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  1. 1. www.onlyislam.net Ramadhaan – A Date with Dr. Zakir Episode - 24 Ramadhaan - The Month of Self-Improvement & Islaah [Part 3] Duration: 47 minutesYusuf Chambers: Dear brothers and sisters in Islam and Humanity,Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh, may the peace, themercy & the blessings of Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) be on all of you.Welcome to the show ‘Ramadhaan - A Date with Dr. Zakir’, I am yourhost, Yusuf Chambers, and today we will be discussing the topic‘Ramadhaan – The Month of Self-Improvement & Islaah’ Part 3. Dr.Zakir, Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh.Dr. Zakir: Wa Alaikum Assalam Wa Rahmatullahi Wa BarakatuhYusuf Chambers: Dr. Zakir, we’ve come to the next episoderegarding the topic Self-Improvement and Islaah in the month ofRamadhaan and this is such a wonderfully large topic so Dr. Zakir inthe last 2 episode, of course, we covered the 70 majors sins and wewere urging them in this month of Ramadhaan, the month of selfimprovement and Islaah to recognize these mistakes and changethem.Dr. Zakir: InshaAllah.Yusuf Chambers: Now InshaAllah, let’s hope that I have taken somenote of that and the viewers have as well. Ah… what I’d like toconcentrate on now during this episode is the Sunnah of the ProphetMuhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) and how we can bestimplement these wonderful guidelines…our beloved ProphetMuhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) has given us in this month ofself improvement and Islaah. So first of all could you explain to uswhat is a Sunnah, what does it mean and how many types of Sunnahare there? www.onlyislam.net 1
  2. 2. www.onlyislam.netDr. Zakir: Alhumdulillah was salaatu was salaam ala rasoolillah wa alaaalihi wa ashaabihi wa ajma’een. Amma Ba’adA’uzu billahi minash shaytan nir-rajeem,Bismillah hirrahman nirraheem,Rabbish rahli Şadri Wa Yassir Li Amri Wa Ahlul `Uqdatan Min LisaniYafqahu QawliThe word Sunnah literally means the way or the custom and theSunnah of the Prophet means the way of the Prophet or the Prophet’straditions. The word Sunnah, it indicates and means the sayings, thedeeds and the approval of the Prophet in the span of 23 years duringthe Prophethood, it means what the Prophet said, what the Prophetdid, what the Prophet approved in the span of 23 years during theProphethood. And the Sunnah of the Prophet can be divided into 3typesThe first is Sunnat-e-Qaullee, that means the sayings of the Prophet,The second is Sunnat-e-Faiyle that means the actions of the ProphetandThe third is Sunnat- -Takreere which means the approval of theProphet.So basically these 3 types of Sunnah are there in the 3 differentcategories.Yusuf Chambers: Okay, that seems very straight forward but couldyou perhaps ah… for the benefit of the viewers and myself… could youcite some examples of each of the different categories you havementioned?Dr. Zakir: The example of the first type of Sunnah, that’s Sunnat-e-Qaullee, the sayings of the Prophet, for example Muhammad(Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) said inSahih Bukhari Vol. no. 1 in the Book of Adhaan Hadith no. 631, theProphet said,“Pray as you see me praying.” www.onlyislam.net 2
  3. 3. www.onlyislam.netSo this is the commandment of the Prophet, it’s a sayings of theProphet and it is the duty of us Muslims that we should follow it.The example of the second type of Sunnah, Sunnat-e-Faiyle i.e. thedeeds of the Prophet is mentioned in …for exampleSahih Bukhari Vol. no. 1 Book of Adhaan Hadith no. 736, here it saysthat, the Sahaaba who narrates“Whenever I saw the Prophet offer Salaah, he used to raise his handsup to the shoulders and then when he said the Takbeer, he again didthe same action, raised the hand up to the shoulders and then hebowed down. When he came up, he said “sami Allahu liman hamidah"that Allah hears those who praise Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) andagain same with the same action that he raised his hands up to theshoulders but he did not do the action, raising the hands up to theshoulders, between the 2 prostrations when he said the Takbeer.”So this is the action of the Prophet, the Sahaba sees the action andnarrates it, this becomes Sunnat-e-FaiyleThe third type of Sunnah is the Sunnat-e-Takreere i.e. the approval, ofthe Prophet and the example is given inSunan Abu Dawud Vol. no. 1 in the Book of Salaah Hadith no. 1262where“Once the Prophet, he prays the Fajr Salaah, he leads the Fajr Salaahin the congregation and after the salaah is over, he sees a man, afterSalaah, he gets up and he offers 2 Rakaat Salaah. So the Prophet says“the Fajr Salaah is only of 2 Rakaat” indicating why did you offer 2Rakaat again. So he said that “I did not offer the 2 Sunnat Salaahbefore the Fajr Farz that’s the reason I am offering it now” and theProphet kept silent.”Now because the Prophet was silent it gives an indication that heapproved it. Because if something is wrong its the duty of the Prophetto correct it so because he kept silent, it gives an approval so thiscomes ion the 3rd category of Sunnah of Sunnat-e-Takreere, approvalof the Prophet. www.onlyislam.net 3
  4. 4. www.onlyislam.netIn this 3 types of Sunnah if all the Hadiths are authentic, all the Hadithare Sahih, the Sunnah that carries the maximum weight is Sunnat-e-Qaullee i.e. the sayings of the Prophet because that is the generalruling because if the Prophet says something or if the Prophetcommands something, it means he has done it intentionally and withthe purpose that is the highest degree among the 3.The next is Sunnat-e-Failyee i.e the action of the Prophet. What theProphet did, may be a Sahaba saw it and he narrates it but there canbe occasions where the Prophet does certain things out of necessitywhich may not be the normal norm, therefore the action of the Prophetcarries less weight than the sayings of the Prophet. Saying is withconsciousness and that is a general ruling and if there is a differencebetween the saying and the action of the Prophet, the saying of theProphet carries more weight because may be the action was done outof some reason or out of some purpose which the person who is seeingit, he may not be aware of it and we’ll have such examples, I will giveyou some examples in future, InshaAllah, in this episodeAnd the third amongst the 3 is the Sunat-e-Takreere, approval of theProphet that means he kept silent it is approved, it is permissible.Yusuf Chambers: Dr. Zakir what is the importance and the authorityof the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam)?Dr. Zakir: As far as the Sunnah is concerned it is the 2nd unavoidablesource of Islam. If you have to understand Islam, no. 1 source is theQur’an and the 2nd is the Sunnah of the Prophet. To understand the fullIslam you cannot understand without these 2 sources both areimportant, the Qur’an as well as the authentic hadith, the authenticSunnah of the Prophet and as far as the importance of the Sunnah isconcerned, Allah says in the Qur’an inSurah Nisa ch. 4 verse no. 59“ateeoo Allaha waateeoo alrrasool”“Obey Allah and obey the messenger and those charged with authorityamongst you but if you differ among your self refer it back to Allah andHis Rasool if you believe in Allah and the last day. This is the best andthe most suitable for the final determination” www.onlyislam.net 4
  5. 5. www.onlyislam.netHere the word used in the Qur’an is “ateeoo” which means to obeyand it is used for “ateeoo Allaha wa ateeoo alrrasool” Obey Allahand obey the messenger.So the obey word is used for Allah and the messenger but its not usedfor those charged with authority among you that means theundisputed obeying is only for Allah and His Rasool and further goeson and saying that if those among you, those charged with authority,if you differ among yourselves refer it back to Allah and His Rasool. SoAllah and His Rasool are the final authority, it doesn’t say refer it backto those charged with authority because we know that many a timesthe scholars, they differ among themselves so if they differ, if anyscholar differs refer it back to Allah and His Rasool and the scholar whois in line with Allah and His Rasool we have to follow him. So this is theimportance of the Sunnah.And further there are 2 separate things, it says “ateeoo Allahawaateeoo alrrasool” obey Allah and obey the messenger. So obeyAllah means follow the Qur’an and obey the messenger means followthe Sunnah of the messenger i.e. the authentic Ahadith. Furthermoreit says that both these two sources are different, Qur’an is differentand the Sunnah, authentic Hadith are different.And further if we analyze, the word “Wa” is used between themindicating that you have to follow both. It doesn’t say ‘Suma…,ateeoo Allaha suma ateeoo alrrasool’ that then you follow theRasool, you have to follow both of them simultaneously then only willyou understand Islam in the right perspective.And here the word that is used here that t is obey Allah and themessenger, both are equally important when it says refer back to Allahand His Rasool that means you have to refer it back to Allah and HisRasool not only to Allah or not only to the Rasool, both are importantfor you to understand the true Shariah.And the last point to be noted is that the starting of the Qur’anic versesays“Ya ayyuhallazeena amanoo”“O you who believe” www.onlyislam.net 5
  6. 6. www.onlyislam.net“ateeoo Allaha waateeoo alrrasool”That means obeying Allah and obeying the messenger is for all thebelievers, it’s not only for the companions or for some of the believers;it’s for all the believers.Further it’s mentioned in Surah Jinn Ch. no. 72 verse no. 23, it saysthat“If you disobey Allah and His Rasool then your place will be in thehellfire to dwell therein forever.”That means if you disobey Allah and His messenger, your place will bein the hellfire, you will not enter paradise.Further it’s mentioned that if you don’t obey Allah and His messenger,your deeds will be in vain.Allah says in Surah Muhammad ch. No. 47 verse no. 33“Obey Allah and obey the messenger and let not your deeds go invain.”Further as far as the authority of the Sunnah is concerned, and theimportance is concerned, obeying the messenger is obeying Allah(Subhanahu wa Ta’ala).Allah says in Surah Nisa ch. no. 4 verse no. 80 that“If you obey the messenger, you obey Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala)and if you turn away, We have not sent the Messenger to look afteryour affairs especially your evil deeds.”And further it’s mentioned in a Hadith ofSahih Muslim Vol. no. 3 (Book of Imaraah) Hadith no. 4518, ourbeloved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) said that“If you obey me, you obey Allah. If you disobey me, you disobeyAllah.” www.onlyislam.net 6
  7. 7. www.onlyislam.netSo obeying the messenger is same as obeying Allah (Subhanahu waTa’ala).And furthermore Allah says in the Qur’an inSurah Najm ch. no. 53 verse no. 3 & 4 that“The messenger does not speak out of himself, it is nothing more thanan inspiration sent down to him.”And beloved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) said, itsmentioned inSahih Bukhari Vol. no. 9 (Book of Itisaam) Hadith no. 7280, thebeloved Prophet said that“There are among the believers who will enter paradise and some willrefuse to enter paradise. So the Sahabas asked “Who would refuse toenter paradise?” So the Prophet said “Those who obey me, they’llenter the paradise. Those who disobey me, they refuse to enter it.”And finally, the Qur’an says that if you obey the messenger, Allah willlove you.Allah says in Surah Ale Imran Ch. no. 3 verse no. 31, Allah says toMuhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam)“Say”…”Tell them”“If you love Allah, follow me” i.e. follow the messenger “and Allah willlove you and He will forgive your sins”So following the messenger is loving Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala). Sothis is the importance of the Sunnah in Islam.Yusuf Chambers: Following on from your answer Ahm.. Could it besaid that a person who intentionally neglects the Sunnah, will thatperson be punished in the hereafter?Dr. Zakir: Before I reply to your question I’d like to clarify certainpoints, as far ass the actions and deeds of any Muslim is concerned, www.onlyislam.net 7
  8. 8. www.onlyislam.netthey are broadly divided into 2 categories, one is Halaal and the otheris Haraam.Halaal is the permissible category; Haraam is the forbidden, prohibitedcategory.Furthermore the Halaal category is further divided into 4subcategories.The First is the Fard which is obligatory, which is compulsory.Second is the Mustahab, the things which are encouraged in Islam.Third is the Mubah, the things which are optional in Islam.The fourth is the Maqrooh, the things which are discouraged in Islamor detestable.So in all there are 5 categories no. 1 is Fard which is obligatory andcompulsoryNo. 2 is the Mustahab, things which are encouragedThe third is the Muba, things which are optionalFourth is Maqrooh, the things which are discouraged or detestable inIslamAnd fifth is Haraam, things which are forbidden and prohibited.Now if a person does an act of Fard, any compulsory act, he gets areward i.e. he gets positive points. If a person does not do a Fardthing, he gets a punishment, he gets negative points.As far as the second category is concerned i.e. Mustahab if a persondoes a Mustahab act, he gets a reward, he gets the positive points butif a person who does not do a Mustahab act, he gets no punishment,he gets no negative points.The third category, that’s Mubah, optional whether a person does theMuba, optional act, or not or does not do an optional act, he gets nopositive, no negative points he gets no reward, he gets nopunishment, its absolutely neutral, its optional.The Fourth category is the Maqrooh i.e. discouraged or detestable. If aperson abstains from things which are Maqrooh, he gets positivepoints, he gets a reward and if a person does the Maqrooh thing, hegets no punishment, he gets no negative points. www.onlyislam.net 8
  9. 9. www.onlyislam.netAs far as the last fifth category is concerned i.e. Haraam that’sprohibited, if a person abstains from doing the Haraam thing then hegets a positive point, he gets a reward. If he does the haraam act, hegets a punishment, he gets negative points.So these are in brief as far as the 5 categories are concerned.Now coming to the question of Sunnah. Sunnah are of 2 types, one isthe Lugvi Sunnah i.e. the literal meaning of Sunnah i.e. the sayings,the actions and the approvals of the Prophet so as far as the Lugvi i.e.the literal meaning of Sunnah is concerned, it can fall in the first 4categories, it can either be a Sunnah which is Fard, a Sunnah which isMustahab, a Sunnah which can be Mubah or a Sunnah which isMaqrooh.So the Lugvi Sunnah, the literal Sunnah can fall under any 4categories.For example. Sunnah falling in the Fard categories, Muhammad(Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) prayed the Fajr Salaah, he prayed theZuhar Salaah, he prayed all the 5 prescribed Salaah… that were theactions of the Prophet and also saying of the Prophet but it falls in theFard category.The example of the Mustahab Sunnah is, the Prophet, he prayed the 2Rakaat Sunnah before the Fajar Salaah. It’s not a Fard to pray 2Rakaah Sunnah before Fajr but it is Mustahab, it is encouraged. This isthe second category.The third category of Mubah will be Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam) had long hair, it was optional, you know, so anyone who haslong hair, its optional, it is permissible.The example of the 4th category, Maqrooh, people will think that canthe Prophet do something which is Maqrooh? And they may beshocked, “what is Zakir speaking? Prophet.. Sunnah of the Prophet isMaqrooh!” I’ll give you an example there is a Hadith saying thatProphet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) he said that“Do not drink while standing.” www.onlyislam.net 9
  10. 10. www.onlyislam.netSo drinking and standing is Maqrooh, fine. So the right Mustahab is tosit and drink but there is a Hadith also saying that the Prophet, hestood and he drank water. May be there was a reason, there was arequirement. So standing and drinking is Maqrooh, sitting and drinkingis Mustahab. Standing and drinking is discouraged, sitting and drinkingis encouraged.So there are times in case of necessity when the requirement is there,the Prophet did do sometimes things which are Maqrooh so this will fallunder the category of Sunnah which is Maqrooh in the Lugvi sense.Not in the Fiqhi sense, I’ll come to it later on otherwise people will saythat “what is Zakir saying that Sunnah means doing Maqrooh”, no it isnot. Lugvi, yes it can be. Because the Prophet did it, he stood and hedrank water. But normally, most of the times, almost all the times, hesat and he drank.So there are times of necessity but since a person does Maqrooh, hewill get no negative points, no punishment, the Prophet didn’t getpunishment but neither will he get any reward.So this was in brief talking about the Lugvi Sunnah i.e. the literaldefinition of Sunnah, it can fall under any 4 categories.Fard, Mustahab, Mubah or Maqrooh.Now coming to the second category of Sunnah i.e. the Fiqhi Sunnahwhich we normally when we talk about Sunnah, it’s taken for granted;it is the Fiqghi Sunnah and i.e. Sunnnah in Fiqh and Usool, you know,when we talk about Sunnah.So this basically is the 2nd category of Mustahab when we say that youpray the 2 Rakaat Sunnah before Fajr, it is Sunnah of the Prophet, it isSunnah of the Prophet to sit and drink water., when they say thisSunnah, it is talking about the Sunnah of Fiqh, it indicates the wordMustahab.So normally in day to day life when we Muslims say it is Sunnah to dothis and Sunnah to do that, most of the times, almost all when theyuse the word it is Sunnah of the Prophet to sit and drink, it is Sunnahof the Prophet to pray 2 Rakat Sunnah before the Fajr Salaah, it isSunnah of the Prophet to read 2 Rakaat Tahiyatul Masjid when youenter the Mosque, all these mainly come under the category of www.onlyislam.net 10
  11. 11. www.onlyislam.netMustahab, so the Fiqhi Sunnah is Mustahab, things which areencouraged and in all these 5 categories of Fard, Mustahab, Mubah,Maqrooh and in Haraam there are sub categories like as we discussedlast time. Sins: major sins, minor sins. So in Haraam things, there areharaam which are major, haraam which are minor. Same thingMaqrooh which are less Maqrooh some are more Maqrooh. Mubah, finethe Prophet kept long hair, its Muba, optional but someone does thatoptional thing for the love of the Prophet, yet he’ll get Sawab thoughit’s optional, no punishment, no reward but if you are doing for thelove of the Prophet then for that he will get. Again for these optionalthings which the Prophet did that carry more weight than the optionalthings which the Prophet did not do.Furthermore in Mustahab there is Sunnat-e-Muaqeda, Sunnate Gair-Muaqeda, Sunnat-e-Muaqeda means a more important Sunnah, the 2Sunnah before the Fajr Salaah, is Sunnat-e-Muaqeda, it’s a moreimportant Sunnah than the other Sunnah, So Sunnat-e-Muaqeda,Sunnate Gair-Muaqeda same thing in the Faraiz, in the Farz thingthere are some which are more important, some which are lessimportant for example the 5 pillars of Islam, no. 1 is Tawheed which isa Fard, offering Salaah, fasting in the month of Ramadhaan, doing Hajjif you can do, giving Zakaat all these are more important Faraiz andabstaining from major sins this itself..all we discussed in 70, majorFaraiz then there will be less Faraiz. So now all these categories, thereare sub categories but coming to your basic question that will we bepunished, if he intentionally do not do the Sunnah of the Prophet nowthis Sunnah you are talking about, I assume, it is the Fiqhi Sunnah, ifit’s a lugvi Sunnah I have already given the answer, the first 4categories, Fiqhi Sunnah means it falls under the category of Mustahabwhich I already discussed earlier that if you do a Mustahab act i.e. aFiqhi Sunnah, you will get reward for it, you will get blessing for it, ifits Sunnat-e-Muaqeda, then more blessings as compared to SunnateGair-Muaqeda there also you will get blessing but if a person does notdo it intentionally or unintentionally, he will not be punished for that.But that does not mean because we will not get punishment for notdoing the Sunnah, we should abstain from doing it because we humanbeings, we make so many mistakes, we do so many faults, we areinvolved in so many sins, these Sunnah, when we do, we getadditional points, we get rewards, this will help us in fulfilling thelacuna which is there in the other faults. What the other faults we do,it helps in covering up our faults, some of our sins so therefore a www.onlyislam.net 11
  12. 12. www.onlyislam.netMuslim should do as much as Sunnah as possible, just because he willnot get a punishment that doesn’t mean that he should not do it infacthe should try and do as much as Sunnah, Lugvi Sunnah, Mustahabacts so that it will help him to cover up the other faults which thehuman beings do and it will help him to go to Jannah.Yusuf Chambers: O SubhanAllah. The system that you havedescribed is so equitable that if one makes a mistake in one area thatyou can make up for it in another area.Dr. Zakir: Alhumdulillah, Allah is the Most Merciful.Yusuf Chambers: SubhanAllahDr. Zakir: That’s the reason He gives us chance more and moreopportunities to come on the straight path and to enter Jannah.Yusuf Chambers: SubhanAllah. Dr. Zakir is keeping a beard Fard orSunnah and what is the ruling for a person who shaves his beard?Dr. Zakir: As far as keeping a beard whether it’s a Fard or Sunnahand I understand that whenever you use the word Sunnah in future itwill be the Fiqhi Sunnah or the word Mustahab. Therefore I preferusing the word Mustahab for Sunnah so that there is no 2 difference ofunderstanding. So as far as keeping a beard whether it is a Fard or aMustahab or Sunnah, most of the scholars, majority almost all, theysay that keeping a beard is Fard for all the Muslim men. There is noverse in the Qur’an which says that keeping a beard is Fard or notexcept there’s one verse which speaks about the beard inSurah Taa Haa ch. No. 20 verse no. 94 whereAaron (peace be upon him), Haroon (Alaihe Salaam), he tells to hisbrother Musa (Alaihe Salaam) that“O son of my mother, do not hold me by my beard or by the hair onmy head.”Indicating that Haroon (Alaihe Salaam), he had a beard. And when weread the Seerah of the Prophet, Qasasul Ambiya and all, we come to www.onlyislam.net 12
  13. 13. www.onlyislam.netknow that all the Prophets of Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala), had abeard, Alhumdulillah.And all the righteous people and all the friends of Allah (Subhanahu waTa’ala), righteous people, the Sahabas we realize that they had thebeard.The ruling as far as it is Fard is based on the Hadith of Muhammad(Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) ofSahih Bukhari Vol. no. 7 in the Book of Dress Hadith no. 5892“Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him), he says that the Prophetsaid “Do the opposite of what the Mushrikeens do”, what the pagansdo, “keep the beard and trim your mustaches short.”Now based on these Hadith and several Sahih Hadith, it’s mentioned inSahih Muslim and other Hadith, the scholars said that because it’s acommandment of Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam), Call,commandment therefore it becomes Fard on every Muslim to keep abeard.Most of the scholars, Alhumdulillah, all the scholars including the 4A’imma, the 4 A’immaas, Imam Abu Hanifa, Imam Malik, ImamShafai, Imam Ahmad Ibn Hambal (may Allah have mercy on them all)all of them said that keeping a beard is Fard. So according to all 4schools of thought , keeping a beard is Fard even according to thescholars, the Shuyookhs of Salafus-Saliheen, the Salafi scholars, all ofthem say that keeping a beard is Fard. There is no difference ofopinion and according to Shaikh Ibn Taimiyah, he says that accordingto the Qur’an and according to the Sunnah and the Ijmah of thescholars, keeping a beard is Fard and anyone who shaves off thebeard, it is haraam, it is prohibited. And even the scholars of the 4schools of thought Hanafi, Shafi, Malki, Humbali, all of them say thatshaving the beard is haraam, all the scholars.There are a few scholars, very hardly any amongst the old scholarswho have said that keeping a beard is Mustahab and shaving isMaqrooh, keeping the beard becomes Mustahab, shaving becomesMaqrooh, very few amongst the old scholars but recently among thenew scholars you have little bit more numbers who say that its not www.onlyislam.net 13
  14. 14. www.onlyislam.netFard, it is Mustahab like Shaikh Abu Zohra, Shaikh Jadu al Haqq who isthe ex vice chancellor of Al Azhar University, Shaikh Yusuf Al Qardawi,few that have come recently and specially if you go to North America,if you see the Fatawas of the North American Fiqh Council, the Ulemasof this Fiqh council many of them have said that keeping a beard is notFard, it is Mustahab, you will get reward but its not Fard and if youshave it, its not Haraam, its Maqrooh but as a whole, the scholars ofthe past, almost all there is a consensus that keeping a beard is Fardand shaving it off is Haraam.Yusuf Chambers: Okay, Dr. Zakir but what about the required lengthof the beard because there are many people with different lengths andits rather confusing when you look outside and you think “Oh whatshould I be doing?” What did the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahualaihe wa sallam) do?Dr. Zakir: As far as the length of the beard is concerned, the scholarsare divided there are different opinions and as for what is the length ofthe beard, there are 2 opinions, one group of scholars say thatbecause the Hadith ofSahih Bukhari Vol. no. 7 in the Book of Dress Hadith no. 5892 says,the Prophet said,“Do the opposite of what the pagans do! Keep the beard and trim yourmoustaches.”So because the commandment is keep the beard that means they saythat it should be kept, that’s it. And there is a second Hadith ofSahih Bukhari Vol. no. 7 in the Book of Dress Hadith no. 5893 saysthat“Cut your moustaches short and grow the beard.”So the first group of scholars say that grow your beard means keep ongrowing, you should not touch it. Keep the beard means let it betherefore you should not at all neither trim the beard, nothing at all,you should let it grow as much as possible. This is their view.But if you read, there is not a single Sahih Hadith which speaks about www.onlyislam.net 14
  15. 15. www.onlyislam.netthe length of the beard of the Prophet, not a single Sahih Hadith, thereis not a single Sahih Hadith but according to Shaikh Uthaymeen, hesays that we understand that the Hadith says that keep the beard orgrow the beard, it means you should leave it, you should not touch it,and let the length be as much as possible and if someone shaves it, itis Haraam and if someone trims it, to the size of the fist that is theother view then it is Maqrooh. So there is one group of scholars saythat let it grow as much as possible.The other group of scholars, what they say that the length of thebeard should be one fist as I mentioned earlier that there is no SahihHadith which speaks about the length of the beard of the Prophet,there is a Hadith which is a Da’if Hadith or a Mauwdhu Hadith whichsays that“The beard of the Prophet, it touched the chest”But that’s a Da’if or a Mawdhu Hadith according to Shaikh NassiruddinAl Albani.There is a Hadith mentioned inSahih Muslim Vol. no. 4 (Book of Fadhaa’il) Hadith no. 5789 whereJaabir Bin Samoora, he says (may Allah be pleased with him) that the“Prophet had a thick beard.”There are many Sahih Hadith which says that the Prophet had thickbeard but doesn’t mention the length. But this group of scholars, theysay that since the length of the beard is not mentioned what we haveto do, we have to look at how the Sahabas kept the beard. The lengthis not mentioned, we have to look at the Sahaba because the Prophetsaid if you don’t find in my example then look at the people around mein this generation, that’s the companions, the Sahabas and when welook at the Sahabas we find several authentic Ahadith, more than 10Sahih Hadith which say that the Sahaba, they kept their beard at thelength of one fist and whatever is below the one fist, they trimmed thebeard including Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him), Ibn Abbas(may Allah be pleased with him), Abu Hurraira (may Allah be pleasedwith him) all these Sahabas which were very close to the Prophet, theytrimmed their beard. Even those Sahaba who narrated the same www.onlyislam.net 15
  16. 16. www.onlyislam.netHadith, Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) Hadith ofSahih Bukhari Vol. no. 7 Book of Dress Hadith no. 5892“Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) who narrated the Hadiththat the Prophet said that do opposite of what the pagans do, keep thebeard and trim your moustaches”Immediately after that the Hadith continues and says that wheneverIbn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him), he used to go for Umrahand Hajj, after Umrah and Hajj he used to catch the beard with his fistand whatever was below the fist, he used to cut it.So imagine those Sahabas who narrated the Hadith and all theseSahabas Ibn Umar, Ibn Abbas, Abu Hurraira (may Allah be pleasedwith them all) they were staunch followers of the Sunnah of theProphet and they narrated the Hadith. When they narrate the Hadith oftrimming the moustache and keeping the beard, growing the beard,they understood the way the Prophet wanted. So why did they trimthe beard if the view of the first group of scholars that’s right thatkeep on growing, growing means how to grow, the way the Prophetgrew and if there is no Hadith indicating his sayings or actions thenyou look at the ways the Sahabas did. That’s the way how you analyzethe Hadith. That’s the reason Shaikh Nassiruddin Al Albani he says thatthe right size of the beard should be the size of a fist and, he says. forexample when wee analyze the Hadith, if its present is the sayingsthat is the best of the Prophet, if its not, you look in the actions, if notin the actions its in the approval, if in the approval its not there, thenyou look in the lifestyle of the Sahaba, what did they say? What didthey do? So we agree that what the Sahabas did was they followed theProphet and you don’t find a single Hadith neither of the Prophet orneither of any of the Sahabas which say that they did not trim theirbeard.There are more than 10 Ahadith which says that the Sahabas, theytrimmed their beard below their fist. If there was even a single Hadithwhich says that this Sahaba did not trim the beard at all then it can bepossible that both are right because there is not a single Hadith onethe other side saying that that the Sahaba never trimmed the beardbut there are no less than 10 Sahih Hadith which say that the Sahabasbelow their fist, they trimmed their beard. www.onlyislam.net 16
  17. 17. www.onlyislam.netAccording to Shaikh Nassiruddin Al Albani, it is Fard to trim the beardbelow the fist, it is Fard and anyone who keeps a beard more than thefist length, it is Maqrooh according to him, Maqrooh, Detestable.So this is a strong Fatwa by Shaikh Nassiruddin Al Albani, he’s verystaunch and I personally agree with his view because there is evidencein the lifestyle of the Sahabas and he further says in his book and hewrites that why should the length be one fist. He said besides theSahabas many examples we find that who kept one fist and cut belowone fist, their beard, he gives the example of many Salafus-Saliheenwho had the beard the size of a fist and they trimmed the beard belowthe fist like for example An Nakhi, we have examples of Imam Malik,Imam Ahmad Ibn Hambal, all these great Salaf-e-Saliheen theytrimmed their beard below the fist. They held it like that and theytrimmed it below the fist.So this is the view of second group of scholars and I agree more withthe group of scholars including Shaikh Nassiruddin Albani that the rightsize is the size of the fist and the rest Allahu Alam.Yusuf Chambers: JazakAllah khair for the answer. Dr. Zakir, is it aSunnah to wear the head covering, wear the cap …ahm… because wedo see a number of people particularly those people who havereturned from Gulf countries and such like Hajj etc. that theydeliberately remove their cap whilst they are praying. Is there anybasis for this at all?Dr. Zakir: As far as the first part of the question is concerned that is ita Sunnah, is it Mustahab to cover one’s head. There are various Hadithwhich say that Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam), hishead was always covered whether with a cap, with a turban, whetherwith a helmet and even the head of the Sahabas were covered. It’smentioned inSahih Muslim Vol. no. 2 in the Book of Hajj Hadith no. 3148, it saysthat“When Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) addressed the peopleon the day of the victory of Makkah, he was wearing a black turban.”So there are many Hadith saying that Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam) covered the head. www.onlyislam.net 17
  18. 18. www.onlyislam.netFurther according to a Hadith which is narrated by Ibn Umar, it saysthat“Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) wore a white cap,”its narrated by Ibn Umar and according to Tabrani, he has rated thisas Hassan Hadith, its one of the categories of Sahih, Hassan.And according to Imam Suyooti, it says it is a highly authentic Hadith,he says in his book:Siraj Al Muneer Vol. no. 4 Page no. 112 where he says that“This is a highly authentic Hadith where Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihewa sallam) was wearing a white cap”The Arabic word is Kufi or a cap. In India we say Topi, it is authenticand there are other Hadith saying that the Sahabas also covered theirhead.A similar Hadith is mentioned inSahih Bukhari Vol no. 7 in the Book of Dress Hadith no. 5802 says that“Anas Bin Malik (may Allah be pleased with him), he covered his head,he wore a cap.”So based on all these Hadith almost all, it’s a unanimous agreementamong the scholars, Ijma of the scholars that covering the head isMustahab, it is the Sunnah of the Prophet. It is Mustahab, it isencouraged. All, all the 4 schools of thought the Hanafi, the Shafi, theMalki, the Hambali, all 4 schools of thought and all the 4 A’imaas, theyagree that covering the head is Mustahab.And when you pray, while praying also, it’s Mustahab to cover thehead, its Mustahab. And if you pray bareheaded, it’s Maqrooh.The reason that why people when they come back from the Gulfcountries or when the come from Hajj they normally even in Indiapreviously a few years back may be 10-15 years back people whoprayed in the Mosque, 99% or 99.9% whenever any man prayed inthe Mosque, he had his head covered may be 20 years back. But now www.onlyislam.net 18
  19. 19. www.onlyislam.netwe find that 25%, ¼ or 1/3rd of the people, they pray their Salaahbareheaded. The reason is that previously it was known that it wasMustahab to cover the head so even when they didn’t cover the headnormally at least while offering Salaah, they used to cover their head,Alhumdulillah. Even though they didn’t cover their head normallyalways they covered their head at least while offering Salaah, it was agood sign. Now when people go to Gulf countries, they realize andthey come to know that covering their head is not Fard for the Salaahto be accepted and there are many people because they come fromdifferent parts of the world to the gulf countries and they havedifferent ways of practicing Islam.There is a Hadith in which one of the Sahabas, to show to the peoplethat its not Fard, he just put one peace of cloth from the shoulderdown below the knee and he prayed Salaah and its accepted. So if youask that is it Fard to wear a cap or cover the head while offeringSalaah, its not a Fard but it is Mustahab so this is what they fail torealize that it is Mustahab so why should he not do it? When theycome back from the Gulf countries and they come to know it is not aFard, they try and show the people that we have knowledge and theypurposely don’t cover their head and now we find in the Mosque about25%, 1/3rd of them, don’t cover their head which I feel is going awayfrom the Sunnah of the Prophet. These people they fail to realize thatif they ask the scholars of these Gulf countries, top scholars, all ofthem, they cover their head, all of them they cover the head.So just because it’s lack of knowledge, it is dangerous. Just becausefine Salaah would be accepted but it is Mustahab and according toShaikh Nassiruddin Al Albani, he says that covering the head isMustahab and praying bareheaded is Maqrooh and he says that thatthe Hadith of Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) narratesabout Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) that“He kept his cap as a Sutra in front of him while offering Salaah”It’s a Dhaif Hadith. It’s not authentic.And some of the scholars especially from Egypt, they have given theFatwa that you know because in Ihram, when you are performing Hajjor doing Umrah you don’t cover your head and the Salaah is acceptedtherefore covering the head is not a criteria for offering Salaah. www.onlyislam.net 19
  20. 20. www.onlyislam.netIf you read the Hadith of the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam)Never did the Prophet left his head uncovered while praying except inIhram except while performing Hajj or Umrah where the Prophet didn’tcover his head all other times he had his head covered.The reason that during Umrah while in Ihram the head wasn’t coveredis because it is haraam to cover the head.Many things which are Mustahab are haraam during the state ofIhram. If you say that because in Hajj we don’t cover the head, that’swhy it’s a rule that you should not cover the head in Salaah is totallywrong.There are many things which are Mustahab for example like cuttingthe nails is Mustahab in normally day to day life but in Ihram it isHaraam. Similarly covering the head is Mustahab in Ihram only itsharaam. So giving this logic is totally wrong, in Ihram you don’t haveto cover the head because it is not allowed, it is violating the rules ofIhram otherwise you should cover the head and if the people are atleast covering while offering Salaah, they should continue doing it,they will get Sawab and that’s what all the 4 A’imas said even ShaikhNassiruddin Albani, Ibn Taimiya, Shaikh Bin Baaz and all the scholarsand Imam Malik said that“From the time of Islam till today always the scholars and the Sahabasand Salafus-Saliheen, they covered their head and they wore a turban”You know, whether they wore a turban or a Kufi etc. so I encouragethat the Muslims should cover their head, its one of the recommendedacts of the Prophet.Yusuf Chambers: So can you give us any logical reasons why weshould cover the head and grow the beard?Dr. Zakir: As far as covering the head is concerned… growing thebeard as I said growing the beard is commandment of the Prophet sowe have to do it. Covering the head is Sunnah of the Prophet, you doit, that’s the main reason but if people want logical reason why theyshould do it there is a saying that “if the label shows its intent, wear www.onlyislam.net 20
  21. 21. www.onlyislam.netit.” and I have given a talk on this complete topic with the questionand answer session for more than 3 hours which I don’t intend doingnow. I’ll just say it in a nutshell.The saying that “If the label shows your intent, wear it! Like if you goto a conference, you know, everyone wears the label, they wear thename Dr. so and so, it’s an informal introduction. If you go to aconference where there are specialists of doctors then it may say thatyou are a cardiologist or a neurologist or a nephrologists, you know, soits gives an informal introduction. So similarly wearing a cap orcovering the head and sporting a beard, it is an informal introductionthat you are a Muslim.Allah says in the Qur’an in Surah An’aam ch. no. 6 verse no. 54“Wa-itha jaaka allazeena yu’minoona bi-ayatina faqul salamunalaykum”That“When you meet those people who believe in our signs then say‘Assalamu Alaikum’,” Peace be on you.So how will I recognize when I walk on the streets especially in Indiaand other counters when I go to western countries that he is aMuslim? So this is a good sign of being a Muslim you know we don’trequire another label. The label which the Prophet has given us is thebest that covering the head and sporting a beard and it does wonders.I’ll give you an example that once in Bombay there was a young ladwho was selling fruits, his name was Sultan. An elderly Muslim who isa very pious Muslim, he used to offer 5 times Salaah, he used to giveZakaat, he used to fast in the month of Ramadhaan, he had gone forHajj, he comes to buy fruits from this hawker and he tells to thisyoung boy “Sultan, why didn’t you wish me Salaam?” So he said“Uncle, I thought you were a Hindu.”Imagine, Muslim calling this elderly man, a Mushrik. It’s the biggestabuse you can give to this person, this person was a very pious personbut didn’t have a beard, didn’t cover his head. Who is to blame? Is theelderly gentleman to blame or the young lad for calling him a Mushrik? www.onlyislam.net 21
  22. 22. www.onlyislam.netWho is to blame? But natural the elderly gentleman. He could notrecognize him. Therefore if the label shows your intent, you shouldwear it.And you can give several such examples for example it has variousbenefits, if you are traveling in a bus or traveling in a train and if thereis a Muslim sister who is doing Hijaab there are times in a non-Muslimcountry where somebody may tease her but if there are 10 Muslimswho don’t know each other, each of them wearing a cap, a Kufi orsporting a beard and they are sitting in the bus, the non-Muslim willthink 10 times before teasing the Muslim girl “Oh! If I tease Muslimgirl, these 10 Muslims will pounce on me.” Even those 10 Muslims maybe very feeble, may be old but yet he gets scared. That’s the reason itis good that you should wear the label because it shows your intent.For example if there is a doctor, he is proud to put the name doctorbefore his name because he is proud to be a doctor, in his car there isa sign of a cross, a red cross indicating that he is a doctor. Inemergency if you have any problem on the street, you stop the car.Similarly if any human being has a problem and wants help and if hesees a Muslim who has a label, a cap and a beard he will ask him forhelp, he will guide him to the truth.And I remember my grand parents telling that in Bombay when anypeople wanted to hire a cab even the non-Muslims, they preferredhiring a cab whose taxi driver was sporting a beard and keeping a capbecause they knew he would be honest. They preferred going to ashop whose shopkeeper was keeping a beard and wearing a cap.Unfortunately now a days the whole label has changed, we findMuslims wearing cap just to boss around, you know, and unfortunatelythe media, they portray anyone who has a beard and wears a cap, heis a terrorist.And I have given this reply in my talk, so keeping a beard and wearinga cap or covering the head is a very recommended Sunnah andkeeping a beard is Fard, so Muslims should stick to it and should beproud to identify themselves as Muslims.Yusuf Chambers: Well, JazakAllah Khair, Dr. Zakir. We’ve come tothe end of yet another show. And I think we have covered lots and lots www.onlyislam.net 22
  23. 23. www.onlyislam.netof different aspects of the Sunnah which we’ve defined it, what is theSunnah and why the Muslims should be doing certain Sunnahs duringthis blessed month of Ramadhaan.Dear brothers and sisters I hope, InshaAllah, that you derived a lot ofbenefit from this show today and we’ve been talking of course aboutRamadhaan as being the month of self improvement and Islaahparticularly talking about the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad(Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam), we’ve defined it and we’ve given youcertain examples, so go ahead and implement this in your life,InshaAllah.So my dear brothers and sisters in Islam and humanity please do joinus at the same time tomorrow when we will be discussing the topic‘Ramadhaan – The Month of Self-Improvement and Islaah’ Part 4.Until then Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh. www.onlyislam.net 23