Irelands Aristocracy & British Migration to 17th Century Ireland

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  • 1. ‘ Ireland’s Aristocracy and British migration to seventeenth-century Ireland’ Jane Ohlmeyer, Trinity College, Dublin
  • 2.  
  • 3. Resident Irish peerage 24 (32%) 22 (33%) 22 (34%) 0 New English 6 (8%) 2 (3%) 5 (7%) 1 (1%) 6 (9%) 1 (2%) 0 0 Scots Welsh 37 (49%) 33 (49%) 30 (46%) 22 (81%) Old English 7 (10%) 7 (9%) 7 (10%) 5 (19%) Native Irish 1670 1641 1628 1603
  • 4. Old English   Welsh   Scots   Native Irish   New English  
  • 5. Down Trevor of Dungannon (cr 1662) Donegal and Tyrone Stewart of Mountjoy (cr 1683) - P ANTRIM, Cavan, MONAGHAN Clotworthy of Massareene (cr 1660) Tyrone Stewart of Castle Stewart (cr 1619) U MONAGHAN, Tyrone Ridgeway of Londonderry (cr 1616 & 1622) S DOWN Montgomery of Ards and Mount Alexander (cr 1622 & 1660) Fermanagh Maguire of Enniskillen (cr 1628) N DOWN Magennis of Iveagh (cr 1623) ANTRIM, Londonderry MacDonnells of Antrim (cr 1618, 1620 & 1645) Cavan Lambert of Cavan (cr 1618 & 1647) S Donegal Folliott of Ballyshannon (cr 1622) S Tyrone Hamilton of Strabane (cr 1617) U DOWN Hamilton of Claneboye and Clanbrassil (cr 1622 & 1647) DOWN Cromwell of Lecale and Ardglass (cr 1624 & 1645) Armagh, Donegal, Londonderry and Tyrone Chichester of Belfast (cr 1613, 1625 & 1647) S U Armagh, MONAGHAN, Tyrone Caulfield of Charlemount (cr 1620 & 1665) S MONAGHAN Blayney of Monaghan (cr 1621) Fermanagh Balfour of Glenawley (cr 1619) U County Non escheated counties in capitals Primary interests in Ulster U=undertaker ; S=servitor ; N=native Irish Catholics in bold 1641+ creations in italics
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  • 9. 2,116 Stewart of Castle Stewart [60 th ] 6,791 Ridgeway of Londonderry [51 st ] 16,001 Montgomery of Mount Alexander [27 tht ] 22,351 Maguire of Enniskillen [14 th ] 20,161 Magennis of Iveagh* [18 th ] 149,353 MacDonnells of Antrim* [3 rd ] 13,310 [18,410] Lambert of Cavan* [21 st ] 2,895 Folliott of Ballyshannon [57 th ] 7,069 Hamilton of Strabane [50 th ] 44,569 Hamilton of Claneboye and Clanbrassil [8 th ] 10,968 Cromwell of Lecale and Ardglass [37 th ] 15,605 Chichester of Belfast [29 th ] 12,119 Caulfield of Charlemount* [34 th ] 24,572 Blayney of Monaghan [12 th] Lands in Ulster 1641 Ulster [total held in Ire] Primary interests in Ulster [rankings in 1641] Catholics in bold
  • 10. Antrim 149,353 Maguire 22,351 Key 1641 acres Strabane 7,060 Castle Stewart 2,116 Montgomery 16,001/ Source: BSD Clandeboy 44,569 Blayney 24,572 Cromwell 10,968 Iveagh 20,161 Caulfield 12,119 Folliott 2,895 Chichester 15,605
  • 11. Antrim 149,353 / 83,702 Maguire 22,351 Key 1641 acres 1660+ acres Strabane 7,060/ 7,060 Castle Stewart 2,116 /2,116 Montgomery 16,001/ 18,262 plus acres in Wexford, Laois, Wicklow, Waterford, Limerick Source: BSD Clandeboy 44,569 / 44,569 Blayney 24,572 / 25,388 Cromwell 10,968 / 10,968 Iveagh 20,161 Caulfield 12,119/ 12,119 Folliott 2,895/ 2,895 Chichester 15,605/ 18,970
  • 12. NA 2,116 2,116 Stewart of Castle Stewart [60 th & 67 th ] 53 6,738 6,791 Ridgeway of Londonderry [51 st & 54 th ] 2,560 13,441 [25,480] 16,001 Montgomery of Mount Alexander [27 th & 21 st ] 17,425 4,926 22,351 Maguire of Enniskillen [14 th & 79 th ] ?[2,399] ?[2,399] 20,161 Magennis of Iveagh* [18 th & ?] 30,292 119,061 149,353 MacDonnells of Antrim* [3 rd & 6 th ] 559 13,869 [20,111] 13,310 [18,410] Lambert of Cavan* [21 st & 29 th ] NA 2,895 2,895 Folliott of Ballyshannon [57 th & 66 th ] NA 7,069 7,069 Hamilton of Strabane [50 th & 55 th ] NA 44,569 44,569 Hamilton of Claneboye and Clanbrassil [8 th & 15 th ] NA 10,968 10,968 Cromwell of Lecale and Ardglass [37 th & 34rd] 3,365 18,970 [21,300] 15,605 Chichester of Belfast [29 th & 27 th ] NA 12,119 12,119 Caulfield of Charlemount* [34 th & 38 th ] 816 25,388 24,572 Blayney of Monaghan [12 th & 22 nd ] Gains/ Losses Lands in Ulster c.1670 [total held in Ire] Lands in Ulster 1641 [total held in Ire] Primary interests in Ulster [rankings in 1641 & c.1670] Catholics in bold
  • 13. Geographic origin of brides (Scottish peers in brackets) 186 2 (0) 113 (11) 70 (2) 1 (1) post-1649 marriages 208 3 (0) 114 (7) 74 (5) 17 (8) pre-1649 marriages Total Continent Ireland England Scotland
  • 14. Trevor of Dungannon (cr 1662) Hamilton of Strabane (cr 1617) Stewart of Mountjoy (cr 1683) Hamilton of Claneboye and Clanbrassil (cr 1622 & 1647) Stewart of Castle Stewart (cr 1619) Ridgeway of Londonderry (cr 1616 & 1622) Cromwell of Lecale and Ardglass (cr 1624 & 1645) Montgomery of Ards and Mount Alexander (cr 1622 & 1660) Chichester of Belfast (cr 1613, 1625 & 1647) Maguire of Enniskillen (cr 1628) Clotworthy of Massareene (cr 1660) Magennis of Iveagh (cr 1623) Caulfield of Charlemount (cr 1620 & 1665) MacDonnells of Antrim (cr 1618, 1620 & 1645) Blayney of Monaghan (cr 1621) Lambert of Cavan (cr 1618 & 1647) Balfour of Glenawley (cr 1619) Folliott of Ballyshannon (cr 1622) WINNERS AND LOSERS