Why finish here? The obvious answer… But… is it really the ending? Sophomore year
Terminology Remember: Paschal Mystery Paschal lamb Passion Resurrection Resurrection Appearances The Ascension Don’t confuse this with the Assumption.
Models for Understanding Why? Imagine: Superman is shot to death, and he’s shot to death by the local police. The earliest followers of Jesus had to understand and explain why their hero died and why their hero died in the way he did.The authors had three images in mind: What are the three images/models?
Which model is this?Isaiah 42, 49, 52, 53 53:3: “For he was despised and rejected by others; a man of suffering and acquainted with infirmity.” 53:5: “But he was wounded for our transgressions, crushed for our iniquities; upon him was the punishment that made us whole, and by his bruises we are healed.” 53:12: “Therefore, I will allot him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he poured out himself to death, and was numbered with the transgressors; yet he bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.”
Philip and the Ethiopian EunuchActs 8: 25-40 What’s the story here? What’s a eunuch? What’s the problem with eunuchs (as far as the Jews are concerned)? What’s the eunuch “reading”? Why “reading”? Isaiah 53:7-8! “Like a sheep he was led to the slaughter, and like a lamb silent before its shearer, so he does not open his mouth. In his humiliation justice was denied him. Who can describe his generation? For his life was taken away from the earth.” Who does Philip say this is about?
Paul’s Understanding of the Resurrection1 Corinthians 11:17-34Paul’s First Letter to the Corinthians Corinth (Greece) Dealing with everything Sexual immorality Food offered to idols Divisions during Eucharist What’s the issue?
The Last Supper Remember our discussion of meals What happens over meals? Remember: This is a holiday meal. Which holiday? John and Luke will deal with similar ideas in different ways.
Luke’s Last Supper Judas plots to betray Jesus Why is Jesus put to death? 22:2: “And the chief priests and the teachers of the law were looking for some way to get rid of Jesus, for they were afraid of the people.” 22:7: “Then came the day of the Unleavened Bread on which the Passover lamb had to be sacrificed.” How do Peter and John find the room for the celebration? The bread and the wine. Dispute over pecking order. Jesus’ response? Twelve tribes Peter’s role
John’s Last Supper? What is the great symbolic action? Luke has this message, too, but what’s different in Luke? Peter’s misunderstanding. 13:14-17: John’s clearest statement on what it means to live as a Christian? Does Jesus want Judas to betray him? 13:28: “So Jesus told him, ‘What you are about to do, do quickly’.” Note about Judas’s role within the movement. Judas goes out into the night. Jesus’ command Quo vadis?
Luke’s Passion Jesus in the Garden Is Jesus open to NOT dying? Sleeping disciples The arrest Judas… sonoffab*tch! The scuffle and the healing The accusation 22:52: “Am I leading a rebellion…?” Peter’s denials Pilate, then Herod, then Pilate Evasive language Who finds Jesus guilty? Why does Jesus get bounced around so much? Jurisdictions Pilate, 23:3: “Are you the King of the Jews?” The assembly/the crowd as agitators (Sanhedrin) Crucifixion and burial The titulus, 23:28: “This is the King of the Jews.” Discussion with criminals Recognition by centurion Burial in Joseph’s tomb
John’s PassionJohn 18 Annas Caiaphas Pilate Pilate, 18:31: “Take him yourselves and judge him by your own law.” Longer theological discussion Jesus, 18:36: “My kingdom is not of this world.”John 19 Crown and robe Pilate, 19:6: “You take him and crucify him. As for me, I find no basis for a charge against him.” “The Jewish leaders” as agitators The titulus we know: INRI The women at the cross Why break the legs? Who buries Jesus? And where do they do it?
Which model is this?Mark 10:45: For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for the many.” Soldier imagery; business imagery Not a Catholic perspective How do ransoms work?• Why has the possession changed? Adam and Eve?• Who is paying? Humanity? Jesus? God?• Who gets paid? Satan? God? Creation?
Which model is this? Remember Exodus 12? The lamb as part of a process of delivery/rescuing John the Baptizer, John 1:29: “Look, the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world.” Revelation, Hebrews
The Resurrected Jesus Who sees the empty tomb? Who’s in the empty tomb? Commissioning Acts 1:6-9 Matthew 28: The Great Commission
Easter Traditions(Note on the readings cycles.) Catholics celebrate the Paschal Mystery during Easter. What is the season that leads up to Easter? What was the name of the season that leads up to Christmas? Paschal candle Christian initiation Catholics also celebrate the Paschal Mystery during every mass! How?