1. ABOUT NEW ZEALAND
New Zealand is a young but thriving island nation with a flourishing exporter
base, a strong manufacturing sector and an ever growing population that relies
heavily on imports via sea trade. New Zealand – also known as Aotearoa, ‘the
land of the long white cloud’ – is located in the south-western Pacific ocean,
approximately 2000 kilometres (1,250 miles) south-east across the Tasman Sea
from Australia. The country is made up of the two main islands – the North
Island and South Island – and numerous smaller islands. It is comparable in
size to Great Britain, Colorado and Japan and has a population of just over 4
million people. New Zealand has a mixed economy that operates on free
market principles. It has sizeable goods-producing and service industries,
complemented by a highly efficient primary sector. Major urban areas include
Auckland, Hamilton, Napier-Hastings, Wellington, Christchurch and
Dunedin. Just over a third of the total population live in Auckland, a centre
which represents approximately 30% of New Zealand's economic output.
New Zealand’s trade and economy has been built around its reliance on
imports and a range of primary export products such as wool, meat and dairy.
2. ABOUT AUCKLAND
Ports of Auckland Limited is New Zealand’s leading port company, connecting our country’s
importers and exporters with more than 165 international ports in nearly 70 countries. We
provide a full range of cutting-edge cargo-handling and logistics services at two seaports –
one on the east coast adjacent to the Auckland central business district, the other on the west
coast in Onehunga – and a strategically located inland port at Wiri, South Auckland. By value
of trade handled, we are New Zealand's most significant port. In 2010, we handled cargo the
equivalent to 13% of the country's total GDP - twice as much as any other New Zealand port.
Ports of Auckland operates in three locations in the
Auckland region – New Zealand’s economic hub.
Auckland seaport is New Zealand's largest container
port, handling more than 894,000 20-foot equivalent
container units (TEU) per annum. Its total container
volumes represent 60% of the Upper North Island
container trade, 49.5% of the North Island container
trade and 36% of New Zealand's total container trade.
3. Our Multi Cargo Facility handles 3.5 million tonnes of bulk and breakbulk (non-containerised)
cargo each year, including over 70% of the total vehicle imports to New Zealand. We
provide towage, pilotage and linesman services on the Waitemata and Manukau Harbours,
where we service upwards of 1,400 ship calls each year – three to four ships a day. Auckland is
also the country's premiere exchange port for cruises, hosting around 70 calls each year and
helping to secure significant tourism revenue for the region. We employ approximately 570 full
time equivalent staff and are open 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Ports of Auckland
Limited was formed in 1988 and is today 100% owned by Auckland Council Investments
Limited, a council controlled investment company.
Location: Waitemata Harbour, Auckland
The maximum charm of New Zealand might be
wonderful ..that.. and be natural. It belongs from
34° to 47 degrees south to the temperate zone.
The four seasons becomes it from the location
of New Zealand in the southern hemisphere
contrary to Japan. However, the temperatures
fluctuate of summer and winter is about ten
degrees without the four seasons of New
Zealand because it has divided clearly like Japan.
Temperatures fluctuate during a day is large, and
the four seasons seems to exist in a day. The
daytime in spring exactly gets cold like winter
when autumn and the night come in the evening
in summer in the morning.
The area of New Zealand is 269,075K square meter, and about 3/4 of Japan. A high mountain
range runs partially of the Pacific rim make mountain belt like the spine at none and the center.
Moreover, the fjord develops to the coastline, and the complex topography and geological features
are done overall.
The country in New Zealand is divided into the district of 20 as ..geography. ground is political,
and of each shows a unique feature.
The main districts - Northland and [koromanderu] district
- The Auckland district
- Rotorua and [taupo] district
- [Taranaki]/Wanganui district
- Canterbury the district
- West Coast distric
- Coastal Otago district
- The south land district and Stewart island
6. AUCKLAND GEOGRAPHY
Auckland sits on top of a large volcanic field that has produced some 53 volcanic scoria cones in
the last 140 thousand years. From wherever you are, a volcanic slope is never far from view. Three
of the more prominent examples include Mount Eden, One Tree Hill and Rangitoto; all offer a
range of walks and like many of Auckland’s cones offer stunning city and harbour views. The
youngest – the bush-clad Rangitoto Island, a dormant marine volcano whose blue-green hulk
dominates the downtown waterfront view – last erupted only six centuries ago, burying a Maori
settlement on the adjoining Motutapu Island.
Rangitoto Island is well worth a visit
and can be easily reached by ferry.
Highlights include a summit walk
through New Zealand’s largest
pohutukawa forest and a series of lava
caves – be sure to take a torch to
explore. Three kilometres south of the
CBD is the 196 metre high extinct
volcanic cone of Mt Eden, which
again offers splendid views. Nestled in
an old lava pit on its eastern side is
Eden Garden with its extensive array
of camellia blooms.
This extract describes what we observe in the competition between POAL and POT (Port of
Tauranga). The "hinterland" transport networks on land (roads, state highways and railways,
and even "inland ports") for Auckland, Tauranga and Northport overlap. And for many goods
they overlap extensively, which is why from a supply chain point of view, from exporters'
point of view, it doesn't really matter whether the goods are trans-shipped by POAL, POT or
The Waikato and Bay of Plenty area offers many
exciting activities and attractions within the central
North Island region. Hawkes Bay and Gisborne can
be found in the North Islands East Coast and offers a
relaxed and peaceful lifestyle for residents and visitors
alike. Manawatu, Wanganui and Taranaki are popular
North Island areas. Wellington is New Zealand’s
spectacular Capital City and is home to a diversifying
array of cultural activities and scenic attractions.
Nelson, Marlborough and the West CoThe
Canterbury region is home to the South Island’s
largest city, Christchurch, which is also the third
largest city in New Zealand.ast make up ‘the top half ’
of the South Island. Otago and Southland are fertile
regions of green farmland and forest offering a
rugged beauty to the lower South Island.
Trains are an important part of the supply
chain. The port has four parallel rail lines,
each 500 metres long.
accommodate 128 rail wagons at any one
time. Our rail grid has the capacity to process
250,000 TEU and we would like to see more
containers moving by rail. Our freight hub,
located at Wiri is a drop-off point for
containers and allows us to shuttle containers
to and from the port after hours. The Port
has also established a rail link direct from the
seaport to the Wiri inland port.
The road exchanges serve terminal and Multi Cargo
customers, as well as on-wharf empty depots and
vehicle imports. A Vehicle Booking System (VBS) for
the two Ports of Auckland container terminals
facilitates a fast, streamlined truck/ship transfer at
world class service levels.
Across two container terminals, eight cranes load
and discharge ships ranging in size from Pacific
Island and coastal operators to international
vessels capable of carrying 4,100 TEU (20-foot
equivalent units). Our cranes are supported by
more than 40 straddle carriers, which mobilise
containers between the cranes and the container
stacks. All of the Auckland port’s container cranes
and the majority of its straddle carriers are twinlift capable, meaning they have the capacity to lift
two 20-foot containers at a time.
The Port of Auckland operates a fleet of more than 35 hybrid straddle carriers. Ports of
Auckland straddle carriers – 80% of which are low-emission, low-noise, diesel-electric models
– can also provide back-up power generation to the Port ensuring that refrigerated cargo is
always protected. Ports of Auckland’s operations are facilitated by advanced operating systems
run by our centralised control and planning office, and carried out by teams working around
the clock – 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
10. MARINE SERVICES
We also provide marine services on the Whangarei
Harbour, as part of our North Tugz Limited business.
Ports of Auckland has an operations centre on the
Waitemata Harbour and a signal station at South Head
on the Manukau Harbour. Navigational aids such as
lights and buoys are maintained on both harbours. The
AIS assists a harbour control staff member, a Port
pilot and a Fullers skipper conduct safe operations on a
foggy morning. Our Harbour Control team manage the
shipping traffic on the Waitemata Harbour using the
sophisticated Transis Naviharbour system in
conjunction with the Automated Identification System
The AIS system uses a VHF signal to simultaneously track the movement of all ships as they travel
between Cape Reinga and Tauranga. Pilotage is compulsory on the Waitemata Harbour for vessels
over 500 gross registered tonnes; pilots board one to two nautical miles north of the Rangitoto
Beacon. The division operates two pilot boats and four to five tugs on the Waitemata Harbour 24
hours a day, seven days a week, while the Port of Onehunga is serviced by one tug. Located in
central Auckland, within one kilometre of State Highway 1 northbound and southbound and the
north-western motorway, the Port of Auckland is perfectly located to service both import and
export business in the greater Auckland region.
11. PORT FACILITIES
It can hold the equivalent of 25,000 barrels of
oil in eight cargo tanks. To replenish its fuel
supplies, the vessel calls at a new purpose-built
jetty at the Marsden Point refinery. fuel-tanker
the Awanuia is an 80 - metre, 3900 tonne
vessel owned by Seafuels, a joint-venture
between Ports of Auckland and Pacific Basin
The depots handle containers and refrigerated
containers. The ability to locate and service
containers on-site gives shipping line
customers great flexibility when resupplying
empty containers to their cargo owners.
Services offered include reefer pre-trip, clean
and wash, and basic container repairs.
12. Bledisloe Container Terminal
Built in 1948 specifically to handle frozen meat exports,
Bledisloe Wharf was upgraded in 1985 to become the
port’s second container terminal. It operates exactly the
same as Fergusson, but on a slightly smaller scale.
Bledisloe has one operational berth of 260 metres and
handles 240,000 TEU a year. It is equipped with three
Noell post-panamax cranes, all twin-lift capable. Two of
these were shifted from Fergusson when the new ZPMC
cranes arrived. It also has nearly 500 power outlets for
Ports of Auckland Building
The Ports of Auckland Building houses our
corporate, administrative, marine and Control and
planning departments. The building was an
engineering workshop for TEAL Airways (now
Air New Zealand), which operated the 'flying
boats' at Mechanic's Bay between the 1930's and
13. Princes Wharf
Named for the Prince of Wales who visited Auckland
in 1921, just before the wharf was commissioned in
1924, Princes Wharf been leased out by the Ports to
enable the developments you see today. Princes Wharf
is the main berth for cruise ships. Ports of Auckland's
award-winning cruise team manages the Overseas
Passenger Terminal for cruise ships, located on the two
lower levels on the eastern side of the Hilton. The hotel
was especially designed so that those two floors could
be adapted as a customs-bonded passenger processing
facility on the days cruise ships are in port.
Queens Wharf became one of the first ferro-concrete
wharves in New Zealand. Construction of the concrete
structure and demolition of the wooden structure was
carried out simultaneously in 1907. The two sheds on
the wharf were built in 1941. The one on the seaward
end was used as the port's cool store whilr the other
shed was used by MAF for vehicle inspections.
14. Straddle Carriers
Straddle carriers operate a bit like a taxi service
for containers. The driver sits in the glassed-in
cabin at the top - under the flashing light which is equipped with a computer screen to
give him/her instructions on which container
to pick up and where to take it. Like the
cranes, these straddles are capable of twinlifting. We are systematically replacing our
older diesel straddles with new diesel-electric
straddles. We have a fleet of 43 straddle
carriers at Ports of Auckland, and all but eight
of them are the new diesel-electric Noell
straddles, which cost around $1.4 million each.
These straddles are fuel efficient and have low
emissions, and are also quieter than the older
straddles. The straddles, like the cranes, are
capable of twin lifting containers, and are able
to provide an alternative electricity source for
refrigerated containers in the event of a power
15. Marsden and Captain Cook
Two of the four multi cargo wharves we have on
the Port, The little one on the left is Marsden
Wharf while the bigger wharf is Captain Cook.
Marsden Wharf was where the anti-nuclear
protest ship Rainbow Warrior was berthed in July
1985 when a limpet mine attached to its hull by
French secret service officers exploded. The
Rainbow Warrior sank right here at the wharf and
one of the crew drowned.
Today, Marsden Wharf is used by smaller fishing
vessels and to accommodate the overflow of
imported vehicles from Captain Cook Wharf.
Captain Cook is mainly used to land imported
vehicles which come in mainly from Japan, in car
carriers or roll-on roll-off vessels. Once the cars
arrive they are held on the wharf until they are
cleared by Customs and the MAF.
16. Freyberg and Jellicoe Wharves
The small triangle shaped wharf is the Freyberg
wharf and the one to its left is Jellicoe. They are
two more of our Multi-Cargo wharves and cater to
smaller ships - often Pacific Island traders.These
ships can carry containers but they also carry noncontainerised cargo, known as bulk and Breakbulk
cargo. Bulk cargo are products such as wheat,
gypsum for making wallboards or silica sand for
making glass. Breakbulk is non-containerised cargo
such as big rolls of steel wire, or sawn timber
packed on pallets.
Ports of Auckland's 400 metre-long public
walkway on the eastern edge of POAL's
Fergusson container terminal boasts a superb
view of the harbour and port operations and is
a great spot for fishing. The walkway can be
accessed from Solent Street, near Mikano
17. Multi-Cargo Administrative
Originally Store number 4, construction of the
building began in 1966. A part of the building
was converted into office areas in the mid
1990's. The first floor of the building, houses
the admistrative functions of Ports of
Auckland's Multi-Cargo facilities, which handle a
variety of breakbulk cargo, steel, timber, dry and
liquid bulk, containers and vehicles. Many of the
vessels calling at the Multi-Cargo Wharves serve
the Pacific Islands trades.
Tinley Street Gate
The Tinley Street gate is the main entry point for the
Ports and is manned 24/7. There are approximately
800 entries each day through this gate alone and each
entry is dealt with personally by security staff. The
gatehouse is the hub for the transport vans moving
staff, shipping agents, contractors and visitors around
the port as well as escorting vehicles to their various
locations. Each of the van travels an average of 150
kilometres each day.
18. Fergusson Container
The newest of Ports of Auckland’s wharves, it
was built especially to handle containers and was
completed in 1971 - just in time for the arrival
of the Columbus New Zealand, the first
container ship to come to New Zealand.
Fergusson has a total berth length of 610m and
all five cranes on this container terminal are the
latest ZPMC twin-lift cranes, which were built
in China for Ports of Auckland. They can lift
two containers at a time with a total weight of
60 or 65 tonnes.
The twin tugs - the Waipapa and the Waka Kume often work together, guiding container ships into the
Rangitoto Channel and nudging up against them
until they are berthed safely at the wharf. Despite
being only 22.5m long, they can exert a pull of 50
tonnes each on the rope attached to the ships they
guide. They are also very manoeuvrable.
19. Economic impact
The key points from the reports are:
• Approximately $26.4 billion of trade passes through Ports of Auckland (POAL) each year,
roughly 31% of New Zealand’s total trade, and more than 90% more than the next largest by
value (Port of Tauranga).
• The $26.4 billion is made up of $9.6 billion of exports and $16.8 billion of imports. By value,
POAL is New Zealand’s largest port for both imports and exports.
• Of the $16.8 billion of imports, $12.1 billion (72%) are intermediate inputs which are further
processed or manufactured elsewhere in Auckland or New Zealand, sometimes for re-export.
• POAL is the largest export port in the country in value terms. Trade handled by POAL
represents 25% of sea exports and 22% of total New Zealand merchandise exports by value,
and 30 percent of sea exports by volume.
• The total role of POAL in the Auckland economy in 2010 is $12.5 billion of value added
(equivalent to GDP) or 22% of the Auckland economy. This is equivalent to more than
20. • In 2031, under the economic growth targets in the
Auckland Plan, the total role of POAL in the
Auckland economy will increase to $42 billion of
value added, or nearly 26% of the Auckland
economy, equivalent to 628,000 jobs.
• The total role of POAL in the New Zealand
economy in 2010 is $21.5 billion of value added
(equivalent to GDP). This is equivalent to 336,000
• In 2031, under the economic growth targets in the
Auckland Plan, the total role of POAL in the New
Zealand economy will be $54 billion of value added
• In 2031, under the economic growth targets in the Auckland Plan, if POAL was closed down,
the economy will be $2.9 billion per annum smaller than if POAL continued to operate and grow.
This is equivalent to 38,000 jobs.
• The upper North Island handles a large proportion of the country’s entire trade – with some
68% of total New Zealand trade by value in 2010 being handled by Ports of Auckland (31%), the
Port of Tauranga (16%), Auckland International Airport (15%) and Northport (6%). Between
them, Ports of Auckland and Port of Tauranga handle 59.7% of the country’s entire con market.
21. IMPORT – EXPORT
Dredging is required in most ports because of sediment movement and run-off from
surrounding land areas and city streets. It ensures that ships can navigate and berth safely. A
small, barge-mounted dredger conducts maintenance dredging around the Bledisloe container
terminal. The Waitemata Harbour has reasonably strong tidal movements, which reduces the
build-up of sediment in the channel. Some siltation in the Port basin comes from the run-off
from stormwater outlets from surrounding city catchments. The Auckland City Council is
working to upgrade the city stormwater system, which will help to reduce siltation and impact on
water quality in the harbour. Ports of Auckland carries out a programme of regular maintenance
dredging around its wharves to keep berths at notified depths. Dredgings currently are disposed
of in the reclamation area at the north-east corner ofFergusson container terminal.
Biosecurity means the protection of New
Zealand from unwanted foreign diseases,
animals or pests that could pose significant
threats to our agricultural and forestry
industries and New Zealand's reputation
for a clean, green environment. Ports of
Auckland has systems in place to minimise
potential threats and works closely with
Biosecurity New Zealand to ensure
Government rules and regulations
regarding the import and export of certain
products are complied with.
Biosecurity New Zealand has offices at the Port of Auckland and officials work closely with port
personnel to check cargo. Other activities include regular biosecurity training for operational staff,
employing an entomologist to maintain controlled habitat traps and conduct routine checks for
exotic mosquitoes, support of re-ballasting regulations and an on-wharf decontamination and
cleaning facility. This facility is used to clean both imported second-hand machinery and our own
equipment used in the unloading and loading of cargo. Ports of Auckland works to protect New
Zealand’s unique environment.
64 9 367
Lifts & Cranes
31 - 35 feet
9.4 - 10
26 - 30 feet
7.1 - 9.1
50-100 Ton Lifts:
25-49 Ton Lifts:
0-24 Ton Lifts:
26 - 30 feet
7.1 - 9.1
36 - 40 feet
11 - 12.2
174º 48' 0'
First Port of Entry:
100+ Ton Lifts:
Railway & Other
25. Beneficiary countries
Under the GSP, New Zealand extends preferential treatment to less developed countries (or
developing countries) with per capita incomes less than 70 percent of that in New Zealand, and
to atleast- developed countries (LDCs). As of August 2008, 91 less developed countries and 50
least developed countries are beneficiaries of New Zealand's GSP scheme. In 2005, eleven of
the less developed countries were removed from the beneficiary group (Cayman Islands, Korea,
Barbados, Bahrain, and Macau, as well as Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovak Republic,
Malta, and Slovenia that joined the European Commission).
Democratic Rep. of Congo
Trinidad & Tobago
U.S. Virgin Islands*
Member Countries (on exceptional basis)