Icloud computing seminar


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Icloud computing seminar

  1. 1. ABSTRACT Save you’re time and work before loosing it with iCloud. Many of us struggles in backing up their files from the devices wither its personal, Student or owned by a small business. Saving files are really important because some devices crash suddenly and we end up loosing our hard work. Through the presentation I created it will illustrates it recommends to use the iCloud is the best solution to the various types of backup systems and also the cons(drawbacks) of using the iCloud. iCloud is the latest technology that helps in backing up your files through server by installing the application and setting your account, which will do the whole process automatically in daily bases with the help of Wi-Fi connection. This application will allows to restore all you files with all your apple devices with same info by clicking on one button and it will do the rest for you. Moreover the iCloud presentation includes tutorial that can guide you how to install, manage the app easily and more.
  2. 2. SECTION ONE:INTRODUCTION Cloud computing is the next natural step in the evolution of on-demand information technology services and products. To a large extent cloud computing will be based on virtualized resources. The idea of cloud computing is based on a very fundamental principal of `reusability of IT capabilities`. The difference that cloud computing brings compared to traditional concepts of grid computing, distributed computing, utility computing, or autonomic computing is to broaden horizons across organizational boundaries. According to the IEEE Computer Society Cloud Computing is:"A paradigm in which information is permanently stored in servers on the Internet and cached temporarily on clients that include desktops, Entertainment centers, table computers, notebooks, wall computers, handhelds, etc." Backgroundof iCloud Apple recently announced their iCloud service, which will disrupt the Web market, and change the way our PCs, Macs, tablets, and smart phones share data and interact with the Web. iCloud is Apple’s new web-based storage service, which is seamlessly integrated into both iOS5 (to be released later this year) and a myriad of other applications, including applications from third-party developers. This service will allow you to synchronize your entire iTunes music collection, your photo collection from iPhoto, your documents from iWork, and productivity apps including iCal and Mail.app withal of your compatible devices. iCloud is a cloud storage and cloud computing service from Apple Inc. announced on June 6, 2011 at the Apple Worldwide Developers Conference(WWDC). The service allows users to store data such as music files on remote computer servers for download to multiple
  3. 3. devices such as iOS-based devices, and personal computers running OS X or Microsoft Windows. It also replaces Apple's Mobile Me service, acting as data syncing centre for email, contacts, calendars, bookmarks, notes, to-do lists, and other data. The term “iCloud” comes from the term used by technicians called the “cloud”. When data is put in the cloud, the data is placed in a server, where it is made available everywhere. The “i” in front of it is a trademark by Apple, producing the name iCloud. Streaming photos, storing documents, saving app data, and syncing music has been made ten times easier due to this service.
  4. 4. SECTION TWO:LITERATURE REVIEW This source was very useful because it gave me information on what the iCloud actually those and puts it into an example. I got the example for the transfer of iTune songs from the computer and how it is automatically synced to the iPhone of iPad or Mac computer. It includes the step by step procedure on how to achieve this synchronization. It also gave me a tutorial on how to use my Apple product [1]. June 30th, the official death date of MobileMe, is drawing closer. Apple wants current MobileMe members to transition to iCloud before then, but there will always be foot draggers with any change.Recently, Apple has been sending out emails to MobileMe diehards encouraging them to stop dawdling and make the switch. While iCloud doesn’t have iWeb publishing, photo galleries, or iDisk support, it does have a lot of great additions. First of all, it’s free. That’s a big deal, but it also offers iTunes in the cloud, Photo Stream, documents in the cloud, automatic downloads and purchase history for apps and books, and backup and restore. iCloud is the future, and no amount of stalling is going to change that. [2]. This is an online article that gave me information about MobileMe. It was the first attempt to a cloud database Apple came up with even though it had glitches. Apple then revised it and came out with iCloud. Apple CEO Steve Jobs announced the impending arrival of the company’s iCloud technology in June. Apple has now released pricing information for service as well as the beta version of iCloud.com. For anyone who missed out on the explanation of what exactly the iCloud service is, here are the basics according to PC World: The iCloud is an information storage service that keeps your stored information synced between all of your Apple devices and any PC. It does not replace local storage on iPhones, iPads, and iPod Touches. For example, if you write a document on an iPad and then save it, you can then open and edit that document on
  5. 5. your other Apple devices or on your PC without having to transfer the file via e- mail or USB. Additionally, iCloud backs up information like device setting, apps, the layout of your home screen, ring tones, text messages, etc. so that all of your personal preferences are available if you choose to update or replace your Apple device[3]. News Max was helpful to my research because it gave me a date to when the iCloud was released. Also it goes into more detail on what can be store in the iCloud. Not all that long from now, Mac, iPhone, and iPad users will be able to store their contacts, calendars, photos, music, and more in the “cloud”—or rather, in Apple’s iCloud, to be precise. Slated to go live in the fall, Apple’s new service promises to keep you personal data and media on a bank of remote servers, accessible wherever there’s an Internet connection. Very nice, and it’s all free— well, mostly free. While you’ll be able to store a relatively generous portion of data and media in iCloud for the low price of zilch, additional space (not to mention a key music “matching” service) will cost you extra. For starters, you’ll get 5 GB of storage for your Address Book contacts, iCal calendars, email, and documents (such as text, presentation, and spreadsheet files from Apple’s iWork software suite), which you’ll be able to share with your various iDevices—including your Macs, iPhones, iPads, and iPod Touches[4]. Patterson’s work showed me a benefit to the iCloud and basically how we get it for free (up to 5GB). This is beneficial because MobileMe used to cost money to obtain the service. Apple fans juggling iPads, iPhones and Macbooks, Apple's iCloud, which launched Wednesday Oct 2011, offers the chance to simplify their digital lives by linking email, calendars, music and photos from multiple devices. But while iCloud promises convenience, experts say it raises potential security and privacy concerns inherent in storing data in the cloud: If one account is hacked or one
  6. 6. device is stolen, others could be compromised because they are linked in the cloud. And cloud providers control that information, which they could hand over to marketers or law enforcement. Users of cloud storage "have to be comfortable with someone else holding all your data," said Jamz Yaneza, a threat research manager with the security firm Trend Micro. An Apple spokeswoman said Apple has taken several measures to secure information stored on iCloud, including encrypting data while it is transported over the Internet and while it is stored on Apple's servers. In recent months, the risks associated with cloud computing have gained attention. In June 2011, Dropbox, which provides online storage, admitted that a security glitch allowed people to log into any Dropbox account for several hours by typing in any password. In April 2011, Amazon.com's cloud service failed, bringing down the websites of numerous businesses.Still, cloud computing, which allows users to store data on the Internet instead of on hard drives, has become an increasingly popular way of housing information and deploying software, especially among businesses, because it is cheaper and more efficient. Millions of Gmail, Twitter and Facebook users access cloud computing every day, perhaps without even realizing it.But privacy experts say users who store information in the cloud face the risk of losing control of their data. Consumers should be wary of cloud providers using their data for marketing purposes, experts say. And cloud providers may also receive a subpoena compelling them to give user data to authorities[5].Through Smith’s article I gathered information about safety and ethical concerns that come along with the iCloud technology. This is where I looked for main concerns and wrote about them.
  7. 7. SECTION THREE:ABOUT ICLOUD COMPUTING History of iCloud iCloud is the latest branding of Apple's cloud computing services. It has previously been branded as iTools in 2000, .Mac in 2002, and MobileMe in 2008. iCloud was announced on June 6, 2011, at the 2011 Apple Worldwide Developers Conference (WWDC). Apple announced that MobileMe would be discontinued after June 30, 2012, with anyone who had an account before the unveiling of iCloud having their MobileMe service extended to that date, free of charge. The official website, www.icloud.com, went live in early August for Apple Developers. On October 12, 2011, iCloud became available to use via an iTunes update. iCloud had 20 million users in less than a week after launch. The iCloud.com domain and registered trademark were bought from a Swedish company called Xcerion, who rebranded their service to CloudMe. CloudMe still controls major domains like iCloud.de, iCloud.fr and iCloud.es. A class action lawsuit by customers unhappy over the transition from MobileMe to iCloud was filed in early May 2012. Original author(s) Apple Inc. Developer(s) Apple Inc. Initial Release Developers release June 6, 2011 Public release October 12, 2011 Development Status Active
  8. 8. Operating System OS X(10.7 Lion and Later) Microsoft Windows iOS5 or later Available In Multilingual Type Online backup service License Freeware Website www.icloud.com ARCHITECHTURE Apple has built iCloud functionality directly into many of their apps and iOS5. When youtake a photo from your iPhone, it can automatically synchronize with iCloud, and be pushed to your iPad and Mac. You can stop worrying about keeping all of your devices in sync once they are all linked to your iCloud account. Once you connect your device to the internet via a wired or Wi-Fi connection, all of your files will be automatically synchronized. The Backup feature allows you to store your personal data, along with music apps and books purchased from iTunes. You can restore all of your data directly to your device from iCloud, or move it to any new devices you buy. Cloud architecture the systems architecture of the software systems involved in the delivery of cloud computing, comprises hardware and software designed by a cloud architect who typically works for a cloud integrator. It typically involves multiple cloud components communicating with each other over application programming interfaces, usually web services. This closely resembles the UNIX philosophy of having multiple programs doing one thing well and working together over universal interfaces. Complexity is controlled and the
  9. 9. resulting systems are more manageable than their monolithic counterparts. Cloud architecture extends to the client, where web browsers and/or software applications access cloud applications. Cloud storage architecture is loosely coupled, where metadata operations are to applications or users centralized enabling the data nodes to scale into the hundreds, each independently delivering data to applications or users. Fig 2. Cloud Architecture
  10. 10. 2.3 Features of iCloud The cloud-based system allows users to store music, photos, applications, documents, bookmarks, reminders, backups, notes, iBooks, and contacts, and provides a platform for Apple's email servers and calendars. Third-party iOS and OS X app developers are able to implement iCloud functionality in their apps through the iCloud API(Application Programming Interface). 2.3.1 iOS Device Backupand Restore iCloud allows users the option to back up iOS devices online (alternatively users can chooseto continue to backup to their computers), thus they can be restored from online backup without connecting to a computer. 2.3.2 Find My iPhone: Find My iPhone, formerly part of Mobile Me, allows users to track the location of their iOS device, or Mac. A user can see the device's approximate location on a map (along with a circle showing the radius depicting the margin of error), display a message or play a sound on the device (even if it is set to silent), change the password on the device, and remotely erase its contents. 2.3.3 Photo Stream Photo Stream is a service supplied with the basic iCloud service which allows users to store the most recent 1,000 photos on the iCloud servers up to 30 days free of charge. When a photo is taken on a device with Photo Stream enabled, it is automatically uploaded to the iCloud servers; from there, it is automatically pushed
  11. 11. to the rest of the user's registered devices. The service is also integrated with TV, allowing users to wirelessly view their recent photos on their HDTV. 2.3.4 Backto My Mac Back to My Mac, also previously part of Mobile Me, is now part of iCloud. As before, this service allows users to login remotely to other computers configured with the same Apple ID that have Back to My Mac enabled.5 USA, Australia, United Kingdom, Mexico, Spain, and Canada. Theannual charge is $24.99. 2.4TypesofiCloud  Public cloud Public cloud or external cloud describes cloud computing in the traditional mainstream. Public clouds are run by third parties, and applications from different customers are likely to be mixed together on the cloud’s servers, storage systems, and networks. A public cloud provides services to multiple customers  Hybrid cloud: Hybrid clouds combine both public and private cloud models. This is most often seen with the use of storage clouds to support iPhoto, Safari, Crypto Enlister applications.  Private cloud:
  12. 12. Private clouds are built for the exclusive use of one client, providing the utmost control overdata, security, and quality of service (Figure 4). The company owns the infrastructure and hascontrol over how applications are deployed on it. Private clouds can be built and managed by a company’s own IT organization or by a cloud provider Fig 4.Types of icloud 5.1 Running the application Cloud Backup automatically and securely backs up your most important information to iCloud daily over Wi-Fi whenever your iOS device is connected to a power source. Once you plug it in, everything is backed up quickly and efficiently. iCloud alreadystores your purchased music, TV shows, apps, books and Photo Stream; iCloudBackup takes care of everything else, backing up your photos and video in theCamera Roll, device settings, app data, home screen and app
  13. 13. organization, messagesand ringtones. iCloud Backup can even help you set up a new iOS device or restorethe information on one you already own. iCloud Backup your:  Purchased music, TV shows, apps, and books  Photos and video in the Camera Roll  Device settings  App data  Home screen and app organization  Messages (iMessage, SMS, and MMS)Ringtones. Objectives of iCloud With the introduction of iCloud, backup, storage, and sharing will be easier than ever. One important benefit is the simplicity of backup. The Apple user no longer has to think about storing files since backup is now as simple as charging the device. All files and apps are automatically stored oncethe device is plugged in and connected to a Wi-Fi connection. Another benefit is the simplicity of syncing information, such as music and files. It is an extreme hassle to use USB devices and online drop boxes, or even email. When using iCloud, all data is put into the “cloud”, and can be retrieved by another device through any iCloud account. iCloud automatically syncs the content and makes it accessible to devices such as the iPad, iPhone, Mac, iPod touch, or Apple PC (Baran, 2011). It takes the physical work and thought processes out of the equation.
  14. 14. This service is beneficial because of its cost as well—absolutely free. With the purchase of an Apple product accessible to iCloud, the offer comes at no cost, relieving the pockets of those using online drop boxes or spending money on USB devices. This product can also be beneficial to the Google Android or Microsoft user, pushing the makers to make advancements similar to iCloud. Security Concerns For the most part, the iCloud service is very secure due to the password protected security, and the fact that the information is only available to Apple products that the user signs into iCloud on. However, not everything is 100% secure when it comes to technology. One security concern is about software attackers. If granted temporary access by implanting malware, an attacker can access iCloud documents stored locally, causing it to either spread stored personal information or add files to the iCloud system that could potentially harm the Apple product (Dhanjani). Also, Apple workers have the power to access files stored in the iCloud, lessening security of personal information that has been backed up. Although it is highly unlikely, “data to the iCloud infrastructure is encrypted during transmit,” giving Apple access to personal files with the ability to view the (Dhanjani). Also, if the iCloud service is used on an Apple device that is not that user’s personal device that data could be backed up automatically to the device once that user’s personal device is plugged in. For these reasons, Apple strongly recommends that personal information should not be stored on any device. Personal information could include social security numbers, banking information, occupational information, and other forms of information such as these.
  15. 15. Social Problems With all advancements in technology comes the lessening of social engagement with people and the surrounding community. As if the public is not already into their iPhones, iPads, and iPods too much, this service causes people to never want to remove themselves from their devices. Now that data is made available through multiple devices, there is no need to listen to music or watch movies in groups due to the easy sharing though the iCloud service. Although music sharing can be illegal in some aspects, it was essential in promoting social skills through technology. Sites such as MySpace and YouTube gave people a way to share music and videos through social networking. The use of profiles on these websites brought out the social side of technology users. However, with the introduction of iCloud, file sharing is done with little to none social interaction, causing people to be more social with their computers than their neighbors next door. With future electronic developments, worldwide social life is slowly but surely becoming obsolete. By the looks of how technology is taking over now, the future shows zero promise for any kind of social interaction. Future Scope With iCloud, iOS devices can back themselves up to the cloud automatically, so you’ll be able to restore them at any time if things go wrong, without losing any data. From the Manage Storage interface you can see how many devices you’ve configured to work with iCloud Backup, see what services and apps are consuming space (like Mail) and, again, buy more storage. iCloud may not be a big hard disk in the sky, but Apple knows that there’s no cloud without storage. That’s why iCloud comes with a free 5 GB plan for all users and additional pricing plans to
  16. 16. purchase more storage. iCloud comes with Photo Stream, a new feature to store your most recent 1,000 photos in the cloud and have them available all the time on all your devices.
  17. 17. SECTION THREE:CONCLUSION As previously shown, the iCloud has the ability to be the most beneficial service for the Apple user today. File-sharing and backup has now been made simple, as it is done for us when a device is plugged in, without the user even thinking about it. Although there are multiple security, ethical, and social concerns, the pros seem to out-way the cons when using this service. These concerns can easily be limited by the user by taking precaution when using iCloud, such as limiting the amount of personal information that is backed up, and by not sharing the iCloud user account information with others. By doing this, the iCloud service becomes more beneficial than harmful, and once iCloud success begins to grow, the future of Apple will appear to be brighter than ever.
  18. 18. REFERENCES [1] Apple(2012).what is iCloud from http://www.apple.com/icloud/what-is.html. [2] pple inc. (2012, February 22). Mobileme is dead. Long live icloud. Mac News, Retrieved from http://www.macgasm.net/2012/02/22/mobileme-is-dead-long-live- icloud/ [3] NewsMax. (2011, August 2). Apple icloud information. Retrieved fromhttp://www.newsmax.com/FastFeatures/apple-icloud-pricing- information/2011/08/02/id/405825. [4] Patterson, B. (2011, August 2). Apple "icloud": Which features will be free and which won't?. Retrieved from http://heresthethingblog.com/2011/08/02/apples- icloud-features-free-wont/ [5] Smith , G. R. (2011, October 12). Apple icloud: Simplifying digital lives raises new security concern. Retrieved fromhttp://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/10/12/apple-icloud-security- concenrs_n_1007708.html