestation arecommon everyday. It has been well saidthat forests precede mankind anddeserts follow. It has been observed that India is anation where laws are never respectednor enforced. The record says that
A three year study using satellites areaerial photography, conducted by theunited Nation, warns that theenvironment has deteriorated so badlythat it is „critical‟ in many of the eightyeight countries investigated. There can be no doubt that thegrowth of world population is one of thestrongest factors distorting the futureof human society. It is eliminated thatevery four days the world populationincreases by one million. Fertility fallsas income rise, education spread, and
Thus development is the bestcontraceptive. The writer hasemphasized the point that the rich getricher and the poor beget children whichcondemns them to remain poor. The population of India isestimated to be 920 million. No onefamiliar with the conditions in Indiawould doubt that the hope of the peoplewould die in their hungry hutments unlesspopulation control is given topmost
The modern man really ruminatesover the environmental conditions. Henot only thinks of his survival but alsoof the planet. The responsible behaviorof industrialists would bring radicalchanges in the environment. MargaretThatcher says, “No generation has afreehold on this earth. All we have is alife tendency – with a full repairinglease.