World Water Day: Water Cooperation  Multidisciplinary Research Week 2013  ‘Research-policy Linkages: Lessons from DFID’,by...
Research-policy linkages                                        Lessons from DFIDYvan Biot – Senior Scientist             ...
Science-policy interactionson environmental issues
Three messages• Science needs to be believable• Science needs to offer solutions• Policy makers need to use evidence
BELIEVABLESCIENTIFIC METHOD OF ENQUIRY
It’s complicated …Source: Peter Head, The Ecological Sequestration Trust
Ask the locals!
But are they always right ?                                                                                               ...
Priors, interests and biases …Doucouliagos, H. and Paldam, M., 2009: The aid effectiveness literature: the sad results of ...
OFFER SOLUTIONSWE ALREADY KNOW WE ARE DOOMED              …
Find out what users want!• The policy cycle   – Formulation, delivery and accountability• NERC: http://www.nerc.ac.uk/publ...
Example: likelihood of early rains in Africahttp://www.metoffice.gov.uk/csrp/
What works, what doesn’t …           • Theory of change          • Impact evaluations      • Randomised Control Trials    ...
USE THE EVIDENCEPOLICY MAKERS MUST PLAY BALL             …
Evidence in DFID’s Business Cases• DFID’s BC cycle  – What’s the problem  – What are the options to solve it  – Theory of ...
Assessing the strength of the evidencePrinciples    of   Associated principlesqualityConceptual         Does the study ack...
… and of a body of evidence• quality of the studies constituting the body of evidence  – high, moderate, low;• size of the...
SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS …     AND LIMITATIONS …
Main messages• Summary  – Science needs to be believable      – Calibrate, validate, check for priors and biases…  – Offer...
THANK YOU
World Water Day: Water Cooperation      Multidisciplinary Research Week 2013See the latest videos, interviews, pictures, t...
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‘Research-policy Linkages: Lessons from DFID’, Presentation by Dr Yvan Biot Senior Scientist, Department for International Development (DFID). Multidisciplinary Research Week 2013. #MDRWeek.

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Multidisciplinary Research Week 2013 at the University of Southampton. #MDRWeek. World Water Day and International Year of Water Cooperation 2013.
‘Research-policy Linkages: Lessons from DFID’, Presentation by Dr Yvan Biot Senior Scientist, Department for International Development (DFID).
See the latest videos, interviews, pictures, tweets and views from the floor at: www.southampton.ac.uk/multidisciplinary

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‘Research-policy Linkages: Lessons from DFID’, Presentation by Dr Yvan Biot Senior Scientist, Department for International Development (DFID). Multidisciplinary Research Week 2013. #MDRWeek.

  1. 1. World Water Day: Water Cooperation Multidisciplinary Research Week 2013 ‘Research-policy Linkages: Lessons from DFID’,by Dr Yvan Biot Senior Scientist, Department for International Development (DFID).
  2. 2. Research-policy linkages Lessons from DFIDYvan Biot – Senior Scientist March 2013Office of Chief Scientific Advisor
  3. 3. Science-policy interactionson environmental issues
  4. 4. Three messages• Science needs to be believable• Science needs to offer solutions• Policy makers need to use evidence
  5. 5. BELIEVABLESCIENTIFIC METHOD OF ENQUIRY
  6. 6. It’s complicated …Source: Peter Head, The Ecological Sequestration Trust
  7. 7. Ask the locals!
  8. 8. But are they always right ? Rainfall Maize yieldsRao, K., et al:, 2011. Climate variability and change: farmer perceptions and intra-seasonal variability inrainfall associated risk in semi-arid Kenya
  9. 9. Priors, interests and biases …Doucouliagos, H. and Paldam, M., 2009: The aid effectiveness literature: the sad results of 40 years of research
  10. 10. OFFER SOLUTIONSWE ALREADY KNOW WE ARE DOOMED …
  11. 11. Find out what users want!• The policy cycle – Formulation, delivery and accountability• NERC: http://www.nerc.ac.uk/publications/corporate/policy.asp – recognise the relevance of science to policy-makers; – identify available opportunities, routes and best practice – communicate science in an appropriate way
  12. 12. Example: likelihood of early rains in Africahttp://www.metoffice.gov.uk/csrp/
  13. 13. What works, what doesn’t … • Theory of change • Impact evaluations • Randomised Control Trials • Systematic reviews
  14. 14. USE THE EVIDENCEPOLICY MAKERS MUST PLAY BALL …
  15. 15. Evidence in DFID’s Business Cases• DFID’s BC cycle – What’s the problem – What are the options to solve it – Theory of change and logical framework – Management arrangements, VFM, M&E• Quality assurance – Strong evidence about nature of the problem – Poor evidence about feasibility of proposed solution
  16. 16. Assessing the strength of the evidencePrinciples of Associated principlesqualityConceptual Does the study acknowledge existing research?framing Does the study construct a conceptual framework? Does the study pose a research question? Does the study outline a hypothesis?Openness and Does the study present or link to the raw data it analyses?transparency Does the author recognise limitations/weaknesses in their work?Appropriateness Does the study identify a research design?and rigour Does the study identify a research method? Does the study demonstrate why the chosen design and method are good ways to explore the research question?Validity Has the study demonstrated measurement validity? Is the study internally valid? Is the study externally valid?Reliability Has the study demonstrated measurement reliability? Has the study demonstrated that its selected analytical technique is reliable?Cogency Does the author ‘signpost’ the reader throughout? Are the conclusions clearly based on the study’s results?
  17. 17. … and of a body of evidence• quality of the studies constituting the body of evidence – high, moderate, low;• size of the body of evidence – Large, Medium, Small• consistency of the findings – Consistent, Inconsistent• context of the evidence – Global, Context Specific
  18. 18. SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS … AND LIMITATIONS …
  19. 19. Main messages• Summary – Science needs to be believable – Calibrate, validate, check for priors and biases… – Offer solutions – Talk to policy makers – Help us find out what works, what doesn’t – Policy makers need to use the evidence – And adjust designs to strengths and weaknesses• Growing set of tools – Theories of change, impact evaluations, systematic reviews, …• Examples of success – Climate change: IPCC
  20. 20. THANK YOU
  21. 21. World Water Day: Water Cooperation Multidisciplinary Research Week 2013See the latest videos, interviews, pictures, tweets and viewsfrom the floor at:Website: www.southampton.ac.uk/multidisciplinaryBlog: http://blog.soton.ac.uk/multidisciplinary/tag/mdrweek/Youtube: Search #MDRWeek Follow us on Twitter @Multisoton #MDRWeek

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